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December2013-March2014 JacksonJournalBrigadierGeneralBradleyA.BeckerCommanderUSATCandFortJacksonCommandSergeantMajorKevinR.BensonPostCommandSergeantMajorEditorialStaffEditorinChiefMichaelRyanExecutiveEditorJohnPhilibertContributingPhotographersCPTLongPhamFeaturedArticles6ZeroingtheUnzeroableSSGChadSageWhatisahardcoreshooterMydenitionofahardcoreisaSoldierwhohassignicantdecienciesinmorethanoneofthefourfundamentalsofriemarksmanship.14TheExperienceofaNewDrillSergeantSFCMurphyClaytonIhavebeenintheUnitedStatesArmyfortwelveyears.Ihaveendured57monthsofcombattime.YetnothinghasbeenmorechallengingthanbeingaDrillSergeant.16StrivingforPerfectionU.S.ArmyTraininginWorldWarIStephanieSappInAugust1917WarDepartmentDocumentNo.656InfantryTrainingWDD656wasaddedtothetraininglibraryoftheU.S.Army.InWDD656theArmyforthersttimedenedthestandardsofandprovidedasetscheduleforthebasictrainingofeverySoldierintheArmy.24ImplementationofReconditioningProgramsintheInitialEntryTrainingEnvironmentSSGJosephTerryTheoccurrenceofinjuriesduringPhysicalReadinessTrainingPRTinBasicCombatTrainingBCTissomethingthatallleadersstrivetopreventhoweverwhentheyhappenleadersmustbepreparedtodealeffectivelywiththeinjuredSoldierandgivethemthebestopportunitytorecoverandreturntotraininginaquickandefcientmanner.26SingleParentontheTrailSFCAngelaBowleyIsitpossibletobeagoodDrillSergeantandagreatsingleparentTheanswerisyes.30EverythingINeededtoKnowAboutValuesILearnedinBasicCombatTrainingLTCRGeraldHendersonHaveyoueverheardofanyoneassessingvaluesintheirSoldierTrainingEvaluationProgramsSTEPorheardacommanderstateinanendofcycleAARSirthiscycleveSoldiersweresenthomeandfourwererestartedfortheirinabilitytograspandadoptourvalues UnitedStatesArmyTrainingCenterandFortJacksonVolumeIIDecember2013-March2014NO.3TheJacksonJournalisaprofessionaljournalthatprovidesaforumfororiginalthoughtanddiscussiononallaspectsoftrainingandleadershipastheypertaintoInitialMilitaryTraining.TheviewsexpressedintheJacksonJournalarethoseoftheAuthorsnotnecessarilythoseoftheDepartmentofDefenseoranyelementofit.ThecontentdoesnotnecessarilyreectU.S.ArmypositionanddoesnotchangeorsupersedeanyinformationinotherofcialU.S.Armypublications.Authorsareresponsiblefortheaccuracyofthearticlestheyprovide.TheJacksonJournalreservestherighttoeditmaterial.TheJacksonJournalisavailableonlineathttpwww.jackson.army.milsitesjacksonjournalpages74534VigilantinInspectingACompanyLeadersGuidetoAssessingYourUnitCOLJosephMcLambLeaderswhowishtosolvetheproblemsintheirunitmustrstbecomeprocientatrecognizingthoseproblems.TobeaneffectiveleaderofcerorNCOyoumustmastertheartofinspectingfortunatelythisisaskillthatanyonecanattainthroughpracticeanddetermination.42AmericasArmyOurProfessionStandStrong-FiscalYear2014CenterfortheArmyProfessionandEthicsCAPETheFY14AmericasArmyOurProfessionStandStrongProgrambeganon1October2013andcontinuesthroughoutthescalyear.ThefocusfortherstsixmonthsthroughMarch2014isonTrust.46ThePowerofaHatCPTJeremyJacobsonTheDrillSergeanthatexistsforthetraineestoeasilyidentifyanexpertsourceofinformationthroughoutthetrainingintheirpursuittobecomeSoldiers.48BreakingtheFamilyReadinessGroupStereotypeSSGLaTwanyaRobinsonandCPTPamelaDeVilleWemustencourageandback-upournon-traditionalFRGleaders.Weneedtoreachouttoallofourfamiliestoincludeourhusbands.52StrengthTrainingCircuitintheInitialEntryTrainingEnvironmentSFCSamuelGomezandGeorgeHarknessPhysicalReadinesstraininginInitialEntryTrainingIEThasbeenawell-discussedtopicthroughoutArmyhistory.TransformingciviliansintoSoldiersandmotivatingthemtobementallyandphysicallystrongisoneofthemaingoalsduringBasicCombatTrainingBCT. VictoryStartsHereBradleyA.BeckerBGUSACommandingWelcometotheJacksonJournalourprofessionaljournalfocusedonleadingandtrainingSoldiersinanInitialMilitaryTrainingIMToperatingenvironment.MynumberonepriorityasCommandingGeneralisTRAININGandthisjournalisagreatforumtoimproveFortJacksonsorganizationallearningthroughthesharingofideasbestpracticesandlessonslearnedamongallleaders.WeMakeAmericanSoldiersisourvisionatFortJackson.FrombeforedawntowellafterduskthisvisionshoulddriveyouractionstomakethebestSoldierthatyoucanaSoldierpreparedtowintherstbattleofthenextwar.Allleadersmustfocustheireffortsontrainingtostandardvicestandardizedtrainingandbuildingacohesiveteamwithintheirorganizations.Foralmost100yearsFortJacksonhassetanexampleofstandardsanddisciplinefortheArmyandproducedthegreatestSoldiersintheworldwemustcontinuetobuildonthishistoriclegacy.OurfeaturearticlebySSGChadSageaDrillSergeantin3rdBattalion60thInfantryRegimenttitledZeroingtheUnzeroableisasuperbarticlethathighlightsthemyriadofmethodsthataDrillSergeantcanusetotrainandteachaSoldierthefundamentalsofBasicRieMarksmanshipBRM.SFCMurphyClaytonandCPTJeremyJacobsonhavebothwrittentremendousarticlesfocusedontheexperiencesandresponsibilitiesofaDrillSergeant.AndStephanieSappfromourBasicCombatTrainingMuseumhaswrittenasuperbarticleontheU.S.ArmystraininginWorldWarIandtheuniquerolethatFortJacksonhadduringthistimeframe.LastbutnotleastIthankeverySoldierNoncommissionedOfcerandOfcerinourformationforyouradmirableprofessionalismanduntiringcommitmentday-inandday-outleadingandtrainingthefutureSoldiersofourgreatArmy.AstheArmyslargesttrainingcenterweatFortJacksonhavebeenentrustedwithacriticalresponsibilitytotraindevelopandcareforAmericasmostpreciousresource--itssonsanddaughters.NoonedoesthismissionbetterthanyouandIamproudtobeapartofthisgreatteam.FromtheCommandingGeneral VictoryStartsHereKevinR.BensonCSMUSAPCSMPostCommandSergeantMajorAsIpreparetorelinquishresponsibilityoftheUnitedStatesArmyTrainingCenterandFortJacksonIwanttopassonabitofwhatIhavelearnedabouttraining.Trainingisaverybroadwordandwaytolookatourprofessionaldevelopment.Iliketothinktrainingiscoachingteachingcounselingandmentorshipresultinginthedevelopmentofthecurrentandfuturepersonnelwhowillghtanddefendourgreatnationandensureourfreedomsremain.AsanInfantryenlistedleaderateverylevelfromaTeamLeadertoaninstallationCSMwithstopsasbothaDrillSergeantandaRangerInstructorIfeelIhavetouchedalotofOfcersandenlistedpersonnelineverybranchofourservices.AsIdevelopedovermycareerIfeelthemostimportantbasisofteachingsomeoneistorstunderstandthehumandimensionpieceofwhoyouareattemptingtocommunicatewith.Knowingpeopleandunderstandingtheirstrengthsandweaknesseshowtheybestlearnwheretheyarefromandhowtheygrewupandwhattheirgoalsareisthebasistobegintherelationshipfordevelopment.LetsfaceitgettingourvolunteercivilianstobecomeWarriorsanddefeatourenemiesisnoeasyfeatandnotanaturaltransitionforouryouthtopassthrough.Asinstructorswetransitioningrowthequaltoindividualagematuritylevels.Whenwerstbeginwearenotallthatcondentandthereforeseemtobeoverlyloudandboisterous.Ialwaysreectonhowchildrenreacttoconstantscreamerstheyjustnodandagreeandarequitesothecrazybansheeintherefaceswilljustshutupandgoaway.Effectiveteachersarecommunicatorsrst.Yesattimesitisimportanttoraiseyourvoicetogettheproperattentionthenbringitdownlookpeopleintheeyestreatthemwithrespectandteach.BeinganeffectivecoachteacherandmentorisanArt.Havingrelevanceinwhatyouareinstructingmeansthatyoumusthaveacompleteunderstandingofthematerialandthatyoucanrelatepracticalexperienceinordertotieinthelessonorperiodofinstruction.Thisiscalledbeingaprofessional.Itisveryhardtoinstructanyoneonanythingifyoucantrstexecutethensecondlead.WemustallrememberthatleadershipmeanstomotivateindividualstodowhatisrequiredtoaccomplishourmissionsandthatstartswithasimplecommentFollowme.Donotallowtheinabilityofyourtraineeorstudenttolearnoradheretorulesandregulationsbecomepersonal.Traintestretrainretestandthengofromthere.Noteveryonecanserveinourmilitaryandthatisne.AstimehascomecloseformetobidourMilitarygoodbyeIndthemostimportantlegacyIhaveleftbehindarethosethatwillbethefutureofourMilitary.AsyoucontinuetoservetrainourSoldiersSailorsMarinesandAirmenliketheywilldeployandghtbesideyouonyournextcombatdeploymentandyourfocuswillbespotonKnowthatyouhaveprovidedthosejuniortoyouthetoolsrequiredtobeProfessionalServiceMembersforlifeandsurviveontodaysmodernbattleelds. 6JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014BasicCombatrainingBCconsistsonumerousWarriortasksanddrillrequirementsthatSoldiersmustpasspriortograduating.TemostimportantskillthataSoldierleavesBCwithistheabilitytoqualiyandusetheirweaponinanygivensituation.Tisskillprovidesthemtheabilitytoreandmaneuverwiththeirweaponincombatineeded.SoldiersthatleaveInitialEntryrainingIEmustbeabletoghtthereoretheymustqualiyasariemanbeoretheygointocombat.DrillSergeantsunderstandtheimportanceothisskillbutdotheyreallyhavetheskillstogettheirSoldiersthereADrillSergeantwhohasbeenthroughtheperiodsoBasicRieMarksmanshipknowshowrustratingitcanbewithSoldiersthatjustcannotcomprehendthebasicundamentalsandconceptsoBRM.ForyearsSoldiersthatcouldnotgrasptheBRMundamentalsandconceptshavebeengiventhelabelohardcore.Tehardcoreistheprivatethatjustdoesnotunderstandmarksmanshiptheonewhohasallbutshutdownandisalmostbeyondhope.TatoneSoldierthatmostDrillSergeantswantnopartoorearolosingtheirsanity.Howevercycleafercyclehardcoreshootersqualiy.Normallytheyqualiyaferringrepeatedlyandaferringabasiccombatloadatzerotargets.TeonequestionthatneedstobeaskedinregardstotheseSoldiersisitheseSoldiershadzeroedtheirriecorrectlyduringperiodsourgroupzeroandveconrmzerowouldtheystillbeahardcoreshooteronqualicationdayTeanswermightbesurprisingorsomeabsolutelyNOTererswhodonotunderstandhowtoapplytheundamentalsomarksmanshipduringperiodsourandvemissoutonalmostallothetrainingvalueobasicriemarksmanshipperiodssixsingleseightmultiplesandninepre-qualication.Whatisworseisthatperiod7ES2onlycompoundsconusionitheyseesomesuccess.ItgivessomehopetoaSoldierjusttohaveitcrushedthenextdaywhentheygobacktotheirshoddyzeroandshootterribly.Whilethemajorityotraineesatleasthaveadecentzerobegintograspthecorrelationbetweenpointoaimandpointoimpactandworktoimproveuidityotheringprocesstoimprovespeedthehardcoreisstillscratchingtheirheadinregardstotheundamentals.Teyarerustrateddejectedandareprimarilythinkingaboutthelikelihoodonotgraduating.WhatisahardcoreshooterMydenitionoahardcoreisaSoldierwhohassignicantdecienciesinmorethanoneotheourSSGChadA.SageZeroingtheUnzeroable December2013-March2014JacksonJournal7undamentalsoriemarksmanship.TemajorityothetimethisSoldierwillnotbesuccessulwithoutindividualattentionandtrainingromaknowledgeabletrainer.ManyDrillSergeantsbegintocallwhotheirhardcoreswillbeontheveryrstdayogroupingzeroing.Teymayberight.TatSoldiermaybeanuisancethroughouttheperiodsoBRM.ConverselythatSoldiermayonlybeproblematicoradayortwootrainingitheyarecaughtearlyassignedtoaDrillSergeantwiththeskillandpatiencetoxtheirissuesandgiventhetimeandtrainingrequiredortheselectewknownashardcores.HowdowehandletheSoldierthatcannotgrasptheundamentalsomarksmanshipAthree-prongedattackisinorder.Onetherermustbeassessedordeciencies.Tisincludesissuesduringtheringprocessissueswiththerieandissueswiththerer.Tenextstepinthisattackiswheretheshotgroupanalysisbegins.Tissteptakesahealthydoseowalkingbackandorthtoretrievedisappointingresultsandtryingtocoaxthererintocorrections.Tirdthetrainermusthavethetoolsorthejob.Tisincludessomestandardtrainingaidsandsomeunorthodoxtechniquespickedupalongtheway.AssessingthefrerAcommonmiscueinshotgroupanalysisstemsromtheactthattherergoesgroupafergroupafergroupwithoutbeingobservedbythezeroer.TeshotgroupanalysisbeginswiththeinstructortrainerobservingtheSoldierwhilehereslookingorproperpositionaimtriggersqueezeandbreathing.ItgoesontospecicallysayCoachesshouldnotuseshotgroupanalysiswithoutobservingtherer.FM3-22.9LetsberealisticaDrillSergeantcannotobserveall4-8Soldiersthattheyareresponsibleoratanygiventime.Tatshouldnotkeepusromtakingeducatedguessesinshotgroupanalysis.HoweverwhenitcomestotheSoldierwhoisrepeatedlyhavinggrossissuesobservationothererandtheringTheUnzeroableprocessisparamount.Observationcanandshouldhappenrommultiplevantagepoints.Itshouldincludeobservationoallundamentalsbutextraattentionisrequiredinthesuspectedproblemareas.Keyinginonjusttheundamentalthatissuspectedcouldeasilyresultinotherproblemareasbeingoverlooked.Firstthingrsttherershouldbeobservedorasuitableposition.IsupportisusedproperlytheSoldiershouldbeabletorelaxmostohismusclesUsingmusclestosupporttheriecancausemuscleatiguewhichinturncausestheweapontomove.FM3-22.9Teeldmanualgivesanoverviewotheplacestokeyin.ReerencingthechecklistandoverviewopositioninRieMarksmanshipDiagnosticandrainingGuideisanothersourceoinormation.IwillcoverthemostcommonandproblematicareasIhaveencounteredinthelasttwoyears.Itypicallystartattheeetandmovetowardstherie.Idothisbecauseveryewissuesareoundinthelowerextremitiesandthemajorityotheissueshappenclosetotherieandthereareusuallymultipledecienciesinthisregion.NaturalpointoaimNPAisaregularawinhardcoresshooters.Teywiggleandwobbleintotheirpositionandbythetimetheyaresettheydonotevenlookcomortable.NaturalpointoaimisdenedbytheUnitedStatesArmyMarksmanshipUnitasthepointatwhichtheriesightssettlewheninaringposition.OnetoolorcheckingNPAistohavetherergetintopositionandthen 8JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014closetheireyes.Whentheyopenthemitheyareconsiderablyoftargettheyneedtoadjusttheirpositiontobeclosertoontargetnaturally.AnotherwaytoidentiyabadNPAiswhilewatchingtheSoldierreitherecoilotheriepullstheweaponofothetargetconsiderablytheNPAneedstobereacquired.SeeRieMarksmanshipDiagnosticandrainingGuideorabreakdownohowtoadjustarersNPAhigherlowerleorright.Anotherproblemareacommonlyobservedistheplacementothenon-ringhand.Tishandcanbeincorrectlyplacedinamyriadoways.Temostproblematicpositioningothishandisinbetweenthehand-guardsandthesandbagithehand-guardsarenotrestingonthesandbag.Tisdeeatsmostothebenetohavingthesupportintherstplace.Onapositivenotethisisoneotheeasiestissuestox.SimplyhavetheSoldierslidetheirentirebodyandriebackwardsacoupleoinchesandthenchecktheheightotheirsandbagstoensurepropersupport.Anotherwaytogoaboutxingthisistobeatapositionintothesandbagortheirhandtoliein.TisispreerableasitallowstheSoldiertostayinclosetothesupportandallowstheSoldiertheabilitytopintheriebetweentheirbodyandthesandbags.Anadditionalpoorplacementothenon-ringhandisonthemagazinewell.Althoughthisdoesnothaveatremendousimpactonringinthepronesupportedpositionthispoorpracticewillleadtourtherheadachesintheproneunsupportedposition.Rememberwearecoachingxingahard-coreheresoweneedtoxasmanyproblemsaspossibleasrapidlyaspossiblesoastogettoperectpractice.Teelbowsareathirdpointohighconcernwithournewrers.Althoughtheyhavealotmoreroomtoplaywithinregardstobeabletoreaccuratelyinthepronesupportedringpositionweshouldenorcegoodhabitswhilegroupingzeroingsothatwedonothavetospendmoretimewiththishard-corererwhenitistimetotransitiontotheproneunsupported.Aswellourpronesupportedpositionshouldmirrorourunsupportedpositionwiththeexceptionothemannerinwhichtherontotherieissupported.Teringsideelbowshouldbeplacedonthegroundandgenerallyinlinewiththeshoulder.Tereissomeroomtomoveinurtherinoroutbutitshouldbeincloseenoughtopromotegraspingthepistolgripcomortablyandhighonthegrip.Tenon-ringsideelbowisgenerallyomoreconcern.Oentimeourpoorershootersdonothavethiselbowontheground.Ortheyhaveitaroutsidetheirshoulderwhichleadstohavingapositionthatisartoolowandwillcripplethemduringunsupportedring.AquickxorthisissueopositioningtheelbowsinthepronesupportedpositionistoputtheSoldierintoagoodproneunsupportedpositionrst.Tenbuildupthesupportnexttotherersrie.Tiswillensurethattherieissupportedatthecorrectheightandhelporcetheshooterintoproperplacementotheelbows.Analareatospendconsiderabletimecritiquingisthepositionotheheadorcheek-to-stockweld.Youneedtoensurethattheriehasbeenbroughtuptotheheadinsteadotheoppositeandcheckingthattheheaddoesnotmoveorwardorbackwardinbetweenshotgroups.Youalsoneedtoconrmthattheheadisnotmovedaroundunnecessarilyinbetweenshots.Allothesearemistakesthatcancausesignicanterrororanewshooter.Eachiseasytospotaslongaswearewatchingourshootersinsteadojustanalyzingshotgroups.obegintoworkthisportionIalwaysensurethattheriebuttisintheshoulderpocketcorrectly.IaSoldiercannotseemtondthatsweetspothereisaquickcheck.HavetheSoldiergetintothepronesupportedposition.Tenwithoutmovingthenon-ringhandhavethererreachtheirringarmallthewayorwardsothatitisparalleltothehand-guards.NexttheSoldierslowlydrawstheirringarmtowardstheirbodytracingtheirhandalongthehandguardsuntilitcomestorestonthepistolgrip.Aslongastheelbowwasplacedonthegroundcorrectlytherershouldnowhavetherieinthepockettheringhand December2013-March2014JacksonJournal9inagoodhighgriponthehand-guardsandhavetheringsidealignedcorrectly.TeoneareathatmyDrillSergeantwasconstantlyocusedonwhileIwasinbasictrainingwasthecharginghandle.TeSoldiershouldbeginbytryingtotouchthecharginghandlewithhisnosewhenassumingaringposition.TeSoldiershouldbemindulohowthenosetouchesthecharginghandleandshouldbeconsistentwhendoingso.FM3-22.9Whatimyhardcoreis52andhasnochanceogettingtheirnosetothecharginghandleTisiswhereexperienceandvariedtechniquescomeintoplay.OnesuchtechniqueistodrawawhitelinewithaSharpieonthebuttstocksothattherercanjustbarelyseeitoutothebottomotheireye.AnothertechniqueistouseapieceomoleskinoraBand-AidtogivetheSoldiersomethingtoeelorwiththeirace.Athirdwouldbetohavethewarriorputupasetnumberongersextendedandjoinedinbetweenthecharginghandleandtheirnosetojudgethegapconsistently.Whenassessingthererpositionisnottheonlythingweshouldbecheckingandcorrecting.BreathcontrolisalsoveryapparentwhileobservingaSoldierretheirweapon.Ibelievethatweallknowthattheidealbreathingrhythmorareristoholdthebreathatthenaturalrespiratorypauseaferexhalation.HoweverhereisaactthatIdonotthinkweDrillSergeantsknowasawhole.Ariecanbezeroedperectlywellwhilebreathinginpausingandthenringorbreathinghalwayoutpausingandring.Yesitisnotidealbuthereismypoint-whenatrainerisobservingthebreathingoaSoldieritismoreimportantthattheSoldierpauseduringtheringprocessthanitisthatthebreathisheldisatthenaturalrespiratorypause.TeabsolutekillerinTheUnzeroabletheundamentalobreathcontroliswhenaSoldierneverholdstheirbreathduringtheprocess.ItheSoldiercontinuestobreathewhilegoingthroughtheringmotionthesightsandmoreimportantlytheriewillcontinuetomovethroughtheringprocess.LetustakealookatjusthowmuchthismaycosttheSoldier.Anyalignmenterrorbetweentherontandrearsightsrepeatsitseloreverymeterthebullettravels.Forexampleatthe25meterlineanyerrorinriealignmentismultiplied50timesFM3-22.9.SoitheSoldiercontinuestobreatheandtheriemovesjust110oaninchbetweenwhenthererisalignedandthetimethereractuallypullsthetriggeritcausesamisso5inchesromtheintendedpointoimpact.Teendstateisthattherermustholdtheirbreathduringtheringprocess.Preerablythishappensatthesamepointintheprocessandevenbetterwouldbeatthenaturalrespiratorypauseinthebreathingcycle.Simplywatchtheriseandallothewarriorsbackandmakenecessarycorrectionsuntilthererunderstandstheirdeciencies.Telastplacetoocusyourattentiononwhenassessingarerisinthetriggersqueeze.Tinkingabouttheaorementionedexampleojusthowmuchimpactaslightjerkcancauseitshouldbeelementarythattheriecannotmoveduringtheringprocess.Alotothemovementthathappenstoahard-corerertendstobeinjerkingthetrigger.Temanipulationothetriggercanbesummedupinonewordsmooth.Itshouldbeasmoothuniormgradualincreaseinpressureonthetriggeruntilthehammeralls.Followthroughisequallyimportant.Tinkinginsuperslowmotionthereissomeperiodotimeinbetweenwhenthehammerallsandthetimethattheprojectileexitsthebarrel.Ashootermustensurethattherieisnotmovedduetoerratictriggersqueezeorlackoollowthroughtohaveasuccessulshot.Mosthard-corererscanbetalkedthroughthisprocess.Somehoweverjustdonotcatchon.TerearetwosimilarwaystourthertheunderstandingotheSoldier.Firstwiththe 10JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014Soldierstillapplyingallotheundamentalsplaceyourngerontopotherersnger.Byapplyingsmoothpressuretotheirngerwhichinturnappliesthepressuretothetriggerarercaneelwhatrighteelslike.TentheSoldiercanrepeattheprocessintheoppositemannersothatthetrainercanconrmthathesheunderstands.Tecoachputshisherngeronthetriggerandthereraddspressuretothetrainersngertodemonstratethattheyullyunderstand.ShotGroupAnalysisInmyopinionpoorshotgroupanalysisisthesinglegreatestcontributortorepeatedpoorperormanceotherthantherersthemselves.SowhereistheproblemIbelievethattoooenweastrainerstakeavesecondlookatashotgroupandgiveadvicethatisincorrectorthesituation.ForexamplewhenashotgroupischeckedandveshotswithlittlelerightdeviationbutgreatnorthsouthdeviationoenareristoldsomethingalongthelinesoWatchyourbreathing.FirstofwhatdoesthatevenmeanDoesitmeanholdmybreathlongernotsolongholdmybreathingeneralholditatthetopomybreathbottomomybreathetc.SecondisthattheactualcauseotheproblemTereareanumberoshotgrouppatternsthatarecommonlyseen.Tereareoenmultiplereasonsoreachothesepatterns.Onlythroughwatchingthererandexperiencecanatrainerhopetotackletheseshotgroupswithouthavingtogothrough306090roundswithaSoldier.InbothFM3-22.9andRieMarksmanshipDiagnosticandrainingGuidethereareanumberodiferentshotgrouppatternsthataredepictedwithpossiblecausesothesegroupingsbutIwouldliketotakeacloserlookataewothem.TerstIwouldliketodiscussistheveroundgroupwithlittlelerightdeviationbutnorthsouthdeviationbetweeneachshot.AsIstatedearlierthisisoenattributedtopoorbreathcontrol.AlthoughthatisaslightpossibilityitisnotlistedasaprobablecauseinanyreerenceIhaveound.FM3-22.9liststhisasamistakeinonessightpicture.ourtherthistheassumptionisthatthererdoesnotconsistentlystophisherverticaltargetacquisitionatthesamepointeachtime.IitisalongverticalshotgroupitisastrongpossibilitythatthererismisaligninghishersightsaccordingtoRieMarksmanshipDiagnosticandrainingGuide.Inotherwordsthererismostlikelynotcenteringtherontsightpostintherearsightaperture.AsecondgroupIwilltakealookatisascatteredshotgroup.Tisshotgroupiswhereeachshothasseveral4toabout15centimetersinbetweenshots.Reerenceslistourseparatecauses.Terstisanticipatingtheshotorinching.TeSoldieriscognizantowhentheyaregoingtocausethehammertoallandreacttothisbeoretheycompletetheringmotion.Nextistherermaybeocusingonthetargetinsteadotherontsightpost.Tiswillcauseslighterrorinthealignmentotherontsightpostwhichaswediscussedearliercanhavedetrimentalefectsatrange.Tethirdischangingheadpositioninbetweenshots.Eachtimethererchangesthepositionotheheadinbetweenshotsaslightlydiferentalignmentotheeyerearsightapertureandrontsitepostoccurs.Tenalpossiblecauselistedisanunstablepositionwhichcancauseexcesswobbleandtryingtotimetheshot.AsIhavestatedacoupleotimeswithexperienceagoodtrainerwilllearnothercausestoashotgroupsuchasthisone.Maybethereriscoveringtheentiresilhouettewiththerontsightpost.MaybetheSoldierneedsglassesandjustcannotseethetargetortherontsightpostwell.Anothermaybethattheshooterisnotclosingtheirnon-ringeye. December2013-March2014JacksonJournal11TheUnzeroableTenalshotgrouptobeexploredisagoodshotgroup4cmorlessthatcontinuestomovearoundthepapercontrarytoadjustmentsorwithadjustmentsatall.Tisisgenerallyattributedtothehardcorechasingtheirshotgroups.Inotherwordsthererisattemptingtocompensateorshotsoutsideotheour-centimetercirclebyusingKentuckywindage.Tisverywellmaybetruehoweverthebookhasotherpossiblecauses.WhatitheshotgroupdropslowleforlowrightromoneshotgrouptothenextwithoutadjustmentTismaybeattributedtochasingshotshoweverinactualityitmorelikelythattheriewascantedsignicantlyduringthatparticularshotgroup.MaybethererhadapositionwithagoodnaturalpointoaimduringtherstgroupandthenafercheckingthetargettherergotintoapositionwithamuchlessdesirableNPA.Whenassessingashotgrouptherecanbemanyactorsthatleadtoashotgroup.Onlythroughtrialanderrorleastpreerredmethodoractuallywatchingtherershootmostpreerredcanashotgroupbeanalyzedandcorrected.TisisarustratingprocessorboththehardcoreandtheDrillSergeant.ItonlymakessensethatwetakethetimetowatchthererwithpoorgroupstohelpthemthererhelpusbygettingzeroedToolsTrainingAidsandUnorthodoxMethodsSoIknowhowtocheckcoachandcoaxaSoldierontheundamentals.Iamaproessionalatanalyzingshotgroupstocorrectdeciencies.WhattheheckdoIdoorthoseewthatstilljustcannotshootwelldespitemytirelessassistanceHereaewtoolstipsandtricksIhavepickedupoverthelasttwoyears.Terstreallydoesnottanyotheaorementionedcategoriesbutisimperativenonetheless.rainingPreliminaryMarksmanshipInstructionPMIconcurrenttrainingandremedialtrainingaremoneymakers.Ofenalessthanstellarinstructorissenttothesesiteswhileaunitconductstraining.Tisisaseriousmistake.AsaetyonthelinedoeshelpoutanumberoSoldierswithhisherexperienceandexpertisethroughoutadayattherange.Heshegetstocoachteachandmentorupto40Soldiersinaday.ConverselytheconcurrentandorremedialtrainingDrillSergeantmayaidtheentireCompanyinaday.TismustbeaninstructorwiththeknowledgeskillsetandabilitytoenhanceunderstandingandabilitytoperormtheundamentalsoBasicRieMarksmanship.TisDrillSergeantisthepersonthoseinstructorsonthelinearecountingontosendaSoldierwithgrievousdecienciestoandthenhavethemreturnwithamuchbetterunderstandingotheourundamentals.Tesesubjectmatterexpertssavetimeammunitionandmuchunduerustration.AtechniqueIregularlyusewithhardcorerersistozerotheirrietomysel.AproperlyzeroedweaponoroneSoldierisclosetothezerooranotherSoldier...Mostrerscanrewiththesamezeroedweaponitheyproperlyapplymarksmanshipundamentals.SometimesIdothisinrontothemandsometimesIsendthemtotakeawaterbreakandkeeptheirweapon.IIallowthemtowatchitistodispelthethoughtthattheproblemmaybewiththeweapon.IIdonotletthemwatchitisgenerallybecausetheySoldierisdejectedneedsabreakandiIzerotherieandthenthererseesevenoneortworoundsintheblackithelpsbreakthelosingtrend. 12JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014NextisatoolmentionedintheeldmanualandavailableatASChoweverIhavenotseentheirpresenceasmuchasIbelievetobenecessary.TeM15A1aimingcardisthegreencardthatdepictspropersightalignmentandisusedtoshowpropersightpicture.AtmostgroupzerorangesyouwillseeDrillSergeantsdrawinginthesandscribblingonpaperanddepictingwhattheywanttherertoseeinanumberootherashions.Ihavedonethesameandthereisnothingwrongwiththesetechniques.HowevertheM15A1aimingcardaccomplishesmostowhatwearetryingtogetthroughtoourSoldiers.IthastheversatilitytoallowustoshowaSoldierororaSoldiertodemonstratewhattheyaredoing.Itisoenaveryquickremedytoamassiveproblemlikecoveringthewholetargetwiththerontsightpostorsettingthewholetargetontopothetipotherontsightpost.TenexttoolistheM16sightingdevice.IhadneverseenonebeorebeingshownitbyanotherDrillSergeant.JustabouteverycyclethereisaDrillSergeantwhoasksmewhatitisandhowIamusingitandthenisblownawaybyhowuseulitis.Itisapieceomirroredglassthatclipsontheweaponrightabovethecharginghandle.Teglassisata45-degreeanglesothattherercanlookrightthroughitbutthecoachcanseethroughthesightsaswell.Tereissomedegreeoamiliarityandskillthatittakestouse.Tisisbecauseithererhasmisalignedthesightssignicantlyandthecoachalignsthemcorrectlyyouandthererseetwodiferentthings.Forexampleitherersaysthattheirsightsarealignedandaimedcentermassbuttheyactuallyhavetherontsightpostallthewaytotheleorrightintherearsightaperturethecoachwillseethesightsalignedbutaiminggrosslyoftarget.TereorethecoachhastohavesomepracticewiththisdevicebeoretroubleshootingSoldierswhohavenoideawhattheyaredoingwrong.Howeverthisdevicecanquicklygiveacoachinsightintomanydiferentundamentalerrors.SomeothemincludethererstillbreathingwhiletakingtheshottherertryingtotimeashotinalargewobbleareainsteadosettlingtheriebeoreringmisaligningthesightsSSGChadSageisaDrillSergeantinCharlieCompany3rdBattalion60thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigadeaimingatthenumberedsignontheirlaneinsteadothetargetontheirnumberlanetruestoryetc.OnetechniqueusedtocheckontheSoldierwhocontinuestomovetheirheadeitherinbetweenshotsorinbetweengroupsistojustdrawtwodots.Havetherergetintheirringposition.TenmakeasmalldotonthebuttstockotheweaponandasmalldotontheSoldierschecksothatthetwodotsaretouching.TenyouarereetocheckonotherSoldiersandallyouhavetodoisglanceandseeithedotsaretouchingtoseeithererinquestionhasmovedhisherheadagain.ItisprobablynotatechniquetobeusedwitheverySoldierbutithatistheproblemwithareritgivesyouthereedomtocoachadiferentSoldierandstillhaveawaytomonitortheoriginalwarriorsdeciency.TesearejustaewothethingstobeconsideredtechniquesIhavelearnedandplacestoreerencemoreinormation.Terearemanymoreplacesthatcancauseissuessuchascrosshandandeyedominanceneedingglassesandbeingabletotelliitisinacttheweaponthatiscausingtheproblem.ButwiththeinormationmentionedabovewehavearealgoodstartatgettingmoreSoldierszeroedperdayandconsequentlyreeingupmoretimetospendhelpingotherprivates.InconclusionIamconvincedthat99.9oSoldierscanbezeroedwiththerightcoach.Terightcoachisnotacertainperson.Itissomeonewhounderstandsassessingthererassessingshotgroupsandhasthetoolstomakechanges.Itissomeonewiththetimeskillandpatiencetoremedyamultitudeoissuesinashortamountotimeandrounds. December2013-March2014JacksonJournal13December2013-March2014JacksonJournal13TRADITIONFortJacksonhashadavitalroleinpreparingAmericanstoservetheircountryforover96years.Whentheinstallationwasbuiltin1917justliketodayournationwasatwar.Sincethennumerousunitshavepreparedforbattlehere-the4thInfantryDivisionthe101stAirborneDivisionandthe81stInfantryDivision.Morethan500000SoldierstrainedherebeforeghtinginWorldWarII.TheSoldierswhotrainedherebeforeusleaveuswithaproudlegacyandhaveinspiredmanytofollowintheirfootsteps.AlthoughtheArmyhaschangedtremendouslyovertheyearsweareallpartofthatlineageofbraveAmericans.Allofusshouldbeproudtobepartofthetraditionthatdenesthisgreatinstallation.TRAININGTrainingisourhallmark.WithtwoBrigadesnineBattalionsand52CompaniesfocusedsolelyontrainingSoldiersinBasicCombatTrainingBCTFortJacksonisthelargestInitialMilitaryTrainingCenterintheU.S.Army.RoughlyhalfofallSoldierswhocompleteBasicCombatTrainingintheUnitedStatesArmydosoatFortJacksonSC.WearealsohometoAdvancedIndividualTrainingunitstheSoldierSupportInstitutetheDrillSergeantSchoolArmedForcesChaplainCenterandSchoolVictoryCollegeandtheNationalCenterforCredibilityAssessment.TRANSFORMATIONAlthoughwehaveaproudtraditiononwhichtorelyandinspireuswemustneverlosesightofthefuture.Tobeeffectivewemustbewillingandreadytoacceptchange.Transformationmeansmorethanjustmodernizingourinfrastructure.Thismeansconstantlychallengingourselvesourmethodsandourmeans.Transformationisnotanewconcepthere.Ourresponsibilityasleadershingesonourabilitytocontinuallyevaluateandimprovetraining.ItisonlybyprovidingthebesttrainingthateffectivetransformationfromcivilianintoSoldiercanoccur. 14JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014IhavebeenintheUnitedStatesArmyortwelveyears.Ihaveendured57monthsocombattime.YetnothinghasbeenmorechallengingthanbeingaDrillSergeant.WhenIarrivedtomyDrillassignmentatFortJacksonIjoinedDeltaCompany3-60thInantryduringthetransitionromwhitephasetobluephase.WhatIlearnedisthoseewshortweekswasextremelyvaluableandwillstickwithmethroughoutmyassignmentandcareer.WiththatbeingsaidIdidntgettheprideIeltduringmyrstcycle.WhenItookthisassignmentIguredlikemostpeopleIwoulddomytimeandleave.Iknewitwasgoingtobelonggruelingdaysthatwerementallyandphysicallydemanding.IguredIwouldshowuptoworkdothejobtothebestomyabilityandgohome.IknewtherewasnowayIwouldmakeaconnectionwithyoungpeopleIwouldtrain.Ididnthavetimeorthat.TatisnotwhatIwashereor.Asithappensontherstdayoreceivingnewwarriorsthereisalotoenergyandcontrolledchaos.Whentheygetothebusallyouseearebodies.TerearesomanyothemIthoughttomysel.Tereisntalototimeinthedaytostopandprocesstheactthatoverthenextewweeksyouaretheirsoleprovider.ADrillSergeantandtrainingwillbethiswarriorsentireuniverseorthenextnineweeks.Asthedayspassintherstphaseyouretryingtolearnnamesandaces.Overthenextweekorsoyoubegintonoticepersonalitytraitsandquirksintheirbehavior.Astimecontinuesyoubegintoanticipatetheindividualwarriorsneedsandwheretheymayneedextraassistancebasedonwhatyouhavenoticed.Ibegantondmyselseeingthemasindividualsandnotjustasmyplatoon.Aferexhaustingdaysattherange.Wewereatthecompanygettingreadyoraccountabilityormationwhenawarriorcameuptomeandaskedihecouldtalktome.Hesaidhehadahardtimeattherange.Itwashisrsttimeshootingaweaponandhedidntunderstandtheproperringtechniques.HeexpressedhisappreciationandgratitudeorthetipsIgavehimtohelphimqualiy.Itoldhimnothankswasneeded.OverthenextweeksIwatchedtheplatoonchange.Teymadeittothepointwheretheycouldmarchthemselvestochow.Idontknowitheyweresensinggraduationwaswithinreachbuttheyseemedtobewalkingjustalittlebittaller.Teirheadsseemedtobealittlebithigherandtheirstephadalittleextrasomethingtoit.AsIwatchedthemanoverwhelmingeelingopridecameoverme.IhadntstoppedtothinkaboutituntilthispointbutItrainedthesesoldiers.IhadahandinmoldingtodaysArmy.TeseyoungpeoplewillgointotheworldtoserveandprotectourcountryandTheExperienceofaNewDrillSergeantSFCMurphyClayton December2013-March2014JacksonJournal15Iwasthereatthebeginning.Tereisnogreaterjoyasateacherthantowatchthestudenttakewiththemwhattheyhavelearnedandapplyitpracticeitliveit.AlthoughIhadabreakthroughmomentIwouldberemissiIdidntoeraewtipstoincomingDrillSergeants.Teollowingisbasedonmyexperiencessoar.ooofenthannotwegetcaughtupinbeingperect.Wedontwantanyonetoknowwhatwedontknow.IoronelearnedquicklythatIdontknowitall.Youdonthavetobethegotopersonrightothebat.ItisbesttowatchhowthingsaredoneandaskquestionstotheseasonedDrillSergeants.Whethertheyareonecycleinorabouttonishtheyallhavemoreexperiencethanyou.Alsoprivateswillhangontoyoureveryword.Teyarelikespongeswhenitcomestowhatyousay.Becauseothisyouhavetobeclearandconcise.Terecannotberoomorerrorwhengivinginstruction.Alwayskeeptheendgoalinmind.AskyourselwhatdoIwantthemtodoandhowdoIwantthemtodoitIyouarevagueorindecisiveitcouldleadtoinjury.IcanttellyouhowmanystoriesIveheardandhowmanypeopleIveknownsoarthatpushtheboundaries.odaysArmyisnotthesameaswhenIcamein.TingshavechangedthedaysobeingaraidoyourDrillSergeantareover.NowweareinatimewhereaDrillSergeanttakesonmoreoaroleasamentoracilitator.TeDrillSergeantistheWarriorsguideinthelearningprocesswhileteachingArmyCoreValuesandinstillingpride.imeafertimewearetaughtregulationaferregulationaferregulation.Learnthemlivethemandlovethem.Itiseasytogetcaughtupinthegung-hoattitude.TereisadierenceinpowerandauthorityknowitIyouareasupportMOSbepatient.Intimeyouwillgetit.UnderstandthereisnotmuchtimeattheschoolhousetogooverallothenerpointsoIE.Understandthattherewillbeasizablelearningcurvesinceyoudontdothattypeoworkdayinanddayout.IyouhavetopauseorExperienceSFCMurphyClaytonisaDrillSergeantinDeltaCompany3rdBattalion60thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigadeamomentandthinkiwhatyouredoingisrightthenitsprobablynot.Icantsayenoughabouthavingasupportsystemwithyourpeers.IthinkIwasoneotheluckyones.Iwasabletowalkintoacompanythatwaswillingtohelp.Sotakethehelp.IninmyshorttimewithDeltaCompanyIhavelearnedwarriorsenteringtodaysArmyneedstrongandintelligentleaderstopassontheirknowledge.Itismyjobtomoldthemindsothenewwarriorstotakeprideinthemselvestheirjobandthiscountry.IlookorwardtomyremainingtimeonthetrailandtheopportunityandprivilegetohavearoleinthestartosomanynewcareerswiththeUnitedStatesArmy. 16JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014WhentheUnitedStatesenteredWorldWarIEuropehadalreadybeenatwarornearlythreeyears.TeAlliedPowerscomposedotheUnitedKingdomFranceandtheRussianEmpirewerestrugglingagainsttheCentralPowerscomposedoGermanyandAustria-Hungary.TeCentralPowersweredividedinatwo-rontwarsplittingitstroopsbetweenrontlinesinRussiaandinFrance.TeWesternFrontstretchedromtheEnglishChanneltoSwitzerlandinalinethroughFrancehalwaybetweentheBelgium-FranceborderandParis.Formorethantwoyearstherontlineothewarhadmovedlessthantenmilesineitherdirectionandbothsideswereentrenchedinawaroattrition.WhentheAmericantroopsarrivedinEuropeinJune1917theyweremetwithastalematedwarwithbothsidesstrugglingtoadaptwararetacticstonewtechnologyspecicallythemachineguntanksandpoisonousgases.1WhenCongresspassedPresidentWilsonsdeclarationowaronApril61917theArmyhadjustover200000Soldierstrainedandreadytoght.FromTorenderthemostperfectserviceontheeldofbaleisthenalobjectforwhichourArmyiscreatedandmaintained.WarDepartmentDocumentNo.656InfantryTrainingAugust1917April1917toNovember1918inatimespanonineteenmonthstheArmytrained3.5millionmoreAmericanstoghtinEurope.2oaccomplishthisincredibletasktheArmybuiltsixteenNationalArmyCantonmentsandsixteenNationalGuardmobilizationcampsandtheArmyWarCollegedevelopedastandardizedtrainingprogram.3TetrainingprogramdevelopedduringWorldWarIwasrevolutionaryortheArmyanditestablishedatraditionotrainingthatcontinuestodayhowevertheinitialtrainingprogramwasnotperectandtheWarDepartmentacedmanyobstaclesindeliveringcompetenttrainedSoldierstotherontlinesoEurope.InApril1917theU.S.ArmywasnotreadyoraglobalwarbuttheAlliedPowersweredesperateormanpoweraerthreeyearsoghtingandtheypressuredtheUnitedStatestosendmenasquicklyaspossible.TerstAmericantroopsarrivedinEuropeinJune1917wheretheycompletedave-monthtrainingprogramunderthetutelageoBritishandFrenchofcers.4FortheStrivingforPerfeconU.S.ArmyTraininginWorldWarIStephanieSapp1StewartRichardW.ed.PrologueTeWarinEurope1914-1917.TeUnitedStatesArmyinaGlobalEra1917-2003.AmericanMilitaryHistoryvol.2.WashingtonDCCenteroMilitaryHistoryUnitedStatesArmy2005.2RaineyJamesW.TeQuestionablerainingotheAEFinWorldWarI.ParametersJournalotheU.S.ArmyWarCollege22Winter1992-9389-903FortescueMajorGranville.rainingtheNewArmiesoLibertyCampLeeVirginiasHomeortheNationalArmyNationalGeographic32NovemberDecember1917421-438ShowalterWilliamJoseph.AmericasNewSoldierCitiesTeGeographicalandHistoricalEnvironmentotheNationalArmyCantonmentsandNationalGuardCamps.NationalGeographic32November-December1917439-476UnitedStatesWarDepartment.GeneralOrdersNo.95July181917.WashingtonGovernmentPrintingOfce1917.4JohnsonDouglasValentineII.AewsquadsleandotoFrancerainingtheAmericanArmyintheUnitedStatesorWorldWarI.PhD.diss.empleUniversity1980103GrotelueschenMarkEthan.TeAEFWayoWarTeAmericanArmyandCombatintheFirstWorldWar.PhD.diss.exasAMUniversity200318. December2013-March2014JacksonJournal17rsttwomonthsthisprogramstressedphysicalconditioningcloseorderdrillandmarcheswithullpacks.Soldierslearnedbasiccombatskillssuchasbayonettrainingrifetargetpracticeandamiliarizationwithgrenadesandautomaticweapons.InthethirdmonthotrainingSoldiersstudiedsmall-unitmaneuversandbasictacticaldoctrine.IntheourthmonthotrainingSoldierswereimmersedintrench-wararetrainingexercisesandtheycontinuedtheirtrainingwiththeirrifeswithautomaticandanti-tankweaponsandwithanti-gasmeasures.LateintheourthmonthotrainingSoldiersweremovedtotherontlinetrenchesoratrueimmersiontrainingexperienceandtheSoldiersrenedtheirsurvivalskillsinthetrenches.InthenalstageotrainingduringthehmonthSoldiersweretranserredbackromtherontlinestotheiroriginaltrainingareasandorthreeweekstheypracticedtheirtrenchwararemaneuversandbegantrainingoropenwarareoutsideothetrenches.5AstimeprogressedtroopsbegantoreceiverudimentarytrainingintheUnitedStatesbeoretheirarrivalinEuropeandthetraininginFrancewasreducedtoathree-monthprogram.IntheUnitedStatesSoldierscompletedtwomonthsotrainingocusedonphysicalconditioningandtargetpracticeandinFrancethetrainingwasrestructuredtoaddressonlysurvivalskillsandtacticalmaneuvers.InFrancetherstmonthotrainingaddressedsmall-unitmaneuversthesecondmonthotrainingwasPerfectionintherontlinetrencheswithFrenchunitsandthethirdmonthotrainingcompletedbackatthetrainingareaocusedonlarge-unitexercisesandopenwararemaneuvers.6MeanwhileastherstAmericanSoldierswerearrivinginFranceandcompletingtheirtrainingtheretheArmywaspreparingitseltotrainanunprecedentednumberoSoldiersasquicklyaspossibleintheUnitedStates.ConstructionosixteennewNationalArmycantonmentsandsixteennewNationalGuardmobilizationcampsbeganinthesummero1917.AtCampJacksoninitiallyknownasthe6thNationalArmyCantonmentconstructionbeganonJune111917underthesupervisionoHardawayContractingCompany.TestandardizedconstructionoallotheArmycantonmentseaturedahighlycentralizedlayout.Eachbasehadacentralmainstreetapproximately100eetwideand2.5mileslong.Battalionandregimentalstreetsranperpendicularoothemainstreet.Ononesideothemainstretchbuildingswereconstructedorocersquartersadministrationbuildingshospitalsgeneralstoresstoragewarehousesandciviliansupportorganizations.OntheothersideothemainroadbarrackshousedonecompanyoSoldierseachandourbarracksweregroupedtogethertohouseabattalion.7AtCampJacksonwithaworkorceo9592menconstructionprogressedquickly.Insixmonths1519buildingswereconstructedincludingtheatersstoreskitchensbarracksocersquarterstrainingacilitiesstableswarehousesgaragesanaireldawaterreservoirsewersheatingplantsahospitallaundryacilitiesandhousingor44009menand12274animals.8WiththeconstructionotrainingcantonmentsunderwaythroughoutAmericatheU.S.Armybegantoadvanceonthedevelopmentoastandardizedtrainingprogram.ArudimentarytrainingoutlineGeneralOrderNo.44hadbeenissuedin1906whichestablishedthebasicinstructionrequiredoreachSoldier.Tattrainingoutlinedividedtrainingintotwophases5Grotelueschen51-53.6Grotelueschen163.7Fortescue425-427.850thAnniversaryHistory1917-1967FortJacksonSouthCarolina.UnitedStatesArmyrainingCenterInantryColumbiaSouthCarolinaNovember111967. 18JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014garrisontrainingandeldtraining.Garrisoninstructionincludedtraininginphysicaltnessbayonetandcombativeexercisestent-pitchingclose-orderdrillsceremonialdrillguarddutyhorseandridingexerciseshygieniccareandswimming.Fieldtrainingincludedrangeringpracticemarchescampingadvanceandrearguardormationstheattackanddeenseoconvoysout-postdutyreconnaissancepatrollingnightoperationsroadsketchingmakingreportstheuseoentrenchingtoolsandindividualeldcooking.SoldierscompletedtheirtrainingatrecruitingdepotstherstreportingstationoraSoldieraerenlistmentwherenewrecruitscompletedaphysicalexaminationandsixmonthsobasictrainingtodeterminetheirtnessorservice.9Attherecruitingdepotssergeantsandcorporalsunderthesupervisionoanocerservedasthetraininginstructorsbutthetrainingscheduleandmanneroteachingwasleuptothediscretionothedepartmentcommander.10InAugust1917WarDepartmentDocumentNo.656InantryTrainingWDD656wasaddedtothetraininglibraryotheU.S.Army.GeneralOrderNo.44o1906thepredecessoroWDD656hadestablishedthesubject-matterobasictrainingwithoutanysortotimelineorexplanationoinstruction.InWDD656theArmyorthersttimedenedthestandardsoandprovidedasetscheduleorthebasictrainingoeverySoldierintheArmy.11Tedocumentoutlinedasixteen-week40-hours-per-weektrainingprogramcompletewithaweeklytrainingschedule.TeWarCollegereerencedthe1911InantryDrillRegulationsthe1914FieldServiceRegulationsthe1917ManualorNoncommissionedOfcersandPrivatesthe1913Small-ArmsFiringManualandthe1914ManualoPhysicalTrainingortheparticularsoinantrytraininginstruction.InantryDrillRegulationsoutlinedtheprinciplesosalutingomorningPomarchingocloseorderdrillandextendedorderdrillmovementsincludingbasicringattackanddeenseinstructionsocampingandtentpitchingoceremoniesandhonorsobasiccommunicationsusingbuglecallsthemanualoarmsthemanualothesaberandothecolorsandinstructionsorthebandtheadvanceandrearguardsandtheoutposts.12SmallArmsFiringManualaddressedrifetrainingincludingtheundamentalprinciplesomarksmanshiptheprinciplesorringatxeddistancesatclearlydenedtargetsandtheprinciplesocombatringintermsocooperationandcoordinationamongtheindividualsinaringunit.13FieldServiceRegulationsoutlinedoperationalandadministrativetacticsoU.S.Armyunitswithspecicattentiontothecollectionandtransmissionoinormationtheplacementosecuritytheissuanceoorderstheconductomarchesandconvoysanddeensiveandoensivecombattactics.14InWDD656trainingwasstructuredaroundtheideathattheprociencyotheArmywasdeterminedbytheprociencyotheindividualbrigadestheprociencyothebrigadeswasdeterminedbytheprociencyortheindividualregimentstheprociencyotheregimentswasdeterminedbytheprociencyotheindividualbattalionsandsoondownthroughthecompanysquadandindividualSoldierlevels.TereoretrainingprogressedincorporatinglargerandlargergroupsoSoldiers.ForthersttwooweeksotrainingSoldiersimmersedthemselvesintheSchoolotheSoldierablockoinstructionthatocusedonindividualSoldierskillssuchashaltrestsacingsstepsmarchingsandcareotherife.15ConcurrentlywiththeSchoolotheSoldierSoldiersparticipatedinablockoinstructioncalledtheSchoolotheSquad.TeSchoolotheSquadwastaughtduringtherstsixweeksotrainingoverlappingwiththeSchoolotheSoldierorthersttwoweeksandwiththenextphaseotraining9Johnson61-62.10UnitedStatesWarDepartment.GeneralOrdersNo.177August271907.WashingtonGovernmentPrintingOce1907.11Johnson124.12UnitedStatesWarDepartmentDocumentNo.394.InantryDrillRegulationsUnitedStatesArmy1911.WashingtonGovernmentPrintingOce1911.13UnitedStatesWarDepartmentDocumentNo.442.SmallArmsFiringManual1913.WashingtonGovernmentPrintingOce1917.14UnitedStatesWarDepartmentDocumentNo.475.FieldServiceRegulations1914.NewYorkArmyandNavyJournal1916.15InantryDrillRegulations. December2013-March2014JacksonJournal19learningtomaneuverwithinplatoonsorthehandsixthweeks.DuringSchoolotheSquadSoldierslearnedtoworktogetheringroupsothreetoelevenSoldiersapplyingthedrillmovementslearnedduringSchoolotheSoldierandpracticingattackmovementsincooperationwithotherSoldiers.InweekveSoldierswereeasedintoplatoonlevelinstructionandtheylearnedtoworkinslightlylargergroupsothreetooursquadsorsixteentoortySoldiers.Atthisleveloinstructionsquadsbecameaxedunitonthebattleeldandwithinplatoonsthesquadslearnedtomoveincoordinationwithoneanother.ForthenextthreeweeksSoldiersbecameprocientwiththeirmovementswithinthesquadandwithintheplatoonlearningtomaneuverasasmallgroupuntilatweeknine--morethanhalwaythroughtraining--SoldierswereintroducedtotheSchoolotheCompany.IntheSchoolotheCompanySoldierslearnedtoworkingroupingso100-200Soldiersdividedintotwotoourplatoonsotwotooursquadseach.Platoonslearnedtomaneuverinrelationtooneanotherinparadeandonthebattleeld.AtweekeeninthelasttwoweeksotrainingSoldierswereintroducedtotheSchoolotheBattalionandtheylearnedthemechanismsoworkingingroupsotwotosixcompaniesor500-1000Soldiers.TeconceptsomaneuveringlearnedduringtheSchoolotheBattalionweretheneasilytranslatedtoevenlargergroupingsoSoldierssuchastheregimentsandbrigades.16Perfection16UnitedStatesWarDepartment.DocumentNo.656Inantryraining.PreparedattheArmyWarCollege.August191713-15.17WarDepartmentDocumentNo.656.18WarDepartmentDocumentNo.65618-19.19WarDepartmentDocumentNo.65618-19.-Discipline-Morale-Customsandcourtesiesotheservice-DutiesandresponsibilitiesotheNCO-Tecommissionedocer-Articlesowar-Whyweareatwar-Militaryoencesandpunishments-OrganizationandcharacteristicsotheUSAlliedandenemytroops-Personalhygiene-Alcoholismanddrugs-Insectsandvermin-Communicablediseases-Firstaidandelementarybandaging-Physicaltraining-Careandadjustmentoclothingandequipment-Securityintheeld-Purposesandmethodsodrill-Reconnaissance-Studyoterrainontheground-Messagesandreport-Orders-Entrenchments-acticaluseomachineguns-Grenadeandbombwarare-ransportationotroops-Conductinservice-Leadership-Saluting-ObligationsandrightsotheSoldier-Payandallowances-Armyregulationsandorders-HistoryoEuropeanwarsandUnitedStateswars-Powersandlimitationsovariousarms-Rulesolandwarare-Venerealdisease-Personalcleanliness-Vaccinationandprophylaxis-Careotheeet-Sanitationanditsmaintenance-Propertyresponsibility-Interiorguardduty-Rations-Useocover-Mapsandmapreading-Linesoinormation-Horsesandstablemanagement-Gaswarare-Attackanddeenseopositions-renchordersable1.GeneralSubjectsorLectures19TroughouttheprocessobasictrainingromtheintroductoryweeksoindividualSoldiertraininguntilthemassbattalion-leveltrainingatthenaletheskillstaughtweredesignedtoheightentheArmysresuperiorityandtrenchwararecapabilities.Rifeexercisesincludingsightingandaimingdrillsandtargetpracticecomprised34or220hoursobasictraining.Sevenpercentor44hoursotrainingwasdedicatedtobayonetexercisesandourpercentor27hoursotrainingwasdedicatedtobombingandgrenadesinstruction.Fivepercentor31hoursotrainingwasdevotedtotheconceptsotrenchwarare.Teonlyothersignicantblocksoinstructioncoveredphysicaltrainingwith59hoursotrainingandtheSchoolotheSquadduringwhichSoldiersspent55hoursdevelopingteamworkskills.Teremainingthirdotrainingocusedonbasicsoldieringskills--suchasdrillandceremonymarchingnightworktentpitchingcommunicationsrstaidandanti-gasmaneuvers--andadministrativechores--suchastheissuanceoclothingandarmslecturesinspectionsandtesting.17Ontopothehands-oninstructionusedthroughouttraininglectureswereusedtoprovideadditionalinormationonpersonalhygienepublichealthpersonalwell-beingmilitarylieandbasicsoldieringskills.able1providesalistothegeneralsubjectsdeliveredinlectureorm.18 20JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014BeyondoutliningwhatsubjectsweretobecoveredduringbasictrainingandinwhatmannertrainingshouldprogressWDD656outlinedaweeklyscheduleorthetrainingoeveryArmySoldier.DuringtherstourweeksotraininginstructionwasdividedbetweendevelopingtheindividualskillsotheSoldiersandinstructioninsquad-levelmaneuvering.70or112hoursotherstourweekswasdedicatedtowardin-processingthenewrecruitsandimpartingbasicsoldieringskills.Duringtherstweektenhourswerededicatedtotheissuanceoclothingandequipmentalongwithlecturesonthecareothoseitems.DuringthesecondweekotrainingtheSoldierswereissuedtheirrifesandtheyreceivedinstructiononthemanualoarmsandthecareotherife.20DuringtheseintroductoryweeksSoldiersreceivedlecturesonthearticlesowarmilitarydisciplineandcourtesiespersonalhygieneandcareoeetordersorsentinelstheobligationsandrightsothesoldiercountersignsandparolesguarddutythepurposeowarandtheuseogrenadesandbombs.Alsoduringthistimeindividualtrainingaddressedphysicaltrainingexercisesandrunningdrillandceremonysalutingmarchingmakingpacksandpitchingtentscommunicatingviawhistleandarmsignalsadministeringrstaidtothewoundedemployinggasesinmodernwarareandtheuseobombsandgrenades.DuringthesecondthirdandourthweeksSoldierswereintroducedtobayonetexercisesandbayonetcombatandaerreceivingtheirrifesinweek2theyamiliarizedthemselveswiththeirrearmsthroughsightingpositionandaimingdrillsdefectionandelevationcorrectiondrillstrigger-squeezeexercisesandgallerypractice.21InconjunctionwiththeirindividualtrainingSoldierswereintroducedtotheSchoolotheSquadduringwhichtheyweregroupedintosquadsothreetoelevenSoldiersorpurposesoinstructiondisciplinecontrolandorder.22Duringtherstourweeksotraining48hoursor30othetrainingtimewasspentteachingteamworkandinstillingagroupmentalityamongtheSoldiers.TesquadbecameaxedunitandSoldierslearnedtomoveandmaneuverasagroup.23DuringweeksvethougheightotrainingSoldiertrainingexpandedbeyondthescopeosquad-levelinstructiontoaddresstheunctioningotheunitattheplatoonlevel.Onaplatoonlevelinstructionreinorcedthelessonstaughttothesquadsanditaddedcloseorderdrilltrenchandopen-wararedrillsmusketrydutiesotheplatoonandplatoonleadertheuseorifetrenchesindividualcookingandanti-gasmeasures.Physicaltrainingbayonettrainingandanti-gastrainingcontinuedasbeorebut55otrainingor89hoursemphasizedtargetpracticeconceptsotrenchwarareandplatoon-levelmovements.Practicalexercisesinbombingandgrenadeswereinitiatedduringtheseweeksaswerenighttimeexercises.Tehweekotrainingwascompletedwithaulleldinspectionotheeldkitandpitchedtent.24rainingintheninthandtenthweekscontinuedwithanemphasisonresuperiorityandinstructionintrenchwararebutSoldiersgraduatedromplatoon-leveltrainingtotheSchoolotheCompany.Soldiersadaptedthesquad-levelandplatoon-levelmovementslearnedearliertolargerormationsandtheybegantomaneuveringroupingso100-200Soldiers.InSchoolotheCompanySoldiertrainingocusedontrenchwarareinspectionsphysicaltrainingmarchingantigasinstructionbayonettrainingandknown-distanceandsmall-armsringrangepractice.25Intheeleventhweekotrainingspecialistswereselectedashandgrenadiersrifegrenadierssniperssketcherssignalersrunnersobserversestimatorsandautomaticrifeandlightmachinegunmannersandinthetwelhweeko20InantryDrillRegulations30.21WarDepartmentDocumentNo.65620-21.22InantryDrillRegulations191136.23WarDepartmentDocumentNo.65620-21.24WarDepartmentDocumentNo.65621-22.25WarDepartmentDocumentNo.65622-23. December2013-March2014JacksonJournal21Perfectioninstructionlightmachinegunsandautomaticrieswereintroducedtotraining.26rainingbegantocombineandcoordinatethecombattacticsospecializedorcesandtheSoldierslearnedtomaximizetheireectivenessthroughtheapplicationocombinedarms.rainingthroughtheendoinstructionthroughweeks12-16continuedatthecompanylevelandSoldiersputintopracticethecombatprinciplesoutlinedintheFieldServiceRegulationsparticularlytheimportanceoresuperiorityandounityocommand.27Tedailyscheduleotrainingranrom0730to1700.Lunchwasheldrom1130-1300.BasictrainingonWednesdayandSaturdayendedat1130sothatbrigadecommandersstaocersandregimentaleldocerscouldreceivetacticalinstructionromthedivisioncommander.SaturdaymorningswerereservedorinspectionsandtherewasnotrainingonSundays.MondaythroughSaturdaySoldiersengagedin30-60minutesophysicaltrainingduringthemidmorningunlesstheywererequiredtomarchtotheringrangesthatdayortargetpractice.Generallyspeakingplatoonsrotatedthroughtheringrangesspendingonemorningoraernoonduringtheweekontargetpractice.Terestotheweekwasdividedintothirty-minuteinstructiveblocksduringwhichSoldierswereeducatedonthatweekslearningobjectives.28ComingintoWorldWarItheArmyeltthattobeeectiveintimeowarmilitarytrainingmustbeuniormthroughouttheserviceandmustconormtocertainbasicprinciplespossessingvaryingdegreesoimportance.29TestrategyespousedinWDD656oauniedtrainingprogramorSoldierswasrevolutionaryandisthebasisotodaystrainingprogram.Unortunatelythequestionableexecutionothetrainingin1917and1918severelyhamperedtheecacyotheprogram.FieldMarshallDouglasHaigEnglandsseniorocerduringWWIandcommanderotheBritishExpeditionaryForcescommentedinhisdiaryonOctober191918lessthanamonthbeoretheendoWWIAmericanArmyisnotyetorganizeditisill-equippedhal-trainedwithinsucientsupplyservices.ExperiencedocersandNCOsarelacking.30TeFrenchsharedHaigssentimentsosumupthestateoinstructionintheUnitedStatesisnotbrilliantinspiteotheeortsmadetoimproveit.31EventheAmericanleadershipexpresseddissatisactionwiththequalityoSoldiercomingoutothetrainingprograms.GeorgeC.Marshallthetrainingandoperationsdirectororthe1stDivisionduringthewarcomplainedaboutthelackoclothingquartersandmotortransportorthemenintraining.32MarshallretrospectivelycommentedItwasdiculttocarryoutanyoperationexactlyaccordingtotheidealbecauseothelimitedamountotrainingandcompletelackoexperienceonthepartothemenandtheyoungocers33GeneralJohnPershingGeneral-in-ChieotheAmericanExpeditionaryForcesAEFexcusedtheinexperienceandlackotechnicalskillsotheAmericantroopswiththeindomitableAmericanspiritadmittingItwasthoughtreasonabletocountonthevigorandtheaggressivespiritoourtroopstomakeupinameasureortheirinexperience.34DespitetheWarDepartmentsbesteortstodevelopanecientandeectivetrainingprogramtherewereanumberoactorsthatcontributedtotheprogramsshortalls.26WarDepartmentDocumentNo.65623.27FieldServiceRegulations67.28WarDepartmentDocumentNo.65625.29WarDepartmentDocumentNo.656830RobertBlakeed.TePrivatePapersoDouglasHaig1914-1919.LondonEyreandSpottiswoode1952333.31ReportFrenchGHQ1January1918SubjectStateoAmericanArmyonJanuary11918asquotedinUSArmyHistoricalDivisionUnitedStatesArmyintheWorldWar1917-1919WashingtonDepartmentotheArmy1948III256-57.32CrayEd.GeneralotheArmyGeorgeC.MarshallSoldierandStatesman.NewYorkCooperSquarePress200057.33MarshallGeorgeC.MemoirsoMyServicesintheWorldWar1917-1918.BostonHoughtonMifin1976122.34PershingJohnJ.MyExperiencesintheWorldWarVol.2NewYorkStokes1931293.WWIrainingrenchCampMeade1918 22JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014FirsttherewasadisagreementintheArmysleadershipastotheguidingdoctrineotraining.35TeWarDepartmentandtheWarCollegewereundertheimpressionthatinallthemilitarytrainingoadivisionunderexistingconditionstrainingortrenchwarareisoparamountimportanceandtheypublishedallothetrainingliteraturewiththatdoctrineinmind.36HoweverGen.PershingwhoultimatelydeterminedtheghtingstrategyotheAEFeltthattheultimatesuccessothearmydependsupontheirproperuseinopenwarare.37PershingeltthatthedeensivestrategyinherentintrenchwararehadbroughttheEuropeanwartoastalemateandinordertobevictorioustheAmericanArmywouldneedtheaggressivespiritespousedinopenwararetheclashounitsinawaromovement.38AerseeingWDD656andtheWarDepartmentstrainingintentionsPershingrespondednegativelyIinviteattentiontoandrepeatmyrecommendationsthatintensivetraininginallphasesoopenwararebeacceptedastheprincipalmissionodivisionsbeoreembarkationItisurgedthatutureprogramsotrainingordivisionsintheUnitedStatesbepreparedaccordingly.39TereoreononehanddivisioncommanderswerereceivinginstructionsandtrainingliteratureromtheWarDepartmenttostructuretheirtrainingwithtrenchwarareinmindwhileontheotherhandtheywerereceivingordersromtheirchainocommandtostructuretrainingwithopenwarareinmind.SecondtherewasashortageoequipmentortheSoldiersintraining.AmericawasunpreparedorWorldWarI.InApril1917theUnitedStatesArmyhad787000rifesinitsinventory.40AmajorityotheseweaponsweresenttoEuropetosupplythemenintheAmericanExpeditionaryForcesleavingobsoleteweaponsornothingortheSoldiersintraining.AtCampDoniphanFortSillOklahomaSoldierscomplainedaboutnotreceivingrifesuntiltheourthmonthotrainingtheirtrainingwascompletedwithbroomsticksduringdrill.41Otherdivisionshadwoodenrifesmanuacturedthatmimickedthesizeotherealrifesbecauseotheshortageoweaponstoissue.42Soldiersinthe82ndDivisionweresimplygiven4-inchboardstocutouttheirowntrainingrifes.MachineguncompaniesroutinelyarrivedinFrancehavingneverredamachinegun.43Foranti-gastrainingdivisionswouldonlyhaveacoupleogasmaskstoshareamongthehundredsotrainees.44Soldierscomplainedoverthenon-issueowinteruniormsandthroughouttheArmySoldierscomplainedaboutthequalityandquantityooodthatwasavailableatthetrainingcamps.45DuetotheseshortagesoessentialsuppliesandequipmentortheSoldierstrainingprogramsweredelayedormodiedandSoldiersarrivedinEuropeneverhavingreceivedtheproperinstruction.TirdtherewasashortageopersonnelortheSoldiersintraining.oincorporatedraeesintodivisionstheArmyadoptedastrategyoinitiallyorganizinganumberodivisionsatskeletonstrengthandthenparcelingoutinducteesamongthemeachmonthtolloutthenumbers.TismeantthatSoldiersindivisionswereperpetuallyatvaryingdegreesoprociencyasnewrecruitswerebroughtin.rainingwasconstantlyputonholdtoaccommodatethenewSoldiers.omakemattersworseiadivisionwassettoembarkorFranceandwasnotatullstrengththentheirnumberswouldbebolsteredwithnewvolunteersanddraeesorpersonnelromotherdivisions.35Rainey199291-92.36WarDepartmentDocumentNo.6565.37CablegramNo.228-S19October1917ReportochieoArtilleryAEFInclosures-PartIIFieldArtilleryrainingpg.15Folder382Commander-in-ChiereportsEntry22RG120NA.38RaineyJamesW.AmbivalentWarareTeacticalDoctrineotheAEFinWorldWarI.ParametersJournalotheU.S.ArmyWarCollege133September198335.39ReportoG-5AEFAppendix31DivisionalrainingNationalArchivesRecordsGroup120Entry22older246USAWWXIV311-312.40Rainey199292.41Johnson199295.42Johnson199297100.43Rainey199292.44Rainey199293.45Johnson199295. December2013-March2014JacksonJournal23StephanieSappisamuseumtechnicianattheU.S.ArmyBasicCombatTrainingMuseumFortJacksonSC.SheearnedherdegreeinHistoryfromtheCollegeofWilliamandMaryandherMastersinArchaeologyfromtheUniversityofSouthCarolina.Inthismannerullytraineddivisionswouldbecarveduptoullltheneedsoembarkingunitstothedetrimentobothdivisions.46UponreviewPershingremarkedothepersonnelpoliciesDivisionso25000menwhichshouldhavebeenheldintactandeachoneperectedasanorganizedteamwereconstantlycalledupontosendlargegroupsotheirsoldierstootherdutiesAllthiswasdiscouragingtotheirofcersdisastroustomoralethrewupontheAEFanextraburdenotrainingandresultedinourhavinganumberodivisionsonlypartiallytrainedwhenthetimecametousethem.47IntermsotransormingciviliansintoprocientSoldierstheeectivenessotheWorldWarOnetrainingprogramisdifculttoevaluatebuttheprogramdevelopedin1917wasoundationalinthedevelopmentothebasiccombattrainingprogramthatexiststoday.InApril1917whentheUnitedStatesenteredWorldWarItheArmyacedanunknowntrainingobstacletechnologicaladvancementsinEuropeweredramaticallyalteringthetacticsowartheSelectiveServiceActo1917wasbringingmenintotheArmywhohadPerfectionneverconsideredacareerasaSoldierandwhohadnoknowledgeosoldieringskillsandanunprecedentednumberotrainedSoldierswasrequiredwithinaverynarrowmarginotime.TeArmyWarCollegeduringWorldWarIwentbeyondGeneralOrderNo.44o1906avagueoutlineotheskillsrequiredromSoldierstodevelopastandardizedtrainingprogramoreveryU.S.ArmySoldier.Tistrainingprogramdictatedthesubjectmattertobecoveredintrainingthedurationoinstructionoreachtopicdiscussedandatimelineortrainingprogression.WhileindividualdivisionswerestillultimatelyresponsibleorthetrainingotheirSoldiersaguidingdocumentwasnallyavailableorthemtoollow.Whilemanyotheparticularsothetrainingprogramhaveevolvedovertheyearstheoundationalprinciplesopatriotismdisciplinephysicaldevelopmentsel-respectsel-relianceresourceulnessproessionalknowledgeandeldserviceefciencyremainthesametoday.46Rainey199293-94.47PershingJohnJ.MyExperiencesintheWorldWarVol.1NewYorkStokes1931380.48WDD6568-10HeadquartersDepartmentotheArmy.FM7-0rainingorFullSpectrumOperations.WashingtonDCDepartmentotheArmy2008HeadquartersDepartmentotheArmy.RADOCPamphlet600-4TeSoldiersBlueBookTeGuideorInitialEntryrainingSoldiersFortMonroeVAUnitedStatesArmyrainingandDoctrineCommand2010HeadquartersDepartmentotheArmy.SoldierrainingPublicationCompanyStreetFirstProvisionalRegimentCampJacksonColumbiaS.C.222839 24JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014TheoccurrenceoinjuriesduringPhysicalReadinessrainingPRinBasicCombatrainingBCissomethingthatallleadersstrivetopreventhoweverwhentheyhappenleadersmustbepreparedtodealeectivelywiththeinjuredSoldierandgivethemthebestopportunitytorecoverandreturntotraininginaquickandefcientmanner.TeproperimplementationoaSpecialConditioningPrograminBCwillconsistoocusingonprecisiontopreventinjuriesproperlyutilizingourAthleticrainersandPhysicalTerapyassetsandensurecadreknowledgeomodiedPRexercisesandamiliaritywithmedicalproles.ReturningSoldierstotrainingasquicklyaspossibleshouldbeaCommandersprimaryocuswhenaddressingtheproblemoalreadyinjuredSoldiers.BeorediscussingideasregardingtheimplementationoareconditioningprogramitisessentialtoaddressthemostimportantaspectoinjuredSoldiersandthatistopreventthemrombecominginjuredintherstplace.TephysicaltnessleveloaSoldierplaysalargeactorintheirlikelihoodobecominginjured.Anunder-motivatedandunttraineeismorelikelytobephysicallychallengedbytherigorsoBasicCombatrainingbutahighly-motivatedandttraineecanpushthemseltothepointoinjuryaswell.ItisorthisreasonthattheprinciplesoPrecisionProgressionandIntegrationwereormedinordertoacilitatemaximumtrainingeortandgaindespitethedierentphysicaltnesslevelsoSoldiersinInitialEntryraining.TeimplementationothePhysicalReadinessrainingProgramanditsofcialacceptanceasArmydoctrineallowedorgreatstridestobemadeinthepreventionooverusetraininginjuries.Inastudypublishedin2003theprecursortothePRprogramwastestedalongsidetheoldstandardBCPhysicalrainingprogramandshowedthatthePRprogramresultedinalowerriskooveruseinjurieshigherrst-timepassratesontheAPFandalowerrateoAPFailurewhencomparedtotraditionalphysicaltraining.PrecisionistheundamentalprincipleoallPhysicalReadinessrainingandshouldbeemphasizedatalltimes.ProperprecisionmustnotonlybetaughtbutalsoshownandreinorcedromdayoneointroducingSoldierstoPR.OneexampleolackoprecisionleadingtoinjuriesisthemethodoconductingtheShuttleSprintexerciseinMilitaryMovementDrillOne.IwhenreachingtheendotheshuttleruntheSoldierdoesnotstopturnandaligntheirootinthenewdirectionotravelthenthisimprecisemovementcouldleadtogreaterinjuriesaerrepeatedabuselater.TisisjustoneexampletoshowhowtheprincipleoprecisionistheoundationtoinjurypreventioninPR.FM7-22ArmyPhysicalReadinessrainingChapter6SpecialConditioningProgramsstatesRehabilitationandreconditioningprogramswithinIMarecurrentlyconductedatallArmyrainingCentersasapartothePhysicalrainingPandrehabilitationprogramPRP.TepurposeothePRPistoprovidephysicalrehabilitationandphysicalconditioningorSoldierswhoareinjuredduringBCorOSUtheseprogramsusuallyallunderthetrainingcommandandactindependentlyunderthesupervisionoaphysicaltherapist.SoldiersremaininthePRPuntiltheyarecapableoreturningtothesamephaseoBCOSUthattheyleforasanewstartatdayoneoIM.Ianinjuryisminorandonlyrequiresshort-termlimitationswithminimalimpacttotrainingitmaynotrequireassignmenttothePRP.TemostrecentversionoR350-6re-namedthePRPWRPWarriorrainingandRehabilitationProgram.WhenaninjuredSoldierdoesnotqualiyorWRPitbecomesimportantorBCleaderstoensurethereconditioningothatSoldierattheBCunit.UnliketheSustainingPhaseoPRwherethereisanappointedReconditioningProgramLeaderanddedicatedplantohelpComponentsoftheIETReconditioningProgramImplementationofReconditioningProgramsintheInitialEntryTrainingEnvironmentSSGJosephTerry December2013-March2014JacksonJournal25implementtheprogramintheougheningPhaseoBCleadersdonotalwayshavetheresourcesortimetotraininjuredSoldiers.TisoenleadstoinjuredSoldiersjustwalkinglapsaroundatrackorguardingweapons.Tisisthewronganswerandshouldnotbeallowed.TemajorityoourBCBattalionshaveAthleticrainersonstaandsomeevenhavecertiedMasterFitnessrainerstoassistinthisreconditioningprocess.TeMasterFitnessrainermustassistandadvisetheCommanderinimplementingaReconditioningProgramandtohelptheCommanderbridgethegapbetweeninjuredSoldiersandmedicalsupport.ModelingtheSustainingPhaseReconditioningProgramanadequatesolutionistohavetheBattalionAthleticrainersoverseetheLevelOneportionothereconditioningprogramwhichisoutlinedinFM7-22Chapter6Paragraph6-17.TeAthleticraineriswellsuitedorthistaskastheyalreadyoverseethetrainingoinjuredSoldiersandmosthaveaccesstotheminimumrequiredstrengthandendurancetrainingmachines.Tisapproachwouldallowunit-levelsubjectmatterexpertstoprogressSoldiersbacktothepointwheretheycanreturntoscheduledunitPR.Levelwoothereconditioningprogramwouldbeconductedintheunit.InjuredSoldierswhoarereleasedromlevelonewouldresumePRactivitieswiththeunit.TeywouldperormmodiedexercisesIAWChapter6inordertoacilitatetheirullrehabilitation.TekeycomponenttoLevelwoistheknowledgeandcompetencyothecadreconductingthetraining.Leadersandinstructorsmustbeknowledgeableoallthemodiedexercisesaswellashowtocorrectlyreadandinterprettheproleorm.Temostreasonablewaytoensurethatallcadreandleadershavethisknowledgeistoconductextensivetrainingonthemodiedexercisesandtheproleormwhichwouldbebestaccomplishedduringresetbetweencycles.ItistheBattalionCommandersandCommandSergeantsMajorresponsibilitytoensurethroughtheproperuseoavailableassetsandpersonnelthatinjuredSoldiersareeectivelyrehabilitatedandreturnedtotraining.Asperparagraph6-27oFM7-22TereconditioningprogramistheCommandersprogram.Awell-runprogramwillassistorcereconstitutioneforts.Tesuccessotheprogramisdependentonthepriorityplacedonitromthetopdown.CompanyCommandersandFirstSergeantsmustcareenoughabouttheprogramtoReconditioningensureNCOsupport.WhilethewelareoSoldiersiseveryleadersjobtheArmyhaslenoroomordoubtastowhoistobeheldaccountableorthereconditioningoinjuredSoldiers.TisistoensurethatthereisavestedinterestromtheChainoCommandinmakingsureinjuredSoldiersarereturnedtotrainingasquicklyaspossible.Figure6-4providesaneasytoollowexampleotheprogressionaninjuredSoldiermustollow.TisprovidesCommanderswithareerencetodeterminewheretheSoldierisinthereconditioningprocess.InconclusiontherequirementorimplementingaReconditioningPrograminBasicCombatrainingisnotasclear-cutasthatortheSustainingPhase.Howeverwiththecreativeapplicationolocalresourcesitisstilleasible.PRprinciplesespeciallyprecisionareusedtoreducetheriskoinjuriesbutiinjuriesdooccurandWRPisnotanoptionLevelOneReconditioningcanbeproperlyconductedbyunitAthleticrainers.LevelwocanbeconductedattheunitallowingorthemaximizationandefciencyotimeandresourceswhilestillocusingonreturningtheSoldiertotrainingasquicklyaspossible.UltimatelyCommandersandNCOsareheldresponsibleorthisprogramtoensurethatallareinvestedinthewelareotheinjuredSoldierandmaintainingtheorce.AndasleaderswemustalwaysrememberWhenSoldiersbecomeillinjuredorhaveothermedicalconditionsleadershavetheresponsibilitytoreconditiontheseSoldiersandsaelyreturnthemtodutyatanequalorhigherphysicaltnesslevel.-------COLWilliamR.RiegerCommandantU.S.ArmyPhysicalFitnessSchool1999-2006.SSGJosephTerryisaDrillSergeantinCharlieCompany2ndBattalion60thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade1KnapikJJ.HauretKG.ArnoldS.Canham-ChervakM.ManseldAJ.HoedebeckeEL.McMillianD.2003.InjuryandtnessoutcomesduringimplementationoPhysicalReadinessraining.InternationalJournaloSportsMedicine24p.372-3812U.S.ArmyPhysicalFitnessSchool.2013.ArmyPhysicalReadinessrainingFM7-22.WashingtonDCUSGovernmentPrintingOfce.Figure6-4.Rehabilitationandreconditioningresponsibilities 26JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014Nooneeversaidlieonthetrailwouldbeeasy.GoingintoityouexpectlonghourshardworkandtheperpetualmonotonyocycleafercycleotrainingSoldiers.Butnothingcanprepareyouorthejourneyyouareabouttoembarkon.Someousaresingleothersaremarried.Someoushaveveormorechildrenandaspouse.Otherslikemearesingleparents.BeoreIgotmyordersIcouldnotathomDrillSergeantBranchputtingasingleparentonthetrail.AferallrecruiterscannotbesoleparentssowhywouldtheyallowDrillSergeantstobeIsitpossibletobeagoodDrillSergeantandagreatsingleparentWhenIrstreceivedmyordersorDrillSergeantSchoolIwasinshock.HowcouldIpossiblybeaDrillSergeantasasingleparentHowcouldImakethisworkIcareullyweighedallomyoptions.Option1mychildstayswithmeandIndsomeextendedhourdaycareornannytogetthroughthenexttwoyears.Option2sendmychildtostaywithgrandparentsorthenexttwoyears.Option3doeverythinginmypowertogetoutothisassignment.AfercareulconsiderationIchoseoptionnumberone.Icouldntathomtheideaomissingoutontwoyearsomychildslie.Optionthreewasoutthewindowaswell.TeArmyValuesinculcatedinmeorthepast12yearswouldnotallowmetoquitwhenpresentedwithachallenge.SoIwentwithoptionnumberoneandprayedthatitwouldworkout.IvebeenatthisorayearnowanddealtwiththeupsanddownsbutoverallIamstillsatisedwithmychoice.Mydaybeginsat0300onmostdays.IwakeupextraearlytogetmyPinandgetthelittleoneupandreadyordaycare.BeoreIbecameaDrillSergeantmychildwouldsleepinhisownroom.Sincewegothereandourtimetogetherislimitedhesrevertedbacktosleepingnexttomebecausethatstheonlytimehegetstobewithhismom.ImtootiredtoghtitandwiththelimitedamountotimeIgettosleepitsnotabattleIchoosetoght.OnceIdrophimoatdaycareat0430heknowshewontseemeagaintillabout2100.Tereweremanydaysinthebeginningwherethat0430drop-owasquitetraumatizingorhimandorme.IswearheeltlikeIwasntgoingtocomeback.Hewouldscreamandcryandclingtomeasiitwasthelasttimehewouldeverseeme.Icouldhearhimscreamingstillevenoutsideothedaycare.IcouldntevenwalkoutoaroomwithouthimollowingmebecausehewasscaredIwasleavinghim.IttookaboutsixmonthsothisroutinebeoreherealizedthatIwouldalwaysbeback.EverylatenightorovernightdutythatIhavemychildalsohas.Hespendsthosenightsonanairmattressinthebackothedaycare.WhilethestaprovidesexcellentcareorhimonthoseovernightsIstilleelterriblehavingtoleavehimthere.Terearenobathingacilitiestheresoallhegetsisabird-bath.Dependingonthetrainingthatisgoingonsometimeshesthereorasmanyas3-5nightsinarow.Whenhessickheissenthome.SincethereisnooneelsetocareorhimItoogetsenthome.ItalwaysseemstobeonthosedayswhereyouareSINGLEPARENTONTHETRAILSFCAngelaBowley December2013-March2014JacksonJournal27alreadyshortonmanning.EverytimeIseeanincomingcallromthedaycareIdreadthattheyaregoingtosaytocomepickhimup.IknowtheeectthatithasonmybattlebuddiesandtrainingwhenIampulledunexpectedlytocareormychildbutthereisnooneelsetotakecareohim.Tenocoursethereistheconstantworryinthebackomyheadowillthishavealong-termeectonmychildWillherememberhismombeinggoneallothetimeWillitaecthisuturerelationshipsTedaycarecanbeunknowinglycruelwhentheycallyourchainocommandconcernedthatyouhavetoworkeveryederalholidayandyoudontspendenoughtimewithyourchildasiwehaveachoice.SointurnIdevoteallomytimethatImnotatworkwhichisnotmuchtimeatalltospendqualitytimewithhim.IsacricemypersonalandsocialneedstobethebestparentthatIcanbe.IdontgooutbecauseIdontwanttoleavehimwithababysitterwhenhealreadyspendswaytoomuchtimeatdaycare.Iworkhardtoensurethatmyhomestayscleanandorganized.Ihavecomeupwithasystemtogetmylaundrydoneinphasessincesometimeswegoorawholemonthormorewithoutadayo.ItrytogetmylaundryintothewasherwhenIgethomeromwork.IIcanmanagetostayawakelongenoughtogetthroughthewashphasethenIllmoveontothedryphase.MostnightsIcannotanddryphasewaitsuntilthenextday.Sometimestheoldandputawayphasetakesdays.IrunullloadsinthedishwasherojustcupsbecauseInevereatahomecookedmeal.AewmonthsagoIdecidedtoo-settheworkloadalittleandhiredamaidtocomecleaneveryotherweektosparemeromvacuumingandothertimeconsumingtasks.SingleParentSowhatisitthatdrivesustocontinueonthispathortwoyearsWheredowendthemotivationtogetusthrough24monthshereIsittheendstatethatyouarelookeduponasasubjectmatterexpertinallthingswhenyougobacktoyourMOSIsitthecareerprogressionthatgoesalongsideearningandkeepingyourDrillSergeantbadgeIsitthesatisactionthatyouareshapingtheutureotodaysArmyWhateveritiswejustdoit.Wedowhatneedstobedone.Wesnatchupthosecurveballsthatgetthrownatus.Welearntoexcelintimeswhenothersfounder.WedevelopintobetterleadersandSoldiers.IsitpossibletobeagoodDrillSergeantandagreatsingleparentTeanswerisyes.Youhavetondagoodbalancebetweenworkandthetimeyouhavewithyourchild.Youmakeeverymomentcount.Yourememberthatthisisnotorever.Youembracethesuckandholdonorthewildridethatyouareabouttogeton.Whileextremelychallenginganddemandingintheendthisjobisultimatelyrewarding.Wearewritingourownuture.Wearetrainingthosethatwillreplaceus.Whentimesgethardwerememberthatbadgeonourchestandrubit.WepourourheartandsoulintobeingagoodDrillSergeantbecauseitgoeshandandhandwithbeingagoodparent.Westrivetobethebestothebestorourchildrentomakethemproudandshowthemthattheycanaccomplishanytaskwithalittlebitohardworkandalotomotivation.WeprovethatwehavetherighttocallourselvesDrillSergeants.HISWELLDEFENDSFCAngelaBowleyisaDrillSergeantinEchoCompany2ndBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade WhenbaseballgreatTyCobbwas70areporteraskedhimWhatdoyouthinkyoudhitifyouwereplayingthesedaysCobbwhohadalifetimebattingaverageof.367saidAbout.290maybe.300.ThereporterrepliedThatsbecauseofthetravelthenightgamesthearticialturfandallthenewpitcheslikethesliderrightNosaidCobbitsbecauseIamseventy.NowthatsbelievinginyourselfItsAllAboutAttitude JustOneMoreTelephonePoleFalldownseventimesgetupeighttimesJapaneseProverbHavinglosthisrightlegtocancerTerryFoxembarkedonacross-CanadaruncalledtheMarathonofhopein1980toraisemoneyforcancerresearch.Hisshufeandhoprunningstyletookhimabout24milesperday-closetoacomplete26-milemarathoneverysingleday-withanarticiallegHemanagedtorunfor143daysandcovered3339milesfromhisstartingpointinSt.JohnsNewfoundlandtoThunderBayOntariowherehewasforcedtoabandonhisrunwhendoctorsdiscoveredcancerinhislungs.HediedafewmonthslaterbuthisinspiringexamplehasleftalegacyannualTerryFoxrunsheldinCanadaandaroundtheworldthatsofarhaveraised340millionforcancerresearch.WhenaskedhowhekepthimselfgoingasexhaustionsetinandhehadthousandsofmilesaheadofhimheansweredIjustkeeprunningtothenexttelephonepole.TheSuccessPrinciplesJackCaneld2005HarperCollinsPublishersNewYorkNY 30JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014AskaleaderortrainerassignedtoabasiccombattrainingunitwhatisthemostcriticaltaskthataSoldiermustmasterbeoretheygraduateBasicCombatrainingMostlikelythemajorityoyourresponsesarecenteredonaSoldiersabilitytoqualiywithandmaintaintheirassignedrife.Hitwhattheyshootatoneshotonekillandseveralothermantrasthatwehaveallgrownupwith.Wellspendhoursdiscussingitexperimentwithallaspectsoitcreatedrillsormusclememoryconducthoursopre-marksmanshiptrainingconcurrenttrainingandremedialtraining.OurendocycleAARsandQBstypicallyspendmostothediscussionanalyzingresultseectivenessandwaystoimprove.Wehavetrainingaidsdevicesandsimulationshundredsothousandsodollarsinvestedinit.Wedevoteatotalo130.9hourstorifemarksmanship.OtherswillanswerthesamequestionwithphysicallyandmentallytSoldierstheabilitytopasstheArmyPhysicalReadinessest.Itstherstandmostimportantthingwedoeveryday.Wecloseroadsorittestithaveremedialprogramspreandpostpartumprogramsproleprogramsanddevote54hoursoPOItimetoit.TelastoneandtypicallyadistantthirdisrstaidtheabilitytosaveaellowSoldierslie.Wespentyearswrestlingwiththecombatliesaversprogram.WehavesimulatorsthatspurtbloodwillactuallydieinottreatedproperlyagreatacilitythatreplicatessoundssightsandsmellsothebattleeldweincorporateandreinorceitintoourFXs.Wedevote26hourstotalhourstotheseskills.LTCRGeraldHendersonNowaskthatleaderwheredoArmyvaluestintothatpeckingorderOtheskillsthatwetrainmostowhichareextremelyperishablewhichskillsaretheonesleastsuitableortheunitorstassignmenttoaddressororthatmatteradvancedindividualtrainingWhatskillsinotmasteredruincareersandFamiliesblemishourArmyandnationorresultintragediesthatwespendcountlessresourcesanalyzinganddevelopingpreventionprograms.WhetherintimeowarortimeopeacebutIwouldargueevenmoresointimeowartheanswerisLoyaltyDutyRespectSelfessServiceHonorIntegrityPersonalCourageourArmyValuesyettotalPOItimedevotedtovaluestrainingis9.7hours.ObviouslywespendmoretimeonteachingvaluesthanalittleundertenhoursbutmyquestionwouldbearewegettingthisrightDoweshyawayromitbecauseitisdiculttoseeortomeasureHowdowegetSoldierstoespousetheArmysValuesintenweeksUnderstandthatespouserequiresmorethanmemorizationmorethangivingtheanswerthattheythinkisrequiredothem.BydenitionespousemeansthataSoldieradoptsthosevaluestakesthemastheirownandsupportsthemasacausebecomesattachedtothemwithaclosesynonymbeingadopt.Iyouresearchthetopicocharacterorvalueeducationmostowhatyouwillndistiedtoteachingchildrenandyoungadultswithinourpublicschools.OnequotethatIoundtellingisbyJohnHolteachersandschoolstendtomistakegoodbehaviororgoodcharacter.WhattheyprizeisdocilitysuggestibilitythechildwhowilldoEverythingINeededtoKnowAboutValuesILearnedinBasicCombatTraining December2013-March2014JacksonJournal31whatheistold.Teyvaluemostinchildrenwhatchildrenleastvalueinthemselves.Smallwonderthattheireorttobuildcharacterissuchaailuretheydontknowitwhentheyseeit.NowmanywillprobablysaythatdoesntapplytousbecausewearedealingwithadultsbutIdcounterthatmostotheyoungmenandwomenthatllourranksareveryrecentproductsothatenvironment.WhatIoundmostinterestingwaswhatmostresearchersoundthatdidntwork.Muchowhatisdescribedinourschoolsystemcanbestbedescribedasindoctrination.Educatorsattempttoorcestudentsintospecicbehaviorsratherthanputthosestudentsinsituationsthatorcethemtothinktoanalyzetheirbehaviorrefectuponitandhowitsimpactsonthosearoundthem.ReadingmoreonthetopicyoulearnaboutailedstrategiesthatequatetopracticeslikeitodayisMondaythenitmustbepersonalcourageday.Othersincludeoeringstudentsrewardswhenyoucatchthemdemonstratingavalue.Teallbacktothisparticularapproachisthatbehaviorisnolongertiedtothevaluebutmoretiedtotherewardsotherewardcanunderminethewholeprocessowhatwearetryingtoachieve.Tetechniquesdescribedcouldpotentiallyprovidetemporaryalbeitminimalsuccessbutitwillnotcreateacommitmenttothatbehavior.Studiesgoontosaythatthestudentmustbegiventheopportunitytotaketheseconceptsrefectuponthemviewtheminrelationtotheirownexperiencesandinternalizethem.IwelookatourmethodsotrainingdoweseesimilaritiestotheaboveWhenprioritizingandprovidingresourcesinthiscasetimewheredoourvaluesandourproessionoarmsstackupHaveyoueverheardanyleaderdiscussconcurrentorremedialvaluestrainingHaveyoueverheardoanyoneassessingvaluesintheirSoldierrainingEvaluationProgramsSEPorheardacommanderstateinanendocycleAARSirthiscyclefveSoldiersweresenthomeandourwererestartedortheirinabilitytograspandadoptourvaluesHaveyoueverheardanyonetalkaboutreinorcingvaluesinanSTXorFTXHaveyoueverheardacommandersaythiscyclewearegoingtoexecuteapilotinordertobettertrainourSoldiersonvaluesDoanyoourcadrecertifcationtasksaddresstheabilitytoteachvaluesValuesAsyoulooktoaddressthosequestionsrefectuponthisexcerptromRADOCRegulation350-6EnlistedInitialEntryrainingPoliciesandProceduresregardingtransormingciviliansintoSoldiersImmersionintoanenvironmentthatembodiesvaluespersonalconductsel-disciplinemotivationandtaskperormance.ApplicationothiscriticalconceptensuresSoldierslearnthroughtheexampleoeveryonewithwhomtheyhavecontactandeveryactivityinwhichtheyparticipateinorobserve.ConsistentlyandbroadlyappliedtheIEenvironmentwilldemonstratethepracticalapplicationotheproessionalmilitaryethicandservetoestablishtheArmysstandardsorconductdisciplineandrelationships.TeleadersandtrainersSoldiersobserveduringtheirIEexperiencemustbeexamplesopropermilitaryconductandperormance.WherethedesiredenvironmentisincontrasttoaSoldiersbackgroundorexperienceitprovidesthebasisorpositivechangeexempliyinginmeaningulwayswhatisrequiredtobeasuccessulSoldier.WhenaSoldiersenvironmentorbehaviordiersromthedesiredactionsleadersdiscussanddemonstratetheArmysexpectationsandstandards.TisimmersionrequiresSoldierstodemonstrateArmyvaluesandputthemintopracticehowArmystandardsapplyinperormanceanddisciplineandprovidesoraundamentalchangeinhumanbehavior.TatparagraphaloneprovidesyouwithoneverycriticalcomponentohowweachievesuccesswithSoldiersadoptingourvalues.Ourpersonalexample.AskyourselwhatdoesthatSoldierseewiththeireyesdotheyseewhatwetellthemtoseeordotheyseewhatwedemonstrateWhenaSoldierwatchesaDrillSergeantknowinglylooktheotherwaywhentheirBattlebehaves 32JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014inappropriatelyhowwilltheyviewintegrityandpersonalcourageWhencadreberatethembelittlethembecauseotheirgenderwheretheyareromcursethemreertothemasSIasopposedtoPVorSoldierhowdotheycometogripswithrespectItheyoverhearyoumakingunoyourchainocommandgripingaboutwhatyouhavetodocomplainingabouttheinstallationtheArmyhowwilltheymodelloyaltydutyorselfessserviceChancesaretheywont.TeywillbecometheSoldiertheyseemodeledmuchliketheexamplethatshapedthemasadultsintheimageotheirparents..samevaluessamemannerismssamevocabularysamemethodsoproblemsolving.AlbertSchweitzersaidExampleisnotthemainthingininfuencingothers.Itistheonlything.DowebelievethatDoweusethemostavailabletoolthatwehavetoassistuswiththemostcriticaltaskassignedtousordoweresemblemoreowhatFrancisBacondescribesHethatgivesgoodadvicebuildswithonehandhethatgivesgoodcounselandexamplebuildswithbothbuthethatgivesgoodadmonitionandbadexamplebuildswithonehandandpullsdownwiththeother.Soldierseyesareopenaboutseventeenhoursadaysothereisapotentialthereorabout100hoursovaluestrainingperweekclosetoa1000percycle.MultiplythatbyeveryleaderthatSoldiercomesintocontactwithduringagivenday.Teendresultotheequationisaprettypowerulsum.Budgetreductionswontimpactityoudontneedabusoritnordoesitcreateoveruseinjuries.Wecouldsayitjusthappensbuttherealityisitdoesntjusthappentherealityisthatwedontseethepoweroourexample.Wedontseetheopportunitytoshareexperiences.WhengiventheopportunitytolookatasituationthatoccurredduringthedayandorcetheSoldiertothinkaboutitrefectuponitanddetermineiourvalueswereappliedweareprobablymoreocusedonthenexttrainingevent.IattendedtheMasterArmyProessionandEthicsrainerCourseMAPEprovidedbytheCenterortheArmyProessionandEthicCAPE.ItsaortyhourcoursedesignedtoprovidetheArmywithpeoplecapableoservingasacilitatorsinleaderdevelopmentprogramsdesignedtoreinorceourProessionoArms.Troughtheuseosomesimpleyetthoughtprovokingvideovignettestheinstructororcedustogainnewperspectivesonhowwethinkbehaveandsolveproblems.SomuchowhattheircurriculumprovidesisreadilyadaptableinanytrainingenvironmentandapartotheirexportableSPsprovideorthevaluestraininginbasiccombattraining.AswebeginanotherroundoprogramoinstructionPOIrevisionandimplementationwherewillwetakevaluestrainingHowmuchthoughtandanalysiswillwedevotetoitWillwelookorwaystoattempttomeasureitoristhattoohard.IGoogledvaluestestwithinterestingresults.Iactuallytookonethatwasoered.Iwaskindoimpressedthatbyjustchoosingkeywordsandprioritizingthosekeywordstheprogramtoldmeagreatdealaboutmysel.NowitcouldhavebeentheequivalentoapsychicreadingthelinesonmypalmbutIdliketothinkthatiweasanArmychosetowecoulddevelopanassessmenttoolthatcouldpotentiallybeusedtodeterminepreandpostlevelsovalues.Ocoursethereareotherwaystomeasureisomeonelivesuptowhattheysoeasilymemorizeandrecite.Askthosethatknowthembesttheirpeers.WithinthesquadaskthemattheendoRedPhasethenagainattheendoWhitePhase.WhatipeerevaluationswereactoredintoaormulaorgraduationrequirementsWhatiSoldierswererequiredtopassanoralexamthatorcedthemtotakepersonalexperiencespriortoenlistmentandrelateeachtoavalue.TeycouldbeaskedtodescribehowtheyvieweditthenandnowbeingaSoldierhowtheirviewpointhadchangedandwhy.IunderstandthatwhatImdescribingisdiculttomeasureandthereisnoguaranteewewillgetitrightbutisitworththateortandintheendwillaSoldierproudlybeabletosayeverythingIlearnedaboutvaluesIlearnedatFortJacksonandwillweeelgoodabouttheSoldierthatissayingitLTCRGeraldHendersonistheDeputyChiefofStafffortheU.S.ArmyTrainingCenterandFortJackson. December2013-March2014JacksonJournal33Thedifferencebetweenwinningandlosingismostoftennotquitting.JohnWooden 34JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014In1995mybrigadecommanderspentabout40minutesonarangewiththecompanyIhadbeencommandingoralmostayear.Itwashisrstvisittotheunitduringtrainingalthoughmanyomypeersclaimedthattheywerevisitedonanalmostweeklybasis.Hehadbeenontherangeasquadmaneuverlivererangeorcloseto20minutesbeoresomeonetoldmehewasthereandcontinuedtowatchquietlyevenaferIhadbrieedhimonthedaystraining.JustbeorehelefhepulledmeotothesideandsharedhisobservationsotheunitandIwasastoundedatthedegreeodetail-accuratedetail-hehadpickedupinsuchashortperiodotime.HecorrectlyidentiedthebestplatoonsergeantandtheweakestsquadleaderinthecompanyprovidedsomesageadviceonthehandlingoalieutenantthatIwasstrugglingtomentorandexplainedhowmyunclearguidancetotherstsergeanthadhamperedhisabilitytoperormhisdutiesontherange.TenhetoldmethatIhadagreatcompanyandwaswellonmywaytobeingaprettydecentcompanycommander.AshewalkedawayIoundmyselwonderinghowintheworldhehaddrawnsomanydisturbinglyaccurateconclusionsinsuchashortperiodotime.WhathadheseenthatIhadnotVigilantinInspecngACompanyLeadersGuidetoAssessingYourUnitCOLJosephMcLambAllcommandingofcersandothersinauthorityintheArmyarerequiredtobevigilantininspectingtheconductoallpersonswhoareplacedundertheircommand.AR600-20ArmyCommandPolicy18Apr08Commandersaredirectlyresponsibleandaccountableorallaspectsounittraining.Teydirectlyobserveandparticipateintheunitstrainingandleaderdevelopmentinordertobetterassessmissionreadinessandhelptheirsubordinatestoimprove.ADP7-0rainingUnitsandDevelopingLeaders23Aug12MorethanadecadelaterIhadjustcompletedaparticularlyunpleasantconversationwithmycommandinggeneralonastreetinBaghdadandwaslimpingtomyvehiclewhentheCGcalledmeback.SofeninghistoneandlookingmeintheeyeheaskedmewhyIwasstillwearingtheoldbodyarmorandwhymyvehicledidnothavetherequiredelectroniccounter-measures.IexplainedthatnotallotheSoldiersinthebattalionhadthenewbodyarmorandthatwehadmorevehiclesthanelectroniccounter-measures.Henoddedandsentmeonmywaybutthatnightthemissingequipmentarrivedbyhelicopter.OnceagainIoundmyselwonderinghowaseniorleaderhadnoticedsuchsmallbutcriticaldetailswhilesimultaneouslyengagedinaairlyconrontationalconversationwithabattalioncommander.Mybrigadecommanderin1995andmycommandinggeneralin2007couldnotbemoredierentintheirleadershipstylespersonalitiesorproessionalbackgrounds.Buttheyclearlysharedaskillthatallleaderscanbenetromcultivatingwhentheylookedataunittheyreallysawtheunit.YearsoexperiencehadmadethemprocientattheartoinspectinganartthatappearstohaveatrophiedinourArmyoverthepastyearsand December2013-March2014JacksonJournal35thattodaysleaderswouldbewisetoreinvigorateandpractice.Leaderswhowishtosolvetheproblemsintheirunitmustrstbecomeprocientatrecognizingthoseproblems.obeaneectiveleaderofcerorNCOyoumustmastertheartoinspectingortunatelythisisaskillthatanyonecanattainthroughpracticeanddetermination.ARoseByAnyOtherNameIyourvisionoaninspectionincludesonlyranksoSoldiersindressuniormstherststeptogettingbetteristorethinkyourterms.Tetruthisthataleaderisinspectingeverysingletimeheinteractswithasubordinateunit.Formalinspectionsareextremelyrarewhencomparedtothealmostconstantinormalinspectionsthatmakeupalargepartoaleadersday.Inrecentyearsleadershaveadoptedahostoothertermstodescribethisinormalapproachtoinspectionsmostlyasaresultotheundueapprehensionthatsubordinateseelwhentheyhearthewordinspection.Battleeldcirculationleaderreconnaissanceunitvisitationtrainingobservationandseveralothercommonlyusedtermsarereallyjusteuphemismsorleadersinspectingtheirsubordinates.1Tereisnothingwrongwiththesetermsaslongasjuniorleadersunderstandwhatseniorleadersarereallydoingbutperhapswewouldbewisetoremovethestigmaromtheterminspectionandreturnittoitsrightulplaceohonorinourlexicon.wodecadesagoacompanyrstsergeanttellinghisplatoonsergeantsthathewouldbewalkingthroughthemotorpoolthataernoonsentanunmistakablemessageandtheplatoonsergeantswouldundoubtedlymakesuretheirareasoresponsibilityweretostandardbeoretherstsergeantcamearound.odaysuchamessagemightbelostonthosereceivingit.Illbeinspectingthemotorpoolthisaernoonmaybethephrasethatclearstheconusionandhelpstomakesurethatneithertherstsergeantnortheplatoonsergeantsgetanuglysurprise.VigilantInspectingDecidingWheretoLookandWhenTebestleadersIhaveknownspentmostotheirtimeinspectingteachingcoachingandmentoringbuteveniyoudevotedyourseltonothingelseyouwouldstillndthatyoudonothaveenoughtimetoinspectallthatneedsyourattention.SohowdoesaleaderdecidewheretolookAgoodruleothumbistostartwithtraining.Unitsthattrainwellwilldomosteverythingelsewelltooandunitsthatarestrugglinginanyareaarelikelytohaveatrainingdeciencyastherootissue.Tetrainingscheduleisagreatplacetostartasyoubegintothinkaboutwhatyouwilllookattoday.AlthoughtherearemultipleapproachestodeterminingwhichtrainingeventsyouwillvisitmypersonalpreerencehasalwaysbeentoselecttrainingeventsthatrequireunitsorSoldierstoapplyskillsgainedinearliertraining.Forexamplewatchingaplatoonlivereattackoronlyaewminuteswilltellyouagreatdealaboutthesquadtrainingthatwaspreviouslyconductedontaskssuchassupportbyrebreachandassault.Itheplatoonconductstheattackwellyoucanbecondentthattheplatoonleaderandplatoonsergeantdidagoodjobotrainingthesquads.Converselyitheplatoonstrugglesintheattacktheproblemismostlikelypoorsquadtrainingleadinguptotheattack.Inaveryrealsensetheabilityotheplatoonleadertoeectivelyleadtheplatoonattackisaccuratelypredictedbyhisabilitytotrainhissubordinatesquadsontheirsquad-leveltasks.1LGArthurS.CollinsCommonSenserainingAWorkingPhilosophyorLeadersNovatoCaliorniaPresidioPress197856.MorethanthirtyyearaeritsrstpublicationthisbookremainsthesinglebestoverviewotrainingorArmyleadersandisparticularlyrelevantasweenteraperiodoprolongedscalausterityandinternationaluncertainty.Chapter7rainingYourselandtheChainoCommandisaninvaluableresourceorcompanycommanders. 36JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014WhenweapplythesamelogictotheBasicCombatrainingenvironmentthetrainingeventsthatareogreatestvalueorleaderinspectionsarethosethatrequireSoldierstoapplyskillsalreadygainedinprevioustraining.TeBuddyeamLiveFireandFXIIIareclassicexamples.TerearenonewtaskstrainedintheseeventssoSoldierperormanceintheseeventsisadirectrefectionothequalityotrainingearlierinthecycle.IaplatoonsSoldierscanperormtheBuddyeamLiveFiretostandardyoucanbecondentthattheNCOsotheplatoondidagoodjobotrainingalltheindividualtasksthatcometogetherorthisevent.ImanySoldiersperormpoorlytheproblemismostlikelythetrainingtheyreceivedpriortotheevent.AnhourspentinspectingtrainingattheBuddyeamLiveFirethereorecangivealeaderagreatdealoinsightintoweeksoprevioustraining.Anothergreatopportunityorleaderstoinspecttrainingcomesduringthemorningphysicaltrainingperiod.ItisnotbychancethatseniorleadersndjoiningaunitorPanincrediblyvaluableexperiencealmosteverythingaboutaunitisonpublicdisplayduringPorthosewhocaretolook.TenumberoleaderspresenttheirinvolvementintheexercisesthelevelomotivationwithintheormationtheprecisionwithwhichSoldiersexecutetheexercisesthetoneoleadersinstructiontheseandotheractorstellaleadermuchaboutthestateodisciplineandtrainingintheorganizationoenwithinminutes.AunitthatisgoodatPmightnotbegoodeverywherebutaunitthatisbadatPisunlikelytobegoodanywhere.IyoucanonlyspendanhourinspectingtodaydoitduringP.Tetruthhoweveristhatleadersalmostneverdevoteonlyanhourtoinspecting.InsteadliketheCGwhoquestionedmein2007theyareconstantlyinspectingevenwhiledoingotherthings.Anexperiencedleaderwalkingpastthemotorpoolwillalmostinstinctivelylookorchockblocksandoilpansdirtywindshieldsandfattires.PassingthroughtheDFAChewillnaturallycheckthehand-washingstationthelightsovertheeatingareaswhetherornotthelatrineshavesoapandpapertowels.Simplywalkingthroughthecompanyareahewillnoticewhetherthegrassneedstobecutithereistrashonthegroundwhetherdoorsthataresupposedtobesecuredareinactlocked.Withpracticeinspectingbecomesalmostsecondnaturetoleadersaconstantactivitythatrequiresonlyasmallportionotheleadersconsciousattentionregardlessowheretheleadermightbe.Evenexperiencedleadersnditnecessarytobedeliberateaboutwhentheyinspecthowever.Agoodruleothemisthattherequencyoinspectionshouldincreaseasunpleasantenvironmentalactorsincrease.Coldandrainydayslateandlonelyeveningsdistantandausteretrainingareasthesearetheconditionsthatshoulddrawaleadersattention.Beingpresentduringadverseconditionsnotonlygivesaleadergreatinsightintohowhisunitoperatesunderstressitalsoletssubordinateleadersgaincondencethattheirleadersullyunderstandandshareinthelesspleasantaspectsomilitaryservice.Spendacoupleohourswithaplatooninasummerdownpourandyouwilllearnalotabouttheunitsleaders.Andtheywilllearnsomethingaboutyou.IfIHadKnownYouWereComingAllowhichbringsustoaquestionthatoncecausedmegreatanxietyshouldIletasubordinateunitknowthatIamcomingtoinspectAsajuniorleaderIstruggledtondasatisactoryanswertothisquestionbutasIgetolderInditlesstroubling.Myanswernowissimplyitdepends.Formalinspectionsshouldalmostalwaysbeannouncedinadvancewithaairdegreeodetailaboutwhatistobeinspectedandwhatstandardstheunitisexpectedtomeet.Tisgivessubordinateleadersanopportunitytoprepareortheinspectionandmeetthosestandards.Forinormalinspectionsmygeneralruleisnottoprovideearlynoticationoaninspectionexceptintwospeciccircumstances1itheunitisconductinganewexerciseortrainingeventorhasnothadanadequateopportunitytoprepareor2thereisanewsubordinateleaderwhohasnotbeenpreviouslyinspected.Bothothesesituationstend December2013-March2014JacksonJournal37tomakejuniorleadersratheranxiousthesuddenunexpectedappearanceoamoreseniorleadercancreateasenseobeingoverwhelmed.Inthosecircumstanceslettingtheplatoonorcompanyleadersknowthatyouplantovisitthemisusuallyhelpul.Withthoseexceptionshoweverannouncinganinormalinspectioninadvancewillusuallyonlydistracttheinspectedunitandnegatetheleadersabilitytoseehowtheunitisreallydoing.Evenverycompetentandcondentleadersarehard-pressednottomakeadjustmentstotheiractivitieswhentheyhearthatamoreseniorleaderwillbecomingtotrainingthisaernoon.Whenleaderssimplyshowupatgoodunitstheunitsaregenerallygladtohavebeensparedtheextraworkthatcomeswithgettingreadyoravisit.Unitsthatarestrugglingabitmaybelesscomortablewithunannouncedvisits.Howunannouncedinspectionsareperceivedisprimarilydrivenbyhowyourespondtowhatyoundduringtheinspectionhowever.Mostunitswillneverrelishanunannouncedvisitromaseniorleaderbutitheseniorleaderusestheinspectiontoteachcoachandmentorratherthanbelittleordemeanevenpoorunitscanndtheunannouncedinspectionauseulexperience.PreparingIyououndtheideathatleadersarealwaysinspectingtheirsubordinatesanunappealingconceptitmaybebecauseyoudontlikethecorrespondingrealitysubordinatesarealwaysinspectingtheirleaders.Whenyouvisitasubordinateunityoucanbecertainthatitsleadersarewatchingyouatleastascloselyasyouarewatchingthem.Preparingoraninspectionisperhapsthemostimportantactorinmakingitworthwhile.2Iyoudontknowwhatyouaredoingsubordinateleaderswillrecognizethisalmostimmediately.Ontheotherhandleaderswhodoknowwhattheyaredoingwhenconductinganinspectionincreaseunitcondenceinboththeleaderandunititsel.VigilantInspectingTesecrettobeingpreparedisnosecretatall.YousimplyhavetodoyourhomeworkwhichmostlyconsistsocheckingtheappropriateArmydocumentstoamiliarizeyourselwithwhatrightlookslikeonanygiventopic.Acommandersresponsibilitiesareverybroadandnooneexpectsyoutobeasubjectmatterexpertoneveryaspectomilitaryoperations.Teydoexpectthatyouwillknowenoughtoasktherightquestionshowever.InterpretingWhatYouSeeWhenyouarriveataunithoweveryourabilitytoassesstheorganizationwillbeginlongbeoreyouaskanyquestions.Howaunitreactstothepresenceoaleaderatatrainingeventwilltellyouagreatdealaboutnotonlytheon-goingtrainingbutthecultureotheunitasawhole.DoestherstleaderwhorecognizesyouwalkoverintroducehimselandexplaintheunitsactivityIsoitisverylikelythattheunitsleadersarecondentthattheyaretrainingtostandard.Iontheotherhandunitleadersattempttomoveawayinordertoavoidaconversationorsimplypretendnottonoticealeaderispresentyouarelikelytondsignicantshortallsinthetraining.Perhapsmoreimportantlyyouarelikelytondthattheunitchain-o-commandhasmoresignicantissues.Ingeneralleadersseeoneothreethingswhentheyconductanunannouncedinspection.Veryrarelyaleaderwilldiscoveraunitthatiscompletelyoutsideoacceptablenormsintraining.Mostoenthisrefectsatrainingdeciencyamongtheunitsleaderstheysimplydontknowhowto2.COLDandridgeMaloneSmallUnitLeadershipACommonsenseApproachNewYorkBallantineBooks1983130.MalonecommandedaninantrybattalioninVietnamandhisbookprovidesverypracticalleadershipadviceonamyriadotopicsthatcontinuetoconrontcompanycommandersandrstsergeantstoday. 38JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014trainthetaskathandtostandard.Lessrequentlypoortrainingrefectsabreakdowninthegoodorderanddisciplineotheorganizationandleadershavemadeaconsciousdecisiontoshort-changethetraininginordertogetdonesoonerreducethestressotheeventetc.Tankullyndingaunitcompletelyoutotolerancehappensveryveryinrequently.Almostasinrequentisaleaderinspectionthatrevealsaunittobecompletelytostandardinallaspectsoitstrainingoroperation.Iyoueverhavethisexperienceenjoyit.Byarthemostcommonresultoanunannouncedinspectionisthediscoveryoahealthymixothingstheunitisdoingwellthingstheunitneedstoimproveandthingstheunitisntevenawareitissupposedtobedoing.Mypersonalexperiencehasbeenthatthisdescriptionisaccurateorabout95ounitsIhavevisitedwhetherinRADOCFORSCOMorcombat.Mostleaderinspectionsrevealunitsthathavebothstrengthsandweaknesses.OrasoneomyormerseniorleadersoncesaidBeingalittlescrewedupisnormal.NowWhatDoIDoIyouhavepreparedproperlyyouwilldiscoverthatyoubegintonoticealotothingsthatoncepassedunderyourgazeunrecognized.Youmaybeabitshockedatthedeciencieswithinyourunitonceyoulearntoseethem.ButonceyoumastertheartoinspectingandcanseeyourunitmoreclearlywhatdoyoudowithyourobservationsOnthoserareoccasionswhenthestarsalignandyoundaunitringonalleightcylinderscongratulatetheleadersontheirexceptionalworkandbeonyourway.Whenyoundaunitcompletelyoutsideoacceptableperormancestopthetrainingimmediatelyandeducateandrecertiytheleaderswhichmayrequirethattheunitreschedulethetrainingeventoralatertime.Tiscomeswithallsortsoresourcingissuesandmanyleadersarehesitanttotakesuchdrasticaction.Morethantwodecadesoexperienceconvincemehoweverthatitisthecorrectresponse.Badtrainingismuchhardertoovercomethannotraining.Tankullyyouwillrarelyencountertheneedorsuchdrasticaction.Inmostcasesyouwillspendyourtimewiththeinspectedunitpraisingsomeportionothetrainingandcorrectingotheraspectsbyquestioningcounselingandcoaching.Teonlyrealchallengeortheinspectingoceristocommunicatewhattheunitisdoingwellandwherethereisneedoimprovement.Doingonlytheormerleadstocomplacencyandacceptanceolowerstandardswhiledoingonlythelaterunderminesthecondenceotheunitsleaders.Yourconversationswithleaderswilllikelycoveravarietyoissuesincludingproperresourcingtrainingmanagementandtrainingtechniques.Myexperiencehasbeenthemostvaluablediscussionsalsoincludeaheavyocusonthepeopleparticularlythesubordinateleaderswhomakeuptheunit.TebestleadersIhaveknownalmostnevertreatedtrainingandleaderdevelopmentasseparateissuesbutsawthemastwosidesothesamecoin.CaptainJonesGoestoTrainingCPJonesdecidedtocheckonthepreliminarymarksmanshipinstructionPMIbeingexecutedattheplatoonlevelanddeterminedthatshewouldvisit2ndPlatoon.Shestartedbyexaminingthetrainingscheduletodeterminewhattaskswerebeingtrainedwhowasconductingthetrainingwheretheywereconductingitandwhatthecorrectuniormwas.Shepulledtheappropriateeldmanualsandtrainingsupportpackagelistedasreerencesonthetrainingscheduleandre-amiliarizedherselwiththeconditionsandstandardsassociatedwiththetasksbeing December2013-March2014JacksonJournal39trained.Shealsoquicklyreviewedtheaeractionreviewromthelasttimeherunitexecutedthistrainingremindingherselotheareasthatneededimprovement.RecognizingthatthetrainingincludedaspecializedpieceoequipmenttheLaserMarksmanshiprainingSystemshelookedatAnnexAoFM3-22.9tore-amiliarizeherselwiththemajorcomponentsotheequipmentandtobriefyreviewtheguidelinesortheuseothesystem.FinallyrememberingthattheplatoonhadthecompanyLMVatthetrainingsiteshepulledoutM9-2320-365-10andamiliarizedherselwiththreeothepreventivemaintenancechecksandservicesrequirementsorthevehicle.Gettingintothepublishedtraininguniormandgrabbinghernotebookshemovedtothetrainingsite.ShearrivedatthesiteandwasobservingthePMIwhenSSGBakersawherandgaveherabrieoverviewothetraining.ShenoticedthattheSoldierswereinadierentuniormthanprescribedbutSSGBakerexplainedthattheplatoonsergeantSFCAblehadmodiedtheuniormbasedontherisingtemperaturebeorehelethetrainingareatogotoadentalappointment.ShethankedSSGBakeradjustedheruniormandwalkedovertooneothetraininglaneswhereSoldierswereexecutingthetargetboxdrill.ShenoticedtheSoldierswerecyclingthroughthelanequicklyandaskedoneotheSoldierstodescribethestandardorthedrill.TeSoldierexplainedthatSSGBakerhadtoldhimthatthetargetboxdrillwasreallyawasteotimeandtheSoldiersshouldjustspendaewminutesonitbeoremovingtomoreuseultrainingbecauseotherwisewewillbeouthereallday.WhensheaskedSSGBakeraboutthestandardorthetargetboxdrillherepliedthathewasntreallysure.SheaskedtoseetheappropriatemanualbutSSGBakerexplainedVigilantInspectingthathehadletherangeboxcontainingalltheappropriatemanualsbackatthecompany.UsingthenotesshehadtakeninpreparationorthevisitCPJonesexplainedthestandardsortheexecutionothetargetboxanddirectedSSGBakertoimplementthosestandardsonthelane.SSGBakerappearedreadytoarguebutthenagreedandmovedovertothetargetboxlane.CPJonesmovedtotheLMSwhichwasstillbeingunboxedwhenshewalkedup.ShenoticedthatSSGCartersupervisingtheLMSsitehadalistocomponentsandwasinventoryingthemastheycameoutothebox.SheaskedSSGCarterhoweectivetheLMSreallyisandSSGCarterrespondedthatitmostlydependsuponthecompetenceotheleaderusingthetrainingaid.WhenCPJonesaskedorclaricationSSGCarterspent10minutesshowingherthebesttechniquesoremployingtheLMSanddescribedseveralcommonpracticesthatunintentionallydegradethevalueothetraining.SSGCartersaidthathehadneverusedthesystembeorecomingtothecompanybutthatSFCAblehadtakentwohoursduringthelastResetperiodtoteachhimhowtousethesystemandhowtocareortheequipmentandthatthecorrectuseothesystemreallyseemedtobehelpingSoldiersmastertheundamentalsomarksmanship.CPJonesthankedSSGCarterortheclassandaskeditherewasanythingSSGCarterneededtomakethetrainingmoreeective.Gettingtheequipmentouthereontimewouldbegreatheresponded.Apparentlytherewassomescrew-upwiththeLMVthismorningandthetrainingaidsarrivedaertheSoldiersdid.CPJonesagreedtolookintothematterandagainthankedSSGCarter.WalkingovertotheparkedLMVshereviewedthedispatchwhichwasuptodateandcheckedtheengineoilitwaslow.BynowshewasnotsurprisedtoseethatSSGBakerhaddriventhevehicletotrainingthatmorning.AsCPJonesconsideredhernextactionsherealizedthatshehadonlybeenwiththeplatoonor30minutesbuthadseenagreatdeal.ShenoticedSFCAblewalkinguptothetrainingsitereturningromhisdentalappointmentandmadeaquickmentallistothingsthatshewantedtodiscusswithhim 40JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014COLJosephMcLambistheCommanderofthe193rdInfantryBrigadeBasicComatTrainingatFortJackson.Teplatoonsriskmanagementsystemwasworkingverywellandtheunithadmadeatimelyandappropriateadjustmenttochangingweatherconditions.TetargetboxtrainingwasnottostandardandmoreimportantlytheNCOinchargedidntseemtoknowthestandard.PerhapshehadnotbeenadequatelyrehearsedandcertiedbutgiventheattentionSFCAblehadgiventotrainingSSGCarterontheLMSitseemedunlikely.TeLMStrainingwasrstraterefectingbothSSGCarterspersonalcompetenceandSFCAblesleaderdevelopmenteorts.TeplatoonscommandsupplydisciplinelookedgoodasevidencedbySSGCartersinventoryingthecomponentsotheLMS.OntheotherhandtheplatoonsattentiontoPMCSorvehiclemaintenanceatleastwassuspectasnoonehadidentiedandcorrectedtheaultyoillevel.OveralltheplatoonseemedtobedoingwellbutalloherconcernsortheunitseemedtohaveonethingincommonSSGBaker.HehadailedtobringtheappropriatetrainingreerencesdidnotproperlyPMCShisvehicleandwasnotawareoanddidnotenorcetrainingstandards.ShedecidedtogetSFCAblesassessmentoSSGBakersperormancetodetermineiherobservationswereananomalyorpartoalargerpattern.ISFCAblealsoexpressedconcernoverSSGBakersperormanceitwouldbetimetodeterminetheunderlyingissue.ClosingToughtsLearningtoinspectaunitparticularlyinaninormalsettingisoneothemostvaluableskillsthatanocerorseniorNCOcanattain.Tisskilltypicallygainedwhileservingatthecompanylevelwillprovebenecialthroughoutalietimeoservice.Oncealeadermovesabovethecompanyechelonhewillndthatinormationabouttheunitincreasinglycomesromdigitaldisplayswrittenreportsandprintedcharts.Butthebestandmostreliablewaytoassessandimproveyourorganizationremainstheskillthatyoulearnedasacompanycommanderorrstsergeantpersonalinspectionandinteractionwiththeunitintheconductoitsduties. LEADERSHIPMuchowhatIhavesaidhasbeenbywayorepetitionoonethoughtwhichIwishyougentlementocarrywithyoutoyournewduties.YouwillberesponsibleoraunitintheArmyotheUnitedStatesinthisgreatemergency.Itsqualityitsdisciplineitstrainingwilldependonyourleadership.Whateverdecienciestherearemustbechargedtoyourailureorincapacity.RememberthisTetrulygreatleaderovercomesalldifcultiesandcampaignsandbattlesarenothingbutalongseriesodifcultiestobeovercome.Telackoequipmentthelackooodthelackothisorthatareonlyexcusestherealleaderdisplayshisqualityinhistriumphsoveradversityhowevergreatitmaybe.GeneralotheArmyGeorgeC.Marshall27September1941addresstotherstgraduatesotheU.S.ArmysOfcerCandidateSchoolssubsequentlypublishedinTeArmyandNavyRegister4October1941. 42JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014 AmericasArmyOurProfessionStandStrong-FiscalYear2014InOctober2010theSecretaryotheArmyandChieoStaArmydirectedtheCommanderrainingandDoctrineCommandRADOCtoconductacriticalreviewtoassesshowprotractedyearsowarimpactedmembersotheProessionoArms.TisArmy-widereviewtooktheormoayear-longcampaignolearningwithocusgroupsat5majorinstallations15symposiumsand2Army-widesurveysthatreachedmorethan40000membersotheactiveandreservecomponentsandtheDACivilianCorps.Teresultsothisassessmentledtothedevelopmentothisprogram.TeFY14AmericasArmyOurProessionStandStrongProgrambeganon1October2013andcontinuesthroughoutthescalyear.TeocusortherstsixmonthsthroughMarch2014isonrustandthelastsixmonthsthroughSeptember2014willocusonHonorableServiceandStewardshipotheArmyProession.Accordinglythe1stQRotheFY14AmericasArmyOurProessionStandStrongProgramoverlapswiththecontinuingCY13AmericasArmyOurProessionEducationandrainingProgram4thQRTemeorust.rustisthebedrockuponwhichtheUnitedStatesArmygroundsitsrelationshipwiththeAmericanpeople.rustrefectsthecondenceandaiththattheAmericanpeoplehaveintheArmytoeectivelyandethicallyservetheNationwhilerestingassuredthattheArmyposesnothreattothemADRP117.CenterfortheArmyProfessionandEthicsCAPESuggestedReadingsonTRUSTInLoveandWarJimandSybilStockdaleDefeatintoVictoryFieldMarshallWilliamViscountSlimCredibilityJamesM.KouzesandBarryZ.PosnerGeorgeWashingtononLeadershipRichardBrookhisherInSearchofEthicsLenMarrella ResponsesfromtheForceWhatcontributestoordetractsfromtheestablishmentoftrustinyourunitororganizationCONRIBUESORUSDoingtheRightTingLeadingfromtheFrontBeingtheexample.Justdoingtherightthing.ransparencyGoodcommunicationdevelopsandacilitatestrust.rustisbuiltwhentransparencyexistsandhonestdecisionmakingisused.DisplayofArmyValuesLivingandollowingtheArmyValues.rustisbuiltwhenLeaderstakethehardright.DERACSFROMRUSLackofValuesLeaderswhodonotliveuptotheArmyValues.Hypocrisy.oxicleadership.Incompetence.DoasIsaynotasIdo.FavoritismEOIssuesIncompetenceandgoodoldboyssystem.Ofcepoliticsvendettasandpowerplays.NoAccountabilityInconsistencyPassingthebuckonlyorittobeplacedrightbackintheSoldierslap.NoaccountabilityattheSeniorlevels.Constantchangeandconstantre-settingoprioritiesdetractsromtrust.Over3200commentswereprovidedinthesurveyinthesecategories.Tequotationsareillustrativeresponses.ArmyProfessionrustrustisthecondenceandbelieinthecompetencecharacterandcommitmentoanindividualgroupunitororganizationtoaccomplishthemission.rustistheoundationorsuccessinallArmyactivities.TeArmyProessionSurveyIIsenttoover225000ArmyproessionalsinallcomponentsincludingtheArmyCivilianCorpsinNovember2011soughtrespondentsperspectivesonthestateotrustwithintheArmyProession.TissectionincludedthereeresponsequestionWhatcontributestoordetractsromtheestablishmentotrustinyourunitororganizationOver20000respondedtotheSurveyandthisFactSheetprovidesasummaryothekeyndings.SummaryFindingsOverall81otheArmyproessionalssurveyedexpressedpositivesentimentsregardingthestateotrustwithintheArmyProession.97othosesurveyedconrmedthattheirproessionalloyaltyistotheUnitedStatesConstitution.97oArmyproessionalsunderstandthatdoingwhatisrightrequiresmoralcourage.Respondents90agreedthattheArmyValuesareconsistentwiththeirpersonalvalues.ArmyproessionalsbelievethereisastrongbondotrustbetweentheArmyandtheNation96.Over90agreethatbeingaleaderocharacteristhehallmarkoanArmyproessional.Amajority60orespondentsarepositiveaboutthestateotrustwithintheirunitsandorganizations.Over70trusttheirunitandorganizationalleaderstomakerightdecisions.WhentrustwithunitleadersbreaksdownthereisalackoconsensusamongArmyproessionalsastotheprincipalcausei.e.alackocompetencecharacterorcommitment.DiscussionPointsWhatcausesdistrustWhatcanwedotoaddresstheproblemWhatcanwedotodeveloptrustinourunitsandorganizationsArethereexperiencesyoucansharewherespecicdecisionsandactionsosteredordiminishedtrustwithinyourunitororganizationDiscussthecommentsinthecolumnonthele.TrustbetweenSoldiersTrustbetweenSoldiersandLeadersTrustbetweenSoldierstheirFamiliesandtheArmyTrustbetweentheArmyandtheAmericanPeople NotesTheCSAapprovedtheAmericasArmyOurProfessionEducationandTrainingprogramtoinformandinspiretheforceondoctrinepublishedinArmyDoctrinePublicationADP1TheArmyChapter2andinArmyDoctrineReferencePublicationADRP1TheArmyProfession.ThesecapstonedocumentsdeneanddescribetheveessentialcharacteristicsoftheArmyProfessionmembershipandcerticationcriteriaofArmyprofessionalsandtheArmyEthic.Thisprogramisdesignedtoenhanceourunderstandingandcommitmenttoourprofessionalobligations.Trustistheassuredrelianceonthecharacterabilitystrengthortruthofsomeoneorsomething.ItistheessenceofbeinganeffectiveSoldierandArmyCivilian.TrustisthecoreintangibleneededbytheArmyinsideandoutsideoftheProfession.OurabilitytofulllourstrategicrolesanddischargeourresponsibilitiestotheNationdependsupontrustbetweenSoldiersbetweenSoldiersandtheirleadersamongSoldierstheirFamiliesandtheArmyandbetweentheArmyandtheNation.UltimatelytheNationtruststheArmytoprovidelandpowerwhenwhereandhowcombatantcommandersneedit.ADP1TheArmychapter2.LeadersareencouragedtoincludeTrustasatopicinprofessionaldevelopmentsessions.Theyareencouragedtoemphasizetheimportanceofmakingtransparentvalues-baseddecisionsandmaintainingcandidcommunicationswithallwhoareaffected.PromoteapositivecommandclimatewhereSoldiersandArmyCiviliansatalllevelsareempoweredtousetheirinitiativeandlearnfromtheirmistakes.EmphasizetheimportanceofTrustbetweenSoldiersandArmyCivilians.IncreaseawarenessthatintodayscultureofinstantaneousinformationoneincidentofmisconductcanjeopardizeTrustwiththeAmericanpeople.Top-LineMessagesThisisAmericasArmyOurProfessionmeetingtheneedsoftheNationbuiltonvaluesstandardsandmutualtrust.TheArmyProfessionwhereMilitaryExpertiseHonorableServiceEspritdeCorpsandStewardshipareallbuiltonafoundationofTruststrengthenstheforcethroughperiodsoftransitionreinforcesouridentityandprovidesthecriticalfoundationfortheArmyof2020.TheArmyProfessionsustainsandstrengthenstheNationstrustandcondenceinAmericasArmy.TalkingPointsTrustistheBedrockoftheArmyProfession.TrustbetweenSoldiers.TrustbetweenSoldiersandLeaders.TrustbetweenSoldierstheirFamiliesandtheArmy.TrustbetweenSoldiersandArmyCivilians.TrustbetweentheArmyandtheAmericanPeople.InordertomaintainandsustainourbondoftrustandcondencewiththeAmericanpeopletheArmyProfessiondemonstratesveessentialcharacteristicsTrustMilitaryExpertiseHonorableServiceEspritdeCorpsandStewardshipoftheProfession.Trustisessentialforsuccessfulaccomplishmentofallourmissions.InordertoearnanddeveloptrustwithintheArmyProfessionweconsistentlydemonstratecompetencecharacterandcommitmentperformingourdutieseffectivelyethicallywithdisciplineandtostandards.TheAmericanpeoplehaveentrustedtheArmytoprovidefortheirdefense.AsArmyprofessionalsitisourdutytocontinuetoservetheminaneffectiveandethicalmannerpreservingthetrustwehaveearnedthroughoutourhistoryandintothefuture.TrustamongmembersoftheArmyProfessionisgenuine.AllSoldiersandDepartmentoftheArmyCivilianstakeanFostercontinuedcommitmenttotheArmyProessionanobleandselfesscallingoundedonthebedrockotrust.-CSAMarchingOrders 46JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014Throughouthistorythehumanheadhasbeenadornedwithavarietyodecorativepracticalandsymbolictypesoheadgear.TereisonetypeoheadgearthatencompassesallthreeheadgeartypestheDrillSergeanthat.Althoughthehatisdecorativeandpracticaltheaspectomostsignicanceisitssymbolicnature.TeCampaignorAustralianBushHatisanoutwardrepresentationotheDrillSergeantastheauthoritygureonallthingstraining.Asdiscussedlateraselectewmayconsiderthehatasasourceoexaggeratedrankorunyieldingpower.TosepeopleareincorrectTeDrillSergeanthatexistsorthetraineestoeasilyidentiyanexpertsourceoinormationthroughoutthetrainingintheirpursuittobecomeSoldiers.TeDrillSergeantneedstoidentiythehatasaormonon-verbalcommunicationstatingIamhereIcantrainyou.TeCampaignorAustralianBushHatonceearnedandplacedupontheNCOdoesnotmiraculouslygranttheindividualspecialpowersoravor.SamsonromthebiblicalstoryinJudgesderivedhisstrengthandpowerromhishairandoncehishairwascuthelostthatpower.TesamecannotbesaidwithaDrillSergeant.ADrillSergeantmaintainsthesameauthoritytotrainpriortoduringandaerhisorhertimeonthetrailitisconstant.AllNCOsareheldtothesamestandardregardlessoposition.TepowerdiferentialbetweenaDrillSergeantandtraineeistoogreatandthemissiontoocriticalorthattobemisconstrued.TepropensitytoabusepowerwithintheconnesosuchawidepowerdisparityrequirescontinualmonitoringbothinternallybytheDrillSergeantandexternallybyellowDrillSergeantsandthecommandleadership.AsbeststatedbyJohnDalberg-ActonPowertendstocorruptandabsolutepowercorruptsabsolutely.ItcanstartwithdenigratinglanguageandthrowingmailandescalatetoliealteringsituationsandeventsorbothDrillSergeantandtraineeileunchecked.AlthoughthisisaverysmallpercentageoDrillSergeantsthatbecomeinvolvedinsuchinractionsanyoneissusceptible.TesweatanddirtcollectedonthenumerousCampaignandAustralianBushHatsthroughthecourseohistoryexecutingthedutiesoaDrillSergeantneedsnottobetaintedbytheewoutliers.MoreimportantlytheAmericanpeoplehaveaspecialtrustandcondenceinourabilitytotransormthecivilianswereceiveintoSoldiersthatwillwinontodaysmodernbattleeld.Wemustnotbetraythistrustthrougheithersimpleoregregiousactsounproessionalism.Headgearcannotdeceivewithinitseltocauseactsunproessionalismtheuseristhesourceocorruption.Headgearissimplycottoneltleathermetalorsomeothermaterialconstructedinwhateverashiontheconsumerdesires.AdecorativepieceoheadgearcanbeemblazedwithdesignandcolorwithlittleattentiongiventoitspragmaticsensesuchasthenumerousderbyhatsonexhibitatChurchillDownsduringraceday.TepracticalheadgearneedstoserveitspurposebutneedsnotbeaestheticallypleasingakintothecowboyhatswornwhilesettlerstamedtheAmericanWest.Tesymbolicormoheadgeartypicallyrepresentsanelementopowerorauthoritysuchasthecrownjewelsusedduringthecoronationokingsandqueens.AsmentionedpreviouslytheDrillSergeanthatencompassesallothesetraits.TeDrillSergeanthatisnottheonlyatypicalheadgearwornwithintheU.S.Army.Distinctiveheadgearwasoriginallyencouragedasasourceomoraleenhancement.TemaroonberetoThePowerofaHatCPTJeremyJacobson December2013-March2014JacksonJournal47airborneunitsthegreenberetotheSpecialForcesandthenowtanberetotheRangerRegimentareaewheadgearitemsdistinctromotherunits.Teseunitswearthediferentheadgearasameansoinvokingasenseounitprideorespiritdecorps.IncontrasttotheaorementionedgroupstheDrillSergeanthatisonlywornbytheDrillSergeantswithintheunit.DoesthisactprovidethecruxtothealsesenseoentitlementoraselectewInadditiontotheU.S.Armysomesignicantguresromhistoryareknownorwearingsymbolicheadgear.NapoleonBonapartewasapowerulandprominentmilitaryandpoliticalleadereasilyrecognizableinhischaracteristicbicornhat.WouldNapoleonhavebeenasefectiveoaleaderihehadwornatypicalFrenchberetAbrahamLincolnisgenerallyreerredtoasoneothenationsnestpresidentsandleaders.Heisordinarilydepictedwearinghissignaturestovepipehat.WouldPresidentLincolnhavebeenabletosavetheUnionsportingthemorecommontophatWinstonChurchillwasoneothegreatestwartimeleadersothe20thcenturyandnotoriousorwearingthehomburghat.WouldChurchillbeenasinuentialinachievingvictoryinWorldWarIIwearingasombreroTeanswertothequestionsaboveisocourseyes.Tecommonthreadamongthoseleadersisthattheirauthorityandabilitytoleaddidnotariseromtheitemadornedontheirhead.Teirheadgeardidnotprovidethemauthoritynordidtheirheadgearmakethemsuccessul.Teyweresuccessulontheirownmerittheirdistinctiveheadgearwasonlyabasisorecognition.AsimilarargumentcouldbemadeortheDrillSergeanthatassolelyasymbolorecognition.TehatissuperuousinregardstotheDrillSergeantexecutingtheirassignedduty.OnceagainallNCOsareheldtothesamestandardregardlessoposition.ADrillSergeantwithapatrolcapandaDrillSergeantbadgeshouldachievethesameresultsasaDrillSergeantwiththeamiliarheadgear.AllNCOsaretrainershowevertheCampaignorAustralianBushHatsigniesthisNCOistrainedandprocientinhisorherabilitytotransormciviliansintoSoldiersittakesaspecialtypeoNCOtohavetheacultiestoexecutesuchduties.PowerAllDrillSergeantshavethesamegoalotransormingciviliansintoSoldiershowevernotallDrillSergeantscarryequalresponsibilitytowardthisendstate.TediferencecaneasilybeoundVelcro-edmid-chestontheiruniorm.AgrowingtrendamongDrillSergeantsistohomogenizetherankstructurebetweenStafSergeantandSergeantFirstClasswithinthehatwearingcommunity.TelevelingorankstructurehasallowedthetermbattletocreepintothelexiconoDrillSergeantsovaryingrankwhenaddressingoneanother.Althoughthismayseeminnocuousatrstglancethisisaundamentalbreakdowningoodorderanddisciplinewithinaunit.TeblurredlinesbetweenNCOrankscreatedbythetermbattleleavesaplatoonwithoutclearleadershiproles.TeseniorDrillSergeantorplatoonsergeantistypicallyaSergeantFirstClassandisjustthatsenior.TeseniorNCOsareplacedinthosepositionsbecausetheyhaveextensiveexperienceintrainingSoldiersanddealingwithenlistedSoldierissues.NotonlydotheleadershiprolesbecomeuncertainorthebattleNCOstheyareespeciallyunclearanddemonstrateapoorexampletothetransormingSoldiers.Tetraineesareattemptingtolearnandunderstandtherankstructurebuttheuseobattleconusestheireforts.WearesettingthemuporailureiweallowthemtoleaveourtrainingenvironmentthinkingaStafSergeantandSergeantFirstClassareoneinthesame.SoiyouwanttobeabattletoanotherStafSergeantsimplytakeofyourSergeantFirstClassrankandbeaStafSergeant.WhilethepowerandauthorityoaDrillSergeantandNCOremainsconstantthereisonechangewhilewearingthehatmorewillbedemandedothatNCOduringhisorherdutyasaDrillSergeant.TeyarecareullyselectedromthebackboneoourArmytotrainthisnationsutureleaderstheDrillSergeantisthestandard-bearerorgatekeeperandensuresonlyhighlytrainedSoldiersenterintoourArmy.TeNCOwearingtheCampaignorAustralianBushHatisnotnowaDrillSergeantrstandanNCOsecondtherolesco-exist.NCOsandDrillSergeantsalikebothtrainandtakecareoSoldiers.CPTJeremyJacobsonistheCommanderofEchoCompany3rdBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade 48JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014IamaSoldieraDrillSergeantwhoismarriedtoacivilianwhohappenstobeamale.IyoulookatthestatisticsoemalesinthemilitarywithintheDepartmentoDeensein2011youwillnoticethateventhoughthepercentoActiveDutyemalesissmall14.6thenumberishigh214098.HereatFortJacksonourpopulationoWomentraininginBasicCombatrainingunitsisthehighestintheU.S.Army.InadditiontheArmyisstartingtoseeariseoWomanintraditionallyallmaleunits.EvenwithallotheWomenwhohaveservedthroughouttheU.S.ArmyswestillhavealanguageinourculturethatleavestheWomanSoldierout.WearenotonlyleavingourWomenSoldiersoutwearealsoleavingtheiramiliesbehind.TeArmydevelopedtheFamilyReadinessGroupFRGtoprovideinormationandsupporttoourspouses.TeFRGhasalwaysseemedtocatertowardsthetraditionalmilitarywieandleavetheotherpopulationospousesbehind.WewillocusmainlyonthemilitaryhusbandbuttheArmyisalsocomprisedospousesodierentranksdierenteconomicbackgroundsanddierentinterest.IamaSoldierwhoalsohappenstobeaDrillSergeantIammarriedbutmyspouseisaHE.ShockingWellitshouldnotbe.IdecidedtowritethisarticlebecauseIamdisappointedattheexclusionarylanguagethatIhearalltoooen.YourwieStayathomemomorsheeverything.Itisunortunatebutitoencomesrommaleleaderswhenaddressinglargegroups.WhenIhearthesecommentsitmakesmerealizehowthemilitaryisstillverymaledominate.WomeninthemilitarydateasearlyastheRevolutionaryWar.Duringthistimeeventhoughnotallowedinuniormweassistedmeninvariousroles.TerewereevenreportsowomenlikeMargaretCorbinwhowouldtaketheirhusbandsspotonthecannonwhentheywerewoundedorwomenlikeDeborahSampsonromPlymptonMassachusettswhooughtinNewYorkunderthealiasRobertShurtliin1781.Sheservedoroverayearbeoreshewasdiscovered.IntheAmericanCivilWartherewereaewwomenwhocross-dressedasmeninordertoght.Fightingonthebattleeldasmenwasnottheonlywaywomeninvolvedthemselvesinthemilitary.Somewomenbravedthebattleeldasnursesandaides.BetweennowandthentherewouldhavehadtobeaewemaleSoldierswhoweremarriedtomenwhowerenotinthemilitary.WomenwerenotallowedtobecomeDrillSergeantsuntilFebruaryo1972whensixNon-CommissionedOfcerswhowereapartotheWomansAuxiliaryCorpsatFortMcClellanALwereenrolledintheDrillSergeantprogramatFortJackson.SincethenwomenhavecontinuedtoservealongsideourmalecounterpartsasDrillSergeantsinoneothemostprestigiousjobsintheUnitedStatesArmy.TeexpectationsoaemaleDrillSergeantarejustashighasamaleDrillSergeant.WetrainSoldiersandexecutebattledrills.WeinstillthesamedisciplineintothoseSoldiersasourmalecounterpartsdo.Weupholdthesamestandardsandabidebythesameregulationssowhyareweorourspousesnottreatedwiththesamerespectanddignitybothinactionsandinwords.BreakingtheFamilyReadinessGroupStereotypeSSGLaTwanyaRobinsonandCPTPamelaDeVille December2013-March2014JacksonJournal49RecentlytherehasbeentalkoallowingwomeninsomecombatarmsMilitaryOccupationalSpecialtieswhichwillalloworevenmorediversity.In2013theUnitedStatesArmedForcesoverturneda1994rulingbanningwomenromservingincombatMilitaryOccupationalSpecialtiespotentiallyclearingthewayorwomentohavemoreoadirectroleinront-lineunitsandelitecommandoteams.Somewillreadthisandseeitasasmallthingbutinrealityitismuchbiggerthanjustverbiage.Itisaboutprincipalanditisaboutmindset.TeArmyconstantlyexperiencesgrowthandchangeasleaderswemustlearntoadapt.WemustbeabletoaccepttheactthatourleaderswillnotandarenotalwaysaHeandourspouseswillnotalwaysbeaShe.Wehavetobecareulowhatwesayandhowwesayitbecauseweneverknowwhowemightoendorexclude.IrememberaskingmyhusbandihewantedtobeapartotheFRGalthoughhedidnotmindgettinginvolvedhoweverhewashesitantbecauseheeltitwasgearedtowardswomenandIhadtoagreewithhim.NotonlyisheinthatmindsetaboutvolunteeringortheFamilyReadinessGroupeventsmostothetimetheChainoCommandwillleandirectlytowardthemaleSoldierNon-CommissionedOcer.NowletmebeclearIamnotsayingusingthistypeoexclusionarylanguageisdonepurposelyorwithmaliceintentactuallymostothetimethemessagebeingrelayedisverypositiveandintendedtobemotivational.TeFamilyReadinessGroupseemstobegearedtowardsonlythemaleSoldiersintheaudienceandthishasbecomealittlediscouraging.AsaemaleintheUnitedStatesArmysomeomypeersandIarethebreadwinnerintheamilyandourhusbandshavetakentheroleasthestayathomedad.IwanttoshedlightonthissituationbecauseithasbeenaconversationthatotheremaleSoldiersandIhavetalkedaboutonmanyoccasions.TishasallowedtheemaleSoldiertheemaleFRGStereotypesNon-CommissionedOcertoadvancehercareerandcompetewithhermalecounterparts.IamaSoldieraCommanderwhoismarriedtoacivilianwhohappenstobeamale.IamaCompanyCommanderaSoldierawieandamother.EverythingstatedaboveIhavealsoexperiencedasaCommissionedOcer.Fromaseniorleaderperspectiveitisevenmoreevident.Maleleadersareexpectedtohaveawieuprontandbeactiveintheunit.Asaemaleleadermyhusbandisexpectedtobemoreinthebackground.TisisreallyevidentwiththeFRG.ACommandersspouseisexpectedtoruntheFRGunlessyouhaveahusband.IyouareemaleyouareexpectedtondaSoldierwithawiewhoisactiveintheunittoruntheFRG.Teseareallunwrittenrules.IhavetriedtogetmyhusbandtoleadtheFRGtochangethestereotypebutbasedonhisexperiencewiththeFRGhewantslittletonothingtodowithit.WhiledeployedmyhusbandinitiallytriedtoparticipateintheunitFRGbutdidnotstayactiveinitduetotheeventstheyplanned.Terewereregularshoppingtripsteapartiesandgossipsessionswithnothoughtotryingtoincorporateanythingtailoredtobothmaleandemaleparticipants.Teseeventsalsohadthetendencytoalsoleaveoutthespousesolowerenlistedull-timeworkingspousesandthenon-girlygirlwives.MilitaryspousesallhavetoendurethesamestressesandstrugglesasthetraditionalmilitarywivesthattheFRGisdesignedtoreduce.ClaireGordonwroteHiddenStrugglesoMilitarySpousesin2012.Shementionedtheobviousstressorssuchasextendedseparationkeepingupahomebyyourselandtheuncertaintyoyourspousesstatuswhendeployed.Herarticlewasocusedonthemilitaryspousescareer.Eveninherarticlesheocusedonwivesanddidnotuseanylanguagetoindicatethepossibilityohusbandsasmilitaryspouses.MyhusbandhasyettondacareerthatpaysenoughtocoverthecostodaycareandiswillingtohirehimknowingthelongesthewillbewiththecompanyisaroundthreeyearsasClaireGordondiscuses.Heiscurrentlyworkingtonishhisdegreetomakehimselmorecompetitiveintodaysjobmarket.Whilebeingaulltimecollegestudenthealsoistheprimarycaregivertoourtwoyear-olddaughter.Beingahusbandandnotawiehedoesnothavetheadditionalsupportromtheotherspousesintheunitormilitary.TinkohowawkwarditwouldbeorhimonaplaydatewithallArmywives.otopeverythingohehastobefexiblewithhistime.Idonot 50JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014haveasetschedulewhichleadstoverylongdays.rainingalsorequiresmetostayintheeldoranextendedamountotimemakinghimasingledadattimes.WhereishissupportsystemWeareromtheMidwestandstationedatFortJacksonSC.WedonothaveanyamilyclosebyandhehadtoleaveallohisacquaintanceswhenhemarriedmeandjoinedteamArmy.Everyewyearswehavetomoveagainandanystabilityhemayhavedevelopedispulledoutromunderhimandhehastostartover.Myhusbandisnottheonlyonewhoexperiencesthis.TinkotheyoungSoldierswetrainatFortJacksonsomeowhicharemarriedandhaveamilies.EveninotyoungtheyarenewtotheArmy.WhentheyarrivetotheirrstdutystationwhatsupportwilltheFRGprovidethemBeingamotherinthemilitaryhasitsownchallenges.Myprimaryocusisalwayssupposedtobemissionrsthoweverwhenmydaughterissickorgoingthroughsomethingsometimesonlymommywilldo.MyhusbandisexpectedtobeabletocareorheratadropoahatsinceIusuallycannotleaveworkortaketimeotocareorher.WhenIdohavetobringhertotheoceitislookeddownuponeventhoughmymalecounterpartsarepraisedorbeingdads.IbelieveiwehadthesamesupportsystemmilitarywiveshadmyhusbandwouldhavehelptakingcareomydaughterandIwouldnothavetoworrywhatheissacricingwhileIamstuckatworkandheisstrugglingwithbeingastayathomedad.AsleaderswerstneedtochangethelanguagethroughoutourunitsinordertomakeourWomanSoldiersasmuchotheteamasourmaleSoldiers.OurWomanSoldiersareincreasinglydoingthesamejobsastheirmalecounterparts.Teyhaveandcontinuetoserveinmanydierentwaysontherontlines.BothMenandWomanhavewitnessedrsthandthehorrorsowarspastandpresentandhavesharedtheburdenandthegloryoservingourgreatnation.Wemustencourageandback-upournon-traditionalFRGleaders.IourspousesoWomanSoldiersoourlowerenlistedoanySoldierhasanideatoreachouttotheamiliesweneedtoatleastentertaintheidea.Reachingouttoamiliestakestimeandeort.Iyouthinkyouwillgetthebestresponsebyemailaloneyouarewrong.Leadersneedtousemultiplemediasourceswhenreachingouttoamilies.Mostduepreeremailwhileotherspreertelephonicoreveninperson.OtherwaystoreachoutisbyplanningeventsthatsparkvariedinterestandincludeeveryoneeventhesingleSolider.Tisevolutionaswithanycannothappenovernightbutwiththepusholeadersandovertimeitwillhappen.WomanSoldiersrepresentatleast14othetotalArmyandwelloveraquarterothetrainingpopulationhereatFortJackson.TeUnitedStatesArmycouldnothavethrivedinthepastwithoutusandalsonotevolvewithoutcompletelyintegratingus.WeneedtochangethelanguageoourculturetorefectWomenbeinganintegralpartoourmilitaryandtheUnitedStatesArmy.AswithanySoldiertheiramilyalsoservesinadierentwayandacescertainchallengesthatArmyliebrings.Weneedtoreachouttoalloouramiliestoincludeourhusbands.IamaSoldierIammarriedbutmysheisaHE.CPTPamelaDeVilleistheCommanderofCharlieCompany3rdBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade.SFCNatonyaOsborneandSSGLaTwanyaRobinsonareDrillSergeantsinCharlieCompany3rdBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade1DiceAlbreySummer2006MargaretCochranCorbin1751-1800.RetrievedSeptember262013romhttpwww.nwhm.orgeducation-resourcesbiographybiographiesmargaret-cochran-corbin2NationalWomensHistoryMuseumDeborahSampson1760-1827.RetrievedSeptember262013romhttpwww.nwhm.orgeducation-resourcesbiographybiographiesdeborah-sampson3RighthandJessApril082011TeWomenWhoFoughtintheCivilWar.RetrievedSeptember262013httpwww.smithsonianmag.comhistory-archaeologyTe-Women-Who-Fought-in-the-Civil-War.html4TeArmyStudyGuideFemaleDrillSergeantCampaignHatRetrievedSeptember282013romhttpwww.armystudyguide.comcontentDrill_Sergeant_Resourcesdrill_sergeant_inormationemale-campaign-hat.shtml5GordonClaireSeptember132013HiddenStrugglesoMilitarySpouses.RetrievedonOctober032013romhttpjobs.aol.comarticles201209137-struggles-o-military-spouses-youve-never-thought-about6TeWomensMemorialNovember302011StatisticsonWomenintheMilitary.RetrievedonOctober032013romhttpwww.womensmemorial.orgPDFsStatsonWIM.pd December2013-March2014JacksonJournal51Inthelongrunyouhitonlywhatyouaimat.HenryDavidThoreau 52JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014PhysicalReadinesstraininginInitialEntryrainingIEhasbeenawell-discussedtopicthroughoutArmyhistory.TeArmyisalwayslookingorwaystoimproveineveryaspectthatwillpromotecombatreadiness.ransormingciviliansintoSoldiersandmotivatingthemtobementallyandphysicallystrongisoneothemaingoalsduringBasicCombatrainingBC.FutureSoldiersstarttheirtransormationromthemomenttheyarrivetoareceptionbattalion.ImmediatelytheybeginmoldingthemselveswiththeexpectationtobecomestrongArmystrong.LeadersespeciallyCommandersinIEhavetheauthorityandtheresponsibilitytomaximizephysicalreadinessandproduceastrongerorcethatisreadytoghtwinandghtagain.TiscanbeaccomplishedbyincorporatingtherightPhysicalReadinessrainingPRprogramthatwillemphasizeabsolutestrengthinIEsoldiers.FM7-22ArmyPhysicalReadinessrainingChapter5coversplanningconsiderationsorthePRprogramandthedrillsthatshouldbeollowedwhilethetougheningphaseisestablished.AllwehavetodoismakeithappensoletsollowthePRSystem.TepurposeoPRisperormanceoptimizationandinjuryprevention.TePRsystemisocusedonWarriorasksandBattleDrills.TePRsystemhasthreebasiccomponentsStrengthEnduranceandMobility.OutothesecomponentsasitistodayIEisdeprivedostrenthtrainingimplementation.WewouldgreatlybenetiweincorporatedtheStrengthrainingCircuitSCintoourtrainingschedule.Tisdrillisprescribedandhighlyrecommendedonstrengthandmobilitydaysanditisagreatcomplementortheoverratedpushupandsitupdrill.TepushupandsitupdrillbuildsmuscularenduranceandtrainsSoldierstoimproveAPFscoresbutweneedsomethingmorewhenconsideringWarriorperormanceoptimization.ForthatSoldiersneedtoacquireunctionalstrength.Soldiersneedtobecapableogeneratingorceinarealisticwaycoveringallrangeomotions.Testrengthtrainingcircuitisagreatwaytodevelopthisability.DuringtheexecutionotheSCallSoldierswillobtainstrengthtrainingbenetsthatcanbeprogressivelydevelopedastheymoveonintheirmilitarycareers.WhatistheSTCTeStrengthrainingCircuitispartothestrengthandmobilityactivitiescoveredinFM7-22Chapter9.Tepurposeothisdrillistoproduceatotal-bodytrainingefect.Tedrillconsistosequenceworkstationscombiningkettelbellexercisesclimbingdrillsandmilitarymovementdrills.Tiscircuitworkseverymusclegroupwithactiverecoverybetweeneverystationoexercise.Tiscircuitconsisto10exercisesallothemconductedonslowcadancewiththeStrengthTrainingCircuitintheInitialEntryTrainingEnvironmentSFCSamuelGomezandGeorgeHarkness December2013-March2014JacksonJournal53exceptionothepull-uporstraightarm-pullthatisconductedinmoderatecadence.Tedurationotheexerciseoneachstationis60seconds.Tereisamaximunothreerotationsorthiscircuit.SeeFM7-22Figure9-34page9-55ormoredetails.YoumayaskyourselhowcanIacquirekettlebellswhenitsnotapartomyunitsableoDistributionandAllowancesDAorcanIpurchasethemthroughmyunitSupplychannelsUnortunatelykettlebellscannotbepurchasedusingtheGovernmentPurchaseCardGPC.HowevertheycanbepurchasedthroughtheArmyPropertyBookUnitSupplyEnhancePBUSEsystemNationalStockNumberNSN7830016157844underRecreationalandAthleticEquipment.OneotheroptionistohaveyourunitsBattalionSupplypersonnelcoordinatewithanyothegymsthatarelocatedonFortJacksonsinstallationtorequesttosignorkettlebells.ToughtsonInjuryPreventionwithSCimplementationResistancetrainingwhenperormedproperlyplaysasignicantroleininjurypreventionandtheSCisnodiferent.TereareseveralconsiderationshowevertokeepinmindtoensurethattheperormanceotheSCdoesnotleadtoinjury.FirstitisimportanttohavetheproperamountandtypesoequipmenttoperormtheSCataplatoonlevel.Tiswillhelpensurethatexercisesareperormedproperly.Additionallyprecisionininstructionisparamount.ProperinstructionduringthetougheningphasewillensurethatsoldiersinIEwillhaveasolidoundationtoperormtheSC.Itisalsoimportanttorememberthatwhileable9-10inChapter9oFM7-22hassuggestedresistancelevelsorexercisesindividualsoldiersinIEmaynotbeabletoproperlyperormtheexercisewiththeprescribedweight.Focusshouldbeplacedonperormingtheexercisecorrectlyoverusingthesuggestedresistanceorthesuggestedrepetitions.echniqueshouldnotsufertoreachthelastrepetition.UltimatelythePRsystemdescribedinFM7-22isthedoctrineoArmyphysicalreadinesswhatwewanttoaccomplishisreadinessthroughwelltrainedSoldiersthathavelearnedtheundamentalsrstandareabletotransitiontowardmoreadvancedanddemandingactivities.LeadershavetobeawareothelargevariationbetweenIESoldierswithrespecttogenderagenutritionalneedsandpriortnesslevelsbeorestartinganytypeotraining.LeadersmustbeequipedwithknowledgecoachingandmentorshipskillstobuildSoldiersromtheinsideout.NCOsmustbetherolemodelandknowthedoctrine.TeSCwhenproperlyimplementedofersachangeopaceduringthetougheningphaseoIE.HowevertoachievethebestresultsinperormanceimprovementandinjurypreventiononemustrememberindividualSoldiersstrengthlevelsandtheimportanceomaintainingpropertechnique.StrengthTrainingSFCSamuelGomezisaformerDrillSergeantinCharlieCompany2ndBattalion60thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade.Mr.GeorgeHarknessisaformerBattalionAthleticTraininer.-Increaseinmusclesize.-Improveneurologicalunctionmoreeectivemusclecontractionandbetterresponsetorealisticsituations.-Motorpatternsgetdevelopedmusclememorybypracticingstrengthtrainingdrillsmovementsthatrequirestrengthareenhanced.-ResistancetrainingalsohasapositiveeectonbonemuscleandassociatedconnectivetissuetheentiremusculoeskeletalsystemadaptstospecifcexercisebenftsWTBDperormance.BenetsoStrengthraining 54JacksonJournalDecember2013-March2014JacksonJournalArticlesNeededAgoodcompanyideaintacticsislikelytoremainconnedtoonecompanyindenitelyeventhoughitwouldbeofbenettothewholemilitaryestablishment.S.L.A.MarshallMenAgainstFireTheProblemofBattleCommand1947 TheAgeoftheUnthinkableWhytheNewWorldDisorderConstantlySurprisesUsAndWhatWeCanDoAboutItJoshuaCooperRamoLittleBrownCo2010Thetraditionalphysicsofpowerhasbeenreplacedbysomethingradicallydifferent.InTheAgeoftheUnthinkableJoshuaCooperRamoputsfortharevelatorynewmodelforunderstandingourdangerouslyunpredictableworld.Drawinguponhistoryeconomicscomplexitytheorypsychologyimmunologyandthescienceofnetworkshedescribesanewlandscapeofinherentunpredictability--andremarkablewonderfulpossibility.SearchInsideYourselfTheUnexpectedPathtoAchievingSuccessHappinessandWorldPeaceChade-MengTanHarperCollins2012WithSearchInsideYourselfChade-MengTanoneofGooglesearliestengineersandpersonalgrowthpioneeroffersaprovenmethodforenhancingmindfulnessandemotionalintelligenceinlifeandwork.MengsjobistoteachGooglesbestandbrightesthowtoapplymindfulnesstechniquesintheofceandbeyondnowreaderseverywherecangetinsideraccesstooneofthemostsoughtafterclassesinthecountryacourseinhealthhappinessandcreativitythatisimprovingthelivelihoodandproductivityofthoseresponsibleforoneofthemostsuccessfulbusinessesintheworld.AnArmyatDawnTheWarinAfrica19421943VolumeOneoftheLiberationTrilogyRickAtkinson.OwlBooksHenryHoltandCompanyLLC2002InthisrstvolumeofRickAtkinsonshighlyanticipatedLiberationTrilogyheshowswhynomodernreadercanunderstandtheultimatevictoryoftheAlliedpowersinMay1945withoutasolidunderstandingoftheeventsthattookplaceinNorthAfricaduring1942and1943.AtkinsonconvincinglydemonstratesthattherstyearoftheAlliedwareffortwasapivotalpointinAmericanhistorythemomentwhentheUnitedStatesbegantoactlikeagreatmilitarypower.December2013-March2014JacksonJournal55 PresidentBarackObamaplacesawreathattheTomboftheUnknownSoldierduringaVeteransDayceremonyatArlingtonNationalCemeteryinArlingtonVirginiaNovember112013.AFPPHOTOJimWATSONGettyImagesIn1921anunknownWorldWarIAmericansoldierwasburiedinArlingtonNationalCemetery.ThissiteonahillsideoverlookingthePotomacRiverandthecityofWashingtonD.C.becamethefocalpointofreverenceforAmericasveterans.SimilarceremoniesoccurredearlierinEnglandandFrancewhereanunknownsoldierwasburiedineachnationshighestplaceofhonorinEnglandWestminsterAbbeyinFrancetheArcdeTriomphe.ThesememorialgesturesalltookplaceonNovember11givinguniversalrecognitiontothecelebratedendingofWorldWarIghtingat11a.m.November111918the11thhourofthe11thdayofthe11thmonth.ThedaybecameknownasArmisticeDay.TherstcelebrationusingthetermVeteransDayoccurredinBirminghamAlabamain1947.RaymondWeeksaWorldWarIIveteranorganizedNationalVeteransDaywhichincludedaparadeandotherfestivitiestohonorallveterans.TheeventwasheldonNovember11thendesignatedArmisticeDay.LaterU.S.RepresentativeEdwardReesofKansasproposedabillthatwouldchangeArmisticeDaytoVeteransDay.In1954CongresspassedthebillthatPresidentEisenhowersignedproclaimingNovember11asVeteransDay.ThefocalpointforofcialnationalceremoniesforVeteransDaycontinuestobethememorialamphitheaterbuiltaroundtheTomboftheUnknowns.At11a.m.onNovember11acombinedcolorguardrepresentingallmilitaryservicesexecutesPresentArmsatthetomb.Thenationstributetoitswardeadissymbolizedbythelayingofapresidentialwreath.Thebuglerplaystaps.Therestoftheceremonytakesplaceintheamphitheater.U.S.DepartmentofVeteransAffairs