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                  In studies of on-duty Soldiers and Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) experienced service members, more than half endorsed concerns about being seen as frail, being treated willfully by leadership, losing the assurance of fellow Soldiers, and ultimately harming their careers (Choi et al., 2019). Leaders’ behavior, such as not permitting taking time off
for treatment or lack of knowledge about mental health services, may become one of the barriers. Because both stigma and practical barriers have been considerably linked with treatment-seeking among U.S. Army personnel, it is significant to consider assessing these constructs in mental health screening. Beliefs and perceptions regarding mental illness and treatment involve other barriers to seek health care. Studies have demonstrated a few treatment-inhibiting beliefs among active- duty Soldiers, such as believing one can handle the problems alone and thinking that problem is not severe enough to warrant treatment (Y.-K. Kim et al., 2012).
Societal stigma and self-stigma should be addressed via intervention for lessening the stigma of psychological ailments and issues, specifically
in the United States Army. Generally, it has been perceived and debated that a positive association between stigma and help-seeking services could be linked to “modified labeling theory,” which implies that interest in mental health care may make individuals more aware of stigmatization by others. Thus, the thought process or support receive allows people to think more acutely or feel the impacts of seeking help; therefore, mental health services or involvement in treatment creates more significant stigma than the stigma that contributes to the use of services. Corrigan and Penn have proposed few intervention strategies for reducing the stigma associated with mental ailments by society. These approaches may provide insights into interventions in the context of the military (Greene-Shortridge et al., 2007).
The foremost approach involves protesting against the stigmatization attitudes that are dominated and prevalent in society. This protesting strategy would be an attempt to suppress such stigma-based attitudes and behaviors by explaining to society that these negative stereotypes against psychological illnesses are not appropriate.
Protest strategies were being employed multiple times; however, this approach effectively lessens
the stigma. It may lead people to recall or label negative information about the individual with mental ailment when told to suppress their labels or stereotyping (Greene-Shortridge et al., 2007). Thus, it is insufficient to merely request or instruct people to reduce their stereotypes concerning mental ailments.
Another strategy involves educating and presenting a truthful account of information
to members of society on mental illnesses. This strategy has been met with some accomplishment because the sort of information offered about psychological health problems was essential and was comprehended. This kind of intervention should provide credible and realistic explanations of mental health challenges, contain accurate data on the underlying sources of the mental problem, and emphasize that various mental health issues could be tackled via distinct treatment forms. Providing precise knowledge regarding the etiology and treatment of mental health issues could help reduce the negative stereotypes linked to this ailment and alter the public’s viewpoint about its controllability (P. Y. Kim et al., 2011).
“Real Men: real depression,” a media campaign, was a way to reduce stigma among men looking for psychological support for depression. This program was particularly tailored for men who feel that they are vulnerable due to mental issues such as depression in mental health so that they do not want to confess to or seek help for the problems. It has been reported that over 345 million people in this campaign are aware of the signs and treatment
Seeking Help
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