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August-November2013JacksonJournal1August-November2013 JacksonJournalBrigadierGeneralPeggyC.CombsCommanderUSATCandFortJacksonCommandSergeantMajorKevinR.BensonPostCommandSergeantMajorEditorialStaffEditorinChiefMichaelRyanExecutiveEditorJohnPhilibertContributingPhotographersCPTLongPhamAndrewMcIntyreFeaturedArticles6LeadershipandtheArtofCommandGeneralMelvinZaisAclassiccommentaryonleadershipgivenbytheauthorattheArmedForcesStaffCollegeinMarch1977.14ManeuverLiveFireTrainingAPrimerforLeadersCOLJosephMcLambAneffectiveLFXrequiresatremendousamountofleadereffortlongbeforetherstroundgoesdownrangeandacavalierattitudetowardliveretrainingresultsinatbestpoorlytrainedunitsandatworsttrainingfatalities.20ThinkersbeforeShootersSSGCalebPVanVoorhisTohitadistanttargetaSoldiermustrstunderstandhowtheweaponoperates.Theymustintimatelyknowtheirrieinsideandouthowthevariouspartsworktogetherandwhatcausesthemtomalfunction.22DignityorDisdainHowWeThinkAboutActTowardsandDevelopNewSoldiersCOLBryanHernandezOurresponsibilityasleadersistodelivertheneededingredientstodevelopafutureSoldierwhocanespouseourorganizationalvaluesandmoreimportantlylivetheminbothpeacetimeandcombat.28CharacterCountsLessonsfromtheLifeofJohnWoodenLTCRMikeRyanYourbehaviorasaleaderwhatyoudocreatestheclimateinwhichyourorganizationfunctions.34LifeinanIETEnvironmentSSGTameshaHolmanIcanlookatmyselfnowandmybattlebuddiesandseeatotalchangeinusasDrillSergeantscomparedtotheDrillSergeantsthatIhadinBasicCombatTraining.36ReectionsofaCompanyCommanderCPTVincentCerchioneOutofalltheassignmentsthatIhaveeverdonebothasanenlistedinfantrymanandasanofcerbeingacommanderwasthehardestespeciallyinaBasicCombatTrainingBCTenvironment38OrganizationalChangeintheBCTEnvironmentCPTMattCollinsByanalyzingthehistoryandmethodsofthepastwecanattempttocorrecttheobviousmistakesandemplacethemethodsforfuturesuccess. UnitedStatesArmyTrainingCenterandFortJacksonVolumeIIAugust-November2013NO.2TheJacksonJournalisaprofessionaljournalthatprovidesaforumfororiginalthoughtanddiscussiononallaspectsoftrainingandleadershipastheypertaintoInitialMilitaryTraining.TheviewsexpressedintheJacksonJournalarethoseoftheAuthorsnotnecessarilythoseoftheDepartmentofDefenseoranyelementofit.ThecontentdoesnotnecessarilyreectU.S.ArmypositionanddoesnotchangeorsupersedeanyinformationinotherofcialU.S.Armypublications.Authorsareresponsiblefortheaccuracyofthearticlestheyprovide.TheJacksonJournalreservestherighttoeditmaterial.TheJacksonJournalisavailableonlineathttpwww.jackson.army.milsitesjacksonjournalpages74540GettingBeyondTheBurnChaplainCPTMarkMusserByanalyzingthehistoryandmethodsofthepastwecanattempttocorrecttheobviousmistakesandemplacethemethodsforfuturesuccess.44LeadershipinBasicCombatTrainingADrillSergeantsPerspectiveSSGHowardSmithFindingsuccessasaDrillSergeantultimatelyreliesonyourabilitytoadapttothecurrentenvironment.46ADifferentKindofMentorshipSFCElizabethWeaverThatiswhatmakestheroleofaDrillSergeantsohardtocareaboutthejoboftrainingandcareaboutthequalityweareputtingoutinsteadofjustgoingthroughthemotionscycleaftercycle.48MedicalSimulationTrainingCPTRobertA.SetliffTwenty-vepercentofallbattleelddeathsweremedicallypreventableaccordingtoastudypublishedintheArmyTimesthatfocusedoncombatrelateddeathsinIraqandAfghanistanbetween2001and2011.50ACommandTeamsLettertoNewDrillSergeantsCOLBryanHernandezThemissionoftheDrillSergeantmayseemtobeanextremelychallengingtaskbutyouhaveinessencebeenpreparingforthisdutysincethedayyouenteredthemilitary.52TakingtheismoutofBasicCombatTrainingCPTBruceAhoThebattledrillsthatSoldiersarecurrentlytrainedoninBasicCombatTraininghavethatIraqandAfghanistanism.54ProfessionalismoftheFortJacksonMilitaryPoliceCPTMiguelSanchezandSFCRichardHealyThe17thMilitaryPoliceDetachmentandthe208thMilitaryWorkingDogMWDDetachmentareresponsibleforsupportingandmanningtheProvostMarshalslawenforcementrequirementsonFortJackson.56ApplicationoftheEightStepTrainingModelintheBCTEnvironmentSSGIanBakerBybeingahandsontypeofDrillSergeantorSquadleaderyoureallydoensureeachSoldierreceivesthebesttrainingthatthereistoofferwhichofcourseisthemostimportantmissionhereinBCT. VictoryStartsHerePeggyC.CombsBGUSACommandingForover96yearsFortJacksonhasdevelopedSoldiersofcharacter.TodayaswelookaroundtheworldinatimeofgreatuncertaintywhetheritsintheMiddleEastorAsiaPacicorhereathomewithournancialuncertaintiesitisduringtimeslikethesewhenstrengthofleadershipisparamount.OurfeaturearticlebyGeneralMelvinZaisisaclassiccommentaryonleadershipgivenattheArmedForcesStaffCollegeinMarch1977.ThroughouthisillustriouscareertoincludeleadingandcommandingSoldiersinWorldWarIIandVietnamGeneralZaissincerelybelievedthattobeasuccessfulleaderintheidealisticsenseYouMustCareAboutSoldiers.AcollectionoffourarticlesthreewrittenbyDrillSergeantsSFCWeaverSSGHolmanandSSGSmithandonebyacompanycommanderCPTCerchionehighlightGeneralZaissleadershipthemesinleadingandtrainingSoldiersinBasicCombatTraininghereatFortJackson.SSGCalebVanvoorhisThinkersbeforeShootersarticleandCOLJosephMcLambsManeuverLiveFireTrainingarticlecomplementeachotherwellandaregreatexamplesoftheintellectualrigorrequiredtoconductqualitytraining.FinallythebackcoverofthisissueincludesanexcerptfromMGSchoeldsaddresstotheCorpsofCadetsin1877.SchoeldsDenitionofDisciplineisasapplicabletodayasitwasover136yearsagoasitstressestheimportanceofRespectandTrustasthefabricofourProfessionofArms.COLBryanHernandezsarticletitledDignityorDisdainHowWeThinkAboutActTowardsandDevelopNewSoldiersisamoderndayversionofSchoeldsDenitionofDisciplineandclearlydeneshowweatFortJacksonmustdevelopthefutureofourgreatArmy.AstheCommandingGeneraloftheUSATCandFortJacksonIrespectyourselesssacriceamgratefulforyourextraordinarydedicationtoserviceandamhumbledbyyourprofessionalismaswestrivetobecomethePreeminentTrainingCenterinallofDoD.FromtheCommandingGeneral VictoryStartsHereKevinR.BensonCSMUSAPCSMPostCommandSergeantMajorAswecompletecombatoperationsaswellasourtrainandassistmissioninAfghanistanwemustretainourhardearnedtacticstechniquesandprocedures.WeretaintheseTTPsbypassingthemontoourtraineesandsolidifyingthemonourcontinuousmissionofleaderdevelopment.Thehighestlevelofcombatexperienceiswithinourrankstodaybutwehavehadtoputdevelopmentonthebackburnerinalotofcasesduetothepacewehavebeenonsince911.Thetimeisnowthatleadersateverylevelcodifyleaderprofessionaldevelopmentandmapthedevelopmentofourjuniorandfutureleaders.ADRP1TheArmyProfessiondenesanddescribestheArmyProfessionandtheArmyEthic.ThismanualistherightplacetostartforallmembersofourArmyinordertounderstandthebasiclevelofexpectationswehaveofeachotherasprofessionals.AsleadersandtrainersinInitialEntryTrainingwehavearesponsibilitytoteachanddisplaytheveessentialcharacteristicsoftheArmy.Militaryexpertisecomesfrombothselfstudyandoperationalandtrainingexperiencesandattheexpenseandlossofmanynewarriors.WearethenestArmyintheworldbecauseweutilizeethicalapplicationoflandpowerandrespectevenourenemies.Honorableserviceanddedicationtoourprofessionisparamountaswecontinuetoperformasanallvolunteerforce.Selfpolicingiscriticalaswedonotallowundesirablestoblemishwhatandwhoweare.TrustisthebedrockofourprofessionandwemustensuretheAmericanpublicmaintainstheircondenceinustoperformourduty.EspritdeCorpslevelmustremainhighandeveryonemustworktomaketheirassignedorganizationthebestpossible.Workingtogethertoaccomplishconsolidatedvisionsandgoalsresultsinanincrediblefeelingofaccomplishment.Andnallywemustbestewardsofourprofessionespeciallyaswere-sizethecurrentpersonnelstrengthandcongurationofourArmy.TrainthosewhointhenearfuturewilltakeyourplaceandgivethemeveryadvantagepossiblerequiredtoghtourWarsanddefeatthosewhowouldharmusourfamiliesandthecitizensofourgreatnation. 6JacksonJournalAugust-November2013Ihavedevotedtwothirdsomylietothestudyoleadershipandtheartocommandeitherbyobservationexperienceorreading.Ihaveasaconsequencedevelopedsomethoughtssomeprejudicesavarietyointerestingquotesandanabsoluteconvictionthatleadershipdeesdenition.Onecandenewhatiswantedbutexactlyhowtodoitandwhatcharacteristicsareessentialisthesixty-ourdollarquestion.Somearebornleadersothersaredevelopedleadersandaewarenothinguntilpressuresareimposedonthemwhichbringorthamazingdemonstrationoleadership.Temostdisappointingarethosewhoseemtohavealltheacceptedqualiedqualicationsuntilthepressurecomesandthentheyold.Telibrariesandarchivesarelledwithbooksonthesubjectoleadershipi.e.B.M.BassLeadershipPsychologyandOrganizationalBehavior.Authordiscussesmanyothe1115booksandarticlesonleadershipandcognatesubjectslistedinhisbiography.Tereisacultoleadershipstudywhichisthrivingtodaybecauseitsgrowthisertilizedbygovernmentresearchdollars.Tesearethebehavioralscientiststhatwouldtabulatetraitsmannerismscharacteristicshabitsmoralsphysicalattributesandliestyles.TeyconvertthisdatatobarsgraphscurvesmodelsandmatrixesinthemostscienticmannerandthendistributetheirconclusionstotheLeadershipandtheArtofCommandGeneralMelvinZaisgovernmentthebusinessworldandtoeachother.Itislikesomanyomygolngriendswhoaresuferingromparalysisoanalysis.Tepitalls-orpotentialpitalls-associatedwiththisscienticandorderedapproacharecapturedwellinthisexcerptromEdmundFullersreviewoJamesMacGregorBurnssrecentbookLeadershipBookReviewbyEdmundFulleroLeadershipbyJamesMacgregorBurnsHarperandRow1976530P.LeadershipisoneofthemostobservedandleastunderstoodphenomenaonearthsosaysPulitzerPrizeandnationalbookawardwinninghistorian-biographerJamesMacGregorBurnsattheoutsetofalargeambitiousworkleadership.Itiscommonlyremarkedthesedaysasanexpressionoffrustrationthattheworldiscriticallyshortofleadership-theviewsofitspresentleaderstothecontrarynotwithstanding.TusthisformidableworkseemedtimelyandIapproacheditwithgreatexpectations.IntheupshotIamsorelydisappointed.HavingmulledovermanythingsthatprofessorBurnsputsbeforeusinterestingassomeareIdonotfeelthatIhaveemergedwithsucientilluminationbuthavecomeoutthroughthesamedoorbywhichIentered. August-November2013JacksonJournal7ProessorBurnshasdemonstratedinseveralbooksthathecanwriteexcellentEnglish.Hehasnotelectedtodosohere.Aewohisopeningandclosingpagesandnarrativeorbiographicalpassagesareclearandinormative.Tebulkohisworkiswritteninjargonderivedromsociologyandpsychology.Anearlyexamplenotnecessarilytheworstpoweroverpersonswehavenotedisexercisedwhenpotentialpowerwieldersmotivatedtoachievecertaingoalsotheirownmarshalintheirpowerbaseresourceseconomicmilitaryinstitutionalorskillthatenablethemtoinuencebehaviororespondentsbyactivatingmotivesorespondentsrelevanttothoseresourcesandtothosegoals.Pageaferpageosuchproseisbraindamaging.ProessorBurnshasaddressedhisbooktothepeopleromwhomhiscentralideasaredrawn.Itisnoaccidentthatthemenquotedonthebackothejacketoeringsuchaccoladesasastunningbookamasterworkareallacademicssociologistspsychologistswhotalktoeachotherintheirownjargonsasseeninnumerousquotationsromsuchwithinthebook.OneomysonswillsooncompletesuchagraduatecourseinpreparationoranassignmenttotheleadershipdepartmentatWestPoint.Iamcertainthathewilllearnagreatdeal.Iamnotsurethathavingacquiredanadvanceddegreeinbehavioralsciencehewillipsoactobecomeabetterleader.LaterIwilllistsomeapproacheswhichseemedtohelpmethemostandevenasIdosoIwillbeawareopreviouslyexpressedreservationsaboutonesabilitytodeneanddescribethisallusivequalityoleadership.Letmestartoutwithsomeinterestingdenitionsbyothersandthussetupsomestrawmenthatwecanlaterdigniyordemolish.TerstisadenitionoHeWhoWouldCommandbyCharlesBurnap.Ihavecarriedthisdenitionaroundwithmeormanyyears.Ihavereaditoen.Ithashelpedme.Itmayormaynothelpyouoradenitionisonethingandhowtoliveuptothedenitionisanother.InessencethatistheCatch22.LeadershipandtheArtofCommandHereisanotheronebyS.L.A.MarshallinhisbookTeOfcerasaLeader.ExceptorputtingusdownasstolidandratherunimaginativeandoaverageI.Q.hesaysthesamethingasdoesCharlesBurnap.HesaysthekeywordispositiveactionaswithBurnapsdenition 8JacksonJournalAugust-November2013itiseasytounderstandwhatiswanted.TerealproblemisindetermininghowonegetstobethatwayanotherCatch22MaybecommandSergeantMajorWalterKruegerhastheanswer.InalettertoArmyMagazinehewrotetheollowingSomeBasicsorYoungLeadersTeremusthavebeenmillionsowordswrittenonleadershipanotherthousandpagesonmotivationandevenmoreoncounseling.AllthewhilebehavioralscientistsattempttopenetratethehumanpsychetofndevenmorewaysodoingwhatGettingthejobdone.Modernterminologybogglestheminddirectivenondirectiveelectricorganizationaldevelopmentorganizationeectivenesssynergisticcommunicationandsoon.Addprioritypressuressuchaswhattodofrstshortusemissionscareerapprehensionaamilywiththemeaslesandanalcoholicsquadleaderitgetstobearatherulldayaerdayaerday.Iwouldproposeaewbasics.Teydontsubvertnewtitlesnoraretheyapanaceaortheneer-do-well.TeyrenotbrownshoeArmyeitheralthoughtheyhavebeenaroundalonglongtime.TeyrejuststatementsthatdonotneedanyexplanationoListentoyourSoldiers.oInstillprideneverdegrade.oSetreasonablestandards.oNeverlietoSoldiers.oBehardbutair.oBegoodasyourword.orainhardyourliereallydependsonit.oKeepyourSoldiersinormed.oBehonestinallthings.oRespectallSoldiers.Tataboutcoversleadershipincludingalltheancywords.ImnotagainstanymethodbutsometimesImaybeyoudotoogetconusedwithallthereinventingandnewtoolswehave.Itheydonothingelsetheygetusthinkingaboutleadershipandthatsjustgreat.CSMWalterKruegerTedenitionwhichIndmostamusingandyetlledwithpuckishwisdomisthatexpressedbyGeneralMosheDayanaertheSinaicampaign.TemoralhereisdontbeperectanotherCatch22FinallyIndtheollowingamostsimplisticquotedesignedtotranquilizethosewhoaretiredotryingtoimprovethemselves.AmanmayacquireknowledgebutleadershiplikewisdomisagiromGod.WhenIrefectontheleaderswhomIhaveknownIndtallandshortnoisyandquietextrovertandintrovertintellectualandborewhichremindsmeoaneciencyreportwhichIreadwhenIwasservingonapromotionboard.TeratersaidTisocerisequallyateasewithintellectualsandthoseinauthority.AnothersaidSmithisnotabornleaderyetthereseemstobesomeunknownchemistrywhichmakesamananexceptionalleader.Tisappliesinothereldsoendeavoralso.ForexamplerecentlyIwaslisteningasRichardBurtontheamousactorwasbeinginterviewedbyBarbaraHowaronWhosWho.Heoeredthisviewthatmanyactorsareasableasheisbutbysomestrangetrickopersonalityhehasbeenmoresuccessul.IonewantstolearntobesuccessulthisisastrangeWillOtheWispoadviceandleaveslittletoemulateexceptacertaindegreeomodestyorsel-eacementneitherowhicharehislongsuits.JohnRuskindsaidIearuniormity.Youcannotmanuacturegreatmenanymorethanyoucanmanuacturegold.DespitealltheconfictingevidencewhichIhaveinfictedonyouIdohavesomeadvicetooerandcertainpointstomake.IyouheedthemyoumayandIamcautioustousethequaliyingphrasemayadvancemorerapidlyandtoahighergradethanyourellowocersandyoumayimproveyourleadershipqualitiesandyourability August-November2013JacksonJournal9tocommandbecauseleadershippotentialcanbedeveloped.Tesepearlsowisdomcomeundertheheadingpipesmokingpot-belliedponticatingprounditiesandeveniyouagreewiththemyoumaynotbeabletoorcaretoplacethemineectorpracticethem.A.Leadershipistheabilitytogetotherpeopletodowhatyouwantthemtodo.Howonedevelopsthiscapabilityisclosertoanartthanscience.Teabilitytogetotherstorespondisaprimaryprerequisitehoweverandthelackothisabilityexplainswhysomeveryablebrightconscientiousyoungmenfourishintheiryouthandthenbeginageneraladeoutintheirmiddleyears.Tesearethemenwhodoeverythingwellaslongastheresultsaredependentontheirowneorts.Whiletheyareyoungandtheirtasksareminortheyarejudgedsolelyontheirownperormancebutastheymoveupthehierarchytheyareincreasinglyrequiredtodelegateresponsibilityandtocreateintheirsubordinatesastrongdesiretodothatwhichhasbeendirectedbythem.Tesemenaresubjecttoterribledisappointmentandoenbitternessbecausetheywatchastheyarepassedbycontemporarieswhoinearlierdidnotperormaswellastheydid.Italsoexplainswhysomeslowstarterswhosuerromimpatiencewithdetailandunwillingnesstoseekperectioninsmallmattersbutwhohavetheabilitytoinfuenceotherstoperormnallycomeintotheirownandadvancerapidly.Tisexplainswhytheclassleadersattheserviceacademiescollegesandevenadvanceserviceschoolsoenarenotleadersintheeld.Oneshouldthereorenotbesurprisedtodiscoverthatmanyoourgreatleadersstoodlowintheirclass.Telessonhereisobvious.Teleastyoucanlearntodoistodelegate.Teabilitytoinspireotherstoperormismoredicult.B.Ayoungocercanandshouldlearnbyobservationandimitationohisadmiredsuperiorsandbytherejectionsothemodusoperandiothosehedoesnotrespondto.Oenmoreistobelearnedromthelatter.HoweverhumannatureissuchthatwetendtotreatothersaswehavebeentreatedevenwhenwedidnotlikethetreatmentandthenLeadershipandtheArtofCommandwejustiytheactionwiththerationaleothatishowitwasorme.Tatexplainssomeotheveryharshtreatmentmetedoutinrecruittrainingandbootcamp.Italsohasageneralapplication.Forexamplemostpeoplewhobrutalizetheirchildrenwerethemselvesbeatenbytheirparents.InmycareerIwasortunatetoserveunderonlytwomenwhomIconsideredsadisticorterriblyegotistical.Ilearnedagreatdealromthem.MostlyIhadthegoodortunetoserveandcloselyobservetheconductosuchmenasMathewB.RidgwayMaxwellD.aylorJamesM.GavinCreightonW.Abramsandmanyothers.Iwatchedthesemenveryclosely.MywieiscontinuallyastonishedathowmuchIrememberaboutmyormercommandersandcolleagues.IwatchthemandItrytolearn.Tisbringsmetomynextpoint.C.Youmustadapttoyourcommander.Hedoesnotadapttoyou.TisisanissueonwhichmoreocersounderthananyotherIknow.Itisalsothemostdicultadvicetoliveuptowhenacedwithacommanderwhoviolatesyourownsenseojusticeorcodeoethics.Iwillbehappytodiscussthisurtherinthequestionandanswerperiod.D.Mynextadviceisdontghthigherheadquarters.Iknowmanyoyouconsiderthenexthigherheadquartersasyournaturalenemy.Itrequiresstrongwillpowerandalevelheadtokeepyourcoolbutyouwillnditcounterproductivetoengageinarunningbattlewithyourbossandhissta.Saveyourcomplaintsortheveryimportantissues.Tereisnothingastiresomeasaquibblinggrippinguncooperativesubordinatecommander.Holdyourtongue.Whenyourarelycomplainpeoplelisten.E.Nextdontaskorguidanceoryouwillgetmorethanyouwant.Iyouareoperatingwithingeneralpolicymoveoutanddisplayinitiative.Iyourbossdoesntlikeithewillinormyou.HisopinionoyoudropsowitheachsucceedingC.Y.A.requestorapproval. 10JacksonJournalAugust-November2013F.Mostsuccessulleadersdomorethanisexpectedothem.Youmustpaytheprice.ItisaconsciouschoiceandImustadmitthatIhaveofenenviedmanyomycontemporarieswhobecamemuchbettergolersbridgeplayersgrasscuttersandcommissaryshoppersthanI.Evensoyouneednotbecomeadrudgeorworkaholic.Ihaveplayedgolpokershedhunteddrankdancedandgenerallyhadagoodtime.G.Youmustbeabletoestablishprioritiesandmeetdeadlines.Tisagainiswheretheperectionistofencomesacropper.IreplacedaveryablemanasG-3othe82NDAirborneDivisionbecausehetendedtoworkonthetoppaperinhisin-basketratherthanthemostimportantortimesensitive.Whicheverpaperheworkedonyoucouldbesurewasamasterpieceoattentiontodetailandthoroughness.Howeverhewasofenlatewitheortsandwhilehewaslaboringwithperiodsandcommastheworldwaspassinghimby.Youmustalsobeabletowhipoutaneortinthetimeallottedeventhoughyouknowthatyoucoulddoabetterjobgivenmoretime.Yourbosswillsoonlearnwhichohissubordinatescangetwiththeprobleminahurryandcomeupwithsomethingwhenheneedsit.H.Asyoumoveup-youmustbroadenyourperspective.IrecallthatSirWilliamSlimChieotheBritishImperialGeneralStawastheKermitRooseveltlecturerwhenIwasattheCommandandGeneralStaCollegein1947.Hetalkedabouttheartocommand.Hehadcommandedthe14thArmyinBurmaandhereducedhishourlecturetothreepointsdealingwiththeartohighcommanditwasnopapersnodetailsandnoregrets.I.Readaboutourgreatleaders.IequatethisapproachtothecasehistorymethodoteachingattheHarvardbusinessschool.WhenyoureadthelivesoMacarthurMarshallArnoldNimitzKingBradleyRidgewayandmanyothersyouwilllearnagreatdeal.Whetheryoucanorwillapplyitisanothermatterbutrstmustcomelearningandunderstanding.J.Beornotagainst.Mostgreatleadersarepositive.Teyestablishgoalsandachievethemortheyhaveanideaandtestitortheyhaveadreamandtrytoulllit.Peoplewhoareorthingsarevibrantlledwithelectricityradiatingenergyandenthusiasm.Peoplewhoareagainstthingstendtobedullnegativeuninspiringandboring.Teycastapalloneverygatheringandtheyareawetblanket.Wetrytoavoidthem.Teyarenotdoers.Beaorernotanagainerhappinessinthenalanalysisissomethingtobeenthusiasticabout.CharlesM.Schwabsaidamancansucceedatalmostanythingorwhichhehasunlimitedenthusiasm.K.Youmustgowheretheactionis.Forsomeitistothesoundoguns.Forothersitisinsupportothosewhogotothesoundoguns.WhenIwasprivilegedtodelivertheKermitRooseveltlectureseriesinEnglandthetitleomytalkwasyourmissionistoghtanddontorgetit.Irepeatittoyouwithoutelaboration.OnethingwhichIknoworsureistheactthatmostomysuccesscanbeattributedtotheactthatIwenttothesoundothegunsandIwasluckyenoughtosurvive.L.ObviouslyIcouldgooninthesameveinbutIwillstopprovidingyouwithpearlsowisdomandIwillelaborateatsomelengthoadvicewhichIbelievewillcontributemoretomakingyouabetterleaderandcommanderwillprovideyougreaterhappinessandsel-esteemandatthesametimeadvanceyourcareermorethananyadvicewhichIcanprovideyou.Anditdoesntcalloranycertainchemistry.Anyoneoyoucandoitandthatadviceis-youmustcare.TeChieoStaotheArmyinarecentspeechsaiditanotherwayyoumustgiveadamn.Letstalkalittlemoreaboutcaring.YoullndthatatthisschoolandanyotherserviceschoolthatyoumightattendbeginningatyourbasiccourseandwindingupattheWarCollegelevelthatyouspendabout80oyourtimeontacticsstrategyweaponsplanningandwriting.Imbeingverygeneroushere.Andyouspendabout20oyourtimeonpeoplematters.AndInotethathereattheArmedForcesStaCollegewiththisDelosC.EmmonslectureseriesthatthewormisturningalittlebitromwhenImadethisrstobservationafermanyyearsintheserviceschoolsystem.Itsaninterestingphenomenaandaparadoxthatwegotoschoolaferschoolandspendabout80oourtimeontacticsweaponslogisticsandplanning August-November2013JacksonJournal11LeadershipandtheArtofCommandandabout20onpeoplemattersandthenwegotoourunitsandwhatdowedoWespendabout80oourtimeonpeoplemattersandabout20oourtimeontacticsweaponslogisticsetc.Justthinkaboutthat.YoureyoungocersmostlyhereMajorsandLieutenantColonelsbutyouhaveallcommandedcompaniessomehopetocommandbattalionsmanyhavebeenS3sandXOssomehavecommandedsmallershipssomehavecommandedairsquadrons.WheredoesthetimegoJustrefectonit.YouredealingwithgrievancesyoureinspectingbarracksyoureinspectinglatrinesyoureinspectingmesshallssupplyroomsdayroomsyoureworryingaboutlaundryyoureworryingaboutpayyouregreetingnewOcersandnewNoncommissionedOcersandnewSoldiersyouresayinggoodbyetoOcersandNoncommissionedOcers.YoureociatingatthepromotionsoyourOcersandNoncommissionedOcersyoureociatingatthedemotionsocertainNoncommissionedOcersyouredealingwiththepasspolicyandcomplaintsyouredealingwithawardsyoureengaginginagreatdealocorrespondenceyourevisitingtheguardhouseyouregoingtothemesshallonChristmasandTanksgivingyouregoingtochapelonSunday.Eveniyourenotreligiousyouregoingtherebecauseasagoodleaderyoushoulddoitasanexampletoyourmen.TosearethethingsthatyouredealingwithincommandandyoumustcareaboutyourSoldiersandyoureAirmen.NowthinktoyourselalloyouaresayingtoyourselrightnowwellIcarewhatsthisguytalkingaboutWelltherearedegreesocaring.Terearedegreesopersonalsacricetorefecttheamountocaringthatyoudo.Andtheresanattitudethatyouhavetodevelopinyoursel.HowdoyouknowiyoucareYouresittingouttherewonderingdoIcareDoIreallycareHowdoyouknowiyoucareWelloronethingiyoucareyoulistentoyourjuniorocersandSoldiers.WhenIsaylistenIdontmeanthatstiltedbaloneythatsomanyocersengageinandstanduptoanenlistedmanandsayHowoldareyousonWhereareyouromHowlonghaveyoubeenhereTankyouverymuch.Nextman.Tatsbaloneythatsposed.IcanrememberwhenIaskedmysonwhenhewasacadetatWestPointhowhelikedhisRegimentalCommanderandhepausedawhileandwiththatclean-cutincisivenesswithwhichmostmidshipmenandcadetsevaluatepeoplehesaidtomethatheplaystherole.Wowthatwasdamning.WellImnottalkingaboutthatkindostu.Imtalkingaboutlistening.BecauseayoungSoldierwontcomeoutandtellyoueverythingthatisallwrong.Hellbealittlehesitant.Iyouaskhimiheisgettingalongallrightihejustshrugshesgettingalonglousy.Ihesnotenthusiasticinhisresponsetheressomethingwrongandyoubetterdigalittledeeper.Youcareiyoulistentohim.Reallylisten.Youcareiyoureallywonderwhathesdoingonhisodutyactivities.WhenyoureabouttoteeoonaSaturdayaernoonwhenyouareattheclubathappyhourwhenyouregoingorcominghomeromchurchonSundayiyourewonderingithereisalittlenagginginthebackoyourheadaboutIwonderwhattheSoldiersaredoing.Iwonder.DoyoudothatWhataretheAirmendoingWhataretheSailorsdoingWheredotheygoYoucareiyougointhemesshallandIdontmeangoinwithwhiteglovesandrubdishesandpotsandpansandnddust.Youcareiyougointothemesshallandyounoticedthatthescrambledeggsareinabigpuddleowaterandthat20lbs.otoasthavebeendoneinadvanceandithasbeenlayingtherehardandcold.Andthebaconislayingtheredrippingingreaseandthecookshavealltheirworkdonewayaheadotime.Tecoldpotsocoeearesittingonthetablesgettingevencolder.Ithatgripesyouiyouwanttotearupthosecooksyoucare.Itsthelittlethings.WhenIwasinVietnamaquartermasterCaptainwasbraggingtomeabouttheicecreamthattheymadeatCampEvansandweretakingouttoSoldiersontherebases.Isaidthatsgreat.HesaidSirwouldyouliketoseewhatweremakingIsaidIdliketoverymuch.AndIwentthereandtheyhadthesemachinesandtheywerepouringicecreamintothesegalloncontainers.Hewasveryproud.HesaysWegetitoutthereeveryday.Isaidthatsgreat.WhatdoyoucarryitoutthereinHesaidOhthesecontainers.IsaidyeahbuthowdotheSoldierseatitYouknowtheyreallinlittledugouts.Teyrenotalllinedupinamesshall.Teydonthavedonthavemesskitsoutthereandthingslikethat.HesaidIdontknowSir.IsaidIknowhowtheyeatit.Teypassthatthingaroundastheysticktheirngersinitandeachone 12JacksonJournalAugust-November2013grabssome.IsaidGetsomeDixiecupsandsendthem.HesaidDixiecupsIsaidyeahDixiecups.IusetheselittleelementarythingsbecauseImtryingtoillustrateapoint.WhenyouregettingreadyortheannualIGinspectionandyouknowtheseguysareGI-ingthebarracksandyouknowtheyreworkinglikehellanditsSundaynightiyoullgetoutoyourwarmhouseandgodowntothebarracksandwanderintoseethemwork.AndjustsitontheootlockerandtalktooneortwoSoldiersandleave.Teyllknowthatyouknowthattheyreworkinglikehelltomakeyoulookgood.IasImentionedearlieronSundaysandholidaysyoureconcerned.Iyoutakeyourkidsandwieandyougotothemesshall.Ievenbeoreyoudothatyouwanderaroundandseeitheyremakingthatplacelookdecentyoucare.IyouhaveaneuncommonlygoodlookingNoncommissionedOfcerwithmusclesrippingdownhischeeksandastrongneckandcleanasawhistletrimashecanbeshouldersbackthelookotigersinhiseyesandhesaystoyouCaptaindontworryaboutit.IguaranteeImgoingtotakecareoit.Iyoudontchecktoseewhetherheismakingtheseguysdopushupsuntiltheyredizzyandsweatingandabouttopassoutiyoudontwonderisthisguygettingsadisticpleasurerompushingtheseguysiyoudontmakeityourbusinesstomakeitknownthroughoutyourouttthatyouwontputupwiththatcrapthenyoudontcare.Butithatworriesyouwhenyouwonderthenyougoandcheckandyouaskquestionsandyoumakesure.Youcare.Iyoulookoutyourwindowbeoreaparadeandyouseethatthetroopsarelinedupthere1520or30minutesbeorewindyrainyhotwhateveritmaybeithatdoesntreallyboilyoutoseethatyoudontcare.ButiitdoesyoucarebecausetheonlyreasontheonlyreasontheSoldiersstandaroundandwaitisbecomesomejerkofcerdidntplanitrightorheplannedinsuchawaythatthetroopshavetopayorhimnotmissingadeadline.YoucareijustbeoreajumporjustbeoreassaultonahotlandingorjustbeoretakeoromanaircracarrierorjustbeoreaclosesupportraidyoucareiyouwanderdowntowheretheseguysareandyounoticethattheirAdamsApplesarebobbingalittleyounoticethattheyarealittlepaleandyounoticethattheyareyawningalot.Peopleyawnwhentheyarescared.AnditreallyhelpsscaredSoldiersscaredlieutenantsandscaredcaptainsandmajorsandcommandersandlieutenantcommandersandithelpsanybodywhenyourescaredandgettingreadytodosomethingmoredifcultorsomebodytocomearoundwhoisseniortoyouwhomyourespectandadmiretoletyouknowthatheknowsthathecares.Yougottoseekoutthesesituationswhereveritistoughoryourmen.Bethereandunderstandandbesympatheticandgiveapatandithastobotheryouinyourbellywhenyouwalkdownthelineandyouseealltheladswaitingtheyresittingunderthewingotheplaneortheyresittingnearachopperandtheyreloadedandthesweatiscomingdowntheiraceandtheyarereallyscaredandyoucansmellitontheirbreath.Icantellyouyoucansmellearinamansbreathbutyoullneverknowitunlessyougetcloseenoughtothemtosmellit.Andithatbothersyouandiyoutrytohelphimthatwayyoucare.Icantmakeyoudothis.ButyoureallyneedyoureallyneedtolikeSoldiers.Youneedtobeamusedbytheirhumoryouneedtobetolerantotheirbawdinessyouhavetounderstandthatthereaslousyasyouletthembeandasgoodasyouletthembe.Youjusthavetoreallylikethemandeelgoodaboutbeingwiththem.WhenIwascommandinginthe10stAirborneDivisionIusedtowriteacolumneveryweek.ItwasinapapercalledtheScreamingEagle.TenameothecolumnwascalledLuckyEagleSays.ItriedtogetsomemessagetomySoldiers.Itriedtogetsomedirectcommunicationwiththem.MycodenamewasLuckyEagle.TecodenameortheellowbeoremewasBoldEagle.IIwasboldmySoldierswouldknowit.IdidnthavetoputitinmycodenamesoInamedmyselLuckyEagleonaccountoSoldiersaresuperstitiousandSoldiersarealwaysscaredaboutsomethinganditheywantedtobeassociatedwithanythingtheyliketobeassociatedwithluck.TisiswhatIwroteinthiscolumnandIsavedit.IsaidYoucannotexpectaSoldiertobeaproudSoldieriyouhumiliatehim.Youcannotexpecthimtobebraveiyouabuseandcowerhim.Youcannotexpecthimtobestrongiyoubreakhim.YoucannotaskorrespectandobedienceandwillingnesstoassaulthotlandingzoneshumpbackbrakingridgesdestroyduginemplacementsiyourSoldierhasnotbeentreatedwiththerespectanddignitywhichostersunitespritandpersonalpride. August-November2013JacksonJournal13LeadershipandtheArtofCommandTelinebetweenrmnessandharshnessbetweenstrongleadershipandbullyingbetweendisciplineandchickenisaneline.Itisdiculttodenebutthoseouswhoareproessionalsandwhohavealsoacceptedacareerasleadersomenmustndthatline.Itisbecausejudgmentandconcernorpeopleandhumanrelationsareinvolvedinleadershipthatonlymencanleadmenandnotcomputers.Ienjoinyoutobeeveralerttothepitallsotoomuchauthority.Bewarethatyoudonotallinthecategoryothelittlemanwithalittlejobwithabighead.Inessencebeconsideratetreatyoursubordinatesrightandtheywillliterallydieoryou.IwantedallomyocersandNoncommissionedOcerstoknowIeltthatway.NowIwanttoclosebystatingthatiyoucareIguaranteeyouasuccessulcareer.IwontguaranteethatyouwillbeaGeneralorAdmiralbutIguaranteethatyouwillimproveyourchancestenold.Soitisinyoursel-interest.Eveniyoudonotbecomeafagoceryouwillstillbehappyinthedevotionloveandaectionoyourmenandyouwilllikeyourselbetter.IsincerelybelievethattobeasuccessulleaderintheidealisticsenseYouMustCare.EditorsnoteTisarticleisromaspeechthatwasgivenbyGeneralMelvinZaisattheArmedForcesStafCollegeinMarch1977aspartotheGeneralDelosC.EmmonsLectureSeries.GeneralMelvinZaisMay81916May71981attendedtheUniversityoNewHampshireandgraduatedwithaB.A.inPoliticalScience.In1937hewascommissionedasaSecondLieutenant.HeattendedtheU.S.CommandandGeneralStaCollegeandwasalsoagraduateotheArmedForcesStaCollegeandtheNationalWarCollege.HewasaveteranoWorldWarIIandVietnamWar.HisassignmentsincludedCommander1stInantryDivisionCommandingGeneral101stAirborneDivisionAirmobileCommandingGeneralXXIVCorpsDirectoroOperationsJ-3OrganizationotheJointChiesoStaCommandingGeneralTirdArmyandCommandingGeneralAlliedLandForcesSoutheastEuropeurkey.In1940hewasamemberotheoriginalParachutebattalionlaterthe501stParachuteInantryRegiment.DuringWorldWarIIZaiswastheExecutiveOcerothe517thParachuteInantryRegimentghtinginItalyinsouthernFranceandintheBattleotheBulge.Duringhiscommandothe101stAirborneDivisioninVietnamtheyoughttheBattleoHamburgerHill. 14JacksonJournalAugust-November2013FireExerciseBLFX.1AsinoperationalunitsthewritersothePOIclearlyintendedortheBLFXtobeaculminatingtrainingeventinwhichSoldierswouldberequiredtoapplyunderrealisticconditionstheskillspreviouslyattained.IndeedthestandardsorthetrainingeventareveryclearintheirrequirementthatSoldiersapplyratherthansimplydemonstratetheirskills.NotethatthesestandardssimplycannotbemetithedrillsergeantratherthantheSoldierselectsthetemporaryghtingpositionordirectsthemovementtechniques.Tatmightbeentertainmentbutitisnttraining.ogetSoldierswithlessthantwomonthsintheArmytoachievethesestandardssaelyisnosmalltask.Butitisarromimpossible.ManeuverLiveFireTrainingCOLJosephMcLambManeuverliveretrainingisthegoldstandardindemandingrealistictraining.NoothertypeotrainingcombinestherealpresenceodangerexposuretotheullimpactotheoperationalenvironmentarequirementortruecooperationbyallmembersotheteamandrealisticweaponeectstothedegreeoamaneuverlivereexerciseLFX.IyouhaventdoneitinaliveregoesthesayinginmanyotheArmysbestunitsyouhaventreallydoneit.EvenourbestunitshoweverdonotbegintheirtrainingattheLFXlevel.AteveryechelonreteamtobattaliontheLFXisacapstonetrainingeventandrequentlyoccursonlyaferweeksorevenmonthsopreparatorytraining.AneectiveLFXrequiresatremendousamountoleadereortlongbeoretherstroundgoesdownrangeandacavalierattitudetowardliveretrainingresultsinatbestpoorlytrainedunitsandatworsttrainingatalities.UnderthecurrentProgramoInstructionPOIorBasicCombatrainingBCSoldiersexecuteonlyonemaneuverLFXtheBuddyeamLiveAPrimerforLeaders1SoldiersdomanylivereexercisesbutonlytheBuddyeamLFXqualiesasamaneuverLFX.Unliketheotherlivereexercisesitrequiresoneelementtorewhileanotherelementmovestheessenceomaneuver.2BuddyeamLiveFireExerciseB071002Version2.01Mar10page5. August-November2013JacksonJournal15APrimerforLeadersGoodReading.TegoodnewsisthattheArmyhasbeenthinkingaboutandexecutingsaerealisticliveretrainingoralongtimelongerthanwehavebeenatwarinact.OvertheyearsanumberoexcellentdocumentshaveservedtoorientnewleaderstothebasicsotheLFXprogram.Acoupleotheseshouldbeonyourmustreadlistbeoretryingyourhandatliveretraining.C7-9InantryLiveFireTraining30Sep93hasbeenintheArmylongerthanmostoourcaptainsbutitremainsanoutstandingintroductiontoliveretrainingordismountedSoldiersinantryorotherwise.AneasyreadthatisullouseulinsightintobothliveretrainingandtheemploymentoweaponsincombatitevenhasachapterChapter3devotedspecicallytothebuddyteamLFX.Searchthebooksheloanyoldinantrymanandyouwilllikelyndadog-earedcopyothishandyreerencework.DAPamphlet385-63RangeSaety30Jan12istheArmysdenitivewordonkeepingliveretrainingbothsaeandrealisticandnounitshouldconductamaneuverlivereexercisewithoutthisdocumentonhandoreasyreerence.DontbeooledbythetitlethisreerenceworkexplainstherealisticweaponeectsoalmostallUSArmyweaponsbyammunitiontype.ToseweaponeectswhicharedescribedasSuraceDangerZones-dontchangewhenyougotocombattheyareexactlythesame.Inmostlightinantrycompaniesthecompanycommanderandplatoonleaderscarryatransparentdocumentwiththesuracedangerzonesoeveryweaponinthecompanydrawnona150kscaleoruseinplanningbothdirectandindirectresonarangeorincombat.IyouarentamiliarwiththeconceptscontainedinDAPamphlet385-63youshouldnotbeplanningliveretraining.Franklyyouprobablyshouldntberingaweapon.YoucanndbothothesepublicationsplusanarrayootheruseulpublicationsandtoolsattheRangeandWeaponsSaetyoolboxwebsitehttpssaety.army.milrangeweaponssaetyAKOLogintabid2364Deault.aspxreturnurl2rangeweaponssaety2Home2fabid214352Deault.aspx.TeBasics.WhilethereisnosubstituteoramiliaritywiththeresourcesaboveahanduloverybasicprinciplesormthecoreotheArmyscollectivewisdomonliveretraining.1.Conductallpreliminarytrainingtostandardandprogresstomaneuverlivefretrainingonlywhenallothertaskshavebeencertifed.LookagainatthestandardsortheBLFX.WhatisimmediatelyapparentisthatthesestandardsassumethattheSoldierhasalreadybeencertiedonanumberotasksthatshemustnowapplyinamaneuverliveresetting.Teseincludeindividualmovementtechniquesbuddyteammovementtechniquesbasicrifemarksmanshipadvancedrifemarksmanshipandemploymentoahandgrenadeasabareminimum.EvenacursoryreviewothePOIindicatesthatthetrainingeventsthatprecedetheBLFXaredesignedtotrainandcertiytheSoldieronthesetasksinFieldrainingExerciseIandIIBasicandAdvancedRifeMarksmanshipandtheHandGrenadeQualicationCourse.IyouhavetospendtimeonOmahaBeachRangeteachingthesebasicsitmeansthatyourearliertrainingwasnotconductedtostandard.Inmanywaysaleadercangainanaccurateassessmentothequalityohisentiretrainingprogrambyspending30minuteswatchingSoldiersattheBLFX.Poortrainingearlyinthetrainingcyclewillbealltoovisibleunderthestressolivereconditions.SuccessattheBLFXstartsweeksbeoretheSoldiershaveevenheardoOmahaBeachRange.2.Understandandmaintainstandards.akeanotherlookatthestandardsortheBuddyeamLFXoundintherainingSupportPackageSP.NoticethattheSoldierisrequiredtousethepropermovementtechniquelowcrawlhighcrawl3-5secondrushdependingontwoactorsnotjustone.Whileterraincertainlyplaysakeyrole3BuddyeamLiveFireExerciseB071002Version2.01Mar10page5. 16JacksonJournalAugust-November2013indeterminingthepropertechniqueenemyreplaysnolessarole.Andwhiletheterrainisstaticanddoesnotchangethevolumeoenemyreisavariableactor.Enemyreisitselaproductotwoothervariablesonlyoneowhichisunderthecontrolothetrainer.TersttargetexposurecanbemodiedbythetrainerinordertoelicitaresponseromtheSoldier.ForexampleexposingmoretargetsindicatesanincreaseinthevolumeoenemyreanddrivesaSoldierclosertothelowcrawlendothemovementoptions.Decreasingthenumberoexposedtargetsindicatesadecreaseinenemyreandopensmoreoptionsorriendlymovement.TesecondhoweverisentirelyuptotheSoldier.IaSoldiersbattlebuddyprovidesaccurateandsustainedreontheenemytheSoldiersmovementoptionsarebroad.IhisbattlebuddyisringinaccuratelyornotatalltheSoldiersoptionsareseverelylimited.Tedynamicnatureotheinteractionbetweenterraintargetexposureandtheaccuracyoriendlyremeansthatitisimpossibletodictatethepropermovementtechniqueinadvance.omeetthestandardintheSPtheSoldiermustmaketherightdecisionandthenexecutehissolutioncorrectlyhemustapplytheskillsalreadylearnedtoaspecicsetoconditions.InotherwordstheBLFXisacognitivetasktheSoldiermustthinkorhimsel.3.Understandweaponeectsandcontroltheriskbycontrollingtargetexposure.wotruthslieatthecoreomakingaLFXsaeortheparticipants.Terstisthatabulletredataspecictargetcangoalotoplacesbutwecanpredictthemostlikelylocationswithaairdegreeoaccuracy.TesecondisthatSoldiersshootatexposedtargets.InHollywoodmoviesbulletstendtogodirectlytotheirtargetsorinthecaseoamissmysteriouslydisappearwithoutstrikinganything.Realityismuchdierent.Poorsitepictureincorrectbreathingajerkedtriggersqueezeandanynumberoothermarksmanerrorsorenvironmentalactorscancausearoundtobeasmuchas5degreesotheintendedgun-targetlineputtinganyonewhohappenstobeclosetothatlineatrisk.Atcloserangesevenpeoplewhoareairlydistantromthegun-targetlinecanbeatriskduetothedangeroricochets.Becausemostousareamiliarwithricochetmachine-gunroundsclimbingskywardneartheendotheirfightmanySoldiersdonotrecognizethatthedangeroaricochetroundismuchhigherintheearlysecondsothebulletsfightwhileitstillretainsmostoitskineticenergy.Whiletheexactfightpathoaricochetroundisimpossibletopredictweareabletoidentiytheareawherearicochetroundismostlikelytostrikeanunintendedtarget.WecallthatareatheSuraceDangerZoneanditsexactshapeandsizedependontheweaponemployedtheammunitionusedandthenatureothesuraceswhichthebulletcanstrike.FortunatelydeterminingthecorrectSDZdoesntrequireadegreeinadvancedmathematicsjustthetimetondtheappropriatediagramandchartsinDAPamphlet385-63.ForanM16therelevantdiagramandchartarebelow.AtthecloserangesemployedatOmahaBeachRangethisdiagramandcharttellusthatweneedtomaintainabouta40degreeseparationbetweenthegun-targetlineandriendlyorcesorM193BallammunitionAnglePo32.2degreesDispersionAngleo5degrees37.2degrees.Iyouwanttoestimateanangleintheeldatarms August-November2013JacksonJournal17APrimerforLeaderslengtheachoyourngersisabout2degreesinwidthyourpalmisabout10degreesinwidthandawidelysplayedhandisabout20degreesromthetipoyourthumbtothetipoyourpinky.Acompasshoweverismuchmoreaccurate.TegoodnewsisthattheappropriateseparationisalreadybuiltintotheOmahaBeachRangelanesbutonlyitheleaderrunningthelaneunderstandsherroleintargetexposure.AndthatbringsustothesecondperhapsmorecriticaltruthSoldiersreatexposedtargets.Tesinglemostimportantactorinexecutingasaeandrealisticlivereisthecorrectcontrolotargetexposure.ISoldierAisabouttomoveintothesuracedangerzoneoSoldierBringatargetXtheastestandsaestmethodorpreventinganaccidentwhilemaintainingtrainingrealismistodropargetX.AsaetyNCOcancertainlyintervenetostopSoldierAbutdoingsodramaticallyreducestherealismothetraining.argetexposureisthekeytocontrollingbothriendlyreandriendlymovement.TemostimportantleaderinaLFXistheonewhocontrolstargetexposure.WhenweassignthistasktoapoorlytrainedoruncertiedleaderorworseyetaSoldierweintroduceanunacceptablelevelorisk.4.EmployarealistictacticalscenariobuiltaroundanOPORDthatmakessenseorcombatnotjustortherange.TepurposeotheBLFXisnottoprepareSoldiersorOmahaBeachRangebuttopreparethemorcombat.Tismeansthatthescenarioinwhichweplacethemshouldmakesenseandrefectthetypeothingwemightexpectthemtodoincombat.5.Ruthlesslyenorcestandardsduringthedryandblankfreiterations.Tesaeexecutionothelivereislargelydeterminedbyhowmuchenergyyouputintothedryandblankreiterations.UnitsthatenorcealltrainingstandardsinthersttwoiterationsretrainingSoldierswhoailtomeetthestandardsuntiltheyexecutetheeventcorrectlyndthattheactuallivereiterationisquickwellexecutedandranklyunorbothtrainersandSoldiers.Tetemptationhoweveristodownplaytheimportanceothersttwoiterationsinavorosurgingleadereortonthelivereiteration.TisalmostalwaysresultsinSoldierswhoarentsureothemselvesduringthelivereleaderswhoareoverlycautiousbecausetheylackcondenceintheirSoldierslevelopreparationandawholehostosaetyandtrainingdecienciesthatsimplygetoverlookedbecausenoonewantstogothroughtheexperienceasecondtime.Itheactuallivereisntabitanti-climaticwedidnotinvestenoughtimeandenergyintothedryandblankiterations.ContinuetoexecutedryandblankiterationsuntilleadersarecondentthattheSoldiercanconducttheliveretostandard.Ithelastblankreiterationisnttostandarditisntthelastiteration.6.Maintainstrictcontroloallammunition.TeunintentionalmixingoliveandblankammunitionisamajorhazardinanylivereexerciseandisparticularlyrelevantonOmahaBeachRangebecauseotherequencywithwhichtwocompaniesoccupytherangeoneringblankandtheotherlive.Tepotentialormixingammunitionespeciallyinsuchcommonuseacilitiesasthelatrinesishigh.Leadersmusthaveredundantmeasuresinplacetopreventtheinadvertentmixtureoammunition.OnmostrangesweconductabrassandammunitioncheckasSoldiersdeparttherangeatOmahaweneedtodosowhentheyenteraswell.ArstsergeantwithwhomIservedinthe1990shadauniquebutveryeectiveunitSOPthatassistedwithammunitioncontrol.Hepaintedallblankreadaptersintheunityellowandputahorizontalyellowstripeonthose30-roundmagazinesthatweredesignatedorblankammunition.IaleaderlookedataSoldierandsawyellowonthebarrelandyellowinthemagazinewellhecouldbeairlycondentthattheSoldierwasringblankammunition.Ihesawyellowatneitherlocationhecouldbecondentthatthe 18JacksonJournalAugust-November2013Soldierwasringlive.Ihesawyellowinonlyonelocationitwastimeorimmediateleaderintervention.7.Keepyourtrainersalertandresponsive.LiveretrainingisverydemandingonleadersespeciallyinanenvironmentsuchasOmahaBeachRangewheretrainersstayunderbodyarmororextendedperiodsotimeandmustcopewithheatinthesummerandcoldinthewinter.Keepingtrainersalertandresponsiverequirespositiveleaderactiontoprovidethenecessaryrest.Inthebestoworldswewouldhaveenoughleaderstoallowrestonarotationalbasis.Unortunatelythatisrarelythecase.Tismeansthatcompanyleadersneedtoenorcearestplanthatwilllikelyrequiretheunittostoptrainingatsomeintervaltoletthetrainersrestandrehydrate.GiventhenatureothephysicalrequirementsmovingonootunderaloadtheArmysstandardootmarchworkrestplanisagoodplacetostarttrainor45minutestakea15minutebreakinthersthourtrainor50minutestakea10minutebreakeveryhourthereafer.Tiswillslowdownthetrainingtemponodoubtbutitwillalsoallowyourtrainerstoremaineectivethroughoutthetrainingday.Withoutaplanothissortleadersbecomeincreasinglylessalertandresponsiveasthedaygoesby.IwearenotcareultowardtheendoalongdaywewillputtheleastattentivetrainersontherangewiththeSoldierswhoarethemostlikelytohaveissues.Adeliberateeedingplanisalsoimportant.AtOmahaBeachRangeweareortunateenoughtohaveaheatedandairconditionedbuildingthatislargeenoughtoallowourtrainerstogetoutotheweatherwhileeatinglunch.Stoppingtrainingorlunchandallowingleaderstorotateintoaclimate-controlledacilityoutosightotheSoldierswillslowdowntrainingbutsustainyourtrainersthroughouttheday.CommonProblems.CertainpitallsareverycommoninLFXtrainingandtheyofenreducethetrainingvalueotheBLFX.1.Failuretotraintostandardearlierinthetrainingcycle.TemostcommonerroristoattempttoconserveleaderandSoldierenergyinthedryandblankiterationsinordertocomeonstrongduringthelivereiteration.Tisisbothcounter-productiveanddangerous.2.Useotribalwisdomindeterminingsuracedangerzones.ItisnotunusualtoseeanexperiencedinantrySoldierusehisopenhandtoestimatetheanglebetweenagun-targetlineandamovingriendlySoldierbutthisalmostalwaysmeanstheleaderisnotusingtheappropriatesuracedangerzone.ForlongrangeresDAPamphlet385-63allowsleaderstousetheconesuracedangerwhichhastheadvantageobeingmuchsimplerthanthebatwingSDZandthedisadvantageoignoringmostricocheteects.WithoutgoingintoanyrealdetailmanyinantrySoldiersurthersimpliytheconeSDZintoaruleothumbthatdemandsa15degreeseparationbetweenthegun-targetlineandriendlySoldiers.Alooselysplayedhandgivesaroughapproximationo15-20degreesandthisofenservesasthetoolochoicewhileindirectrecontactwithenemypersonnel.Ihaveusedthissimplicationmyselonmanyoccasionsandwasverycomortablyacceptingtheinherentriskassociatedwiththeuseosuchanimpreciseestimatewhenthecircumstancesallowednootheroption.TatcertainlyisnotthecasewhileconductingBasicCombatrainingatFortJackson.LeadersherehaveaclearmoralobligationtounderstandthebatwingSDZandtoemployitinmakingriskdeterminations.3.Failuretotreatthedryandblankfreiterationsasullrehearsals.Temostcommonerrorinthisregardisintargetexposure.EspeciallyintheblankreiterationtargetexposuremustmimicexactlythetargetexposurethattheSoldierwillseeinthelivereiteration.Iitdoesnottheiterationdoesnotullltherequirementorablankrerehearsal.OurinabilitytoaccuratelymimictargetexposureonChip-yong-niRangeisinacttheactorthatmakesablankrerehearsalonOmahaitselnecessary.4.Impropermovementtechniqueintheopeningothescenario.rainersinvariablyinormSoldiers August-November2013JacksonJournal19COLJosephMcLambistheCommanderofthe193rdInfantryBrigadeBasicCombatTrainingatFortJacksonSC.thatenemycontactisexpectedthentellbothSoldierstostandupandmovesimultaneouslytowardtherstbarrierontherange.Tismovementtechniquetravelingiscompletelyinappropriateorthescenariodescribed.IenemycontactisexpectedSoldiersshouldemployboundingoverwatchromthebeginningothescenario.eachingSoldierstousethetravelingtechniquewhenenemycontactislikelyistantamounttoteachingthemtowalkintoanambush.45.Improperreactiontoenemycontact.Dependinguponwhichdoctrinalsourceyoupreeronecouldarguethatthepropersequenceorreactingtocontactisreturnreseekcover-reportorseekcover-returnre-report.VeteransIhavenoticedtendtoselectreturnreastheirrstactionwhentheyhaveanideaowherethereiscomingromandseekcoverastherstactionwhentheydonot.InanycasenodoctrinalsourcesupportstheideathataSoldiershouldorgoseekingcoverandreturningreuntilhehasrenderedareport.AndyetthatisthemethodcommonlytaughtortheBLFX.Contact12oclock50metersisveryoentheveryrstthingthatSoldiersdowhentargetsareexposedontherange.SincenoonearrivedatFortJacksonwiththispracticetheonlypossibleexplanationisthatwetaughtittothem.Noleadershouldallowsuchapracticetogouncorrected.6.Unrealisticgrenadescenario.TemostcommonendtotheBLFXistheemploymentoatrainingM67ragmentationgrenade.woscenariosaregenerallyusedonerequiringtheSoldiertothrowahandgrenadeat4enemysoldiersatarangeoabout50metersresultinginsomethingnearinga100ailurerateandtheotherdirectingtheSoldiertorespondtothepresenceo4enemysoldiersat50metersbyAPrimerforLeadersthrowingahandgrenadethroughthenearestwindow.Bothailtoqualiyasrealistictraining.oteachaSoldiertoemployagrenadeincorrectlyintheBLFXlargelyundoesallthepreviousworktotrainhertoemployitcorrectly.FortunatelytherearerealisticscenariosthatrequiretheSoldiertoemployagrenadeinaccordancewithbothhisrealcapabilitiesandoracleartacticalpurpose.7.TewaywediditatBraggOneomymosttreasuredmemoriesocompanycommandinvolvesacompanynightnon-illuminateddeliberateattackLFXsupportedbyartilleryandattackaviationwitharehearsalexecutedononepieceoterrainandtheLFXexecutedonanother.ItremainsoneothemostdemandingtrainingeventsIhaveeverparticipatedinandgavemealevelocondencethatewothereventshave.SuchrealistictrainingcanbedoneanditcanbedonesaelygivenadequatelytrainedSoldiersandleaderssucientseniorleaderoversightandplentyotimetopracticepracticepractice.ToseconditionsdonotexistinBasicCombatrainingandthetemptationtoreachortrainingthatismoreappropriateorthemoreadvancedstagesocollectivetraininginestablishedunitsmustberesisted.TeBLFXisnotanoverlycomplicatedtrainingeventbutitrefectsthetypeocomplexitythatisappropriateorSoldiersenteringtherealmomaneuverliveretrainingortheveryrsttime.Conclusion.TebuddyteamlivereexerciseisoneothemostimportanttrainingeventsintheBasicCombatrainingPOIrequiringSoldierstoapplyamyriadotasksonwhichtheyhavealreadybeencertiedbytheirleaders.WithoutproperpreparationandleaderenergyhoweveritcaneasilybecomejustanotherdayotraininginwhicheachSoldiergoesthroughaseriesoprescribedmotions.ExecutedcorrectlytheeventsatOmahaBeachRangecandrasticallyimproveagraduatescompetenceintheemploymentohisarmsandhispersonalcondenceinhisabilitytoghtsurviveandwinonthebattleeld.3AdmittedlypartotheconusioncomesromtheSPwhichseemstoindicatethatthetravelingtechniqueisappropriateorthedryreiteration.Itisnot. 20JacksonJournalAugust-November2013MarksmanshiphasbeenaundamentalskillorSoldierssincetheearliestrearmsappearedonthebattleeld.Tetacticsandtrainingmethodshavechangedbuttheprincipalsremainthesame.ohitadistanttargetaSoldiermustrstunderstandhowtheweaponoperates.Teymustintimatelyknowtheirrifeinsideandouthowthevariouspartsworktogetherandwhatcausesthemtomalunction.ASoldiermustgrasptheconceptosaeweaponshandlingandmuzzleawarenesscyclesounctioningloadingandunloadingproceduresandtheourundamentalsomarksmanship.TesebasicskillscomposePreliminaryMarksmanshipInstructionPMIvitalskillsthatmustberememberedthroughoutaSoldierscareer.DrillSergeantsingrainSPORSSlapPullObserveReleaseapandSqueezeThinkersbeforeShootersSSGCalebPVanVoorhisintoeverySoldier.Itisrepetitiveandoragoodreason.Itmustbecomesecondnaturetheoverallgoalbeingsubconsciouscompetenceordoingsomethingwellwithoutthinkingaboutit.Musclememoryisanothernameorthisortheoldphrasepracticemakesperect.Butthatisnotentirelytrue.PerfectpracticemakesperfectandtheCadreattheInitialEntryrainingbasescouldbedoingsomethingsdierentlythatwouldmakeahugeimpactonthewaytheirSoldiersperorm.IaSoldierdoesntunderstandwhyhesheisdoingsomethingheorshewillnotdoittothebestotheirability.WeastrainersneedtoconveytoourSoldierstheWHY.Teyneedtonotjustrepeatwhattheyaredoingbutwhytheyaredoingit.ForexamplewhydoweteachthemtopointtheirtoesoutandgetstraightbehindtheweaponintheproneNaturalpointoaimlowersilhouetterecoilItistheriethatultimatelytakesgroundanditisrierethatholdsitaferitstakenbythrowingbackenemycounter-attack.Temanwiththerieisthemanwhowinswarsandaccurateriereromindividualriemenisthemosteectiveactoronanybattleeld.USMCRaiderandBrigadierGeneralMerrittEdson August-November2013JacksonJournal21managementtheyneedtoknowthis.Ourtrainingneedstobemoreocusedonproblemsolving.WeneedtoteachSoldierstoFIGHwitharifenotjusttoshootarife.odothisweneedtocreatethinkersbeoreshooters.Weneedadaptiveproblemsolverswhounderstandthatthereismorethanonesolutiontomostanyproblem.Insteadostaringattheirweaponorraisingtheirhandwhentheyhaveamalunctiononalivererangetheyimmediatelyassessthesituationandapplytheappropriateimmediateorremedialaction.IteachmySoldiersthatwhentheyhearaclickinsteadoabangtocanttheweaponlookattheejectionportreloadinecessaryitheboltisorwardperormSPORS.Iitisadoubleeedlockthebolttotherearorceullyremovethemagazinerackthecharginghandlethreetimesinsertareshmagazineandcontinuering.IaSoldierjustblindlyperormsSPORSonadoubleeedthisonlyexacerbatestheproblem.TisisthepointImtryingtomakewhenIsaythinkersbeoreshooterstheunderstandingowhyisparamount.eachSoldiersaboutballistics.WestillhaveCadrethatareunawarethatbulletsdonttravelinastraightline.ExplaintoyourSoldierswhyweuseanadjustedaimingpointandthatagivenweaponwithironsightszeroedtobeaccurateat25metersand300metersduetotheorcesogravityduringtheexternalballisticspartothisequationtheroundwilltravelinaparabolaorarchingtrajectory.Justlikewhenyouthrowaootballyouhavetothrowithighertogetittogoarther.Tesightsaredesignedtohitpointoaimpointoimpactat300meterssonaturallyanythingcloserthenthatyouwillhithigheronthetarget.AhugenumberoSoldiersshootbetteronceyouexplainthesebasicconceptstothem.MostmissesThinkerswithnoviceshootersarehittinghighduetothemnotunderstandingbasicballistics.Teachthemthesubtlenuancesowhatafectstheirgroupingswhentheyareonthegroupandzerorangeexplainthatyoucantellbythewaythegroupisstrungoutleorrightthattheyarejerkingthetriggerinsteadopressingitstraighttotherearorupanddownistheefectsoimproperbreathcontrol.ExplainthateverypersonhasdierentbodymechanicsandthatwhatworksoroneSoldiermaynotworkoranother.eachthemtobecondentthattheyaretheweaponandtherifeisatool.rainanddrillthemuntiltheweaponbecomesanextensionotheirbodyandtheycanperormreloadsinthedark.WehavethetimeandopportunitytocreateabetterbreedoSoldierandweastrainersoweittothemtoimparttheskillstheyneedtoonedaysavetheirlietheirbuddiesormaybeevenyours.akethatextratimeoutandexplainWHYwedowhatwedoandthinkabouthowwecoulddoitbetter.SSGCalebP.VanVoorhisisaassignedtoBravoCompany1stBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade. 22JacksonJournalAugust-November2013AlittlewhileagoIwassittinginamesshallwatchinganewgroupoSoldiersintrainingandtheeventsthatunoldedasIsattherecausedmetoponderiwearesettingthecorrectconditionsornewSoldierstolearnanddevelopduetothewayweperceivethemandthemannerinwhichweacttowardsthemintraining.TeBasicCombatrainingCompanyIobservedwasseatedattheirlongtablesweaponsonthegroundbusilyeatingtheirlunchtimemeal.Terewasnotalkingorchatterasthe200plusnewrecruitsate.TecompanysDrillSergeantswalkedsternlybythetablesobservingtheSoldierswithoutmuchanare.TerewereaewmildtonecommentstoeatquicklysothattheSoldierscouldgetbackouttotrainingbutnothingmore.Teproessionaltranquilityportrayedbythecadrecouldbeseeninthequietdeterminationothenewrecruitseating.TeSoldierswerecomposedastheylookedocusedtocompletethesimpletaskonishingtheirmealsotheycouldcontinuetrainingintheirmissiontobecomeaUSArmySoldier.SuddenlyanothercompanyenteredthemesshallandthesoundsotheirDrillSergeantstookcontrolotherelativecalm.Tesereneatmosphereadedrapidlyasangryshoutstellingprivatestoshutupandgetyouroodcreatedanuneasyenvironmentorallthoseinlineandthoseseated.TeactthattheDrillSergeantswereyellingattheprivateswasnotdisturbingbecauseitisnormalintheindoctrinationprocessintothemilitary.HoweverthetoneandapproachothecadretowardstheSoldierswasvividlydierentandunsettling.TeordersandcommentsbythisgroupocadredidnotportrayanimageotoughNCOsenorcingrigiddisciplinebutratheracausticattitudetowardstheirrecruitsastarkcontrasttothecompanyIhadbeenpreviouslywatching.TeDrillSergeantswereopenlyberatingtheSoldiersanddisplayinganattitudethatdidnotrefectaresponsibilitytotrainormentorSoldiersbutonethatdemonstratedcontemptoragroupoyoungAmericanswhohadvolunteeredtoservetheirnation.IsurveyedthereactionothegroupoSoldierssittingdownandsawthattheyhadsuddenlybecomejitteryandwatchedastherstgroupoDrillSergeantsturnedtolookatthenewlyarrivedcadretheirownpeerswithamazement.TeseDrillSergeantsinstilledadierentrelationshipbetweenthemselvesandthoseundertheirchargethatseemedbasedonearandcontempt.UnortunatelytheyailedtounderstandthattheywereunderminingarelationshippivotalincreatinganenvironmentwhereSoldierscanlearnandeelasenseoworthandpurpose.AndthenitbecamealltoocleartoseethatonegroupwasgoingtolearninBasicrainingandonewasnot.TedierenceistreatingsomeonewithDignityorDisdain.Dignityisaninnaterighttorespectandethicallytreatothers.Dignitydemonstratesamoralrequirementtoactivelyassistoneanotherinachievinggreaterthings.TeamousenlightenedDignityorDisdainHowWeThinkAboutActTowardsandDevelopNewSoldiersCOLBryanHernandez August-November2013JacksonJournal23philosopherImmanuelKantwrotethatMoralityandhumanityascapableoitisthatwhichalonehasdignity.Converselydisdainisalackorespectaccompaniedbyaeelingointensedislike.Whensomeoneistreatedwithdisdaintheylearnnothingbecausetheyaretreatedasineriororworthless.TerstgroupoDrillSergeantstreatedtheirSoldierswithdignityitwasapparentinthewaytheycarriedthemselvesandthewaytheytalkedwiththeirSoldiers.Teywereallocusedandproessional.Telanguageandattitudedisplayedbythesecondgroupdemonstratedacontrarymannerobehaviorwheretheirleadershipdidnotcomprehendtheirroleastrainersandmentorsnorunderstanditsnegativeimpactonlearning.Intodayssocietywearewitnessingchangesinboththesocialandmoralabricohowwetreatoneanother.ProanityconrontationandagenerallackorespecttowardsothersaremoreprevalentineverydayAmericanlieandpromotedinmediaoutletssuchasrealitytelevisionandtheinternet.Tecosthasbeenthedegradationotraditionallyheldvaluesandstandardsamongstouryouth.IntheArmyithasbecomeespeciallyproblematicreversingthistrendaswerecruitnewSoldiersromthroughoutthisnationraisedunderthesecurrentconditionsandbringthemintoanenvironmentbuiltuponmoralcharactertraitsthatpromoterespectintegrityandvalues.Manyyoungmenandwomenjointhemilitarybecausetheyarelookingtojoinanorganizationthatispledgedtohighstandardsandinculcatedwithmembersthathavethem.Teyareseekingrespectandasenseoworth.OurresponsibilityasleadersistodelivertheneededingredientstodevelopautureSoldierwhocanespouseourorganizationalvaluesandmoreimportantlylivetheminbothpeacetimeandcombat.oachievethistheymustbetreatedwithdignitynotdisdain.Ithasbeensaidthatnoteamcanwinachampionshipwithacoachthatailstoinspirethemtoachievegreatness.TesamemaximholdstrueordevelopinganArmy.DignityorDisdainHowtodevelopaSoldiertomeetourArmygoalsandstandardsisdependentuponthemethodwetreatandacttowardsthemintraining.Manywouldstatethattrainingmustbehardavalidargumenttoproperlyprepareouryoungmenandwomenortherigorsandharshnessowar.Howeverthereisadiferencebetweenbeinghardandbeingcallous.Soldiersdonotrespondnorlearninanenvironmentpermeatedbycadrethattreatthempoorly.Iwelookbackintoourownpastasstudentsinschoolwecanprobablydiscernwhichclassandteachertaughtusthemostinourpreparationoradulthoodandlie.Iwouldguessthatwewouldallpicktheteacherthatheldustothehigheststandardstookinterestinourlearningandtreateduswithrespectanddignity.TereisnodiferenceintrainingaciviliantobecomeaSoldier.UnortunatelytherearethoseindividualswhobecomedetachedromtheirSoldiersandcontemptuousintheirattitudetowardstrainingthem.TequestioniswhyCadretreatSoldierspoorlywhentwothingsoccurrsttheylosesightotheirdutytoserveasarolemodelandmentorwhoisresponsibleorboththeindividualandcollectivedevelopmentotheirSoldiers.SecondlycadrememberstreatnewSoldiersbadlywhentheymentallyseparatethemselvesromtheirSoldiersthroughaprocessthatdehumanizesthemandreducestheirimportancetotheorganization.Tisunortunateprocessbeginswhencadreviewrecruitsasunworthyorbeneaththem.Itoccurswhenweailtoexhibittheverytraitsweadvocateasanorganizationandwebecometheenemyourselves.ItisasimilarprocessthatourSoldiersaceincombatwhendealingwithstressandthemyriadodangerousoperationsthatinvolveseparatingriendromoeinacounter-insurgencyenvironment.TeprocessstartsslowlybythelanguageandnameswechoosetoaddressnewSoldiersoroutsiderstotheorganization.Itstartsbythemannerismsandattitudewehavewhendealingwiththemonadaily 24JacksonJournalAugust-November2013basis.Insteadotreatingthemwithdignitywetreatthemwithdisdain.TeresultisanenvironmentthatailstopromotelearningorimbuethemoraltraitsdesiredbyourArmy.AskyourselhowcananyonelearninanenvironmentodisdainYoucannotandthereorewewillailatourmissioniweallowittoexist.WeneedtobeawarethatthewordsweusethewaywetalktonewSoldiersandourgeneraltemperamenttowardsthemhasadirectimpactinhowwelltheywilllearn.alkingdowntoSoldierstoincludetheuseoexcessiveoullanguagedoesnotdevelopthembutratherdisplaysbothignoranceandalackostandardsbytheirleaders.ArecentlettercirculatedthroughouttheleadershipoInitialEntryrainingromarelativeoaSoldierthatgraduatedBasicCombatrainingillustratessomeothechallengesweareacinginbeingproperrolemodelsorournewlyenlistedSoldiers.TerelativecametotheSoldiersgraduationandwasdumboundedbythechangeinbehaviorandoullanguageusedbytheSoldierwithhisbattlebuddiesandhisamilythroughouttheday.TerelativewrotethatshewasembarrassedbytheamountoproanityhernephewusedandsaddenedbytheArmysailuretoliveuptoitspromisetoinstillcorevaluesandhighmoralstandardsintoitsnewrecruits.Terelativewasabsolutelycorrectweasleadersandrolemodelshadailed.Tereasonweailedisbecauseweourselvesdidnotliveuptoourownvalues.Soldierslearnromtheirleaderstheywatcheverythingwesayanddo.Wecannotteachwhatwedonotpracticeeverydayintheirtraining.AsweasanArmycontinueonthisendeavortotransormournationsyouthintoAmericanSoldiersIoferaewkeypointsorthosechargedwiththedevelopmentoouruturegenerationoguardians.Wemustsetthestandardineverythingwesayanddo.Tisrequiresthehighestlevelosel-disciplineandconstantworktoensurewearelivinguptotheexpectationsnewSoldiershaveousastheirteacherandmentor.TeSoldiersyoutrainareyoungimpressionableandunassumingastheyleavetheirormerlivesbehindtojoinanorganizationingrainedinvaluesandintegrityandortiedbydisciplineandstandards.Teyexpecttojointhemostproessionalmilitaryintheworldasdotheiramiliesandthisnation.Teylooktoyouastheirrolemodel.Teyaspiretobeyouoneday.Teyexpecttolearn.Teyexpecttrainingtobetoughandtheircadretougher.Teylooktoyoutoteachthemeverything.Teyseekrespect.Teylearnwhenmentallyandphysicallychallengedandgivenanenvironmentthatpromotesexcellenceandselworthiness.Teyseektheextraordinary.Allthisispossiblewhencertainconditionsexistrstwedemonstratethevaluesandproessionalismweteachandmostespeciallywetreatthemwithdignity.COLBryanHernandezistheCommanderofthe165thInfantryBrigadeBasicCombatTrainingatFortJacksonSC. August-November2013JacksonJournal25 26JacksonJournalAugust-November2013CharacterCountsLessonsfromthelifeofJohnWoodenLTCRMikeRyan August-November2013JacksonJournal27InhisrstseasonasIndianaStatesheadbasketballcoach1947JohnWoodenleadtheSycamorestoarecordo18-7.OneothereserveplayersonthatteamClarenceWalkerwasanArican-American.AttheendotheseasontheteamreceivedaninvitationtoplayintheNationalAssociationoIntercollegiateBasketballNAIBnationaltournamentinKansasCity.SincetheNAIBwassegregatedWoodenwastoldthattheonlywayhisteamcouldplaywasitheyleWalkerbehind.WoodenreusedtoattendthetournamentiWalkercouldntbeontheteam.TenextseasonIndianaStaterepeatedasconerencechampionsandreceivedthesameinvitation.AgainWoodenturneditdown.Tistimethetournamentchangeditsrulesandallowedblackplayers.ClarenceWalkerbecametherstArican-AmericantoplayintheNAIBtournament.TisstoryhighlightshowWoodensconcernorhisplayerswentbeyondbasketball.Hetreatedeveryoneonhisteamasaamilymemberandequalandwasnotabouttoleaveaamilymemberbehind.IthetermMarchMadnessexistedincollegebasketballwhenJohnWoodencoachedtheUCLABruinsitwouldhavebeenrenamedBruinMadness.Overatwelveyearperiodrom1964to1975WoodenguidedtheUCLABruinsto10NationalChampionships7inarow4perectseasonsandan88gamewinningstreak.TeseachievementswhichwillprobablyneverbeduplicatedhaveearnedWoodentheunocialtitlegreatestcoachever.Woodenneverletallohisteamsaccomplishmentsoraccoladesgotohishead.Teollowingstoryoccurredin1964aerCoachWoodensBruinswontheirrstnationalchampionship.Itisagreatexampleohishumblecharacter.WewononaSaturdaynightWoodensaid.TenextdaywasEasterSundayandIplannedongoingouttochurch.TatmorningmywieandIwereoutsideourhotelwaitingtogetacabtotaketochurch.Andapigeonhitmerightontopothehead.AndIeltwellwejustwonthenationalchampionshiptheteamdiddontletitgotoyourhead.AndIthinkthegoodLordwaslettingmeknowdontgetcarriedaway.Illalwaysrememberthat.Asleadersweshouldconstantlystrivetolearnasmuchaswecanaboutleadership.OnewayCharactertodothisisbyexaminingandreadingaboutthelivesoleadersthroughouthistory.Notjustmilitaryleadersbutleadersromallwalksoliegovernmentbusinessandsportstonameaew.Itrulybelieveinthephraseleadersarereaders.ReadingaboutthelieoJohnWoodenamanwhowasbornonasmallarminthe1920sandisoneoonlythreemembersotheBasketballHalloFametobeinductedasbothaplayerandcoachisaperectplacetostart.WalkintoanyBarnesNoblebookstoreandyouwillndadozenbooksaboutWoodenwiththemainocusoallothemonleadershipnotbasketball.Teparallelsbetweenhisphilosophyonleadershipspecicallyhispyramidosuccessgure1andthoseoundintheleadershiprequirementsmodelromArmyDoctrinePublicationADP6-22ArmyLeadershipgure2arenumerous.Whenitcomestoleadershipcompetencedetermineswhatapersoncando.Commitmentdetermineswhattheywanttodoandcharacterdetermineswhattheywilldo.Woodenbelievedthatcharacterdoingtherightthingwasfundamentaltosuccessfulleadership.Iyouexaminethemanyailuresinleadershiptodayinbusinessgovernmentandthemilitarythegeneralthemewoventhroughoutisalackocharacter.InthethirdchapteroADP6-22itisstatedthatcharacterisessentialtosuccessulleadership.Itdetermineswhopeoplearehowtheyactandithelpsdeterminerightromwrong.Manypeoplebelievesocietyhaslostsightocharacter.Tatwearetoocompetencyocusedorthatwecannotassesscharacterobjectively.Asleadersthereismuchthatyouwecandotodevelopcharacterinothers.Simplytalkingaboutcharactermakingitanimportantandavaluedtopicstimulatesproessionaldialogueandacilitatesindividualrefection.AristotlesaidWearewhatwerepeatedlydo.Hewasreerringtocharacterthevaluesandhabitsoourdailybehaviorthatrevealwhoandwhatweare.Woodenbelievedthatthelessonsthatbasketballprovidedhisplayerstaughtproperlyapplieddirectlytolie.Fromanearlyagehisdadalwayssaid.Sondonteverthinkyourebetterthansomebodyelsebutneverorgetyourejustasgoodasanybody.Nobetterbutjustasgood. 28JacksonJournalAugust-November2013TerearemanystoriesthatshowhowJohnWoodentriedtooersomeguidancetoplayersintheareaovaluesandcharacteroneinparticularocusedonsomethingassimpleasat-shirt.PlayerswouldoentakehometheircottonUCLApracticet-shirtsassouvenirstoweararoundcampusandelsewhere.Teplayersdidnotviewthisastheanymorethanemployeesviewasthethetakingoofcesuppliessuchaspaperandpenstotheirhouses.Woodenvieweditdierently.Hebelievedthattakingequipmentthatdidntbelongtoyouwaswrong.Iyouwantat-shirthewouldsaytohisplayersjustcomeinandaskmeorone.Illgiveyouat-shirtbutdonttakeititsnotyours.Figure1Figure2 August-November2013JacksonJournal29MikeRyanistheG5fortheUnitedStatesArmyTrainingCenterandFortJackson.HislastassignmentintheArmywasastheCommander1stBattalion34thInfantryRegimentatFortJackson.KnowingthatWoodenwouldtakeastandonthisissuegaveplayersaninsightintohisvaluesystemandwhathestoodor.ValuesandstandardsidealsandprinciplesmatteredtoWooden.HebelievedallohisplayerswereatUCLAoraneducationrstandbasketballsecond.Hewantedeveryplayertoearnandreceivehisdegree.Hetaughthisplayersthatwhattheydidofthecourtwasjustasimportantaswhattheydidonthecourt.SimilartolieasanArmyleaderwhereyouareneverof-duty.Woodennevercursedordisrespectedothers.Hehadincredibledisciplineandsel-control.Inover40yearsocoachinghewascalledoratechnicaloulonlytwotimes.HepublishedstandardsandWOODENMAXIMSDontmeasureyourselfbywhatyouveaccomplishedbutbywhatyoushouldhaveaccomplishedwithyourabilities.Performatyourbestwhenyourbestisrequiredandyourbestisrequiredeachday.Nobodycareshowmuchyouknowuntiltheyknowhowmuchyoucare.Thingsworkoutbestforthosewhomakethebestofthewaythingsworkout.Donotmistakeactivityforachievement.Notes1.JohnWoodenandSteveJamisonWoodenonLeadershipNewYorkMcGraw-Hill2005.2.JohnWoodenandJayCartyCoachWoodensPyramidoSuccessBuildingBlocksForABetterLieVenturaCaliorniaRegalBooks20053.NevilleL.JohnsonTeJohnWoodenPyramidoSuccessLosAngelesCaliorniaCoolitles20004.JohnWoodenandSteveJamisonCoachWoodensLeadershipGamePlanorSuccessNewYorkMcGraw-Hill2009.5.LieLessonsLearnedromWoodenJ.A.AdandeESPN.COMJune52010.6.DevelopingLeadershipCharacterMaryCrossanJefreyGandzandGeraldSeijtsIveryBusinessJournalJan-Feb2012.enorcedthemwithhisplayers.EverydaytaskssuchastuckinginyouruniormhaircutsandbeingontimetopracticematteredtoWooden.Insummarycharactercountsandvaluesmatter.AsanArmyleaderitisyourresponsibilitytosetthestandardorbothinyourorganization.Characterstartswiththelittlethingsandextendstobigthings.AsRalphWaldoEmersonsaysTeorceocharacteriscumulative.ForWoodentheidealleaderwassomeonewhoselieandcharactermotivatedpeopletoollow.Tebestkindoleadershipderiveditscapacityromtheorceoexamplenotromthepoweropositionorpersonality.Yourbehaviorasaleaderwhatyoudocreatestheclimateinwhichyourorganizationfunctions. Simplicityistheultimatesophistication. LeonardodaVinci 32JacksonJournalAugust-November2013ServinginanInitialEntryrainingIEenvironmenttwicesincemyenlistmentin2007hasbeenbothrewardingandchallenging.TisismysecondassignmentinaBasicCombatrainingunitatFortJackson.IwashereoncebeoreasaPrivatein2007andnowasaDrillSergeantin2013.ComingbacktoFortJacksonandhavinganewpointoviewasarasbeingontheothersideothetrainingequationhasbeengreat.IhavelearnedsomuchsinceIcameonthetrailinFebruaryandIamcurrentlyonmysecondcycle.ComingbacktoanInitialEntryrainingenvironmentorthersttimeinyearshastakensomegettingusedto.TerehavebeensomanychangesintheDrillSergeantProgramandArmyregulation350-6.IcanlookatmyselnowandmybattlebuddiesandseeatotalchangeinusasDrillSergeantscomparedtotheDrillSergeantsthatIhadinBasicCombatraining.IwakeupeverymorningbeoresunriseandheadonposttomyCompany.WhiledrivingtoworkIclearmymindandocusonthetaskstobecompletedorthatday.Soalltherustrationsissuesandtheshortamountodowntimeromthedaybeoreisorgotten.Iliketotreateverydayasiitwasdayzeroalloveragain.NowwhenIsaydayzeroalloveragainIdontmeanyellingandbeingridiculoustowardstheSoldiers.Imeangivingthemnoslackatallperiodpointblank.IalwaystellmySoldiersIdontcarewhatcolorthatphasebannerisyouwillnotgetanyleniencyromme.MySoldiersaretaughtthebasicshencethatiswhytheyarehereorBasicCombatraining.Teyaretaughtwhattherightwayisandwhatthestandardissotherearentanyexcuses.ConductingphysicalreadinesstrainingwithmySoldiersinthemorningsishonestlythebestpartomydaythatIlookorwardtothemost.Inmyopiniontherstormationothedayandthephysicaltnesssessionwillsetthetoneonhowthedayfows.IIshowuptoormationandIaminabadmoodbecauseIdidntgetenoughsleeporwhateverthecasemaybemySoldierswillseethat.IbelievethatwhetherweasDrillSergeantsrealizeitornotwetrulyarerolemodelsortheseSoldiers.osomeSoldierswearethelawlayingparentsorguardianstheyveneverhadbeore.EverythingthatwedoorsaytheSoldierswillemulate.WhenmySoldierswanttoquitonanabilitygrouprunIneverletthemquit.WhenmySoldiersthinktheycantdoonemorepushuporsituponmuscularstrengthdayImotivatethemtorealizetheyarestrongerthantheythinkandthatyestheycandoonemoreIcontinuetolookorwardtonewrevelationseveryday.WorkinginanInitialEntryrainingenvironmentcantrulymakeorbreakyourcareer.IbelievethatiswhytherearesomanyNoncommissionedOcersthatshyawayrownuponanddontanswerthecalltobeaneliteleaderortheutureoourArmy.Myhopeisthatmyselandmyellowbattlebuddiesmakeittotheendothetrail.SSGTameshaHolmanisaDrillSergeantinFoxtrotCompany2ndBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade.LifeinanInitialEntryTrainingEnvironmentSSGTameshaHolman August-November2013JacksonJournal33ereisonlyonewaytosucceedinanythingandthatistogiveiteverything.VinceLombardi 34JacksonJournalAugust-November2013omeitisobviouslymoreanditisdenedontheimpactsIhavemadeianyonpeopleslivestherelationshipsmadeandwhatIhavelearnedovertimeasacommander.SowhatdidIlearnMorethanIeverexpected.OutoalltheassignmentsthatIhaveeverdonebothasanenlistedinantrymanandasanofcerbeingacommanderwasthehardestespeciallyinaBasicCombatrainingBCenvironment.Itwasphysicallyemotionallyandmentallychallenging.YouhavetotrulymanagetimeknowdoctrineoratleastwheretonditmanagepeopleandpersonalitiesunderstandthateverycycleisdierentandmorethananythingunderstandthatiyouletititcanbecomeallencompassingitisanebalancingactbetweenworkandFamilythatyouMUSbeabletomanage.Howeverregardlessohowdifcultitcanbeitisullyworthitwhichleadsmetomysecondpoint.EveryoneIhaveeverknownincommandpastandpresentsayitwasaprivilegeandtheyareright.InactAR600-20CommandPolicyspecicallymentionsinparagraph1-5thatcommandisaprivilegeandisexercisedbyvirtueoofceandthespecialassignmentomembersotheUnitedStatesArmedForcesholdingmilitarygradewhoareeligibletoexercisecommand.Acommander.exercisesprimarycommandauthorityoveramilitaryorganizationorprescribedterritorialareathatunderpertinentofcialdirectivesisrecognizedasacommand.IthasbeenthemostamazingprivilegeworkingbesidesomeothebestNoncommissionedOfcersintheCorps.obeabletohelpthemgrowassistintheirproessionaldevelopmentwhilestrivingtobethebesthasbeenincredible.MoreoverparticularlyinthisenvironmenttheresponsibilityotransormingciviliansintoSoldiersandwelcomingnewFamiliesintotheArmyFamilywhileStrivingtodevelopmaintainandusetheullrangeohumanpotentialintheirorganizationtheArmyisoverwhelming.Callingcommandjustaprivilegeisanunderstatementasitissomuchmore.Youmustbehumble.Justbecauseyouareincommanddoesnotmeanyouknoweverythingorarebetterthananyoneelseis.Astheoneinchargeyoumustsettheexampleandollowthegoldenrule.AR600-20paragraph1-5statesthatasacommanderyoumustpromoteapositiveenvironmentproperlytrainassessthecommandclimateshowinthemselvesagoodexampleovirtuehonorpatriotismandsubordinationandtopromoteandsaeguardthemoralethephysicalwell-beingandthegeneralwelareotheofcersandenlistedpersonsundertheircommand.Arrogancehasnoplaceincommand.Nothingsaysyoucannotlearnsomethingneweveryday.YourNCOsandSoldierscanteachyoumorethanyouknow.Createanatmosphereoweasopposedtome.Everyoneknowsyouarethecommanderandyournameisonthewall.Youdonothavetogoaroundlettingeveryoneknowit.AskyourSoldiersandNCOsortheirinput.Helpthemtoeelthattheirinputisimportanttoo.Teresponsibilityisyoursbutincludingyoursubordinateswillhelpyoucreateanddeveloptheteaminsteadoindividuals.Tissameattitudewithinyourunitshouldbeappliedtoyoursisterunitswithinthebattalion.Rememberitdoesnotmatterhowsuccessulyouareithatsuccessisnothelpingyourbattalionbrigadeetcsucceed.WhatareyoudoingtohelptheteamBehonestwithyourbossandSoldiers.IntegrityisawayolieAR600-20p1-53.IyoucannotmeetmissionorthereareissuesthatarisejustbeRefectionsoaCompanyCommanderCPVincentCerchioneAsIpreparetorelinquishcommandaer18monthsIhavebeguntoreectbackonthisevolutioninmymilitarycareerandwhatdefneswhetheritwassuccessul.IsitanevaluationAnawardorajobwelldoneOntheotherhandisitmore August-November2013JacksonJournal35honestandtelltheboss.Teoldclichthatbadnewsdoesnotgetbetterwithtimeistrue.TesamecanbeappliedtoyourSoldiers.Yourhonestyandabilitytoadmitthatyoumadeamistakegoesalongwaytoeitherestablishingorstrengtheningyourcredibilitywithyourtroops.Letthemseeyouarehuman.ManydonotunderstandthatbeingonthetrailorbeingincommandoaBCTcompanyislikeaministatesidedeployment.ManyhoursareputintotrainingutureSoldiersandthisincludesmanyhoursawayromlovedones.WhoeversaidthatcomingtoFortJacksonwastakingakneehasobviouslyneverdonethisjobWeallowedFamilymemberstocomeouttotrainingparticipateincertaineventssuchastheConfdenceowerandencouragedthemtocomearoundthecompany.MyDrillSergeantswatchedmychildrengrowupoverthelast18months.TeysawwhatIwasdealingwithandtheywereabletorelatetosomeotheirownstruggles.TisallowedormoreopennessandabilityortheDrillSergeantstocomeorwardwhentheywerehavingissuesbecausetheyknewtheywouldnotbejudgedandthattheirproblemswouldbeunderstood.Sometimestheyjustneededtoknowtheywerenotalone.Tistiesindirectlywithmynextpoint.akecareoFamilies.WiththeseminideploymentsoronanydeploymentmanytimestheFamilyisorgotten.Teysacrifcebykeepingthehomegoingspendingmanyhoursawayromtheirlovedonesandtakingadvantageowhatlittletimetheyhad.WekeptourFamiliesinormedbyprovidingweeklyemailsandcalendarsotrainingevents.WeexplainedtrainingeventsandencouragedFamiliestocomeoutandseewhattheirlovedonesweredoing.WehadCadreluncheonsonQualifcationDayandFamilyDaycelebratedbirthdayseachmonthorCadreandSpousesandmadesurethateachFamilywascontactedwhentheyarrivedandknewthattheywereapartotheFoxtrotFamily.ItwasimportantthatFamiliesknewthattheywereappreciatedandhadasupportsystemthattheycouldcounton.AhappyFamilyusuallycreatesahappyDrillSergeantGetyourhandsdirtyleadromtheront.DonotexpectyourSoldierstodoanythingthatyouwouldnotdo.SettheexampleengageyourleadershipandSoldiersandexecutebeatthetraining.Noonelikesthecommanderthatisneveraroundbutalwayshassomethingtosayaboutthingsthatarewrong.RefectionsTrustyourNoncommissionedOfcersbygivingthemyourclearintentallowthemtoexecutethatintentandsupervisetheirexecution.TistrustwillbuildconfdenceinyourSoldiersandtheymusthaveconfdenceinthemselvestheirequipmenttheirpeersandtheirleaders.AleadershipclimateinwhichallSoldiersaretreatedwithairnessjusticeandequitywillbecrucialtodevelopmentothisconfdencewithinSoldiers.Commandersareresponsibleordevelopingdisciplinedandcohesiveunitssustainedatthehighestreadinesslevelpossible.AR600-201-53cMostothemwanttoandwilldotherightthing.Donthoardinormation.Seniorspeersandsubordinateswanttobeinormedsoprovidethatinormationregardlessowhatitis.Tereisnothingtop-secretaboutwhatwedoinBC.UsewhatyouknowtohelpdevelopmaintainandusetheullrangeohumanpotentialintheirorganizationAR600-201-54b.AsIstatedearlierwhatareyoudoingtohelptheteamSomeothismayseemlikeano-brainerbutIbelievemysuccessasacommanderandoursuccessasacompanywasdevelopedthroughthecontinualprocessolookingatthecompanyandaskingourselveshowwecanbebetterimproveandhelptheteamasawhole.MypriorexperienceasaDrillSergeantdidhelpinunderstandingwhatmyDrillSergeantsweregoingthroughhoweverIbelievethatbytreatingthemwithrespecttakingcareotheirFamiliesandcreatinganenvironmentthatallowedortheirgrowthbuilttheteamcreatedbuy-inandallowedorourcompanysoverallsuccess.CPTVincentCerchioneistheComanderofFoxtrotCompany1stBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade. 36JacksonJournalAugust-November2013WehaveallseentheWorldWarIImoviesorserialsinwhichthenewSoldierjumpsoatruckandlinksupwithhisunit.Hisequipmentisnewanduniormstillspotlesswhenhereportstohisplatoonsergeant.TeplatoonsergeantisanE6llingtheroleuntiltheygetareplacementsincethelastonewaskilledbyasniperashewascheckingtheplatoons.30caliberBrowningmachineguns.TenewSoldierissenttohissquadandhisoxholejustanimprovedblastcratermadewhentheytook88mmartilleryretwonightsago.Helooksorsomeinormationaboutwhathasbeenhappeningandhowhecanhelpbutnoonespeakstohim.Heisareplacementandtheydontlivetoolongontheront.Replacementscalloutwhentheyshouldbequiettheyreatatargettooarawayanddrawenemymortarsandtheylosecomposureandgettheothermemberskilled.WhywasthisthesituationyoumightaskIsthissomethingthatactuallyhappenedorjusttheportrayalinlmTisscenariowaslargelyduetothemannerinwhichunitshavereceivedreplacementsinrecentwarsspecicallyWorldWarII.TeconceptwassimpleanddevelopedbyArmyChieoStaGeneralGeorgeMarshallandCommanderoArmyGroundForcesGeneralLeslieMcNairastheyplannedthemovementandlogisticalsupportoAmericantroopsabroad.TeyknewthatgiventhedistancetotheEuropeanOrganizationalChangeintheBCTEnvironmentCPTMattCollinsPacicTeaterthestrainonUSequipmentproductionandtherelativelysmallsizeotheArmyatthetimetheycouldnotrotateanentireunitinandoutocombatliketheGermansweredoing.InsteadtheywouldhavetodeploythetrainedDivisionstotheaterandthenaugmentthemwithindividualreplacementsthroughasystemknownastheindividualreplacementsystemIRS.AfercompletinginitialtrainingnewSoldierswouldbesenttoareplacementdepotoverseasandwaitbeingissuedtoaunitmuchlikeanequipmentwarehousetoday.TesedepotsalsoservedtobreakupcohesiveunitsasinjuredSoldierswereseldomreturnedtotheiroriginalunit.InsteadtheseSoldiersweresenttomoredepletedunitsorthoseinneedoaparticularmilitaryoccupationalspecialtyMOS.TisofenledtoSoldiersailingtoreporttomedicalacilitiesollowingminorwoundsandalsoescapingthedepottoreturntotheirunitsontheline.TisharmulpolicywasonlyamendedtoallowSoldierstoreturntotheirunitinthelastyearothewar.Tissystemwasmadeworseonceunitssustainedheavycasualtiessincetheplanningactorsweresettoolow.TeinitialplanningconsiderationwasthatanInantryunitwouldsustain64.3casualtiesincombatoperations.AfercontinualreportsromcommandersinEuropethisestimatewasraisedto70.3inApril1944.Tisalsowasoundtobetoo1USArmyinWorldWarIIManpowerandSegregationbyRichAnderson August-November2013JacksonJournal37lowasInantryunitsinthetwomonthsollowingtheJune6Normandylandingsuered100casualtiesinthebreakoutromthebeachhead.Tislackoabilitytocorrectlyorecastledtoashortageosome11000inantrymenon8December1944intheTirdArmywhichequatesto55rifeCompanies-alosso15otheInantrycombatpowerotheTirdArmy1.TeselosseswouldbecomemoreapparentintheollowingweeksactionasSoldiersoughtintheArdennesduringtheBattleotheBulge.TeinormationaboveisappropriateorstudynotonlytounderstandtheextremesacriceoSoldierswhoservedbeorebutbecauseitimpactsuseverydayhereinBasicCombatraining.Ourlossopersonnelisnotrelatedtoenemyactionbutcansoundthesameinrawnumbers.In15monthsmy18manRifeCompanyhassustainedthelossoourFirstSergeantsinasmanycyclesthreeE7PlatoonsergeantstwoE6PlatoonSergeantsoneExecutiveOcerandoursupportcadre.TesecasualtiescamenotromartillerybutromthemoreroutinetwoyearPCSllingBattalionshortagescareeradvancementpromotionselectionorDrillSergeantSchooletc.Tesenumbersspeaktothesimilaritybetweensituationsasthepersonnelturnoverpercentageisroughly70sincemyarrivalinNovember2011.JohnMcManusauthoroTeDeadlyBrotherhoodTeAmericanCombatSoldierinWorldWarIIrecordedthatin1943only34percentotheinantrymeninlinecompaniescameoverseaswiththeirunits2.OrganizationalChangeomanagethischangewecanemploythreelessonsromthepastwhenunitsandcommandersoundthemselvesinsimilarsituations.Tesesimplethoughprooundsolutionsarestandardizationanactivementorandtrainingasawholewhennotdirectlyengaged.Standardizationandthinkingasateamarethekeystosuccessnowasinthepast.InordertomitigatetheailingsothereplacementsystemsomeleaderswouldimplementanunocialpolicytoprotectboththeincomingSoldierandthegroup.Teunitcommanderswoulddeliberatelyholdthereplacementbackuntiltherewasabreakinactivecombat.TiswasdonesothatthenewSoldierscouldattheveryleastgetsomeinantrytrainingasagroupinamorerelaxedsettingwhereliveswerenotontheline3.IknowthisispartotheintentinRADOCRegulation350-6asitstatesthatallcadrewillbecertiedbytheCompanyCommanderandCompany1SGbeoreinstructingSoldiersonthetraining.TiscadretrainingservestostandardizetheinstructiondeveloplocalSOPsandteachcadrethecommonmistakesthatresultromcertainevents.AlocalpolicyinourCompanytakesthisastepurtherasweneverputacadrememberinanypositionthattheyhavenotseenconductedtostandardbyaellowcertiedDrillSergeant.Tisincludesoperatingtheammopointorbeingasaetyatariferangeobstaclecourseeventhoughtheyarenottheprimaryinstructorortheday.Tenewcadremembermaystillservetoassistthecertiedmemberorrunadditionalsupportingtasksandinsodoingisgiven2TeDeadlyBrotherhoodTeAmericanCombatSoldierinWorldWarIIbyJohnMcManus3USWorldWarIIroopReplacementPolicybyCarolSchultzCasualtycollectionpointontheNormandybeaches1944Te60thINREGincontactwestofBastognein1944 38JacksonJournalAugust-November2013thetimetourtherdeveloptheirskillsandlevelounderstanding.TisundoubtedlyiswhatthoselineCommanderswereattemptingtoaccomplishwithgreentroopsreshromthedepotorinthisenvironmenttheDrillSergeantSchool.Unitsthatsuccessullymanagethischangeareonesthatcanreceivenewpersonnelandquicklygetthemtoahighunctioningstandard.TedaysonotspeakingtothenewguyhaslargelygoneastheNCOCorpshasbecomemoreproessionalandbettereducatedsincethedaysoWorldWarII.TeimportantnoteistowelcomenewpersonnelandappointthemaunitmentorusuallythecertiedPlatoonSergeantiavailable.TismentorisresponsibleortheirinstructionintheCompanytrainingmethodspre-certicationandassistingthemtounderstandtheenvironmentinwhichweoperate.CPTMattCollinsistheCommanderofCharlieCompany3rdBattalion60thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade.Finallywemustmakethemostoanyavailabletrainingtimewhenwearenotdirectlyengaged.Tistrainingservestoensurethereplacementsarepartotheteamkeepstheolderteammembersabreastoupdatesintheenvironmentandgivestimetorehearseutureengagements.Tetemptationistopusheveryoneoutonleaveinthishightempoenvironmentassoonastheactionlulls.HoweverwemustbevigilantaswecandothistoourdetrimentwhenourownArdennescampaignisjustaroundthenextcorner.Obviouslyshortagesinpersonnelstrengtharenoexcuseornotaccomplishingthemissionandthatisnotwhatissuggestedhere.U.S.Soldiershavealwaysaccomplishedthemissionwhetheritisthetrainingo200newSoldiersordeeatingtheTirdReich.Teseshortagesaremerelytheoperationalenvironmentwehaveacedacecurrentlyandwilllikelycontinuetoacegiventhedifcultroadahead.Byanalyzingthehistoryandmethodsothepastwecanattempttocorrecttheobviousmistakesandemplacethemethodsoruturesuccess.CasualtycollectionpointontheNormandybeaches1944 August-November2013JacksonJournal39FightingWordsTheintlockwasinventedinFrancein1610andcametoAmericanshoresshortlythereafter.Formorethan200yearstheintlockplayedamajorroleinAmericanhistory.FlintlockmusketsandpistolsweretheweaponsofchoiceintheAmericanRevolutiontheWarof1812andtheCivilWar.Andthoughtheyhavebeenobsoleteformorethanacenturytheyliveoninourlanguage.Toreaintlocktheshooterrstcockedthehammerpartwaysothathecouldsprinklesomepowderontotheprimingpanbuthehadtoremembertocockthehammertherestofwaybeforering.Otherwisethegunwouldgooffhalf-cocked.Whenthetriggerwaspulledthehammerbroughtdownapieceofintwithgreatforcecreatingashowerofsparks.Ifthepowderinthepanignitedbutfailedtosetoffthechargeinsidethebarreltheresultwasashowybutuselessashinthepan.Whenthathappenednooneknewwhenorifthegunwasgoingtogooff.Itwassaidtobehangingre.Bythewaythelockinintlockreferredtotheringmechanism.Itwasoneofthreemajorpartsofthegunonlyifyouhadthelockstockandbarreldidyouhaveeverything.Rememberthefintlock 40JacksonJournalAugust-November2013InGreco-Romantimesanathletewouldtakeprideinpresentinghimselasane-tunedhighperormingstrongandcompetitiveperson.TeathleteswouldspendhoursovigoroustrainingeverydaytosculpttheirbodiesinordertoCompeteinrontoenormouscrowdsthatwouldcheerthemoninsideotheColiseum.Teathletesgoalwastowintheprizeorstplaceandwithittheadmirationotheircountrymen.WeasSoldiersdothesamething.Tenumeroushourswespendinphysicaltrainingkeepingourbodiestalongwiththecountlesshoursconductingindividualandcollectivetrainingareocusedononeendstatetobereadytoghtandwinournationswars.FromaChristianperspectiveletmeshareaewversesoScripturethathelpmestayocuseduponmissionreadinessTereforesincewealsohavesuchalargecrowdofwitnessessurroundingusletuslayasideeveryweightandthesinthatsoeasilyensnaresus.LetusrunwithendurancetheracethatliesbeforeuskeepingoureyesonJesusthesourceandperfecterofourfaithwhoforthejoythatlaybeforeHimenduredacrossanddespisedtheshameandhassatdownattherighthandofGodsthrone.Heb.121-3HCSBDr.Websterauthoredabooktoexplainthemeaningowords.OnFebruary111806itwaspublishedandisknowntoustodayastheWebstersDictionary.ByhisdenitionthewordBurnasaverbliterallymeanstobedestroyedbyretoconsumeuelandgiveoheat.Asanounitmeansaninjuryproducedbyreheatorsteamtheringoarocketengineinspace.IdescribeTeBurnasanecessarytemporaryconditionthatneedsalogicalsolutionaphase.AsanArmyChaplainIdealwithmanySoldierswhoeelthestressesoliethatappearthattheycantbeovercome.ButIamarmbelievertodealwiththeBurnthatresiliencyisvitalinthelieoaSoldiertoday.InactIwanttotakethisonestepurtherandsaythataSoldierwhoisSpirituallytransormedwillhaveastrongeroundationorhisorherresiliency.IhaverommyperspectiveandexperienceourwaysthatSoldiersdealwiththeBurnintheirlives.Letsexaminetheseatthistime.Terstareaisspiritually.TeUnitedStatesArmyullyrecognizestheaithgroupsoChristianProtestantRomanCatholicLatterDaySaintsSeventhDayAdventistJewishMuslimandBuddhist.IneachotheseaithgroupsandothersoutsideowhattheUnitedStatesArmyrecognizesmanySoldiersofeneelasiGodisnotnearorwiththem.TisismostcommonwhenaSoldierisinacrisisosomesort.ForinstancethedeathoalovedonemaycauseaSoldiertoeelthatGodtooktheirlovedonebecauseosomethingthatheorshemayhavedoneornothavedoneAnothercommonreasoniswhenaSoldierisunderUCMJaction.NomatterwhatthereasontheSoldierisencounteringthetruthisthatGodsloveorpresencewillneverleaveororsakethosewhorstloveHim.IaSoldierisoanotheraithgroupordoesntwanttospeakwithmeIsimplyreertheSoldiertoachaplainotheSoldiersaithoraFamilyLieChaplainhereatFortJackson.IamarmbelieverthatasanArmyChaplainweneedtoworktogetherasateaminordertobetterserveandprovideorAmericassonsanddaughterswiththebestwehavetooerTesecondareainwhichaSoldierwillofeneeltheBurnispsychological.ostaywithinmylaneInetworkwithmentalhealthproessionalsChaplainCPTMarkMusser August-November2013JacksonJournal41oramedicaldiagnosisoaSoldier.HoweverIdohaveseminaryschoolingorpastoralclinicalpsychologicalcounselinganditisablessinginordertounderstandandengagewithmySoldiers.TeBurninmyproessionalexperiencethusaristwoold.FirstwithaconciseanalysisIassesswhattheneedsotheSoldierisare.FromtherethroughanetworkoproessionalsIreertheSoldiertotheproperhealthcareproviderorFamilyLieChaplain.SecondlyandmoreoentheSoldierisatamentalfoodstagetheyjustneedtotalkandhaveacompassionatepersonlistenoradviceorsometimesthebestcounselUnspokenwords.TethirdareathataSoldiermayeeltheBurnissocially.WhatIcherishasanArmyChaplainistheactthatweallcomeromdierentlieexperiences.TereoreItrytokeepanopenmindthatnotallpeoplewillcommunicatethinkorbehavethesameway.AlsokeyactorsthatinfuenceapersonsmaturationisthehomelietheSoldiergrewupinandwhatagegenerationheorshegrewupin.ForinstancebeinganolderGenerationXerbornaer1964betweenageso36-42wedressedwalkedtalkedandthoughtmuchdierentthantheGenerationYersbornaer1986betweentheages18and26.Asateenagerinthe1980swehadgaragedooropenershoweverIwasDadsgaragedooropenerOkayMarkgetoutothecarandopenthegaragedoorhewouldtellme.eenscommunicatedbyphonebutmostlybygettingoutothehouseandknockingonyourriendsdoor.Wecommunicatedinourschoolclassroomsbypassinganote.Nowyoutakethesesimplethreeexamplesandyoucanrollthemallintooneeasyclickoacellphone.WhocouldhaveeverimaginedTeBurnorthisgenerationistotakeatechnologicaldeviceawayromtheirchildorteenandtheresolutionistoteachthemtocommunicateacetoaceorinasmallgroupsetting.odaythereisalackosocialinteractionskillsbecauseothetechnologicaldevicesthatmaycausehighpotentialproblemsorthreereasons.Firstheorshemaybecomedependentupontechnologytocommunicate.Secondlywhentechnologytakesoverourbasicverbalacetoacecommunicationthenweceasetobuilduponbasicverbalcommunicationskills.FinallywelacktheopportunitytobecomeresilientthroughBeyondTheBurnhumanrelationships.IbelievethisiswhysomanyyoungSoldiershavetroublewithcommunicationandteambuildingskillsinasquadlevelelementespeciallyintheredphaseobasictraining.OurnalareathataSoldiermayeeltheBurnisphysically.OnceagainIwanttorevertbacktothegenerationalagestheraditionalistage62andolderBabyBoomerage43-61OlderBabyBoomersages43-61andOlderGenerationXersages36-42andsomeGenerationXersages26-35werechildrenthatwentoutsideandplayed.Mymotherhadtospankordisciplinemetogetmetocomehomebeorethestreetlightscameon.Nowmostmothershavetorewardtheirchildorjustwantingtoleavethehousetoplay.OnceagainwhocouldhaveeverimaginedItsnotthatthetechnologicalworldwasnotavailablebutratheritwasnotasprevalentasinGenerationYersages18-26.Tereorechildrenadolescentspre-teensandteenagersweremorephysicallyactiveasisevidentwiththeriseochildhoodobesityintheGenerationYers.TeBurnortheSoldierwhoreallyneedstogetinshapeisoeredbytheUnitedStatesArmyPhysicaltrainingIacceptthisasagreatblessingthattheArmypaysmetostayinshapeverseswhatevertheaveragecostisthesedaystojoinahealthandtnesscluborgym.osynergizetheseourmaincategoriesletslookatthecommonactorsotheBurn.Firstitisanecessarytemporaryconditionthatneedsalogicalsolutionaphase.SecondlymostSoldiersaresooverwhelmedbythehereandnowthatabrighterutureorhimorherispreposterous.FinallyaslongasweareinthislietheBurnisprettymuchinevitable.MymainconcernormySoldierwhoisexperiencingtheBurnisthatheorshedoesntmakeabaddecisionthathaslongtermconsequencesorunortunatelytheterriblechoiceosuicideAsIponderupontheactohowcanIbemoreeectiveoraSoldierwhoisexperiencingtheBurnIamconvincedthatonesmindsetalongwithphysicalcapabilityplayssuchalargepartinovercominganecessarytemporaryconditionIrelatethistoaSoldierwholovestorun.TereareSoldiersthatjustlovetorunwhetheritsscheduled 42JacksonJournalAugust-November2013physicaltrainingorjustorleisure.Ihavenothingagainstrunningbutitsnotmyrecreationalhobby.IwillrunalldayplayingoutdoorsportsbuttorunjusttorunnotmeHoweverrecallthattheRomanSoldierinthepastjustasthemoderndaySoldiertodayrunswithpurpose.HeorshehastherightequipmentontosupporttheirmovementandisocusedthisiswhyIbelieveourmindsetneedstobestrongthatwillaidthephysicalcomponentaswell.AsItalktoavidrunnerstheyhavesharedwithmethatnomatterhowexperiencedtheyaretheyeeltheBurn.Tisconditionistwoold.Firstphysicallymuscleswillacheromtimetotimelacticacidosis.Alsorunningburnsofstress.TereorethisiswhyIbelievethatitisimperativetobementallyandphysicallystrong.IknowthatwhenIrunbymyselitissotemptingtoslowdownorquitespeciallythosedaysthatmybediscallingmebyname.Howeverhavingsomeoneelsetherebesidemetomotivatemekeepsmerunning.WhenaSoldierismentallyandphysicallystrongheorshehasthehighestpotentialtobevictoriousoverthetopourareasthatIseeSoldiersacespiritualpsychologicalsocialandphysicalchallenges.NowthatwehaveasolidunderstandingotheBurnletmesharewithyouthreethingsthatIhavelearnedtohelpyougetpastthisnecessarytemporaryconditionalphase.Firstyouneedtogetridoanynegativethoughtsorbehaviorsthatmayhavethwartedyouromachievingyourgoalsandordreams.IntheChristianaithweacceptthisastheApostlePaulsaidTesinthatsoeasilyentanglesyou.TebasicmeaningothewordorsinintheGreeklanguagehamartiaisanathletictermoanarcherthatliterallyshotandmissedthetargetormark.Inotherwordsinaconsciouseforttodowellweallshortoourgoals.CoupledwiththisisoursixthArmyValueIntegrity.AsanAmericanSoldierthisisonecharacteristicthatneveroughttobeinquestion.AlongsidethischaracteristicvalueisitscounterpartAccountability.Withthesetwowordsinmindletscombinethemeaningosinwithintegrityandaccountabilityandbreakitdowntoasimplemannerounderstandingit.WhatisthemiddleletterinthisthreeletterwordsinIYouandIaretheoneswhoareresponsibleorourthoughtsandactions.Tereorenooneelsecanorceustothinkordoanythingthatwedontwanttothinkordo.InactasanAmericanSoldieritisourresponsibilitytolookintothemirrorandacceptresponsibilitybeaccountabletoothersandhavetheintegritytodotherightthing.AnotherScripturethattheApostlePaulwrotethatwillhelpuswiththisconceptointegrityandaccountabilityisWhenIwasachildIspokelikeachildIthoughtlikeachildIreasonedlikeachild.WhenIbecameamanIputasidechildishthings.1Cor.1311HCSBTeUnitedStatesArmyisnotaplaceorchildishbehaviorthereoreweoughttoputchild-likethingsasideandliveoutourArmyvaluesandwearouruniormswithprideSecondlyweneedtodosticktogether.Fromourearliestbeginninginbasictrainingwearetaughtteamworkorareason.TeApostlePaultaughtthatwearetoruntheracetogether.YoucanattempttorunbyyourselhoweverliehasaunnywayobringingustothepointosurrenderandthenwerealizehowmuchweneedsomeoneelseIstronglyencourageyoutobuildhealthyrelationshipsbygettinginvolvedinyourunitsFamilyReadinessGroupFRGoroneotheplethorasupportandactivitygroupsthattheArmyofers.Finallykeepocuseduponyourgoalsordreams.IntheChristianaithweunderstandthattheApostlePaultaughttokeepoureyesonJesuswhoenduredsuferingshameandthepain.TeGreco-RomanathletesstayedocusedonamarkerinthearenatohelpthemkeeprunningsoIhopethatyouwillkeepyoureyesonamarkerinordertocompletetherace.Stayocusedbecauseyourroadandjourneythatyouarerunningonisgettingshorterwitheachstep.TemarkeristhereoryoutohelpyougetthroughitsowhentheracegetstoohardandyoueeltheBurnmyprayeroryouisthatGodwillgiveyouthestrengthtokeeponrunningGodblessChaplainCPTMarkMusseristheChaplainof1stBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade. August-November2013JacksonJournal43Yourattitudenotyouraptitudewilldetermineyouraltitude. 44JacksonJournalAugust-November2013BasictrainingisaliealteringexperienceoreverySoldierthatattendswhethertheygraduateornot.Soldiersarrivetothepostreceptionbattalionnervousandexcitedunsureaboutwhatthenearuturehasinstoreorthem.WhentheygettheremostndthatthingsareeasierthantheyoriginallyexpectedandthattheDrillSergeantsarenotquitewhattheyhadinmind.Aerinitialin-processingandgettingtheirclothingissuedSoldiersareshippedototheirbasictrainingunitandgettheirrsttasteorealArmylie.Tenextewweekswillprovidethebiggestcultureshocktothesecivilianswhoaretryingtogureouthowtoadapttoamilitaryliestyle.TeprogramoinstructionorbasictrainingisstandardizedacrosstheArmybutsomeunitsaredierentthanothers.EverythingissupposedtobethesamebuttherearemassiveuctuationsinthequalityoSoldiersthatsomeunitsproducecomparedtoothers.ForaprivateinBasicCombatrainingtheDrillSergeantiseverything.TeDrillSergeantisanexpertwhoseeminglyknowseverylastdetailabouttheArmy.AllDrillSergeantsgothroughthesameschooltogaintheirhighlyrespectedpositionsowhyaresomesodierentthanothersMuchliketheSoldierswetrainDrillSergeantsarenotrobots.Weallhavedierentbackgrounds.OurleadershipstyleshavebeennelytunedthroughouryearsasNoncommissionedOfcers.LeadingSoldiersincombatandduringatimeowarorthelastsevenyearshasgivenmeauniqueexperience.AndmyoneoakindexperiencehasmademetheleaderIamtodaymuchlikeeverySSGHowardSmithleaderintheArmy.AndmuchliketheSoldierswetrainDrillSergeantshavestrengthsandweaknesses.Itisorthesereasonsthatnotallleadersarethesamenorshouldtheybe.IIweretoimposemyleadershipstyleonmysubordinateleadersandorcethemtoorgetwhattheyhavedevelopedthroughtheyearstheywouldinevitablybecomeunsuccessul.AllowingaDrillSergeanttousetheirownleadershipstylewillempowerthemandmakethemamoresuccessulleader.OntheipsideothatcoinsomeotheleadershiptechniquesIhavebeenusingwillnotbesuccessulhereinBasicCombatrainingbecauseIamusedtoleadingseasonedSoldiersandhereIamtryingtotransormcitizensintoSoldiers.FindingsuccessasaDrillSergeantultimatelyreliesonyourabilitytoadapttothecurrentenvironment.ButthesamecanbesaidorleadersinanyunitacrosstheArmy.ForthisreasonahighlysuccessulleaderinFORSCOMwillndsuccessinRADOCwhileamediocreleaderwillcontinuetodemonstratemediocrity.Itisoolishtobelievethatyoucanmakeanytworandompeoplethesameanditisevenmoresotothinkyouwillmakeleadersidentical.DrillSergeantsinBasicCombatrainingwillonlyperormattheirhighestpotentialwhentheyareallowedtoaccomplishthemissionwithinthecommandersguidancethewaythattheydetermineisthebest.SSGHowardSmithisaDrillSergeantinDeltaCompany1stBattalion13InfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade. August-November2013JacksonJournal45TRADITIONFortJacksonhashadavitalroleinpreparingAmericanstoservetheircountryforover96years.Whentheinstallationwasbuiltin1917justliketodayournationwasatwar.Sincethennumerousunitshavepreparedforbattlehere-the4thInfantryDivisionthe101stAirborneDivisionandthe81stInfantryDivision.Morethan500000SoldierstrainedherebeforeghtinginWorldWarII.TheSoldierswhotrainedherebeforeusleaveuswithaproudlegacyandhaveinspiredmanytofollowintheirfootsteps.AlthoughtheArmyhaschangedtremendouslyovertheyearsweareallpartofthatlineageofbraveAmericans.Allofusshouldbeproudtobepartofthetraditionthatdenesthisgreatinstallation.TRAININGTrainingisourhallmark.WithtwoBrigadesnineBattalionsand52CompaniesfocusedsolelyontrainingSoldiersinBasicCombatTrainingBCTFortJacksonisthelargestInitialMilitaryTrainingCenterintheU.S.Army.RoughlyhalfofallSoldierswhocompleteBasicCombatTrainingintheUnitedStatesArmydosoatFortJacksonSC.WearealsohometoAdvancedIndividualTrainingunitstheSoldierSupportInstitutetheDrillSergeantSchoolArmedForcesChaplainCenterandSchoolTSSDandtheNationalCenterforCredibilityAssessment.TRANSFORMATIONAlthoughwehaveaproudtraditiononwhichtorelyandinspireuswemustneverlosesightofthefuture.Tobeeffectivewemustbewillingandreadytoacceptchange.Transformationmeansmorethanjustmodernizingourinfrastructure.Thismeansconstantlychallengingourselvesourmethodsandourmeans.Transformationisnotanewconcepthere.Ourresponsibilityasleadershingesonourabilitytocontinuallyevaluateandimprovetraining.ItisonlybyprovidingthebesttrainingthateffectivetransformationfromcivilianintoSoldiercanoccur. 46JacksonJournalAugust-November2013Icameromaprettyroughneighborhood.IgrewupinagoodsizedtowninOhiowithapopulationoapproximately50000.Temedianhouseholdincomewasabout17000themurderrateat1.8timesthenationalaverageandmyneighborhoodwouldoenendupinthemiddleorivalingBloodsandCripsturwars.Weusedtojoketothehorrororiendsvisitingromoutsideoourneighborhoodthatadaywasnotcompleteuntiltherewasapolicecarambulanceorpoliceootchasedownourstreet.Terewereoendrugbustsinhousesdowntheroadfghtsthatinvolvedpullingbricksoutothestreettouseasweaponsandconstantyellingandshouting.Fastorward12yearsandhereIaminFortJacksonSouthCarolinaasaBasicrainingDrillSergeant.Teconstantyellingisstilltherebutitisamotivationalshoutingversusanegativeviolentkindoyelling.IwouldliketosayIdonotexhibitsignsthatwouldsuggestthatIcameromsuchaviolentneighborhoodbutIoentimesseethatviolentpastintheacesthatshowuphereorachanceatabetterlieinourArmy.Icanspotitamileawayandmyheartgoesouttothem.OneSoldierinparticularcamethroughmyplatoonandyoucouldseethethugliestylealloverhisace.Heconstantlywasgettingintroublehadaproblemwithauthorityandwereallywerenotworthhistimeorrespect.Onedayinparticularhewashavinganunusuallyhardtimerememberingthatbeorehecouldsteporomthepositionoparaderesthehadtogotothepositionoattention.TeDrillSergeantskeptsendinghimawaytotryitagainandhestillwasnotgettingit.Youcouldseehimgettingmoreandmorerustratedandeachtimehewalkedawayhisbrowsgotlowerintohisacehisfstsandjawtighterclenchedandhestartedmumblingeverytimehewassentototryitagain.IwasjustobservingtheinteractionsbutthethreeDrillSergeantshekeptapproachingweregettingmoreandmoremadwiththeattitudethatthisSoldierwasemitting.LaterthatdayIapproachedtheSoldiertoaskhimwhatthatwasallabout.Hestatedthathewasnotgoingtorespectanyonethatdidnotrespecthimfrst.Heeltthathehadearnedrespectromeveryoneintheworldorwhathehadbeenthroughsoarinhisshort19-yearlie.IpointedouttheactthatallotheDrillSergeantshadbeenthroughcomparableandincomparableLeaveyourpastinthepast.Leavethebadyouaretryingtogetawayfrombackthere.Youwantafreshstarttrulystartover.ADifferentKindofMentorshipSFCElizabethWeaver August-November2013JacksonJournal47eventsintheirliethatdemandasmuchandmorerespectthanheeltduetohim.Iaskedhimihecameromaroughbackground.Hesaidthathehadtoghteverydaywherehecamerom.WhenIaskedhimwhyhejoinedtheArmyhesaidhehadjoinedtogetawayromthatliestyleandheknewihestayedtherehewasgoingtogotojail.MyspeechtohimwentsomethinglikethisYoucameintotheArmytogetawayromthatbackgroundbutyouarebringingitwithyou.Icanseeitinyourwholedemeanor.Youhavenotgottenawayromityetyoubroughtitwithyou.Iyoutrulywanttogetawayromityouhavetoleaveitbehind.YourerighttheArmyisaplacewherewhentheArmyValuesareproperlyapplieddisrespectulnonsenseisnotprevalentanditisasaeenvironment.OurjobasDrillSergeantsistomakesurethatitstaysthatwaybynotallowingthatattitudetogobeyondbasictraining.WhenIseeyouallIseeisthepastthatyouaretryingtogetawayrom.YouhaventleitbehindyouaretryingtobringitintoourArmyandthatiswhatweasDrillSergeantsdonotlike.WedontwantthatinourArmyeither.Tisisyouropportunityorareshstartandtobecomeanyoneyouwanttobe.Youhaveleadershipqualitiesalreadyinstilledinyouromthesituationsthatyouhavehadtoperseverethrough.TereareotherSoldiersinthisplatoonthatarestrugglingandcoulduseyourhelpbutsoaryouhavenotbeenabletoseepastyoursel.LookaroundyouhelpoutyourbattlebuddiesandyouaregoingtobeagreatSoldieragreatleaderandsomeoneotherslookupto.Tishardenedyoungindividualnowhadtearsstreamingdownhisace.NotsurewhichpartomyspeechstruckthenervebutIeltthatIhadgottenthroughtohim.Notbyyellingathimbutbyshowinghimwhathisuturecouldlooklikeinawayhecouldunderstand.AlongtimeagothiswasdoneormebyoneomyNCOs.YellingandscreamingatmecouldbetunedoutbutapositivewordothepotentialIcouldbecomestuckwithmeorever.ImayneverhearwhatkindoSoldierthisyoungwarriorhasturnedintobutsinceourtalkitislikealightbulbhasbeenturnedon.Hisonceblackenedeyesbecamebrightandullolightandhispotentialwasendless.Momentslikethatarewhatmakemyjobhereworthallthelonghours.MentorshipIonlyitwereaseasyasoneconversationthoughandwewouldhaveanArmyowelldisciplinedhardenedorthecauseSoldiersreadytotakethetorchromthisgenerationswar-wearyhands.Unortunatelyitsnotthateasy.TatisthemostdifcultjoboaDrillSergeanttondoutwhateachSoldierskeyistounlockingthatwarriorspiritandthewillingnesstobeagreatSoldierthatweeelisworthyopassingthetorchonto.Asolidconversationmaybeagoodstartbutollowingupwiththerightamountoattentionattherighttimesisthechallengingpart.Figuringoutwhenamentoringwordoencouragementiswhatisneededandwhenaharshertoneocorrectionismoreappropriateisthechallengingpart.Justyellingisnotalwayseective.AgreatDrillSergeantisntonethatjustyellsallthetime.Iunderstandtheopinionthatwellthisgenerationisjustsoerandcanthandleyelling.Butthatopinionisalittlemisguided.Teycanhandleyellingtothedegreeotheyjusttuneitout.Yellingwillgetattentionbutitwillnotnecessarilygetresults.YouneedtogettoknowyourSoldiers.Nowdonttakethattotheextremeo350-6violationgettoknowthembutyouneedtogureoutwhereyourSoldierscomeromyouneedtomakethemeelinspiredtheyneedtounderstandhowimportantbeingaSoldierisandmostimportantlythatyoubelieveinthem.Ibelievethateveryonewantstohavearoleinsuccesseveryonewantstohavethatsenseoownershipwhensomethingisdonewell.Tisgenerationisnodierentbutinsteadotryingharderwhentheymessuptheygiveup.Maybenoonehaseverbelievedinthembeoremaybeithasjustbeenonepersonbeoremaybetherehasneverbeenareasontonotonlyjustpassbuttogoorthe100percent.TatiswhatmakestheroleoaDrillSergeantsohardtocareaboutthejobotrainingandcareaboutthequalityweareputtingoutinsteadojustgoingthroughthemotionscycleaercycle.OncetheSoldiersseethatyoucareIthinkthatiswhenyoustarttoseeabetterqualityproduct.SFCElizabethWeaverisaDrillSergeantinBravoCompany2ndbattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade. 48JacksonJournalAugust-November2013wenty-vepercentoallbattleelddeathsweremedicallypreventableaccordingtoastudypublishedintheArmyimesthatocusedoncombatrelateddeathsinIraqandAghanistanbetween2001and2011.Tebiggestcauseopreventabledeathonthebattleeldwashemorrhagingbleedingoutat90.4thBattalion10thInantryRegimentisleadingthewayintrainingInitialEntryrainingIESoldiersonhowtoproperlytreatthesetypesocasualtiesthroughrealisticscenariobasedmedicalsimulationlanes.TeMedicalSimulationrainingFacilityMSFatFortJacksonSCtrainsroughly50000IESoldierseachyear.TemissionotheMSFisprovidestandardizedmedicalsimulationtraininginordertoreducemedicallypreventabledeathsandtobetterprepareSoldiersormedicalinterventionsundercombatconditions.Soldiersinsquadsizedelementsareplacedinreal-lifescenarioswithmass-casualtysituations.Inahotdarksmokelledroomthesoundsogunreringout.TeSoldiersmustperormmultiplecombatliesavingtasksunderdirectrecallupa9-lineMEDEVACandevacuatemultiplecasualtiestoasecurelocation.Whileconductingthelanetheyarebeingevaluatedbycombatmedicswhohavebeencombattestedandbringvaluableexperienceandleadershiptothetraining.TemedicallanesallowCommanderstovalidatetheirSoldiersmedicalskillsbycreatingtrainingrelevanttothecontemporaryoperatingenvironmentCOE.SSGObregon4thBattalion10thInantryRegimentsmostexperiencedcombatmedicsaysSoldiersgettoseetheirtraininginreallie.Tisgivesthemconfdenceintheirmedicaltoolsandabilities.ImmediatelyollowingtheirlanesSoldiersconductanAferActionReviewAARwherethecadreandtraineesdiscussactionswhileinthebaysandaregivenconstructiveeedbackontheirperormance.Anewcamerasystemhasbeenrecentlyinstalledthatallowsthecadretorecordrewindpauseandplaybacktheentirelane.TisnewtechnologygreatlyimprovestheAARprocessbyallowingSoldierstoseethemselvesinaction.ItallowsthecadretoexplainhowtheSoldiersperormedwhilealsoshowingthem.UnitsareabletoreceiveaCDthatcontainsallothelanesperormedortheday.UnitscannowtakethesedisksbackwiththemandconductmorethoroughtrainingwiththeirSoldiers.Medicalskillsareperishableandmustberegularlypracticedinordertoremainprocient.TeimpactothistrainingisthateverySoldierislearningcrucialmedicalskillsthatcanpossiblesavesomeoneslie.Medicsromthe4thBattalion10thInantryRegimentarehelpingSoldiersbecomecombatmultipliershelpingbridgethegapbetweensel-aidbuddy-aidandthecombatmedic.WiththeuseocombattestedmediccadreandthelatesttechnologySoldiersarereceivingsomeothebesttrainingtheArmyhastooer.CPTRobertA.SetliffistheComanderofHHC4thBattalion10thInfantryRegiment171stInfantryBrigade.MedicalSimulationTrainingCPTRobertA.Setliff August-November2013JacksonJournal49Everyhumanimpulsewouldtellsomeonetoturnaway.Everysoldieristrainedtoseekcover.ThatswhatSergeantLeroyPetrycouldhavedone.InsteadthiswoundedRangerthis28-year-oldmanwithhiswholelifeaheadofhimthishusbandandfatheroffourdidsomethingextraordinary.Helungedforwardtowardthelivegrenade.Hepickeditup...andthrewitback-justasitexploded.PresidentBarackObamaCitationForconspicuousgallantryandintrepidityattheriskohislieaboveandbeyondthecallodutyStaSergeantLeroyA.PetrydistinguishedhimselbyactsogallantryandintrepidityattheriskohislieaboveandbeyondthecallodutyinactionwithanarmedenemyinthevicinityoPaktyaProvinceAghanistanonMay262008.AsaWeaponsSquadLeaderwithDCompany2ndBattalion75thRangerRegimentStaSergeantPetrymovedtoclearthecourtyardoahousethatpotentiallycontainedhigh-valuecombatants.WhilecrossingthecourtyardStaSergeantPetryandanotherRangerwereengagedandwoundedbyautomaticweaponsreromenemyghters.StillunderenemyreandwoundedinbothlegsStaSergeantPetryledtheotherRangertocover.HethenreportedthesituationandengagedtheenemywithahandgrenadeprovidingsuppressionasanotherRangermovedtohisposition.Teenemyquicklyrespondedbymaneuveringcloserandthrowinggrenades.TerstgrenadeexplosionknockedhistwoellowRangerstothegroundandwoundedbothwithshrapnel.Asecondgrenadethenlandedonlyaeweetawayromthem.InstantlyrealizingthedangerStaSergeantPetryunhesitatinglyandwithcompletedisregardorhissaetydeliberatelyandselfesslymovedorwardpickedupthegrenadeandinaneorttocleartheimmediatethreatthrewthegrenadeawayromhisellowRangers.Ashewasreleasingthegrenadeitdetonatedamputatinghisrighthandatthewristandurtherinjuringhimwithmultipleshrapnelwounds.AlthoughpickingupandthrowingthelivegrenadegrievouslywoundedStaSergeantPetryhisgallantactundeniablysavedhisellowRangersrombeingseverelywoundedorkilled.DespitetheseverityohiswoundsStaSergeantPetrycontinuedtomaintainthepresenceomindtoplaceatourniquetonhisrightwristbeorecommunicatingthesituationbyradioinordertocoordinatesupportorhimselandhisellowwoundedRangers.StaSergeantPetrysextraordinaryheroismanddevotiontodutyareinkeepingwiththehighesttraditionsomilitaryserviceandrefectgreatcredituponhimsel75thRangerRegimentandtheUnitedStatesArmy.SERGEANFIRSCLASSLEROYA.PERYMedaloHonor 50JacksonJournalAugust-November2013TheDrillSergeantisperhapsoneothemostelementalguresintheentiremilitaryresponsibleorthetrainingandpreparationomillionsoAmericansoverthepastseveraldecadestoghtitsmanyrecentconictsinthedeenseoreedom.YoujointheranksoaselectewwhoweartheDrillSergeantCampaignHatandbadgesigniyingthestandardbearerorthegreatestmilitaryomoderntimes.YourcreedasaDrillSergeantproperlysurmisesyourresponsibilitiestotrainmotivatedandtsoldiersinstillprideandleadbyexample.AsmanyoyoupreparetoassumeoneothemostchallengingjobsintheArmythatasaDrillSergeantIwouldliketooeraewwordsoperspectiveonbehalothe165thInantryBrigadeCommandeam.Weareanationatwarwhosemilitaryhasassumedthemajorityotheburdenowarorthepast12years.TewarweareengagediniscomplexandrequiresanewbreedoSoldierthatistrainedinallormsowarareromconventionalorceonorcetotheever-difcultcounter-insurgency.RegardlessotheconictyourmissionistotakeAmericassonsanddaughtersandtransormthemromalmosttwoormoredecadesocivilianlieintoaSoldier.Tisisnoeasytask.SimultaneouslyyouaremostlikelyreturningromyoursecondorthirdtourincombatanddealingwithyourownseriesochallengesasyoupreparetoenterthelieotheDrillSergeant.Itwillnotbethebreakyouthoughtortheneededrestyoudeserved.Tiswillcauseangstoryoubutcanbeovercomethroughproessionalismandacommitmenttoexcellence.Yourhourswillbelongandtherustrationsmanyasyoumastertheskillsotemperanceandpatience.HoweverdifcultthetaskyoumustrememberthatthisnationanditsArmyhaveentrustedyouasaNon-CommissionedOfcertoteachandmentoritsnewestgenerationoSoldiers.ManyoyourrecruitswillgraduateromBasicCombatrainingandAdvancedIndividualrainingreporttotheirrstunitoassignmentandquicklydeploytowar.TisrapidandunorgivingtimelineonlystressesyourimportanceintheearlydevelopmentotheseSoldiers.Ourexpectationsoyouaremanybutminisculeincomparisontothosewhoyouwilltrain.AsyouprepareyourselweoertwokeypointsoperspectiveorperceptionromthosewithwhomyouwilltakethisjourneywithyourcommandteamandSoldiers.Ibelieveitisimportanttounderstandhowothersseeusasweperormourmissioninordertobetterunderstandourstrengthsweaknessesandmoreimportantlyexpectations.TerstpointoviewisromtheSoldieryouwilltrain.Teyareyoungimpressionableandunassumingastheyleavetheirormerlivesbehindtojoinanorganizationsteepedintraditionandortiedbydisciplineandstandards.Manycomeromdiversebackgroundsandlooktoyouastheirrolemodelorwhattheyaspiretobeoneday.Teyexpecttojointhemostproessionalandtechnologicallyadvancedmilitaryintheworld.AlthoughinitiallyearulotheArmyanditsrigorousliestyletheyquicklyadaptandexpecttoughrealistictraining.TeyarealwayswatchingACommandTeamsLeertoNewDrillSergeantsCOLBryanHernandez August-November2013JacksonJournal51youandobservingeverythingyousayanddo.Teyexpectyoutoprovideasaeandsecureenvironmentinwhichtolearn.Teylooktoyoutoteachthemeverythingandtheywillalwaysrememberyourname.UnderstandinghowtheyviewyouasaDrillSergeantiscrucialinormingyourpreparationtotrainingandinteractionwiththemonadailybasisunderallconditionsastheyadapttomilitarylie.TeyhavegreatexpectationsoyouasaDrillSergeant.AsecondviewpointisthatoyoursuperiorsandtheirexpectationsoyouasaDrillSergeant.SuccessstartsandendswiththeproessionalismandcompetenceotheDrillSergeantandtheirabilitytocoachteachandmentornewSoldiers.Asthecommandteamyouhaveourullaithandconfdencetoexecuteyourdutiestothehighestdegree.Althoughyoumaynotbeinitiallyamasterinallthetasksyouarerequiredtotrainwetrustyoutoquicklylearnthemandunderstandthatteachingthebasicstheblockingandtacklingiswhatisimportant.YouarethefrstimpressionornewmemberstotheArmyandsetthetoneandtempoortheirsuccess.TepreponderanceoInitialEntryrainingrestsuponyourshoulders.YouareaskedtoemulateallthatisrightintheArmyonadailybasisandthroughproessionalismequalityandortitudeensureSoldiersaretrainedwellandtreatedjustly.Itisthecommandteamsresponsibilitytoensurethatyouarewellresourcedtoperormyourdutiesandprovideahealthycommandclimatethatpromotesexcellencewhileeliminatingearandtrepidation.FinallyitistheresponsibilityotheCommandSergeantMajorandmyseltounderstandwhenthelongdaysandweekshavetakentheirtollandaordopportunitiesoryourwellnessandproessionaldevelopment.TemissionotheDrillSergeantmayseemtobeanextremelychallengingtaskbutyouhaveinessencebeenpreparingorthisdutysincethedayyouenteredthemilitary.Yourbattle-hardenedsensesandexperienceshavetaughtyouwhatisrequiredoodaysSoldiersincombatandpeacetime.TisisthetimeoryoutopassonwhatyouhavelearnedbothromthebooksandthebattlefeldtoanewgenerationstandinguptotaketheirplaceinourArmy.AsyouprepareorthisenormousresponsibilityIaskyoutodeveloponemorepointoviewandthatisoyoursel.howdoyouseeyourselasaDrillSergeantInyourresponseyouwillfndallthekeystosuccessandensuretherecruitsyoutrainandtransormarereadyortheirmissionasanAmericanSoldier.LetterCOLBryanHernandezistheCommanderofthe165thInfantryBrigadeBasicCombatTrainingatFortJacksonSC.HowSoldiersseeyouasaDrillSergeantIexpectyoutoteachmeeverythingIexpectyoutotreatmefairlyIfearyoubutyoucanearnmytrustthroughtimeYouarealwayswatchingmeandIamalwayswatchingyouYouaremyteachercoachmentorYouaremyrolemodelHowCommandersseeyouasaDrillSergeantYouaretherstimpressionoftheArmyYouareaprofessionalYouarethestandardbearerfortheArmyYouarehardbutfairhonestanddeterminedYouarethesubjectmatterexpertYouarethemastertrainerYouknowwhatisexpectedoftodaysSoldiersandensuretheyarereadyforcombatYouarephysicallyandmentallytYouarecompetentYouaretheSoldiersrolemodel 52JacksonJournalAugust-November2013ArmydoctrineisabodyothoughtonhowArmyorcesoperateasanintegralpartothejointorce.TeArmysdenitionodoctrineisundamentalprinciplesbywhichthemilitaryorcesorelementsthereoguidetheiractionsinsupportonationalobjectives.ItisauthoritativebutrequiresjudgmentinapplicationandprovidesstandardizedterminologythroughArmydoctrinepublicationsADPArmydoctrinereerencepublicationsADRPeldmanualsFMandArmytechniquespublications.OurmilitaryhasbeenatwarghtinginIraqandAghanistanoroveradecadeandwewanttoensureourSoldierswhoarriveorBasicCombatrainingreceivetrainingthattheycanreadilyapply.TereoreourWBDshavechangedtocenterontheseparticularexperiencesandlessonslearnedromcombatingthesenewthreats.TebattledrillsthatSoldiersarecurrentlytrainedoninBasicCombatraininghavethatIraqandAfghanistanism.AswetransitionoutoAghanistanourtrainingwillbereocusedtowardsanundeterminedenemy.rainingtowardonespecicenemyorsituationlimitstheSoldierscapabilityoadaptingtodierentsituations.TeWBDsshouldbetaughtasanoverarchingtechniquethatcanbetargetedtowardbroadconficts.TeArmypublishedADP3-0UniedLandOperationswhichrepresentsdoctrinalguidanceanddirectionorconductingmilitaryoperations.UniedlandoperationsaretheArmyswarghtingdoctrinethatisbasedonthecentralideathatArmyunitsseizeretainandexploittheinitiativetogainanadvantageovertheenemy.odothoseunctionstheArmymustocusonWBDsthatapplytoanuncertainuture.HowevertheArmyhaspublicationsandeldmanualsthatdirectwhatbattledrillweneedtotrainon.TerestheSP-21-1-SMCandFM3-21.75.TeArmyusedtoutilizeFM7-8InantryRifePlatoonandSquadorbattledrillsthatwetrainedonhoweverFM3-21.8supersededFM7-8whichhadthebattledrillsremoved.Rememberabattledrillisacollectiveactionexecutedbyaplatoonorsmallerelementwithouttheapplicationoadeliberatedecision-makingprocessandisvitaltosuccessincombatorcriticaltopreservelie.WhatdoyouthinkowhenyouthinkaboutArmydoctrineHowdoesitapplytotheWarriorTasksandBattleDrillsWTBDDoesitsupportandrefectnotonlycurrentthreatsbututureenemiesaswellTakingtheismoutofBasicCombatTrainingCPTBruceAho August-November2013JacksonJournal53SP-21-1-SMCSept2012whichistheSoldiersmanualorcommontaskshastheollowingbattledrillsFM3-21.75WarriorEthosandSoldierCombatSkillsJan2008hastheollowingbattledrillsFM7-8April1992hadtheollowingbattledrillsYouwillnoticethattheresbeenasignicantchangeovertheyearsasthesemanualswerepublished.TereisavastdierenceromthecurrentWBDsversesFM7-8becauseoourocusontheIraqandAghanistanconfict.HoweverIraqandAghanistanarenottheonlythreatstheUnitedStatesaces.TereneedstobeachangetotheismtohowourArmytrainsourSoldiersespeciallyismduringBasicCombatraining.InordertotrulyprepareoranuncertainthreatweneedtotaketheismoutoBasicCombatraining.AsoureortsinAghanistancontinuetherewillstillbeaneedtotrainSoldiersorthattheaterbutwemuststartthetransitiontogeneralizingourtrainingandtakeahardlonglookattheWBDs.TeywillneedtobechangedtorefecttheutureconfictsthatSoldiersotodaycouldace.Tiswillmeanwewillneedtorevampourbattledrillsandstartlookingatsomeothebattledrillsthatwearecurrentlyutilizingaswellasbattledrillswehaveconductedinthepast.Anuncertainenemycouldbebetterequippedtrainedandmoreprocientthantheinsurgentswecurrentlyacetoday.OurcurrentWBDsdoesnotullytraintowardthattypeoconfict.SoourSoldiersinBasicCombatrainingshouldbepreparingornotonlyourcurrentthreatsbutouruturethreatsaswell.FM7-8doeshavecertainbattledrillsthatgeartowardthattypeoconfictknockoutbunkersenterclearatrenchandconductinitialbreachoaminedwireobstacle.Eventhoughthesebattledrillsdontapplytothecounterinsurgencythreattheycouldservearoleinutureconficts.InsummaryiourbattledrillsarevitaltothesuccessincombatbutourcurrentWTBDsareocusedonthecounterinsurgencyfghtarewepreparingtodaysSoldiersortomorrowsfghtCPTBruceAhoistheCommanderofAlphaCompany1stBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade.-Reacttocontact-Establishsecurity-Perormactionsasamemberoamountedpatrol-Evaluateacasualty-Reacttoambushnearar-Reacttoindirectre.-ReacttoContact-ReacttoAmbushNear-ReacttoAmbushFar-ReacttoIndirectFire-ReacttoaChemicalAttack-BreakContact-DismountaVehicle-EvacuateWoundedPersonnelromVehicle-EstablishSecurityattheHalt.-PlatoonAttack-SquadAttack-ReacttoContact-BreakContact-ReacttoAmbush-KnockOutBunkers-EnterBuildingClearRoom-EnterCleararenchandConductInitialBreachoaMinedWireObstacle. 54JacksonJournalAugust-November2013he17thMilitaryPoliceDetachmentandthe208thMilitaryWorkingDogMWDDetachmentareresponsibleorsupportingandmanningtheProvostMarshalslawenorcementrequirementsonFortJackson.TeDetachmentsexecutetheirmissionbyresourcingandconductingspecializedForceProtectionandLawEnorcementtrainingequivalenttothelocalcivilianpoliceorceinRichlandCounty.MilitaryPoliceSoldierstrainconstantlytoremainprocientinthelawenorcementtasksanddrillsandareconsideredexpertsintheireldoduty.TeDetachmentmaintainsthisproessionalorcebyexecutingquarterlyLawEnorcementCerticationsandWeaponsQualicationsconductinghighlyspecializedLessthanLethalweaponstrainingandaccreditingsubjectmatterexpertsthroughstatelawofcialsinspecializedpoliceskills.TeDetachmenttrainsquarterlyontheM9BerettaasthedailydutyweaponandtheassignedM4rie.TeM4rieisissuedtoeachindividualanditszeroisconrmedatleasteverysixmonths.MilitaryPoliceSoldiersmustmaintaintheirassignedweaponsincaseanActiveShooterresponseiseverrequired.TeDetachmentsSoldiersconducttheirweaponstraininginaccordancewiththenewArmyrainingguidanceorLawEnorcementthe2012LawEnorcementWeaponsrainingandQualicationsS19-LEWQormulatedandpublishedbytheUnitedStatesArmyMilitaryPoliceSchoolinFortLeonardWoodMO.ItsocusisonUrbanOperationsandtheenvironmentwhereourMilitaryPoliceSoldiersperormtheirdailyduties.TeLawEnorcementCerticationisanannualrequirementdirectedbytheOfceotheProvostMarshalGeneralOMPGoreveryMilitaryPoliceSoldierintherankoCPandbeloworofcersandSFCandbeloworenlisted.Teweek-longcerticationocusesonunitleveltasksandprovidesseniorcommanderswithabalancedcapacityolawenorcementproessionalstrainedandreadytorespondtoanycrisisonFortJackson.SomeothekeytrainingareasincludeAuthorityJurisdictionRestrictionsConstitutionalandCriminalLawConsiderationsProceduresromApprehensiontoBookingEvidenceCollectionandCrimeSceneProtectionActiveShooterResponseandUnderstandingLevelsoForceUsewhichencompassOCOleoresinCapsicumSprayCerticationandASERTomasA.SwiElectronicRieCertication.MilitaryPoliceSoldierstrainonthemultitudeotopicslikethoseprovidedabove.SomeotheclassesthatareaprimaryocusandrequireindepthtrainingareclassesinActiveShooterResponseHighRiskFelonyrafcstopsrespondingtoaDomesticDisturbanceASERandOCCertication.Teseclassesnotonlyinvolveclassroominstructionbutalsoagreatdealohandsontrainingtoreinorcethetrainingobjective.ProfessionalismoftheFortJacksonMilitaryPoliceCPTMiguelSanchezandSFCRichardHealy August-November2013JacksonJournal55TetrainingrequirementsortheOCconsistso2hoursoclassroominstructioninertpracticetrainingorpropermethodsodeliveryandtargetareaidenticationollowedbylevelsocontaminationandexposure.InitialtrainingrequiresaLevel1contaminationwhichconsistsodirectsprayexposureollowedbydemonstrationoght-thrudrills.Annualre-certicationrequiresaLevel2contaminationwhichconsistsocontactwithasaturatedclothnon-directcontactollowedbydemonstrationoght-thrudrills.TetrainingrequirementsortheASERconsisto6hoursoclassroomandpracticalinstructionthatincludestheorytargetpracticeandexposuretothephysicaleectsotheASER.rainingisconductedinaccordancewithASERInternationalstandardsandtaughtbyacertiedinstructor.TesetrainingtoolsprovideourMilitaryPolicewithassetstheycanutilizetosuccumbanuncooperativesuspectwithouturtherendangeringthesubjectthemselvesandpossiblyindividualsaroundthem.Bybringingaless-than-lethalcapabilitytothespectrumouseoorceyouareprotectingalltheindividualsinvolvedinadditiontoprovidingthelawenorcementofcerwithatooltodeteruturecrimes.SoldierstrainonActiveShooterResponsesotheyarepreparedincasetheyarerequiredtoreactasrstresponderstoarealworldsituation.TetraininghelpsormaBattleDrillapproachtoanincident.SoldiersalsoconducthandsontrainingwithHighRiskFelonyrafcstopsandDomesticDisturbanceresponseasthesecanbetwoothemostdangerouscallsaPoliceOfcerwillhavetorespondto.Situationsintheseincidencescanturnromnormaltoextremelydangerousatanymoment.Tenalocusareaorourproessionalpoliceisstateandnationalaccreditation.OurSoldiersattendSouthCarolinaCriminalJusticeAcademySCCJAcoursestoincludetheDatamasterBreathAlcoholContentAnalyzer.TeDatamasterisaninstrumentusedtomeasuretheamountoBreathAlcoholResidueapersonsuspectedobeingimpairedbytheinuenceMilitaryPoliceoalcohol.RADARLIDARcourseprovidesexpertisetrainingonspeeddetectiondeviceswhichallowsourMilitaryPolicetoenorcetrafcsaetyregulationsandlawsinacontinuedeorttoprovideasaeenvironmentorourSoldiersCiviliansFamilyMembersandvisitorsotheFortJacksonCommunity.MilitaryPoliceSoldiersalsotrainonadministeringStandardizedFieldSobrietyestsSFSwhichareusedtoidentiypersonnelundertheinuenceoalcoholandtheeectsotheirinhibitors.TeMilitaryPoliceSoldiersinFortJacksonconstantlytraintoremainprocientintheirlawenorcementtasksanddrills.InadditiontoprovidinglawenorcementtoFortJacksonthe17thand208thMPDetachmentsalsodeploySoldiersintocombatasindividualsinsupportootherunits.Atthetimethisarticlewaswrittenthe208thMWDDetachmenthadtwoMilitaryPoliceSoldiersdeployedtoAghanistanoneMWDteamprovidingExplosiveDetectionsupportandoneMWDKennelMasterwhoprovidessupervisionandmentorshiptomorethan25MWDteamsandadviceseldcommandersontheuseoMWDassets.Te17thMPDetachmentalsohastwoSoldiersdeployedtoAghanistanoneasaPersonalSecurityDetailNCOICandtheotherasaBiometricseamLeader.Te17thMilitaryPoliceDetachmentandthe208thMWDDetachmentprovidetrainedandproessionalMilitaryPoliceSoldierstotheFortJacksoncommunityensuringtheyarealwaysreadytoAssistProtectandDeendthecommunitywhileconductingtheirLawEnorcementduties.TeyarenotonlySoldiersreadytodeployinsupportocontingencyoperationsworldwidetheyareconsummateproessionalswhoaremastersotheirpoliceskills.CPTMiguelSanchezistheCommanderofthe17thMPDetachmentandSFCRichardHealyisthe1SGofthe17thMPDetachmentatFortjacksnSC. 56JacksonJournalAugust-November2013ApplyingtheEightSteprainingModelintheBasicCombatrainingBCenvironmentwasinitiallyaproblemorme.ItseemedIcouldnevergetallthestepsdoneappropriatelyorthemissionsthatIwasreceiving.WhileservingasaDrillSergeantyouaretheprimarytraineroryourplatoonandthoughyoumaybetheplatoonsergeantduringalltrainingeventsyouserveasasquadleader.MostDrillSergeantsareSSGandaboveandshouldknowtheroleothesquadleaderallourSoldiersshouldbetrainedtoberifemenandSoldiers.TeissueIkeptrunningintowaswhileservingassquadleaderIdidnothavesquadlevelleadershipwhichcausedmetochangemyowntacticstechniquesandproceduresPs.KeepinmindIusetheseoreveryoperationormissionIconducthereinBCinordertomakesureSoldiersreceivethebesttrainingpossible.i.e.PhysicalReadinessrainingPRRanges.IwillbreakdowntheEightSteprainingModelbelow.Receivingthemissionnothinghasreallychangedthere.Ireceivedmymissionandimmediatelyanalyzeditandbrokeitdownintophasestoputmyplanintoplaceandinconjunctionstartedmakingmytentativeplan.HavingtherainingSupportPackageSPhelpsalotinthisphasebecauseithasallthetasksthatmustbecompletedduringthetrainingevents.HavingthoseonhandmakesreceivingthemissionaloteasierinthissensebecausehaloyourplanisalreadylaidoutthereortheDrillSergeantorSquadLeader.InthisphasebeoreIgettooaraheadomyselImoverightintothenextstepotheroopLeadingProceduresastonotconusetheplanortheSoldiers.Ipersonallyissuethewarningordertomyplatoonorthecompanydependingonthetrainingevent.WhatIocusonhereismakingsureIputoutthewarningorderinthesimplestormtomakesurethateachSoldierunderstandsthemissionandtheendstateothemissionortrainingeventthathasbeenputoutbytheCommander.IstresstotheSoldierstheimportanceomakingsurethatuponcompletingthemissionthatwemustmeettheCommandersintentorthemissionortaskathand.EnsuringthateachSoldierunderstandsthemissionortaskisthebigtakeawayromthisormebecauseioneSoldierdoesntunderstandwhatmustbedonethemissionwillnotbeasuccess.MakingthetentativeplanisanotherplacewhereIhadtroubleapplyingthemodelatrstbecauseIhadtosimpliymyplanstoagainmakesurethatnotonlyeachSoldierunderstandstheplanbutalsoretainsthetrainingvalueotheevent.InthissenseIalmostcompletemyplanhereorhaveavisionohowIseemyplanbeingexecutedandbreakitdowninawaywhereagaineachSoldierwillunderstandhowthemissionwillbeexecutedandwhyitwillbeexecutedthiswayandwhyitissoimportanttoexecutethiswaysoastomeettheCommandersintent.IanalyzewhatsquadsorplatoonswillbeconductingtheoperationortrainingeventatwhattimesandsetupmyPACEplanandthinkodierentwaystoconducttheoperationortraininganddecidewhichonewillbemosteectiveortheSoldiersduringthetrainingevent.Startingthenecessarymovementistheeasierpartotheprocess.HeretheuniormpackinglistandthetimelinearenormallyputouttoensurethatApplicationoftheEightStepTrainingintheBCTModelSSGIanBaker August-November2013JacksonJournal57theSoldierswillbereadytogotostartthemissionortrainingevent.IpersonallystartthenecessarymovementrightaerIissueoutthewarningordertogivetheSoldiersthetimeavailabletoputeverythingtogetherandbetterpreparethemselvesorthemissionortrainingeventthattheyareabouttoembarkon.TeplacementothisstepisvitaltoensurethattheSoldiershaveenoughtimetopreparethemselvescorrectlyandthattheygetitdonecorrectlythersttimeandalsoallowstimeortheDrillSergeanttoconducttheirpre-combatchecksandpre-combatinspections.DuringthereconnoiterstageIgrabkeyleadersromacrossthecompanyandeithergooutandlookatthelayothelandwithourowneyesorusegraphicsothetrainingarearangeorlandtomakesurethatallothemunderstandthespaceavailableandexactlywherethemissionortrainingeventwilloccur.Makingsurethateveryonehasagoodideaothelayothelandandwhatneedstohappenwhereiskeytothesuccessothemissionbecauseitwillensureagoodfowandfuidtransitionsromeachobjectivetothenext.Havingagoodtransitionplanromsitetositeorareatoareawillcutdownonmovementtimeandagainmakesurethateachsoldierhasabetteropportunitytoreceivethetrainingandretaintheinormationthattheyhavelearnedduringthetraining.CompletingtheplaniswhereIputallthemovingpiecestogetherandmakesurethatIhaveallthenecessaryresourcesrequiredandinplace.MybiggesttakeawayromthiswasensuringthatalltheresourcesneededwereinplaceinordertomakethemissionortrainingeventgoassmoothaspossibletoreachtheCommandersintent.IalsonalizethetimelinehereandmakesureallDrillSergeantsandkeyleadersunderstandittoagainensurethatwereachtheCommandersintentinthebestwaypossible.IssuingoutthecompleteoperationsorderisanotherareawhereIhadproblemsintheBCenvironmentatrst.ItriedtomakeeverysinglemissionortrainingeventintoatacticalscenariobutsoonrealizedthatIwasconusingSoldiersandhadtobringitdowntoagoodsoundplantomeetthetrainingobjectivesintheSPandmoreimportantlymeettheCommandersintentothemissionortrainingevent.BreakingthemissionEightStepTrainingortrainingeventsdowntoadetailedexecutionplanstepbystepmethodsallthewaydowntothelowestSoldierlevelexactlywheretheyaregoingnextandwhattheirroleistherebeoretheywillmoveontothenextpartiswhathasreallyworkedorme.BeoreendingtheoperationsorderIagainmakesurethateachSoldierunderstandwhattheyaredoingandhowtheexecutionwillreachtheCommandersintentandwhyitissoimportanttoalwaysreachtheCommandersintent.SupervisingiswhatIpersonallyhavehadahardertimewithbecauseagainastheDrillSergeantorSquadLeaderintheBCenvironmentyouareit.TereisnosquadlevelleadershipsotheDrillSergeantistheoneconductingalltherehearsalspriortothemissionortrainingeventandconductingandcontrollingeachSoldieronthebattleeld.TisistheonlywaytoensurethattheSoldiersarenotonlyperormingthemissionortaskcorrectlybutmoreimportantlythattheyarereceivingthebestpossibletraining.BybeingahandsontypeoDrillSergeantorSquadleaderyoureallydoensureeachSoldierreceivesthebesttrainingthatthereistooerwhichocourseisthemostimportantmissionhereinBC.SSGIanBakerisaDrillSergeantinDeltaCompany1stBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade. 58JacksonJournalAugust-November2013JacksonJournalArticlesNeededAgoodcompanyideaintacticsislikelytoremainconnedtoonecompanyindenitelyeventhoughitwouldbeofbenettothewholemilitaryestablishment.S.L.A.MarshallMenAgainstFireTheProblemofBattleCommand1947 August-November2013JacksonJournal59LeadingChangeJohnP.KotterBostonHarvardBusinessSchoolPress1996Inthisnow-classicbookonleadershipKotterdescribesaproveneight-stepchangeprocessestablishingasenseofurgencycreatingtheguidingcoalitiondevelopingavisionandstrategycommunicatingthechangevisionempoweringotherstoactcreatingshort-termwinsconsolidatinggainsandproducingevenmorechangeandinstitutionalizingnewapproachesinthefuture.LeadersacrosstheArmyandatalllevelsshouldstudyanduseKotterschangeprocesstoassistinleadingcomplexArmyorganizationsthroughuncertaintyanddifcultcircumstances.TheGunsatLastLightRickAtkinsonHoltHenryCompanyInc.2013TheculminatingvolumeofRickAtkinsonscriticallyacclaimedLiberationTrilogybeginswiththeD-DayinvasionofwesternEurope.Theheroicsofthatmuch-anticipatedeventserveasabloodypreludetotheerceghtingthatwouldfollowduringthenextelevenmonths.Atkinsondeftlyorchestrateshisnarrativeoftheseinterlockingyetcomplicatedcampaignsskillfullymovinginforclose-upsofparticipantsateveryleveloftheconict.AmajornewhistorybythePulitzerPrizewinningauthorofAnArmyatDawn.19StarsAStudyinMilitaryCharacterandLeadershipEdgarF.PuryearJr.NewYorkPresidioPress2003ThisvaluableworkstudiesthelivesandcareersofGeneralsDwightD.EisenhowerDouglasMacArthurGeorgeC.MarshallandGeorgeS.Pattonthroughtheirowneyesaswellastherecollectionsofhundredsofotherswhoworkedwithandknewthempersonally.Elementscommontotheirsuccessareexaminedincludingobviousattributessuchastheirthoroughpreparationandcapacityforworkaswellasthemoresubtlequalitiesofcharacterandofcourseluck.Thisisagreatworkforup-and-comingofcerstobetterunderstandthevfundamentalsofleadershippreparationandtheneedforluck.