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April-July2014JacksonJournal1April-July2014 JacksonJournalBrigadierGeneralBradleyA.BeckerCommanderUSATCandFortJacksonCommandSergeantMajorWilliamD.HainPostCommandSergeantMajorEditorialStaffEditorinChiefMichaelRyanExecutiveEditorJohnPhilibertFeaturedArticles6InstillingCombatSkillsbutatWhatCostCPTMartinP.Vanderhoekand1SGTyroneAntleyShouldlivetrainingontheM67HandGrenadebeconductedduringBasicCombatTraining12BRMTrainingwiththeM68ABetterWay-MoreEffectiveandEfcientCPTKennethL.JohnsonTodayBCTcompaniesusetraditionalironsightsthroughoutBasicRieMarksmanshipbuttheyshouldnolongerinsteadtheyshouldusetheM68amoreefcientmorecosteffectiveandmoretruetothemoderndaybattleeldsight.16OriginsoftheDrillSergeantSchoolStephanieSappTheDrillSergeanttheepitomeoftheArmyasaprofessionwasintroducedtoBasicCombatTrainingin1964.22FortJacksonsFourLeggedMilitaryPoliceDetachmentSFCTedPerryJrTheSoldiersandWorkingDogsofthe208thMilitaryPoliceDetachmentworkdiligentlyprovidingForceProtectiontoFortJacksononadailybasis.24CBRNSSGMatthewStahlIsthereabetterwaytoconductCBRNtraininginBCTTheauthorsaysyes28TheSoldierSelectsCreatingSoldiersfortheNextConictCOLJosephMcLambTheArmysneedforthinkinginnovativeandcondentleadersandSoldiersisnotuniquetoourcurrenthistoricalera.32Inter-ServicePostalTrainingActivityIPTACWO3USMCI.G.RodriguezandMr.MichaelW.Gasque34COGAnalysisandAssociatedTargetingforSHARPLTCJ.C.GlickandMAJJayK.SmithIfwetargetthepredatorwiththemindsetthatthepredatorisanenemytoourunitwecandevelopacoordinatedattackstrategythatdoesnotwastetimeandresources. UnitedStatesArmyTrainingCenterandFortJacksonVolumeIIApril-July2014NO.4TheJacksonJournalisaprofessionaljournalthatprovidesaforumfororiginalthoughtanddiscussiononallaspectsoftrainingandleadershipastheypertaintoInitialMilitaryTraining.TheviewsexpressedintheJacksonJournalarethoseoftheAuthorsnotnecessarilythoseoftheDepartmentofDefenseoranyelementofit.ThecontentdoesnotnecessarilyreectU.S.ArmypositionanddoesnotchangeorsupersedeanyinformationinotherofcialU.S.Armypublications.Authorsareresponsiblefortheaccuracyofthearticlestheyprovide.TheJacksonJournalreservestherighttoeditmaterial.TheJacksonJournalisavailableonlineathttpwww.jackson.army.milsitesjacksonjournalpages74540AdaptiveLeaders1SGVictoriaReevesandSFCDSMariaT.TaylorEffectiveleaderstodaymustpresentamulti-dimensionalapproachtolearningandtrainingtobedeemedsuccessful.ThiscouldbenotruerthanfortodaysmodernDrillSergeant.44FRGOneCompanysApproachCPTNicholasMilanoDrillSergeantsandtheirFamilieskeepFortJacksonrunning.Weshoulddoeverythingpossibletotakecareofthemandshowthemhowimportanttheyare.46DisciplineandOrderintheU.S.ArmedForcesTheRoleofMilitaryInstructorsintheArmyNavyAirForceandMarineCorpsSSGJessicaBrooks52BiblicalResponsetoKillinginCombatCHCPTColtRandlesHowshouldaChristianfeelabouttheprospectofhavingtotakeanotherslifeincombat54NewstartsPacevs.PotentialCPTDonielD.McPhailand1SGJamesL.PowellDoeseverytraineedeserveasecondchancetobecomeaSoldierWemustcarefullyweigheveryaspectofthetraineestimespentinBCTwhendeterminingiftheydeserveanewstart.56NegotiatingwithNewSoldiers1LTDanielWebbBaronvonSteubenquicklyfoundthattheAmericanswereadifferenttypeofSoldierandremarkedthatYousaytoyoursoldierDothisandhedoesit.ButIamobligedtosaytotheAmericanThisiswhyyououghttodothisandthenhedoesit.60TheBestKeptSecretCPTSindieL.HicksStudentDetachmentisavastuniqueorganizationwithamanpowerauthorizationof7Soldiersand6civilianworkerstosupportover2200SoldiersassignedtotheDetachmentwithdutyinover310diverselocationsworldwide.62TheAGSchoolAdvancedOfcerTrainingDivisionAOTDCPTBrianHollandsworth64TheHumbleLeaderTheroleofHumilityinLeadershipCOLBryanHernandezNopersoncanbeagreatleaderwithoutatouchofhumility. TeamJacksonTrainingtheBestSoldiersintheWorldBradleyA.BeckerBGUSACommandingWelcometotheJacksonJournalourprofessionaljournalfocusedonleadingandtrainingSoldiers.MyintentbehindthepublicationoftheJacksonJournalistoimproveFortJacksonsorganizationallearningthroughthesharingofideasbestpracticesandlessonslearnedamongallleaders.TheJacksonJournalservesasaplatformforprofessionalstoexpresstheirthoughtsandideasstartadialogueorsimplygainabetterunderstandingonaspecictopictoimprovetheirownprofessionaldevelopment.ThearticlesinthisissuetrulyhighlightthediverseandwidespectrumoftopicsthatallleaderswithintheArmyTrainingCenterandFortJacksonmustbecomefamiliarwithtosuccessfullyleadandtrainthefutureSoldiersofourgreatArmy.Twoarticlesofnoteinthisissuechallengethestatusquoandlookatndingbetterwaysforustoconducttraining.TherstarticleistitledInstillingCombatSkillsbutatWhatCostandiswrittenbyCPTMartinVanderhoekand1SGTyroneAntleyfrom4-10IN.TheauthorsproposethatcuttingonlytheliveportionofM67HandGrenadetrainingfromtheBCTPOImeetstheintentoftrainingSoldiersonacrucialskillwhilesavingmoneythatcouldbebetterutilizedtoimprovetrainingfacilitiesandequipmentwhilealsosavingtheArmyanuntoldamountofmoneyinpaymedicalexpensesandthecostofArmsAmmunitionandExplosivesAAE.ThesecondarticleistitledBRMTrainingwiththeM68andiswrittenbyCPTKennethJohnsonfrom1-34IN.HiscompanyrecentlyparticipatedinastudythatcomparedtheeffectivenessandefciencyoftheM68CloseCombatOpticCCOversusthetraditionalironsightduringBRMtraining.BasedonthendingsofthisstudyherecommendsthatallSoldiersshouldusetheM68amoreefcientmorecosteffectiveandmoretruetothemoderndaybattleeldsight.Iaminterestedinyourthoughtsandideasonthesetwoarticles.Thenexttimeyouseemeatyourtrainingpleaseletmeknowwhatyouthink.IencourageleadersatalllevelstoreadtheJacksonJournalandsubmitarticlesforfuturepublications.Oneofthebestwaystobecomeanexpertinourprofessionistoturnyourthoughtsandideasintothewrittenword.Wemustcontinuetoemphasizetheimportanceandvalueofwritingforallofourleaders.FromtheCommandingGeneral VictoryStartsHereWilliamD.HainCSMUSAPostCommandSergeantMajorPostCommandSergeantMajorAsIassumedutiesasthePostCSMIwanttotaketheopportunitytosharemyexperienceandphilosophyonourtoppriorityTraining.Ihavehadtheopportunitytoattendquiteafewtrainingeventsandvenuessincearrival.IcontinuetobeimpressedwithwhatIseedailybutsuggestinsomecaseswecanachievemorewithless.IremainconvincedthatthekeytosuccessbothintraininghereattheIMTlevelandallthewaytoprepare-for-wartrainingismasteryofbasicskillsdoingthefundamentalindividualtaskstotherequiredstandardeachandeverytimeregardlessoftheconditions.Inourenvironmentwherewehaveacaptivetrainingaudiencetherealwaysexistsatemptationtopushtheenvelopetomaketrainingmorerelevanttothecollectivelevelweallexperiencedinouroperationalassignments.WeallnaturallywanttoexposeournewestSoldiersorLeaderstocomplexproblemsolvingthereforeproducingmoreagileandadaptiveSoldiers.Itcanreallymakesensetoputtrainingincontextwithhigherlevelmissions.IadvocateallofthiswithinaclearsetofboundariesNOTattheexpenseofwhatistrulyimportantexecutingindividualtaskscorrectlyeverytimeundereverycondition.ItsimplymakesnosensetoteachaSoldierhowtodoataskcorrectlyexplainwhyitisimportantandthenteachhimthroughlackofenforcementorashiftinfocusthatitisokaytonotdoitthatwaybecausewevemovedontoatacticalscenario.SomeexamplesaimduringRMbutokaynottoaimduringasquadattackloadweaponproperlyduringPMItopreventmalfunctionsbutokaytoskipasteportwobeforegoingthroughHGassaultcourselowcrawlcorrectlytodaybecausewereteachingindividualmovementtechniquesbutokaytoadjustontherangebecauseitsnotsafe.WhenweattempttogobigontrainingeventsearlycareertrainingcyclesNCOESOESinevitablythestandardsonbasicskillsareoverlookedmarginalizedornotenforcedatthecostofhigherleveltrainingobjectives.Soinspiteofourbestintentionsweun-traintheskillswearechargedwithtraining.Whenwemakerstcontacttrainingorwartheplanwillnotsurvive.WhatwillsurviveisaSoldierstrainingandcondenceintheirequipmentandleadersornot.AswecontinuetotrainthebestSoldiersinourArmyknowthatourSoldiersliveswillonedaycountononeortwoverybasicskillswetaughtthem.Wecantaffordtonotgetthatright 6JacksonJournalApril-July2014InstillingcombatskillsbutatwhatcostCPTMartinP.Vanderhoek1SGTyroneAntleyHereattheUnitedStatesArmyslargestBasicCombatTrainingBCTpostourcollectivegoalistotransormciviliansintoSoldiersinthemostproessionalArmyintheworldcapableocarryingoutnationalpolicyswilydecisivelyandasordered.WhiletherearehundredsinotthousandsodierentskillsetsmultipleechelonsocommandstructureandseveralrankseveryservicememberhasthisincommontheystartedatsomesortoinitialtrainingandtheyweretrainedoncombatskillstoalloweverySoldiertodeployengageanddestroytheenemyatanindividuallevelinecessary.WebelievethatlivetrainingontheM67HandGrenadeintheBCTProgramoInstructionPOIcouldbealteredtobetterutilizetrainingundsdrasticallyreducethepotentialorinjurytobothtraineesandcadreandopenupadialogueontrainingtechniquesthatbetterbenefttheSoldierandtheArmy. April-July2014JacksonJournal7SpendingmoneydoesnotatrainedSoldiermakeItisnosurprisetoanyonethattheArmyisoperatinginascalclimatethatisrapidlychangingromthatothepastdecade.OurbudgetisbeingreducedexponentiallywearedownsizingourArmyandbothourcivilianandmilitaryleadershipisstronglyconsideringcuttingpaysalaryandotherbenetsasweseektocreateanArmythatisleanagileandstillwelltrained.TothatendIproposethatcuttingonlytheliveportionoM67trainingromtheBCTPOImeetstheintentotrainingSoldiersonacrucialskillwhilesavingmoneythatcouldbebetterutilizedtoimprovetrainingacilitiesandequipmentwhilealsosavingtheArmyanuntoldamountomoneyinpaymedicalexpensesandthecostoArmsAmmunitionandExplosivesAAE.CurrentlyaM67costs59.71pergrenade.Whilethisdoesnotseemlikeacostlyexpenseconsiderthatbetween01January2013and01January2014FortJacksontrained41675personnelonliveM67s.SinceeverytraineethrowstwoM67grenadesduringlivetrainingwespent4976829incostsoAAEalonenotincludingthecostoextragrenadesthrowntoaccountorduds.Additionallywehaveapproximately15InantrymanworkingascadreunderB4-10INatRemagenliverange.EachoneothoseSoldiersrightullyreceivesDemolitionPayo250dollarspermonthaswelltheirbasepayBAHTRICAREcoverageetc.GiventhatourArmyisreducinginsizeitmakesmuchmoresensetoreduceourpersonnelneedsandallowthose11BstobeutilizedsomewhereelseinFORSCOMorTRADOC.FurthermoreseveralothosecadremembershavereceivedtheSoldiersMedalSMortheiractionsinsavinglivesintheperormanceotheirdutiesatRemagen.WithouttakingawayromtheabsoluteselfessnessandcourageotheiractionsbeingawardedtheSMrightullycarrieswithita10increaseinretirementpayanothercostthatwemustconsideriwearetohonestlyandobjectivelyconductananalysisothecostothistraining. 8JacksonJournalApril-July2014TeArmycouldsavetensomillionsodollarsiweretainonlythepracticequalicationportionohandgrenadetraining.AM228practiceuzecostsonly9.97peruze.SincetraineesalreadyutilizethistrainingaidduringtheirqualicationtrainingthedaypriortothrowingliveM67sandalltrainingacilitiesinrastructurealreadyexistthiswouldnotcountasamonetarytradeo.Sincethecostotrainingwithsimulationsis831000theArmywouldexperienceareductiono85otrainingcostsinAAEalone.DrillSergeantscancontinuetotrainontheskillsrequiredtoproperlyemployahandgrenadecommanderscanusethatmoneyorotherpurposesandtheArmycanuseitspersonnelmoreefciently.AninjuredSoldierisneveragoodthinganeedlesslyinjuredSoldierisatragedyAnyonecantellyouthathandlinggrenadesisaninherentlyriskyanddangerousthingtodo.Teexplosivescanbecomeunstableuzescanbeshorterthananticipatedandshrapnelcanseriouslyinjurebystanders.Allotheaboverisksexistregardlessothelevelotrainingthethrowermayhavebutitbecomesevenmorehazardouswhenyouconsiderthat100othethrowershereatFortJacksonhaveneverhandledgrenadesbeorearenotyetconsideredtobeullydisciplinedSoldiersandhavebeenimmersedoranextendedtimeinanenvironmentthatinduceshighlevelsostress.Teseactorscombinetocreateaveritablerecipeordisaster.IyouweretointerviewthecadreatRemagenRangeeveryoneothemwouldhaveanear-missstorytotell.Whenyouaredealingwithhandgrenadesevenaclosecallhasaveryrealpotentialorsevereinjuries.Withinthepastyearcadrehavesavedthelivesotraineesonthreeseparateoccasionsandtakendirectactiontomitigatetrainingincidentserrantthrowscookosanddanger-closedetonationsatleast15times.Eachoneotheseincidentsdidnottakeaturnortheworstbecauseoourcadremembersdedicationtotheirdutiestheirdisciplineandtheirattentiontodetail.Stilljustbecausenoonehasbeenseverelyinjuredyetdoesnotmeanitwillnothappen.Withover50otheArmystraineescomingthroughFortJacksonannuallyitisonlyamatterotimebeoreourcadrearenotquickenoughtopreventanaccident.Notonlydoestheimmediateblastoahandgrenadehaveapotentialorinjurytheshockwavescancauseconsiderabledamageaswell.LookingatthephotooBay03oRemagenaconsiderablebowedeecttothewoodenslatingonthebermwallsisnoticeable.Furthermorethedirtbermsarepackedextremelytight.Tisisnotbydesign.Astimegoesontherepeatedconcussiveorceothedetonationscausethewoodtopermanentlywarpandthedirttobepackeddowntoadensitythatresemblesconcrete.Itheconcussiveorcesorepeateddetonationcancausethatkindochangeinregularmaterialswhatishappeningtothe April-July2014JacksonJournal9bodiesothecadrewhorepeatedlydayinanddayoutstandinsidethatpitwithtraineestosupervisethethrowingoalivegrenadeManyotheinjuriesweseeinourcadrewhoacilitatethistrainingareinlinewithailmentstheArmyjustbegantolearnaboutasweacedthedangersoIEDsandEFPs.Non-visualinjuriesthatcantakemonthstosuraceandaredifculttodiagnose-MildraumaticBrainInjuriesmBImemorylossandPostraumaticStressDisordercausedbyrepeatedlywitnessingortakingpartinactiondrillstopreventexplosivesrominjuringorkillingothers.Toseareallinjuriesromasingularincidentbutwealsoneedtoconsiderthelongtermdamagethatcanbecausedbyrepeatedexposuretoblasts.MedicalresearchInsllingCombatSkillsconsistentlyshowsalinkbetweenindividualswhosustainconsistentandcontinuingsub-concussivebraintraumaanddegenerativediseasessuchasChronicraumaticEncephalopathyCE.Terecanbeadangerinbeingsorisk-adversethatyouoverlooktheneedororareunwillingtoaccepttheinherentrisksoatrainingprogramthatultimatelycarriesabenethigherthanthatothecostotraining.Idontbelievethisisthecasewithlivehandgrenadetraining.Againiwecontinuedthetrainingutilizingonlypracticeuzeswecouldcontinuetomeettheintentotrainingwithminimalrisksandmuchlessoawindoworinjuriesbothshorttermandlongtermwithregardstobothtraineesandcadre.WhyherewhynowHandgrenadeshaveexistedsincethe10thcenturywhentheEasternRomanempiresusedrelledpotsthatwouldbethrownatenemies.TeUnionandConederateArmiesotheCivilWarusedormsotheKetchumgrenadeincombatandtheUSArmyhasutilizedgrenadesduringeveryWarandinvariousormsromanti-personneltoincendiarysince.TehandgrenadeisaninvaluabletoolinclosecombatandeverySoldiershouldbecapableoemployinggrenadestokillanenemyragmentationanti-tankprovideconcealmentsmokeordestroyenemyequipmentorriendlyequipmentorthepurposesosaeguardingtechnologicalsecretsortopreventtheenemyromusingequipmentagainstusphosphorous.ButBCdoesnotincludehandsontrainingoranyothegrenadesotherthanragmentation.CommandersothegraduatingSoldiersollowonduty-stationdecidewhethertoconductthattraining.TisisbecausetheleadershipotheunittowhichthatSoldierisgoingknowsbetterthanwedothenecessityorthistypeotrainingbasedontheirMissionEssentialaskListMELandcanbettertailortheirtrainingtomatchtheindividualskills 10JacksonJournalApril-July2014requiredtobeprocientintheunitsMEL.OnlyanincrediblysmallpercentageotheSoldierswhogothroughBCenduputilizinggrenadesincombatandthosethatdoaregenerallycombatarmsSoldierswhomakeupasmallpercentageotheArmycomparedtocombatsupportandcombatservicesupportbranches.Teintentionisnottosuggestthatnoncombat-armsSoldiersrequirenotrainingonhandgrenades.EveryoneshouldknowhowtoemployahandgrenadebutthedecisiontotrainonemploymentogrenadesutilizingLIVEexplosivesshouldbeadecisionmadebytheunittowhichtheSoldierispermanentlyassigned.TatcommandknowstheirassignedmissionandcanmoreefectivelyperormtheMilitaryDecisionMakingProcessandArmyrainingManagementtodeterminewhetherurthertrainingonhandgrenadesisneededtoensuremissionsuccess.LeadersonrangesoccasionallyvoicetheargumentthattrainingonliveexplosivesishistoricallybasedandthatBChasalwaystrainedonit.Whilethereissomevaliditytocontinuingtotrainonaspecictaskattimesitdoesnothurttoregularlyassesstheneedorsaidtraining.Becauseitsbeendonebeoredoesnotmeanthatitmustcontinueintheaceoobsolescence.AgoodexampleothiscanbeoundintheM72LAWwhichsawheavyuseinVietnamandwasincorporatedintoBCbutseeslittleusenow.WhiletheLAWhasseenactioninaewbattlesinIraqandAghanistanitsusehasbeenverylimitedandsohasnotbeenincludedinBCsincethe1980s.Itisalsobelievedthatthetrainingincreasesattentiontodetaildisciplineandcondenceinthetask.Certainlywedesirethesequalitiesduringthetrainingbutthetrainingdoesnotinstillthesequalities.InactromahistoricalstandpointtheArmydidnotusegrenadesasatrainingtooluntilrelativelyrecentlyandtheocushasneverbeenondisciplineandattentiontodetail.WhenBaronvonSteubenwaschargedwithassistinginthecreationoadisciplinedArmyhedevelopeddrillmovementsandregulationsorWashingtonsArmyin1778.HedidnotocusonhandgrenadetrainingandyetstillcreatedtheoundationsthatweusetodaytocreateaproessionaldisciplinedSoldier.Disciplineisinstilledthroughconstantlytrainingtroopstheproperwaytocarryoutataskencouragingthemtobettertheirabilityatcarryingthetaskoutandprovidingeedbackinaconsistentmanner.Whatitisnotisasingulartrainingevent.IatraineeisnotdisplayinganappropriatedegreeodisciplinepriortothrowingalivehandgrenadeperormingthatactwillnotmagicallychangethelevelodisciplinedisplayedbythatSoldier.AvalidargumentcanbemadebystatingthatthiseventisthesingularpointduringtheSoldiersentiretraininginwhichtheyaceimminentdangerandmustaceitheadon.Tereisundoubtedlyanintangibletrainingbenettothiseventthatmeritsadialoguebutwemustconsidertheworthotherisk.Trowingalivegrenadedoesnotguaranteeanincreaseincondenceinselorequipmentanditmayeveninstillalsecondence.CondencecanbebuiltbyacingearsandovercomingthemcaseinpointVictoryowerbutdoesthebenetopossiblyboostingcondenceoutweightherisksthatareassociatedwithlivehandgrenadesASoldiermaywalkinemploythehandgrenadepoorlybutinamannerthatdoesnotinjureanyonewithintheprotectiveconnesothelivebayandnowalselybelievetheyareprocientintheemploymentothatweaponwhichisextremelydangerous.AchangeintherainingSupportPackageSPtoallowormorepracticeuzesandDrillSergeantdriveninstructioninthrowingagrenadewouldmeettheintentothetrainingwithsubstantiallylessrisktothetraineeandthetrainer.Anadditionaloptiontoconsiderwouldbeallowing1-2othetoptraineestothrowlivegrenadeswiththerestothecompanywatchingthiswouldstillalloweveryonetoamiliarizethemselveswiththeimpactotheweaponwhilereducingAAEcosts.SimilaramiliarizationtrainingisalreadyconductedwithboththeM203andA-4weaponssystemsduringUSWeaponsFamiliarization.Wemustlookathowweareteachingtheseskillsandwhyiwearenotmakingtheabsolutebesttrainingavailablewiththeresourcesthatwearegivenandiwearenotconductingthistraininginamannerthatpreservesthesaetyandwelareothetraineeandthetrainerweareailing April-July2014JacksonJournal11CPTMartinP.Vanderhoekand1SGTyroneAntleyaretheCommanderandFirstSergeantforBravoCompany4thBattalion10thInfantryRegiment171stInfantryBrigade.ClosingthoughtsAChineseproverbstatesWhenplanningorayearplantcorn.Whenplanningoradecadeplanttrees.Whenplanningorlietrainandeducatepeople.Asitstandsnowweareexecutingwhatonecouldsayistheequivalentoplantingcorn.TereisashortpayoutthatotheSoldierexperiencingasensoryoverloadosortsbutitdoesnotprovidelongtermvalue.Itcouldevenbearguedthatweareplantingtreesastheexperiencewillnodoubtbeengrainedinanindividualormanyyears.ButinorderorustotrulyimpactaSoldierortheirliewemustocusonidentiyingthetrainingthatcouldsavetheirlie.otakeitastepurtherwemusteducatethemthroughimmersionontrainingmethodologythatiseectiveandcanbecarriedoutecientlyandsimply.Ibelievethataraineewillrememberawelltaughttoughstandardsbasedtrainingmodulemuchlongerinthespanotheircareerthanaone-timeshock.AsanaddedbonusthattrainingmodelhasthepotentialtoshowthatSoldierhowtocarryouteectivetraininginamannerthattheycanrememberandtaketotheirollowonunitdrawonduringtheircareerandpassontoothers.Anorganizationwhichdoesnotcontinuouslysearchormethodstoimproveitselwillsurelystagnate.Organizationsofenailbecausetheydonotlookinternallyattheirmethodsandprogramstodeterminewhatdoesnotworkwhatworksbutisnotnecessaryandwhatisacriticaltaskthatisneededtokeeptheorganizationmoving.TeArmyisnodierentanditisabsolutelycriticalthatwetakeaocusedobjectivelookateverytrainingeventtodeterminehowbesttoallocateourresourceswhichinthiscaseisadisciplinedandcompetentSoldiercapableodeployingengaginganddestroyingtheenemyromtherstdayograduation.InsllingCombatSkillsTeabilityoraSoldiertoghtandwinthroughknowledgeotacticsandtheproperemploymentoindividualorcrewservedweaponssystemsisinvaluableandourabilityasanArmytoteachtheseskillsproessionallyisaprimaryreasonwearethebestArmyonearth.Butwemustlookathowweareteachingtheseskillsandwhyiwearenotmakingtheabsolutebesttrainingavailablewiththeresourcesthatwearegivenandiwearenotconductingthistraininginamannerthatpreservesthesaetyandwelareothetraineeandthetrainerweareailing.AndwewouldbeailingnotjusttheUnitedStatesArmyasaninstitutionbutthecitizenstowhichweareresponsibletoandmostimportantlytheSoldiersthatmakeupthegreatestArmytheworldhaseverknown. 12JacksonJournalApril-July2014WeallhaveheardthesesayingsbeoreandallousasleaderstrytolivebytheseaxiomswhenleadingourSoldiers.Asleadersweshouldstriverelentlesslytonotonlymaketheseaxiomsarealitybutweshouldalsoseekwaystomaketrainingbetter.AsaCompanyCom-manderIhavespentcountlesshourswithmyDrillSergeantsatrangeswithnewlyarrivedraineesduringBasicRifeMarksmanshipBRMperiods4-10.BRMperiod4istypicallythemostrustratingtimeorDrillSergeantsaswehavelearnedromapreviousarticleentitledZeroingtheUnzero-ablebySSGChadA.Sage.DaysatBRMperiod4arelongandarduousandsometimeswithlittlerewardorlittlegraticationatdaysend.IhavewatchedmanyDrillSergeantswalkromtheringpointtothetargetandbacknumeroustimestoanalyzeandassesstheWarriorsring.Whatcausesthisrustrationoreelingolittlerewardeach-ingcorrectsightalignmentandsightpictureisthecause.oachieveacorrectsightpicturetheraineemustaligntherearsightposttherontsightpostandthetarget.Sightalignmentiscenteringthetipotherontsightpostinthecenterotherearsightaperture.Anyalignmenterrorswillcausethetargettobemissed.Right8down6orle3up3areamiliarsoundscomingromDrillSergeants.Tesearethecorrectionsthatarebeinggiventoadjustthepointoimpactotheroundonthetargettoachieveahitorascore.Tesearethesamestan-dardsandmethodsIwastaughtasaraineenearly22yearsago.HasnothingchangedinourweaponryinoursystemsinourtechnologiesorinourtacticsoanswertheabovequestionnoourArmyhaschangedandisconstantlychanging.TeArmycontinuestointroducenewweaponssystemstoenhanceouroverallreadinessbyprovidingourSoldierswiththemostadvanceweaponrygivingusadistinctadvantageonthebattleeld.In2000theArmyintroducedtheM68SightRefexandwasdesignatedaCloseCombatOpticCCO.TeM68canbeusedonboththeM16andM4rifesandsinceitsintroductiontheArmyhaseldedover1000000M68s.odayBCcompaniesusetra-ditionalironsightsthroughoutBasicRifeMarks-manshipbuttheyshouldnolongerinsteadtheyshouldusetheM68amoreecientmorecosteectiveandmoretruetothemoderndaybattle-eldsight.RecentlymycompanyparticipatedinastudythatcomparedtheeectivenessandeciencyotheM68CCOversustheIronsightandsobeganthestudyoLegacyCompaniesvs.ContemporaryCompanies.TethreecontemporarycompanieswereequippedromthebeginningothecyclewiththeM68andthethreelegacycompanieswereequippedwithstandardaperturesights.AtthestartoBRM4IwasverynervouswiththeusageotheM68orreasonssuchasequipmentmalunctionsandraineesjustnotgraspingtheopticasquickly.IutilizedthreedaysoBRM4twodaysconsistingotwoplatoonsatthezerorangeandtwoplatoonsinthecompanyareaconductingBRMreinorcementtraining.Tethirddaywasutilizedorourhardcoreswhichisusuallyanestimated30to35rain-Traintostandard.Trainasyoufght.Trainingmustbetoughrealisticandchallenging.BRMTrainingwiththeM68ABeerWay-MoreEfecveandEcientCPTKennethL.Johnson April-July2014JacksonJournal13ees.WebeganBRM4byopeningtherangeat0815andclosedtherangeat1745.Bylunchtime120047othe107raineespresentattherangehadgroupedandzeroedwiththeirassignedweaponM16M4.Isent38othe47zeroedraineesbacktothecompanyareaandbrought38othetraineesconductingBRMreinorcementtrainingouttotherange.Attheendoday1orBRM4wetrainedatotalo145traineeswith32raineesailingtogroupandzero.Day1wereceived5040roundsromtheAmmunitionSupplyPointASPandred3840rounds.Wealsospentatotalo9hourstrainingrainees.BybringingSoldiersorwardandutilizingtheopticsourcompanywasnowaraheadothetrainingschedule.Onday2webroughttheremainderothecompanytoincludethe32thatailedtozerothedaypriororatotalo101rainees.Day2beganasday1exceptthatweopenedtherangeat0745andclosedtherangeat1700spending9hoursand15min-utesattherange.Wereceived6720roundsandred4913.Bylunchtimeagainwewereapproaching50rersgroupedandzeroed.At1700wewere100groupedandze-roed.Tiswasveryinstrumentalandsetthetoneorourbesttrainingcycleyet.DrillSergeantsmoralwasveryhighattheendoday2.NowinsteadousingDay3orhardcoreswetookoutourraineesthatwethoughtcouldusemoretriggertimebehindtheweaponandopticitsel.Nowletstakealookatoneoourlegacycom-panieswhoollowedthesameconceptasmycompany.TeyalsoscheduledthreedaysoBRM4takingtwoplatoonsatatimeandsavingday3ortheirhardcores.Day1theyopenedtherangeat0715andclosedtherangeat1730spendingatotalo10hoursand15minutesontherange.Teyreceived6720roundsandred6531.Teytrained118raineesandattheendothedaytheyhad14raineesthatdidnotmeetthestandard.Day2theyreceived6720roundsromtheASPandtheyTrainingwiththeM68red5880.Teyopenedtherangeat0715andclosedtherangeat1650spending9hoursand35minutesattherange.Teytrained100raineesandattheendothedaythey10raineesthatdidnotmeetthestandard.AerDay2theywerelewith24raineesashardcores.Iwouldliketopointoutthatthiscompanydidnotbringanyraineesorwardasmycompanydid.TisislikelybecausetimewasspentontherangewithaDrillSergeantortworunningremedialtraining.Itcouldalsobethatatmiddaytheywereinthehighteensorlowtwentiesorraineesbeinggroupedandzeroed.Nowletsmovetodaythreewiththehardcores.Teyreceived3360roundsromtheASPandred1942.Teyopenedtherangeat0830andclosedtherangeat1530spending7hoursattherange.Teytrainedtheir24remainingraineesandall24weregroupedandzeroedbringtheircompanyto100groupedandzeroed.Tedierenceintimespentattherangetheamountoroundsredandthehigherresultsorsttimegoswasverynoticeable.Tistrendcontin-uedduringBRM5whichisLoca-tionoHitsandMissesLOMAH.WescheduletwodaysorLOMAHandagainsplitthecompanyintotwoplatoons.UsuallythisisanalldayeventattherangebecauseLOMAHisusedtoveriywhatweaccomplishedduringBRM4.DuringLOMAHmyDrillSergeantsspentlesstimemakingadjustmentsandreconrmingzeros.Againweusedlessam-munitionandspentlesstimeattherange.TeupwardtrendcontinuedtoBRMperiods9and10andtheopticsprovedtheirworthdur-ingqualication.TeM68hasareddotaimingdevicethatcanbeadjustedtotheindividualsoldierallowingorasterorquickertargetacquisitionandbecauseSoldierscanengagetargetsupto300meterswithbotheyesopenitallowsorbettersituationalawareness.TeM68usesacollimatorrefexsystem.Sincethereticleisatinnityitstaysinalignmentwiththedevicethesightisattachedto 14JacksonJournalApril-July2014regardlessotheviewerseyepositionremovingtheparallaxandothersightingerrorsoundinsimplesightingdevicesironsights.OnthedayoBRM9Isensedorthersttimeinmytimeasacom-manderthattheraineeswereanticipatingringthatday.Previouscyclestherewerealwaysmum-blingsandanervousangstamongsttherainees.IcouldalsoseecalminmyDrillSergeantsbecausetheywerecondentthattheraineeswouldper-ormverywell.Asallcompanycommanders1SGsandDrillSergeantsknowthatduringBRM9iaraineeachievesaqualiyingscorethatscorecancountastheraineebeingqualied.Atthecomple-tionoBRM9allbutonetraineehadachievedaqualiyingscore.Weachievedover30expertswiththreetraineesscored39outo40hitsover90sharpshootersandover50Marksman.ForBRM10Iwasabletogiveeverytraineetheopportunitytoshootorahigherscore.Attheendothedayweachieved41expertstoincludeoneHawkeye.Wereached104sharpshootersand58totalmarksmen.AtthecompletionoBRM9thelegacycompanyqualiedallbut12raineeswhichisstillaverypositiveturnout.ForBRM10thelegacycompanynalnumbers20experts73sharpshooters115marksmanand1raineenotqualiyingontheirassignedweapon.CPTKennethL.johnsonistheCommanderofDeltaCompany1stBattalion34thInfantryRegiment165thInfantryBrigade.1SGShannonAllenandSFCDSJosephBrownromDeltaCo1-34thInantryBattalioncontributedtothisarticle.UsingtheM68CCOprovedtomoreeectiveandecientandyieldedahighersuccessrateamongthecontemporarycompanies.Asstatedaboveover1000000M68shavebeeneldedthroughouttheArmy.raineeswillarrivetotheorcetrainedastheywillbeexpectedtoghtandbeknowledgeableotheequipmentthatwillbeusedtoeliminatetheenemy.Asingle5.56mmroundpurchasedbytheArmycostonaverage.25centsperround.Tecontemporarycompanybasedonthesenumbershavethecapacitytore5600lessroundsthanthelegacycompany.Tatequatestoasavingo1400.00oratrainingcycle.Withapossibleourtovecyclesperyearand5to6companiesperbattalionthiscouldequatetoasavingso19320-33600perbattalionorascalyear.UsingtheCCOduringBRM4couldalsopotentiallyeliminateneedortrainingAdvanceRifeMarksmanshipARMperiod3.RequirementsorARMperiod3areexactlythesameiunitsuseCCOsromthebeginningoBRM.TiswillnotonlyeliminatetheneedorARM3butitwouldsave20000-22000perbattalionorascalyear.Withtodaysdownsizingmilitaryspendingandbudgetcutsareattheorerontoourmilitaryuture.Weasleaderscanusetheresourceswealreadypossessalongwithsomecriticalthinkingandndwaystomaketrainingmoreeectivemoreecientandmorerelativetohowtheseyoungraineeswillghtintheorceandsavegovernmentspendingintheprocess.5810441935613 April-July2014JacksonJournal15SHELLSHOCKTherevolutionaryweaponthatchangedwarfareforever.Atthestartofthe1800sanewweaponappearedonthebattleeldsofEurope.ItwasthebrainchildofanEnglishofcerwhohadspentthirtyyearsperfectingit.Ahollowartilleryshellwaslledwithsmallermusketballsalongwithachargeofgunpowderignitedbyafuse.Theshellcouldbelaunchedlong-distanceattheenemyslines.Whenitexplodedinmidairitspreadadeadlycarpetofmetalshardsoverawidearea.Theinventoroftheshelldevotedallhisfreetimetoperfectingitpouringhislifesavingsintotheproject.TheBritisharmynallyadoptedtheshellin1803andrstuseditintheNapoleonicWars.ItprovedfrighteninglylethalonmassedtroopsandsoterriedFrenchsoldiersthattheybelievedtheBritishhadpoisonedtheircannonballs.SirGeorgeWoodcommanderoftheBritishartillerycreditedthenewshellwithplayingacriticalroleinthedefeatofNapoleonattheBattleWaterloo.Onthissimplecircumstancehingedentirelytheturnofthebattlehelaterwroteinalettertotheshellsinventor.ArtillerybecomeinnitelymoreterrifyingandthenameoftheofcerwhoinventedtheshellbecameknownaroundtheworldHenryShrapnel.RickBeyerTheGreatestWarStoriesNeverToldHarperCollinsNewYork2005 16JacksonJournalApril-July2014heDrillSergeanttheepitomeotheArmyasaproession1wasintroducedtobasiccombattrainingin1964.Priorto1964basictrainingwasconductedorthemostpartbyinexperiencedandunmotivatedSoldiers.2WiththeintroductionotheDrillSergeantconcepttheArmyadoptedthestrategyalreadyemployedbytheotherbranchesothemilitaryollingthebasiccombattrainerrolewithspeciallytrainedandhighlyqualiedinstructors.TeArmydevelopedastrictselectionprocessandave-weektrainingprogramtopickandpreparetheSoldiersresponsibleorconductingbasiccombattraining.TepilotprogramotheDrillSergeantSchoolstartedinMay1964atFortJacksonandthesubsequenteldtestsodrill-sergeant-ledbasictrainingweresosuccessulthatbytheendotheyeartheDepartmentotheArmyhadestablishedDrillSergeantSchoolsatsixotheArmystrainingcentersandbyOctober1965haddirectedtheuseoDrillSergeantsatallothetrainingcenters.TeoriginotheDrillSergeantprogramactuallystartedin1962twoyearspriortotheorganizationotherstDrillSergeantSchool.InJuly1962theDepartmentotheArmyorganizedtheOceotheDeputyChieoStaIndividualrainingDCSIContinentalArmyCommandCONARCtoexaminetheArmysprocessoindividualtraining.TisreorganizationcentralizedresponsibilityorbasiccombattrainingunderoneheadquartersCONARC.3OncethiscentralizationwasaccomplishedtheDCSIdiscoveredthatthestandardsoperormanceattheArmyseighttrainingcenterswereradicallydierent.ocreateamoreuniormtrainingprogramtheDCSIstartedstandardizingtheexpectationsoalltheArmytrainingcentersmakingacomparisonoperormancebetweenthecenterspossible.4OncethestandardizationwascompleteandacomparisonothetrainingcenterswaspossibleleadersromallotheArmytrainingcentersmetinMarch1963toevaluatetheirindividualtrainingprograms.Asaresultotheconerencean8-weekBasicCombatrainingprogramwasdevelopedthatwentintoeectinAugust1963.Tenewcurriculumpresentedaclearstatementoobjectivesanddenedgoalsoreachaspectothetrainingprogram.Terevisedprogramreducedlecturetimeremovedpurelyinantrysubjects45hoursolandnavigationlandminewararetechniquesoreandrifesquadtacticsandsubstantiallyincreasedthetimedevotedtodrillsandceremoniesphysicaltrainingandmarchesandbivouac.5ConcurrentwiththedevelopmentothenewbasictrainingcurriculumtheSecretaryotheArmyorderedacomparisonotheArmytrainingprogramagainstthetrainingprogramsotheMarinesAirForceandNavy.In1963theUnderSecretaryotheArmyStephenAilesexamined1DepartmentotheArmy.U.S.ArmyDrillSergeanthttpwww.army.mildrillsergeantromeatures2DepartmentotheArmy.HistoryotheDrillSergeanthttpwww.army.mildrillsergeanthistory.htmlMemoStephenAilesUnderSecretaryotheArmyorCyrusR.VanceSecretaryotheArmy21December1963subRecruitrainingNARAParagraphIIIC.3CONARCwasdisestablishedin1973.ItwasreplacedbytherainingandDoctrineCommandRADOCheadquarteredatFortMonroeVAandForcesCommandFORSCOMheadquarteredatFortMcPhersonGA.4RecruitrainingMemoParagraphIIIA15RecruitrainingMemoParagraphIIIA2 April-July2014JacksonJournal17malerecruittrainingintheourbranches.InhissurveypublishedinDecember1963AilesrecognizedthedierencesintermsosizeSoldierdemographics6andobjectivesotheourprogramshoweverhebelievedthatcommonstrategiescouldbeemployedbyallotheprogramsIdeasdevelopedinoneservicetomeetspecicproblemscanbeuseulinanotherservicetheArmycanbenetgreatlyromsomeothemethodswhichhavebeendevelopedintheotherBCprograms.7TereportidentiedmanydecienciesintheArmytrainingprogramprimarilyconcerningthepersonnelatthetrainingcenters.8AilesoundthatwhileotherbranchesothemilitaryplacedanemphasisonprovidingahighqualitytrainertheArmytrainingcenterswerewoeullyunderstaedandtheSoldiersassignedtothetrainingcenterswereunderqualiedinexperiencedunmotivatedandoverworked.9Tereportrecognizedthatthetrainingcenterswereplacedatalowpriorityinregardstollingpositionswhichmeantthatmostothetrainingcentersonlyhadtheirminimumstangneedsullled.Additionallyothemenassignedtothetrainingcentersmostwereunderqualied.WhiletheStangGuideorthecentersrecommendedacaptaininchargeoeachtrainingcompanyandarstlieutenantinchargeoeachplatooninrealitymostcompanycommandersweresecondlieutenantsamajorityowhomwereReserveOcersrainingCorpsROCgraduatesreshlyreportingrombranchschool.TeseocersDrillSergeantSchoollackedtheexperienceandleadershipskillstoeectivelygoverntheirsubordinates.Sadlytheenlistedpersonnelacedasimilarsituationwithdrasticshortagesostasergeantsandsergeantsrstclassbutsubstantialoveragesinthegradesosergeantandbelow.BecauseothesestanginadequaciesqualiedSoldiersatthetrainingcenterswereoverworked.Longerworkinghoursmeantdisruptedamilylivesandthelackosupportbrednegativeattitudesamongthetrainers.10AmongothersuggestionstoimprovetheArmybasictrainingprogram11theAilesReportrecommendedanoverhaulothestangproceduresorthetrainingcenters.SpecicallythereportrequestedimprovementsintheselectionprocessortrainersaormalizedtrainingprogramortheselectedtrainersandrewardsavailableorthetrainerstoattractmoreSoldierstotheposition.Terstothesesuggestionstogaintractionwastheimplementationoatrainingprogramorthetrainers.AsaresultotheAilesReportonrecruittrainingarainerPreparationProjectStaconsistingorepresentativesromtheHumanResourcesResearchOrganizationHumRRO12SoldiersromtheArmystrainingcentersstaromthe3rdUSArmyNCOAcademyatFortJacksonandaprojectocerromHQCONARC13metatFortJackson.FromFebruary1toApril171964thisgroupworkedtogethertodevelopatrainingprogramthatwouldproduceahighlyskilled6HalotheSoldiersgoingthroughArmytrainingatthetimeothereportweredrafeeswhereastheotherserviceswerelledwithvolunteers.TereoreArmytraineeswereonaverageolderandbettereducated.7RecruitrainingMemoParagraphII8AilesbrokedownthedecienciesotheArmytrainingprogramintothreecategoriesstangrecognitionotrainersandincentivesorbrightertrainees.Onestangatthetrainingcenterswasinadequateorthereasonsdiscussedhere.wotheArmydidnothaveaprogramorselectingtrainingandencouragingthetrainingcenterstaorinaccordingwellmeritedrecognition.Andthreebasiccombattraininglackedmeaningulchallengeespeciallyorthosemenwhohavethegreatestpotentialoreectiveservice.9RecruitrainingMemoParagraphIIIC.10Ibid.11Teothersuggestionswhichaddressedthethirdtrainingdeciencyochallengingrecruitincludedincorporatingbasiccombattraininglearningcomprehensiontestsanddevelopingabasictrainingmanualtochallengebrightertrainees.12HumRROisanindependentnon-protorganization.Teirmissionistodevelopandapplystate-o-the-artscienceandtechnologytoimprovetheperormanceoindividualsandteamswithinpublicandprivatesectororganizationsandeducationalinstitutions.Onlinehttpwww.humrro.orgcorpsitecategoryabout-humrro13Specically4scientistsromtheHumanResourcesResearchOrganizationHumRRO13ocersand28enlistedmenromvetrainingcentersstaromthe3rdUSArmyNCOAcademyandaprojectocerromHQCONARC 18JacksonJournalApril-July2014competentdedicatedtrainerdesiredintherecruittrainingcenters.14FromMay25-June261964permanentpartypersonneloFortJacksonsNCOAcademy15supervisedbyHQCONARCandbyHumRROconductedthePilotrainerPreparationCoursea5-weekpilottrainingcoursedevelopedbytherainerPreparationProjectStaasanadjuncttotheexistingnoncommissionedocersacademy.TePilotrainerPreparationCoursedevelopedbytherainerPreparationProjectStawasdividedintotwophasesanNCOphaseandanOcerPhase.TeNCOPhasealsoknownastheDrillSergeantCoursetaughtleadershiptrainingmanagementrecruithandlingandinspections.Tecourseemphasizedtrainingatthecompanylevelduringbasictrainingandencouragedacloserrelationshipbetweentheinstructorsandthetraineesthanhadpreviouslybeenobserved.TeOcerPhasealsoknownasthePreCommandCoursewasatwo-weekcoursedesignedtoamiliarizeocersinthegradeomajorandbelowinthedutiesexpectedotheminatrainingbrigade.71NoncommissionedocersvolunteeredtoparticipateintheNCOPhaseand15ocersattendedtheOcerPhaseothePilotCourse.Participantsselectedromthe2ndDivisionatFortBenningthe101stAirborneDivisionatFortCampbellandthetrainingcentersatFortGordonandFortJacksoncouldnotbeover39yearsoldaveraged70percentorbetteronacademicexaminationsscoredatleast300pointsonthephysicaltnesstestandhadatleast15monthslefoservice.16Uponthecandidatesarrivaltheyweretestedontheirknowledgeorlackthereo-otrainingprocedures.Attheendothecoursethecandidateswereagaintestedwithmuchbetterresults.17FollowingcompletionothePilotrainerPreparationCoursethe57graduatingNCOsand15graduatingocerswereplacedinbasiccombattrainingunitstoseeitheirtrainingimprovedperormance.45othegraduatingNCOsormedthe8thrainingBattalion2ndBrigadeatFortJacksonand12DrillSergeantsweresenttoFortGordontoormasingletrainingcompany.18wotestcycleswerecompletedateachlocationwitharepresentativeromCONARCmonitoringtheresults.TetestsrevealedthatthetraineeswhograduatedromthesetestcycleswerenotonlybettertrainedbuthadabetterattitudetowardstheArmyatthecompletionotheirtraining.OnSeptember101964ollowingthegraduationothedrill-sergeant-trainedbasiccombattrainingunitsrepresentativesromCONARCandromtheFortDixFortLeonardWoodFortGordonFortOrdandFortPolktrainingcentersmetatFortJacksontodiscussthesuccessothetrainingunitsandtheeectotheDrillSergeantSchoolProgram.Te8thBattaliontestotheDrillSergeantconceptoBasicCombatrainingwasdeclaredasuccess.MajorGeneralGinesPerezCommandingGeneral14ImplementationoAilesReport50thAnniversaryHistory1917-1967FortJacksonSouthCarolina.UnitedStatesArmyrainingCenterInantryColumbiaSouthCarolinaNovember111967pp.155.15OriginalinstructorsincludeSSGErnestJonesJrKennethMillerJoeRushKarlBacceneandJamesRoss.16SimpsonGerald.TeUnitedStatesArmyDrillSergeantProgramHistory.StaarticleProponentDevelopmentIntegrationDivisionotheU.S.ArmyDrillSergeantProgram2013pp.14-16.17ArmyDrillSergeantisBreedApartDailyPressNewportNewsVA3Aug1964JantzenAngela.TeU.S.ArmyDrillSergeantSchoolTeLeader29June1989.18SemiannualHistoricalReportAdvancedIndividualrainingDivisionIndividualrainingDivisionOceotheDeputyChieoStaorIndividualrainingODCSIJan-Jun64Item8HistoryotheDrillSergeanthttpwww.army.mildrillsergeanthistory.html. April-July2014JacksonJournal19DrillSergeantSchoolFortJacksonstatedthattheDrillSergeantisaspeciallytrainednoncommissionedofceranddedicatedSoldierdeterminedtotrainyoungrecruitsinmilitaryundamentals.HisjobisahardoneHighmoralandproessionalstandardsarerequiredohim.19FollowingthesuccessothetestcyclesDrillSergeantSchoolsweresetupatsixotheeightmajorbasictrainingcenters.ByOctober51964DrillSergeantSchoolshadopenedatFortDixFortKnoxFortOrdFortLeonardWoodandFortPolkinadditiontotheschoolalreadyinplaceatFortJackson.20OverthenextyeartheArmycontinuedtodenetheDrillSergeantprogramandthecurriculumtaughtattheDrillSergeantSchools.InSeptember1964theDepartmentotheArmyauthorizedDrillSergeantstoweartheMontanaPeakcampaignhatandthepumpkinpatchDrillSergeantinsignia.TehatretiredromArmyusein1939andthepatchpreviouslywornbyalltrainingcenterpersonnelwerereclaimedasdistinguishingDrillSergeantmarkerstoserveaswell-recognizedsymbolsotheDrillSergeanttradition.21AdditionallyinFebruary1965theArmyredenedthecriteriausedtoselectDrillSergeantslimitingqualiyingSoldierstosergeantsreturningromoverseasorreassignmentrankE4orhigherwhowereyoungerthan39yearsoldphysicallytandqualiedinacombatarmsMOSwhohadgoodmilitarybearingandnorecordoemotionalinstabilityandwhodemonstratedleadershipandSoldierlyqualitieswithnorecordodisciplinaryaction.22TesechangesweremadeinanattempttoattractSoldierswithmoreexperienceandwithmorequalicationsintotheDrillSergeantroles.ourthersweetenthepottheArmybegantooerextrauniormsandastandard2-yeartourorthoseSoldierswhoservedasDrillSergeants.23RegardingdevelopmentotheDrillSergeantcurriculumtheArmylookedattheMarineDrillInstructorprogramthatwasalreadyinplaceorguidance.FromJanuary13toMarch121965theArmysent10noncommissionedofcersrom6dierenttrainingcenterstotheMarineDrillInstructorSchoolatParrisIslandtostudyrst-handthemethodsusedbytheMarinestoinstructtheirDrillInstructors.24AsecondclassoNCOsattendedthecourseromMarch26toMay211965orthesamepurpose.FromtheexperiencethesergeantsgainedinsightontheMarinetechniquesodrilldisciplinephysicaltrainingandbasicmarksmanshipwiththeintentionoimprovingtheArmystrainingmethods.25Followingthegraduationotherst19DrillSergeantConceptoBasicCombatraining50thAnniversaryHistory1917-1967FortJacksonSouthCarolina.UnitedStatesArmyrainingCenterInantryColumbiaSouthCarolinaNovember111967pp.16220SimpsonGerald.TeUnitedStatesArmyDrillSergeantProgramHistory.StaarticleProponentDevelopmentIntegrationDivisionotheU.S.ArmyDrillSergeantProgram2013pp.20.21FortJacksonHistoricalReportAnnualSupplement1Jul63-31Dec64pg.10UnitedStatesArmyDrillSergeantSchoolHistoricalInormationPamphlet1989MemoStatusoActions15Oct64.22SimpsonGerald.TeUnitedStatesArmyDrillSergeantProgramHistory.StaarticleProponentDevelopmentIntegrationDivisionotheU.S.ArmyDrillSergeantProgram2013pp.21CONARCletter9Mar64reAilesSurveyIncl2p.6.23FacsimileDr.ChapmanRADOCCommandHistoriantoJudyMadisonFtJacksonMuseum24July1992.HistorianFilesDrillSergeantPhotosPrimaryDocumentsolderBCMuseum.24SSGErnestM.JonesJr.SFCEdwinL.MoodySFCArgilL.KirkFortOrdCAPSgt.BillyWittingtonandSSgt.ErnestL.LeonardFtLeonardWoodMOSFCDavidF.ButtersandSFCWalterW.BryantFtDixNJSFCGeorgeC.CruzFtPolkLAandSFCJamesL.HoodFtKnowKYattendedtheMarineDrillInstructorSchoolatParrisIslandromJanuary13-March121965.MSgt.LeonelA.MartinezFtPolkwasseniorNCOothegroupandcollectednotesandobservationsonthetrainingreceivedbytheclassDrillSergeantsBacktoArmyTeLeader19March1965.25DrillSergeantBacktoArmyTeLeaderMarch191965. 20JacksonJournalApril-July2014groupoDrillSergeantsromtheMarineprogramonMarch16-181965commandantsromeachotheDrillSergeantSchoolsrepresentativesromeachArmyheadquartersandHumRROrepresentativesmetatHeadquartersCONARCtodiscussurthermodicationstotheDrillSergeantprogram.AsaresultotheconerencetheDrillSergeantCoursewasexpandedrom5weeksto6weeksinordertoaddinstructiononmarksmanshipdrillandmethodsoinstructionandtheDrillSergeantCourseOrientationwasshortenedrom2weeksto1week.AlsothecommandantswereabletoormalizeaplanorthedevelopmentoDrillSergeantSchooltrainingmaterialslessonplansandastandardizedPOI.26WithallothesedevelopmentsinplaceCONARCissuedinstructionsimplementingtheDrillSergeantprograminbasiccombattrainingatalltrainingcentersonOctober41965.StephanieSappisamuseumtechnicianattheU.S.ArmyBasicCombatTrainingMuseumFortJacksonSC.SheearnedherdegreeinHistoryfromtheCollegeofWilliamandMaryandherMastersinArchaeologyfromtheUniversityofSouthCarolina.26SimpsonGerald.TeUnitedStatesArmyDrillSergeantProgramHistory.StaarticleProponentDevelopmentIntegrationDivisionotheU.S.ArmyDrillSergeantProgram2013pp.26.27RecruitrainingMemoParagraphV.28DrillSergeantCreed.U.S.ArmyDrillSergeantSchoolDrillSergeantCandidateGuideU.S.ArmyDrillSergeantSchoolFortJacksonSC1June2012.InDecember1963StephenAileswarnedheArmycanonlygainasmoreeortisdevotedtotheBCprogramtostafngitwiththerightnumberandkindotrainersandtogivingittheparticipantsinittherecognitionwhichitdeserves.27TeDepartmentotheArmyrespondedquicklytoAilesportentodeciencyandwithintwoyearshaddevelopedtestedrevisedandimplementedaDrillSergeantprogram.TeprogramwasanimmediatesuccessandeversincetheDrillSergeantSchoolhastrainedSoldierstoleadbyexampletoinstillprideintothosetheytrainandtobringbasiccombattrainingSoldiersuptotheArmystandardsomilitarybearingandcourtesy.28 Therearenotrafcjamsalongtheextramile.RogerStaubach 22JacksonJournalApril-July2014On16October2012anewunitwasactivatedonFortJacksoncomprisedoSoldierswhowerealreadyhere.Te208thMilitaryPoliceDetachmentMWDwascreatedasasubordinateothe17thMilitaryPoliceDetachment.TisnewdetachmentconsistssolelyoMilitaryWorkingDogsandWorkingDogHandlerswhosemissionistoprovidetrainedandcertifedMilitaryWorkingDogteamstotheFortJacksonCommunityandinsupportoRADOCandtheDepartmentoDeenseoperationsworldwide.TeSoldiersandWorkingDogsothe208thMilitaryPoliceDetachmentworkdiligentlyprovidingForceProtectiontoFortJacksononadailybasisbyconductingRandomAnti-errorismMeasuresaroundtheinstallation.Te208thalsoprovidessupporttoeveryunitCommanderontheinstallationwiththeuseonarcoticsdetectiondogsorhealthandwelaresearches.AnyunitCommandercanrequestMilitaryWorkingDogsupportorhealthandwelareinspectionsbycontactingtheFortJacksonKennelMasterat751-1529.TescopeotheMilitaryWorkingDogteamsontheinstallationreachesartherthanthegates.Te208thalsoprovidesExplosiveDetectorDogsupporttolocalagencieswhenrequestedaswellasederalsupporttotheDepartmentoStateandtheU.S.SecretServiceworldwide.TeseMWDteamsalsodeployworldwideinsupportooperations.Te208thisthehighestdeployedorganizationonFortJacksonduetotheactthattheycontinuallyhaveMWDteamsdeployedatalltimes.FortJacksonsFourLeggedMilitaryPoliceDetachmentSFCTedPerryJr. April-July2014JacksonJournal23TeSoldiersthathandletheseworkingdogsare31BMilitaryPolicemenwithanadditionalskillidentieroZ6.InOctobero2014MilitaryWorkingDogHandlerswillbecomeitsownMOSo31K.TeSoldiersthatbecomeMilitaryWorkingDogHandlersundergoanextensiveperiodotrainingthatbeginswithBasicrainingatFortLeonardWood.Afercompletingthe16weekBasicCombatrainingandMilitaryPoliceOneStationUnitrainingatFortLeonardWoodMOtheythenconduct11weeksotrainingattheMilitaryWorkingDogHandlersCourseatLacklandAFBX.AferthecompletionotheMWDHandlerscoursethesenewhandlersaceawholenewchallengebeingintroducedtotheirrstworkingdogattheirdutystation.ypicallyanewMWDhandlerwillbeassignedtoanarcoticsdogoratleastoneyearinaneorttohometheirskillsbeoremovingtoanexplosivesdetectiondogwheretheywillworktosavelives.TetransitionotheMilitaryWorkingDogsectionbecomingitsownMOSo31KmarksanewchapterinthetransitionotheArmy.UpuntilnowallotheMilitaryWorkingDoghandlershavebeenseasonedMilitaryPolicemenpriortogoingtoK9School.TepreviousstandardswereorpersonnelwishingtobecomeMWDhandlerstobeaSpecialistoraboveandpossessaminimumothreeyearsoFourLeggedMilitaryPoliceDetachmentSFCTedPerryJr.istheKennelMasterforthe208thMilitaryPoliceDetachment.service.WiththeimplementationothenewMOSo31KthisOctoberpersonnelareabletoenlistintheArmyorthesolepurposeobeingaMWDHandler.Althoughthetimesarechangingthestandardsarenot.RegardlessowhetheritisaSergeantreclassiyingtheirMOStobecome31KoranewbasicentryPrivateenlistingintheArmytoworkdogsthejobwillremainjustaschallengingasishaseverbeen.Althoughthe31KMOSwillremainsmallinnumberstherewillstillbeplentyoroomtoexcel.Te31KMOSoMilitaryWorkingDogHandlergoesactiveinOctobero2014.IanyoneisinterestedinthepossibilityochangingtheirMOSorenlistingintheArmyasaDogHandlertheycancontacttheFortJacksonMilitaryWorkingDogKennelMasterorinormation.IttakesaspecialbreedtoworkwithMWDsandiyouftthemoldthenthisjustmightbethejoboryou. 24JacksonJournalApril-July2014CBRNEveryonerememberstheirrstoronlyexperienceinthegaschamber.Forsomeitwasaterriyingexperiencethattheywillneverorgetandorothersitwasanadventure.Herelatelythoughithasbeenabigdisappointment.IvebeenaskedthingslikewasthatjustapracticerunDrillSergeantorCanItryitagainwithoutmymaskTepointisoverthegenerationstherehasbeenalotohypethathasbuiltupsurroundingthedayyougotothegaschamberinBCandthebottomlineisthemajorityoSoldierswantthegas.IsayletsgiveittothemnotinthetraditionalwaythoughIsaywhynotsendtheminsidejustcarryingthemaskMOPPlevel1.Weallrememberhowitworked-welinedupsomeguysaidGasgasgaswhilegivingtheappropriatehandandarmsignalthenweallheldourbreathclosedoureyesandattemptedtodonourpro-maskinninesecondsorless.Onceourmaskwasproperlysealedweweretheninspectedbythesameguyandwalkedintothechamber.Welineduponbothsidesothechamberbacksagainstthewallthenlookedleandrightandupanddownshowingusthatourequipmentdoesinactwork.Weweretheninstructedtobreakthesealandclearthemaskjustasweweretaughtonceagaininstillingcondenceinourequipment.Onceallthatridiculousnesswasoverwithwecouldgetontotheunparttheunpartbeingbreathinginthatvolatilesupposedlynon-lethalsubstanceuntilyousworeyouweregoingtodie.AtrstyouthinksomethinglikeWellthisisntthatbaditdoesnttasteverygoodbutitsnotallthatbad.Tatlastsoralloabout3to5secondscoincidentallythesameamountotimeasthedelayotheM67handgrenadethenyoureyesbegintowateruncontrollablyyoubegintocoughupwhatyoubelieveisyourownlungsmucusbeginstofowromyournostrilsandyouocoursecannotbreathenotthatyoureallywanttoanyway.WhileallothisisgoingonsomeinconsiderateDrillSergeantwhoiswearingamaskistellingyoutostateyournameandthelastourdigitsoyoursocialsecuritynumberorChemicalBiologicalRadiologicalandNuclearSSGMatthewStahl April-July2014JacksonJournal25CBRNyourrosternumberorthesevenArmyValues.YoutrytospitoutthisinormationbuttheonlythingyoucanthinkoisIneedtogetoutoherebutIcantevenseethedoor.Icantreallyseeanythingorthatmatter.Onceyoudonallymakeitoutthedooryouaretoldtofapyourarmsupanddownasiyouareabsurdlyre-enactingtheGreekmythologicaltaleoIcarus.WhatisthepurposeothisTewidelyusedanswertothisquestionistogaincondenceinyourequipment.Tetruepurposeothegaschamberistoensurethatyoucanproperlydonclearandsealyourmask.DoyouneedtoexposeyourseltoacontaminatedenvironmenttodothisProbablynotdenitelynottoknowyouhaveaproperseal.Buttoknowyouhaveproperlyclearedyourmasktheredenitelyneedstobesomeproothatyoudiditcorrectly.DoyouneedCSgastoprovethisNoallyoureallyneedisanenclosedspaceandastinkbombortwopickedupromyourclosestreworksdealer.SowhatisthepointoalloitTeonlyreasonIcangiveordoingitthiswayisthatyearsagowestarteddoingitthiswayandnowitismoreorlessatraditionorriteopassage.InallactualitytheSoldierswantitthisway.Maybenotherdedinthechamberlikecattlebuttheydenitelywantsomegas.Inrecentcyclesourbattalionhasstoppedconductingthegaschamberinthismanner.Wehavenowturnedthisdayintoamission.ItstartsothenightbeorewhentheyarebrieedtheOperationsOrder.Tissetstheprecedenceorthenextdayitgetsthemexcitedandmotivatedtodothetraining.Wetrytoinstillinthemthatthisisnotjustanotherdaythisisamissionandthelocalnationalsoiblisidependonyoursuccess.TeollowingistheOPORDthatwecurrentlyuseSIUAIONB2-39INhasbeenassignedtoassistandadvisethelocalpoliceagencyintheGorgascapitaloiblisi.OurassignedpoliceagencyhasastorageacilitycontainingriotgearthatincludesbutisnotlimitedtoweaponsCSgasandariotcontrolagent.TeLNpoliceagencytowhichwehavebeenassignedhaverequestedourassistancetosecurethesite.Tepoliceagencyhasreportedthatateam-sizedenemyelementattackedthestorageacilityIOsecuretheriotcontrolagentandindoingsohavedispersedthechemicalagentinboththeconcentratedspaceothestorageacilityandintheareasurroundingthesite.Tereporturtherindicatesthatmultipleriendlypersonnelhavesustainedsmallarmsrerelatedwoundsinsideothecompoundandthattheywillrequiremedicalassistancewhensitesecurityhasbeenestablished.PPEhasbeenusedbytheenemyoperatingintheareahowevertheteam-sizedenemyelementhasbeenreportedashavingexledromthesitewhenthegaswasreleased.MISSIONB2-39INsecurestheLNpolicemunitionsdepotIVOGridN07946445NL______IOpreventthechemicalthreatinthearea.EXECUIONWeaponssquadtheshapingoperationestablishsupportbyreinordertoallow1stSquadtoattack.Onorder1stSquadwillattackObjective1invicinityogridN0794 26JacksonJournalApril-July20146445inordertosecuretheobjective.OnceOBJ1issecureandclearedoallenemyorcesSSEwillbeconductedaswellasaidandlittertotendtoanycasualties.AtPLRedallelementswillpreparePPEMOPP1andbeginmaneuverastheyenterthemostlikelyareaocontaminationorthehotzone.PLWhiteallelementsareinplaceandreadytoassaultSBF.ReertoEx-checkorreportingcriteria.TebestwaytoexecutethetrainingandmakeitmorerealisticistotakeouttheCBRNbriefngthemaskinspectionandthenonsensethattypicallygoesoninsideandwhileexitingthechamber.SohowdowedothatWehavetoensuretheygetasaetybrieandwehavetoensurethemasksareallinproperworkingorder.TebestwaytodothisistohavethecadreromCBRNcometoyourCompanythedaybeoretodoallthis.Aslongasyoucoordinateandplanitinadvancetheytypicallydonothaveanyissueswithdoingthis.IyoudoitthiswayyoucanactuallySPromthecompanyareaandstaytacticalthroughouttheentiretrainingexercise.Ourunithascompletelystoppeddoingittheoldway.OnceinsidethechambertheSoldiersneveractuallytaketheirmaskso.Alltheydoisbreakthesealandre-sealandcleartheirmask.Teyneveractuallygettheexperienceoariotcontrolagentandhowitaectsyourbodyandmind.TeSoldiersthenleavethechamberdisappointed.Tereasonwestoppeddoingittheoldwaytheoldwaybeingmakingthemsaysomethingtoensuretheyinhalethegasisbecauseitcouldbelookedatashazing.AndImsurethatitwasorisborderlinehazinginsomeinstances.ButisithazingtomakesomeonedosomethingthattheyactuallywanttodoorhavelookedorwardtodoingorsometimeEveryyearthousandsoSoldiersinBasicCombatrainingalloverthecountryrepeldowntheconfdencetowersomeverymuchterrifed.SincebeingaDrillSergeantIhaveseenplentyoSoldierscrybeoreduringandaerrepellingdownthetower.IsthisnothazingorcingaSoldiertodosomethingthatisgoingtocausethemtocryinrontoalltheirbattlebuddiesandmaybemakethemalittleashamedothemselvesOcoursenotbecauseitsorcingthemtoovercomeachallengeaearandshowsomepersonalcourage.Anditsagraduationrequirement.TereisawayortheSoldierstogettheexperiencebutatthesametimekeepingitrealistic.Letsacetheactsyouwillneverremoveyourpro-maskinacontaminatedenvironment.Youwillalsoneverenteracontaminatedenvironmentstopwhatyouaredoingandbreakthesealoyourmaskonlytore-sealit.SohowdowedothisItallstartsthenightordaybeorewiththeOPORD.OncetheyreceivethemissiontheyautomaticallygointoPCCsandPCIs.TiswouldbeagoodtimetohavetheCBRNcadretheretoinspectthemasks.TenextmorningyouSPenroutetoCBRNremainingtacticalthewholeway.EstablishtheORPandthenkickoutthefrstsquadtosupportbyfre.OnceSBFisestablisheditisnowtimeorthedecisiveoperation.TeassaultsquadthenmovestotheOBJchamberandthenentersandclears.Onceinsidetheyrealizethatthereissomesortochemicalbiologicalagentintheairandtheyimmediatelydontheirpro-masksealandclear.Oncethisisdonetheycangobacktosecuringtheobjective.Oncesecuredtheyexitmovetoasaelocationpreerablyinthewood-lineanddecontaminate.WhatarethechallengesFirstoncethefrstpersonentersthebuildingtheyshouldknowthatthereissomesortotoxicagentintheairsoshouldnttheyimmediatelypullbackIknowIwould.TeonlywayIcanthinktoovercomethischallengewouldbetobriethemjustlikewedoatMSF.WhatImeanbythisiswedonotgointotheMSFbuildingconductingBattleDrill6wetelltheSoldiersbeoretopretendtheyarestilloutside.Wecoulddothesamethinghere.Tinkoitlikeyouareseizinganobjectiveand April-July2014JacksonJournal27SSGMathewStahlisaDrillSergeantinBravoCompany2ndBattalion39thInfantryRegiment165thInfantryBrigade.CBRNtheenemyattackedyouwithachemicalagent.SecondkeepingpiecesinmotionwhatIveoundeasiestistokeeptwosquadsonsupportbyre.Tiswayonceonesquadentersthechamberthenextsquadromsupportbyrebeginstheirmovementtothechamber.Whilethisishappeningyouarealreadybringingthenextsquaduptothesupportbyrelocation.TisallowsalltheSoldierstoparticipateonboththeshapingoperationaswellasthedecisiveoperationanditkeepstheowothingsmoving.TirdwhatdoyoudoiaSoldiercannotgettheirmaskonWellNoncommissionedOfcerusegoodjudgmentandremovetheSoldierromthechamberithishappens.TeRSOisintheretwootherDrillSergeantsandoneotherangecadresareallinsidebetweentheourothemitshouldbeeasytogureout.TepointistheseSoldierswanttogetgassed.Teywanttheexcitementandadventure.Teywanttobeabletotellthestoryohowawultheirexperienceinthegaschamberwasinagoodwayocourse.SohowdowechangeittomakeitrealisticandgivethemtheexperiencetheyarelookingorIlikethewayourbattaliondoesitmissionorientedandsodotheSoldiers.Insteadodoingitthetraditionalwayohavingtheirmaskonbeoretheyenteracontaminatedareawhynothavethemgoinsidewithoutthemaskon.Tisnotonlymakesitmorerealisticbutitwillgivethemtheopportunitytogetwhattheycameor.Italleviatestheopportunityorwhatmightbeperceivedashazing.Itmightalsogivethemthemotivationtheyneedtoactuallygetthatmaskoninlessthannineseconds. 28JacksonJournalApril-July2014heArmysneedorthinkinginnovativeandcondentleadersandSoldiersisnotuniquetoourcurrenthistoricalera.LongbeorecomputersnetworksorsmartmunitionstheArmyoundunderthestressocombatthatonlysel-guidingandsel-correctingSoldiersaretorserviceinthearmyoarepublic.IndeedanunbiasedreadingoAmericanmilitaryhistoryrevealsthattheArmyrelearnsthislessonwithmonotonousregularityandourabilitytotreatthislessonasasurpriseisperhapsthebiggestsurpriseoall.AstheexcerptsromtheArmyLearningConcepto2011andtheamousInantryinBattleo1939revealtheSoldierthatweneedortomorrowisnotsoradicallydierentromtheoneweneededyesterdaybutbotharearromthemindlessunthinkingautomatonthatservesasthestereotype.ButhowtoproducethatSoldierTisseemstobetherealissuearoundwhichourrecurringdiscussionsoleaderandSoldierdevelopmentcenter.WeknowwhatweneedinaSoldierbutCOLJosephMcLambTeSoldierSelectsCreatingSoldiersortheNextConfictTeArmylearningmodelmustdevelopadaptableSoldiersandleaderswhohavethecognitiveinterpersonalandculturalskillsnecessarytomakesoundjudgmentsincomplexenvironmentsromthetacticaltostrategiclevel.RADOCPamphlet525-8-2TeU.S.ArmyLearningConceptor201520Jan11omasterhisdicultarthemustlearntocuttotheheartoasituationrecognizeitsdecisiveelementsandbasehiscourseoactiononthese.TeabilitytodothisisnotGod-givennorcanitbeacquiredovernightitisaprocessoyears.Hemustrealizethattraininginsolvingproblemsoalltypeslongpracticeinmakingclearunequivocaldecisionsthehabitoconcentratingonthequestionathandandanelasticityothemindareindispensiblerequisitesorthesuccessulpracticeotheartowar.InantryinBattle119391AuthorunidentiedInantryinBattleWashingtonD.C.TeInantryJournal1939.TistextoriginallyauthoredbyocersatFortBenningGeorgiarefectedtheArmyslessonslearnedromitsexperienceintheFirstWorldWar.ItwasrepublishedontheeveotheSecond. April-July2014JacksonJournal29requentlyndourselvesatalossortechniquesthatproducethatSoldier.Indeedmycontentionisthatwealltoorequentlyadopttrainingtechniquesthatactivelyworkagainstourstateddesires.Perhapsasingleexamplewillillustratethepoint.SoldiersinBasicCombatrainingtypicallyexecutetheBuddyeamLiveFireExerciseBLFXduringtheirseventhweekotraining.2TeArmysexpectationsotheSoldieratthatpointarehigh.WithoutcadreassistancetheSoldierisrequiredtoselecttemporaryghtingpositionswithcoverandconcealmentusepropermovementtechniquesasrequiredbyterrainandenemyreandengageenemypersonneltoenablecontinuedmovementtowardtheobjective.3Heisinotherwordsexpectedtosolvethetacticalproblemheacesonhisownaidedonlybyhisbattlebuddy.ClearlytheArmyhadtheSoldierotheutureinmindwhenwedraedthesestandardstobesuccessultheSoldiermustthinkorhimseltaketheinitiativeandadapttochangingbattleeldconditions.ButtwentyminutesspentonthisrangewillleadanobservertonotethatveryewSoldiersachievethisstandardandmorealarminglyewcadremembersevenseethisstandardasachievable.InsteadmostSoldiersaimorandachieveamuchlowerstandardortheBLFXastandardthatmightbesummarizedastheSoldierobeysthecommandsohisDrillSergeantanddoesnotviolatethesaetyrequirementsotherange.TisstandardmakesobediencenotinitiativetheprizedcommodityinaSoldierandseemstobedesignedtoproducethestereotypicalmindlessautomatonratherthanthesel-guidingandsel-correctingtheNextConfictSoldierthatwewillneedintheutureanddependeduponinthepast.IwereallywanttoproducecompetentSoldierswhoareassetstotheirunitswehavetoletgooanumberowrongpracticesthatcurrentlydominateourtrainingmethodology.Weareguiltyovaluingobedienceaboveinitiativeorelyingonauthorityratherthaninfuenceandoocusingonmotivationattheexpenseoinspiration.NotethatIcallthesepracticeswrongnotold.Tesepracticesarenottriedandtruetechniquesthathavesuddenlybeenrenderedinappropriatebyachangeinourenvironmentthesewerebadideasyesterdayaswellatoday.Teyretaintheirattractivenessnotbecausetheyaresuccessulbutbecausetheyplacealesserdemandonusasleadersthantheirbettermoreeectivealternatives.oproducethebestpossibleSoldierhoweverwemustacceptthesebetteralternativesandthecostoimplementingthem.InitiativeismorepowerfulthanobedienceObedienceisabsolutelynecessaryinaSoldierespeciallyinaSoldieroarepublic.TeAmericanpeoplewillandshouldtolerateanArmyonlysolongastheycanbecompletelycondentthattheArmywillbeobedienttoorders.FromthatrequirementnaturallyanddirectlyfowstherequirementorallSoldierstoobeyalllawulorders.Teoppositeoobedienceisnotinitiativehoweverbutdisobedience.Initiativeatleastasenvisionedwithinourdoctrineisapowerulormoobedience.Exercisinginitiativedoesnotmeanignoringordersbutinterpretingthemandapplyingthemtothesituationathandinamannerthatproducesthedesiredoutcomeotheorder.DisciplinedinitiativeasdescribedinADP3-0requiresleadersandSoldierstooperatewithinthecommandersintent.4Tisismuchmoredicultthansimplyobeyingorders.ItistheSoldierselectsratherthantheSoldierobeys.Teimportanceoinitiativeincombatisdiculttooverstate.ArmiesthatbuildSoldiersandleaderswhotaketheinitiativehaveanalmostunbeatable2FortJacksonStandardizedBasicCombatrainingCore2014.3BuddyeamLiveFireExerciseB071002Version2.01Mar10page5.IwereallywanttoproducecompetentSoldierswhoareassetstotheirunitswehavetoletgooanumberowrongpracticesthatcurrentlydominateourtrainingmethodology. 30JacksonJournalApril-July2014advantageoverarmiesthatdonotandmuchotheUSArmyssuccesshasrestedsquarelyonthisadvantagemuchmorethanadvancedtechnology.Inottrainedcorrectlyhowevertheideaoinitiativecanbedisastrous.TeGermaninvasionoFrancein1940isoenheldoutasoneothemostclearexamplesoanarmyledbyempoweredleadersusingtheirinitiativeghtinganopponentwhoseleadersdonothingmorethanolloworders.Terealityhoweverisabitmorecomplicated.WhentheGermansrstestablishedabridgeheadovertheMeuseRivertheFrenchcommanderinthesectorcorrectlyassessedthesituationanddeterminedthatamajorcounter-attackcomingatdawnonthenextmorningwouldalmostcertainlyeliminatethebridge-headandendGermanvisionsoarapidvictory.HisGermancounterpartsapparentlycametothesameconclusionandspenttheeveningranticallytryingtogettanksandanti-tankgunsacrosstheriverbeoredawn.TeyailedbuttheirbridgeheadremainedintactbecausetheFrenchcounter-attacknevermaterializeddespiterepeatedordersromtheseniorFrenchcommanders.Whenaskedtoexplaintheailuretocounter-attackduringwhatbothsidesrecognizedasaperiodoextremeGermanvulnerabilitytheFrenchcommanderblamedhissubordinatecommanderstendencytointerpretanorderratherthantoexecuteitasreceivedtoogreataacilitytomodiyunderthepretextoinitiative.5Initiativeisnotreedomtodowhattheindividualwantsbutthepowertoadjustindividualactionstomatchrapidlychangingconditionsinordertoachievetheintent.obesuccessulontheuturebattleeldweneedbothleadersandSoldierswhousetheirinitiativeinordertoaccomplishtheirassignedmission.TedegreeolatitudewillincreaseasaleadersresponsibilitiesincreasebutevenattheindividualSoldierlevelwemusttraintheminBasicCombatrainingtoexercisetheinitiativeappropriatetotheirleveloresponsibility.TestandardsortheBLFXclearlypointusinthatdirection.InfuenceismorepowerulthanauthorityInthesamewaythatinitiativeisreallyanexpandedversionoobedienceinfuenceisanexpandedversionoauthority.LeadershaveauthoritybecausetheorganizationdelegatesittothemorexampletheauthorityoacommanderisdelegatedbytheArmyinAR600-20.AuthorityisimportanttheArmycouldnotunctionwithoutitandBasicCombatrainingwouldbeimpossibleileadersateveryechelondidnothaveclearauthority.Asimportantasitishoweveritisnotsucientinandoitsel.GoingbacktoourBLFXexampleaDrillSergeantwhoreliessolelyonauthoritycangettheSoldierthroughtheeventonlybydictatinghiseverymoveacourseoactionthatallsshortothestandard.Insteadtheeectiveleaderexertsaninfuenceonhissubordinatesthatexceedshisauthoritybyasignicantdegree.TebestDrillSergeantscontinuetoexertaninfuenceonSoldierslongaertheyhavegraduatedromBasicCombatrainingandmovedtotheirrstunitoassignment.SadlyinfuencecannotbedelegatedbyanArmyregulationoranyotherdevice.Itmustbeearned.Leadersgaininfuencethroughdemonstratedcompetenceclearcommitmenttothemissionandgenuineconcernortheirsubordinates.Ittakestimetobuildinfuenceandevenrelativelyminorlapsesinjudgmentcanquicklyreduceinfuence.OnthedaythataSoldierreportstoBasicCombatrainingwearecompletelyreliantonauthoritytodirecthisactions.Wehavenoinherentinfuencehedoesntevenknowus.ButweknowsomethingonthatrstdaythathedoesntknowinjustsevenweekshewillhavetoexecutetheBLFXwithoutthebenetoourauthoritativeinstructions.Iheistobesuccessulwemuststartbuildinginfuencethatveryrstday.4ArmyDoctrinalPublication3-0UniedLandOperationsOct11page6.5AlistairHorneoLoseaBattleFrance1940NewYorkPenguin2007page365.6RADOCRegulation350-6EnlistedInitialEntryrainingpoliciesandAdministration7Nov13page16. April-July2014JacksonJournal31COLJosephMcLambistheCommanderofthe193rdInfantryBrigadeBasicComatTrainingatFortJackson.InspirationismorepowerfulthanmotivationWecanbuildthatinfuenceandthesecrettodoingsoisnosecretatall.Wesimplymustmovepastmotivationtoinspiration.Motivationcancomeromavarietyosourcestoincludeearopunishmentdesiretogainsomerewardorsimplepeerpressure.Noneothesemotivatorsispoorintheirownrightandleadershaveusedthemorgenerations.TeysimplyareinsucienttoproduceSoldierswhousetheirinitiativetoaccomplishtheirassignedmission.odothatweneedtoinspire.InspirationisthecentraloundationoboththeArmysmodelorutureSoldiersanditsstatedmethodorproducingthoseSoldierstransormation.TeprimarybehaviorallearningmethodinIEisthroughobservationrequiringconsistentleadershipbyexample.TeIEenvironmentosterslearningthroughobservationmakingitcriticalorleadersandtrainerstoembracethedoasIdomentality.6FromwearingtheuniormtomovingunderdirectretolivinginaccordancewithArmyValuestheprimarywaythataSoldieristransormedisthroughwatchinghisleaderdothesethings.Teleadersauthoritycompelscompliancewhenunderobservationbuttheleadersinfuencegeneratesinitiativeevenintheabsenceodenitiveorders.theNextConfictLeadersgaininfuencethroughdemonstratedcompetenceclearcommitmenttothemissionandgenuineconcernortheirsubordinates.6RADOCRegulation350-6EnlistedInitialEntryrainingpoliciesandAdministration7Nov13page16.TeSoldierSelectsCorrectlyTestandardsortheBLFXallshortinonlyoneregardtheyrequiretheSoldiertoselecthistemporarypositionandhismovementtechniquebutdonotexplicitlyrequirethathechoosecorrectly.Clearlyhoweverthatistheintent.WewantSoldierswhonotonlymakedecisionsbutmakethemcorrectly.AndwewantthemtodobeabletodosoatleastorsimplesituationssuchasthatrefectedintheBLFXonlysevenweeksaertheybegintheirjourneyintheArmy.Wecannotattainthisstandardiweocusexclusivelyonobedienceanddiscardinitiativerelysolelyonauthorityandneverbuildinfuenceorignoreinspirationinavoromotivation.ObedienceauthorityandmotivationcangetusthroughasimpliedandunrealisticversionotheBLFXbuttheywillnotproducethesel-guidingandsel-correctingSoldiersthatourArmyneedsandthatwehavethedutytoproduce. 32JacksonJournalApril-July2014In1980theDepartmentoDeenseDoDDeputyUnderSecretaryoDeenseorLogisticsdesignatedtheSecretaryotheArmyasthesinglemanagerortheMilitaryPostalServiceMPS.UnderthisauthoritytheInter-ServicePostalrainingActivityIPAwasestablishedin1982atFortBenjaminHarrisonIndianaaspartotheAdjutantGeneralsCorpsandservesastheDoDsingleInter-ServicerainingReviewOrganizationIROcourseorpostaltraining.In1995IPAwasmovedtoitscurrentlocationatFortJacksonSouthCarolina.TeIPAmulti-serviceteamoArmyAirForceMarineandciviliansaccountortheeectivepostaltrainingoanestimated800studentsannually.TeIROPostalCourseisdesignedtoprovideapostaloundationtoservicememberswithoutpreviousexperienceinpostalrelatedtasks.Studentsreceivetraininginboththebasicandadvancedareasomilitarypostaloperations.TreecoursesareprovidedF5PostalOperationsCourseF5PostalOperationsPhaseICourseandtheF4PostalSupervisorCourse.Eachcoursecurriculumisdesignedtoadequatelytrainandpreparestudentorpostalduties.StudentpopulationsconsistocivilianActiveandReservepersonnelthatrangeromE1throughO4.PostalCoursegraduatescanbeexpectedtobeprocientinpostalnanceandmailprocessingwithinaMilitaryPostOfceMPO.TeIPAprovidesaresidentF5PostalOperationsCoursethatincludestwelvelessonplansthatarerequiredtobecompletedwithina5week187academichourstrainingschedule.TisresidentcourseincludesaMockMPOCPXthatallowsstudentstodemonstratetheirtechnicalcompetenceintheollowingareasStampStockDomesticMailIIIMoneyOrdersInternationalMailPostalClaimsPostalServiceCentersPostalSuppliesMailransportationMailDirectoryMailProcessingandRegisteredMail.Mobilizedunitsreceivea4week187academichoursnonresidentF5PostalOperationsCoursethatissupportedviaanIPAinstructorledMobilerainingeamM.TeArmyReserveandNationalGuardreceiveatailored2week77.5academichoursresidentF5PostalOperationsPhaseICourse.TeF5PostalOperationsPhaseICourseisdesignedtoeectivelyprovidetechnicalinstructioninpostalnancialoperations.AF5PostalOperationsPhaseIICourseisoeredatFt.DevensbytheU.S.ArmyReserveoranadditional2weeks.TeF5PostalOperationsPhaseIandPhaseIICoursesareonlyavailabletotheArmyReserveandNationalGuard.Inter-ServicePostalTrainingActivityIPTACWO3USMCI.G.RodriguezandMr.MichaelW.Gasque April-July2014JacksonJournal33AdditionallytheIPAprovidesaresidentF4PostalSupervisorCoursethatincludesvelessonplansthatarerequiredtobecompletedwithina212week103academichourstrainingschedule.TisresidentcoursealsoincludesaMockMPOCPXthatallowsstudentstodemonstratetheirtechnicalcompetenceintheollowingareasMPSOverviewCustodianoPostalEfectMeterOperationsPointoSalePOSAutomatedMilitaryPostalSystemandInspectMPO.TeF5PostalOperationsCourseF5PostalOperationsPhaseICourseandF4PostalSupervisorCoursehavebeenstructuredtoacilitateindividuallearningandaretask-oriented.Soldiersaretaughtastheyght.Criticaltaskssupportedbybasicskillsandknowledgeareperormedbymostmilitarypostalpersonnelregardlessotheirdutypositions.Tereorethecoursesaredesignedtoprovidetraininginthosecriticalareas.In2012theDoDrequiredthereplacementotheantiquatedIntegratedRetailerminalswiththePitneyBowesMeterScaleandPointoSalesystem.Manymilitarypostalacilitieshavealreadytransitionedtothenewsystemswithremaininglocationsmakingthetransitionlaterin2013.TisIPTADoDinitiativerequiredanearcompletechangetothecoursecurriculum.TeIPAstafhasaggressivelyinitiatedtrainingonthesenewsystemswithinitialeedbackrominstructorsandstudentstobeverypositive.TeIPAcontinuestoaligntrainingincompliancewiththeArmyLearningModel2015andweareveryexcitedwiththeprogressmadeonourMockMPOCPX.TeMockMPOCPXaddsaspecialdegreeorealistictrainingthatenhancestheIPAstructuredtrainingrequirements.TeIPAiscommittedtoobtainingacontinuedstandardoexcellencebyprovidingrelevantandcurrentpostaltrainingtotheDoD.CWO3USMCI.G.RodriguezistheDirectorandMr.MichaelW.GasqueistheDeputyDirectoroftheInter-ServicePostalTrainingActivitySoldierSupprtInstituteFortJacksonSC. 34JacksonJournalApril-July2014TerearethreetypesopossibleoendersintheBCenvironmentPredatorsOutliersandNorms.TePredatorissel-explanatory.Tisindividualispurelymotivatedbysel-esteemeitherhighorlow.Eithertheywanttodominateothersortheywanttoeelbetteraboutthemselves.TeOutliersarethoseindividualsthatyouwouldneveranticipatecommittingaSexualAssaultorSexualHarassmentviolationhoweversomesignicantortraumaticeventhasoccurredintheirlivesandtheystepoverthelineinordertoeelthattheycontroltheirlivesagain.TeNormsarethoseindividualsthatagainwouldnormallynevercommitaviolationbutinfuencerssuchascommandclimateenvironmentorSoldiervulnerabilitycreatesaperectstormthattheindividualseesasanunavoidableopportunity.WithallthreetypesopossibleoenderstherearetheollowinginfuencersForthesakeosimplicitywewilldiscussCenteroGravityAnalysisstartingwithidentiyingtheCenteroGravitymovingtoCriticalCapabilitiesandthenidentiyingCriticalRequirementsCriticalVulnerabilitiesandCriticalRequirementsthatareCriticalVulnerabilities.WhenexaminingthepossibleCenteroGravityCoGothethreetypesAsanArmytrainedtoghtandwinwarswehavespentcountlesshourstrainingleadersanalystsandevenSoldiersonhowtoanalyzeenemybaseddatainoreigncountriesinordertobeabletoattackthoseenemies.RecentlytherehasbeenaconcertedeorttotryandxtheArmyssexualassaulttrends.Tatbeingsaidweoenlookatoreigninsurgentsandsexualpredatorsinsideourranksthroughadisconnectedandmyopicview.HoweverjustbecausethesexualpredatorwearsthesameuniormtheyarestillanenemythatisconsciouslyplanningandexecutingactionsthatdestroyourorcejustlikeanenemyinsurgentinIraqorAghanistan.Whiletheirgoalsmaybedierenttheiractionsarestrikinglysimilar.Converselywecurrentlythinkosexualpredatorsascriminalsandthereoreanalyzetheprobleminthatvein.Tedeepestanalysistendstolookmorelikeprolingrightnowwhichislimitedatbestindeterminingnotonlywhothepredatorisbutwhatactionsshouldbetakentodeeathim.YetiwelookatanalyzingsexualpredatorsthesamewaywelookatAlQaeda-Iraqinsurgentswecannotonlyndthatitisprobablyayoungmalebetween25-30yearsorwhateverun-actionabledatapointsthatprolinggivesusbutwecanalsondproactivemeasuresthatwecando.Atthispointbecauseweareonlyprolingtheenemyinsteadotargetingthem.Tuswearelewithunsynchronizedstrategiesthatonlytouchthesuraceotheproblemandmostsimplyserveasatalkingpointtosaywearetrying.Ontheotherhandiwetargetthepredatorwiththemindsetthatthepredatorisanenemytoourunitwecandevelopacoordinatedattackstrategythatdoesnotwastetimeandresourceshangingrandomsignsandgivingill-timedbriengsthatdonothaveimpactasstandaloneproducts.TisistheprocessasappliedtoaBasicCombatrainingbattalionthatincludesullygenderintegratedplatoonsotrainees.COGAnalysisandAssociatedTargetingforSHARPLTCJ.C.GlickandMAJJayK.SmithCommandClimateWartimeServiceExperiencePositionJobbeingaDrillSergeantCadrememberSoldierVulnerabilitiesAttitudesOpportunityMotiveFamilyEnvironmentCultureFinancialIssuesItistimewetakeontheghtagainstsexualassaultandsexualharassmentasourprimarymission.GENRayOdinero April-July2014JacksonJournal35opredatorsthereweretwoinfuencersthatallthreerequiredandwhereallthreederivedtheirpowerMotiveandOpportunity.AsshownintheVenndiagrambelowwherethesetwoinfuencersintersectistheCoG.FromthatCoGweidentiedtheollowingCriticalCapabilitiesCCTeseCriticalCapabilitiesshowuswhywearearaidothisthreatthethreatitselmayseemtobeenoughhoweverwithoutunderstandingthetruecapabilitiesowhatthatthreatbringsweruntheriskoattackingthesymptomsothethreatorevenunrelatedissuesinsteadohavingeectsonthethreatitsel.TethreatseectsareargreaterthantheSHARPactitselasyoucanseeabovetheCriticalCapabilitieserodetheBCenvironmenttothepointitisnolongeralearningbuildingenvironmentbutmoreanenvironmenttosurviveanddirectlycontradictorytoourvalues.ExaminingitromthisdirectionallowsustoidentiywhatthethreatcandotopreventusromaccomplishingourmissionandasseenthesecapabilitiesseriouslydegradeourabilitytoaccomplishourmissioninBC.AswemovetoidentiywhatCriticalRequirementsandCriticalVulnerabilitieswebegintoidentiyareaswherewecantargetthethreat.AsweidentiedthethreatcapabilitiesweidentiedtheollowingCriticalRequirementsandCriticalVulnerabilitiesSHARPOpportunityMotiveCoGMisguidedloyaltyDisdainandArrogancePerceptionoBeingUntouchableCreateEnvironmentoFearPotentialorPersonalGraticationDominatesEnvironmentIntelligenceInsightunknowntoothersMisguidedloyaltyCCOpportunityMotiveCoGDisdainandArroganceCCPotentialforPersonalGratificationCCIntelligenceInsightunknowntoothersCCDominatesEnvironmentCCPerceptionofBeingUntouchableCCCreateFearCC 36JacksonJournalApril-July2014Wethenlookedatpossiblelinkagestoeachrequirementandvulnerabilitytodeterminewhatvulnerabilitiesweremostlinkedtoothervulnerabilitiesandrequirementsandthereforewouldhavethegreatesttargetingimpact.FromtheanalysiswedeterminedthatthebestvulnerabilitiestotargetwereAllofthesecomponentshadmultipletargets.ForexamplewithCommandClimatewecantargetPeersotherraineesLoyaltyofraineesandrustoftheChainofCommand.TisappliestoeachoftheothersCriticalRequirementsPOISPRegulationsPositionimeEnergyOtherraineesDistortedSelf-IDPeersLoyaltyofraineerustofChainofCommandimeCommandClimateLackofFearofConsequencesAccessNeedDesireCriticalVulnerabilitiesPOISPRegulationsimeEnergyOtherraineesComplicitornotDistortedSelf-IDhighorlowPeersComplicitornotLoyaltyofraineetoindividualrustofChainofCommandimeCommandClimateLackofFearofConsequencesAccessNeedDesireTrustofCofCCRCVPOITSPREGCRCVNeedDesireCRCVAccessCRCVPositionCRTimeEnergyCRCVDistortedSelfIDhighorLowCRCVLoyaltyofTraineeCRCVLackofFearforConsequencesCRCVTimeCRCVOtherStudentsComplicitornotCRCVPeersComplicitornotCRCVCommandClimateCRCVMisguidedloyaltyCCOpportunityMotiveCoGDisdainandArroganceCCPotentialforPersonalGratificationCCIntelligenceInsightunknowntoothersCCDominatesEnvironmentCCPerceptionofBeingUntouchableCCCreateFearCCPOISPRegulationsDistortedSelf-IDCommandClimateLackofFearofConsequencesAccess April-July2014JacksonJournal37aswell.FromthereusingtopdownplanningandbottomuprenementweallowedourCommandeamstodeveloptheirspecicmunitionsanddeliverymethodsoreachtargetsetandsub-set.OnecompanycheckedthetoemaleuniormsandensuredthatitemsthatweredeemedtootightbyemaleDrillSergeantswereexchangedorlooserttinguniormitems.AnothercompanyusedemaleDrillSergeantstodeliberatelymessagethemaleDrillSergeantsontheabhorrenceoanyactwitharainee.Tisde-sexualizationopotentialvictimsbecomesacoordinatedmessagingstrategythatspreadsthroughouttheormationincludingothertrainees.Alsobecausethemessageissynchronizedwithothermunitionsgenderspecicssuchasmasculinityandemininityarenottheocalpoint.InotherwordsthereisnowhitewashingoaSoldierisaSoldierisaSoldierthatcausesalackunderstandingogenderissuesthatinrealitycreatesurtherseparation.AtthebattalionlevelthedecisionwasmadetoraisetheRADOC350-6standardwhichallowstwomaleraineestoBattleBuddyasingleemaleraineeandinsistuponsamegenderBattleBuddyeams.Additionallytherewasadeliberateeortornon-DrillSergeantCadrenottoreertoDrillSergeantsasDrillSergeantSmithbutinsteadreerredtothemasSergeantSmiththoughraineesstillreertothemasDrillSergeantSmith.Tisisadeliberatemessagethatnotonlyteachesthetraineespropercustomsandcourtesiesbutalsosigniesthatnooneisuntouchablewhenitcomestomisconduct.CompaniesalsoidentiyhighriskDrillSergeantsandensurethattheydonothavetheopportunitytomakeamistakewhichisreallyjustseenastakingcareoeachother.HoweverwecannotjustattackthethreatwemustprotectourriendlyCoGandluckilyourprotectionmethodsaredirectlytiedtowhatwearetryingtodoatBCwhichiscreatethebestSoldiersintheworld.TatsaidweidentiedthevictimCoGanddeterminedittobetheArmyValueoLoyalty.LoyaltytoyourBattleBuddyyourteamyourplatoonyourcompanytheArmywillensurethatwegaintheCriticalCapabilitiesweneedromarainee.OuronegoalinregardtocharacteratIEshouldbetoingrainasenseoloyalty.Andthoughwemustbecareulaboutwhotheydecidetogiveloyaltytowereallyjustneedthemtohaveacommitmenttosomethingbeyondthemselves.TismaybetheNationthefagtheConstitutiontheArmytheirunit.Wejustneedthemtounderstandtheyarepartosomethinglarger.TeollowingCriticalCapabilitiesarederivedromourCoGSHARPAcceptanceoLearningResilienceWarriorEthosCondenceMissionFocusLOYALTYtoTeamUnitArmyCoGAcceptanceofLearningCCMissionFocusedCCConfidenceCCWarriorEthosCCResilienceCC 38JacksonJournalApril-July2014TeseCriticalCapabilitiesareexactlywhatwewantromourraineesandutureSoldiers.TeyholdthekeytoensuringthatwhenacedwithapotentialthreatanindividualraineeortheirBattleBuddyhavethetoolstostoporevenstalltheevent.Wecreatearaineethatcanadapttoanyenvironmentalsituationandhasmorethanaknowledgeowhatisgoingonaroundthemsituationalawarenessbuttakesthatknowledgeandcandevelopanappropriatecourseoactionortheirlevelsituationalunderstanding.WethenidentiedtheCriticalRequirementsandCriticalVulnerabilitiesassociatedwithourcapabilitiesWhatweounduniqueinthisanalysisisthateveryCriticalRequirementwasalsoaCriticalVulnerability.TisisattributedtothenatureoBCwheretheraineeisarremovedromtheircomortzoneanecessaryrequirementorthedevelopmentoaSoldier.WebelievethatiotherunitsconductedsimilarCoGanalysistheywouldidentiyotherCoGscapabilitiesrequirementsandvulnerabilities.HoweverbecauseotheBCdistinctionitwasveryimportantthattheanalysisonthelinkagewasdonecorrectlyasweknewthattargetingeverythingwouldhavenoeects.CriticalRequirementsPOISPRegulationsLackNeedDesireValueeamoverSelOtherraineesSel-IDAppropriateAccessrustinChainoCommandUnderstandoConsequencesSenseoSelfessServiceMissionaboveSelCriticalVulnerabilitiesPOISPRegulationsLackNeedDesireValueeamoverSelOtherraineesComplicitornotSel-IDhighorlowAppropriateAccessrustoChainoCommandUnderstandoConsequencesSenseoSelfessServiceMissionaboveSelValueTeamoverSelfCCCVPOITSPREGCRCVMissionaboveSelfCRCVSelflessServiceCRCVOtherStudentsComplicitornotCRCVSelfIDhighorLowCRCVLackNeedDesireCRCVTrustinCofCCRCVAppropriateAccessCRCVUnderstandingofConsequencesCRCVAcceptanceofLearningCCMissionFocusedCCConfidenceCCWarriorEthosCCResilienceCCLOYALTYtoTeamUnitArmyCoG April-July2014JacksonJournal39FromtheanalysiswedeterminedthatthebestvulnerabilitiestotargetwereLikeourpredatorCoGallothesecomponentshadmultipletargets.ForexamplewithAppropriateAccesswecantargetPOISPRegulationsotherraineesSel-IDandrustotheChainoCommand.AgainusingtopdownplanningandbottomuprenementunitstooktheollowingmeasuresSignswecreatedtoputontheinsideoemalebaysstatingthatmaleDrillSergeantscouldnotenteremalebayaferlightsoutwithoutemaleDrillSergeantaccompanimenttherebyempoweringtheemaleraineewithareminderocommandpolicyasopposedtothegenericsignsthatareofennotpartoasynchronizedplansuchastargetingopportunityRADOC350-6standardswereagainraisedrequiringonlyemaleinteriorguardswithdirectcommunicationtoemaleStaDutyintheeventSeparateandSecureAlarmSystemmalunctionedUnitsocusedvaluestrainingtoillustratethatloyaltyequalsactionandreinorcedteamconceptsduringalleventsUseothetermgenderintegratedwasreplacedbywholeSoldierconceptattemptingtoreducethesel-segregationoraineesFinallyteachingconceptswerechangedtocreateaLeaderLedrelationshipversusaGuardPrisonerrelationship.Terearenumerousothermunitionsanddeliverymethodsthatweresuccessulhoweverwhatisimportantisnotthelistothesemethodsbutthattheyarenotreactiveinnaturebutpre-activethisallowsunitstogettothelefothebangandpre-acttocontactversusreacttocontact.Tereactivesystemsandprocessarealreadyinplacebutweneededtoattackthethreatbeoreithadeectsonourmission.Wehavebeensuccessulwithourtargetingmethodologyincombatoperationsandhavedemonstratedthatitisanexcellentproblemsolvingmodel.IitworksorourlieanddeathmissionswhywouldwenotusethistechniqueorourmostimportantmissiondevelopingAmericanSoldiersUnderstandthatthisisanexampleotheprocessappliedtoaveryuniqueroleandcompositionintodaysArmy.Howeverthissameprocesscanbeappliedtoeveryunitwhetherthatunitisgenderintegratedornot.ArguablyitisjustasimportantorunitsthatarecurrentlygendersegregatedtoconductasitisorotherunitsthatarecomposedomaleandemaleSoldiers.Tereisartoomuchinteractionbetweendierenttypesounitsbothproessionallyandsociallythatrestrictthistogenderintegratedunitsonly.LackNeedDesireValueeamoverSelAppropriateAccessUnderstandingoConsequencesLTCJ.C.GlickistheCommanderandMAJJayK.SmithistheExecutiveOfcerof2ndBattalion39thInfantryRegiment165thInfantryBrigade.SHARP 40JacksonJournalApril-July2014ManyleadersintodaysArmycanrelatetohearingthisamousphraseBefexibleonvariousoccasionsthroughouttheircareers.Forthemostpartmanyouschalkitupasmeaningtojustacceptwhatcannotbechangedandtorollwiththepunches.TeUnitedStatesArmylikemanyotherdiverseorganizationsisnotuniqueorexemptromchallengesandthemanyobstaclesthatariseduringtrainingdevelopmentandimplementationphases.DrillSergeantshelpinspireutureSoldierstoreachtheirpotentialchallengetheirmindandbodytoovercomeearsandhowtoembracetheArmylieandtraditions.Howeverinthisexpectationtoaccepttheuncontrollableacertainattitudeingrainsitselinmanyleadersthatpromotestagnationintheabilitytothinkcreativelyandtoeectivelyproblemsolve.TemindsetthatshouldbeembracedishowdoIasaleaderadapttothischangeratherthanacceptitDrillSergeantsaceamultitudeoissuesandchallengeswhiletrainingAmericasutureArmy.TenewestgenerationoSoldiersthatarebeginningtolltheranksareunliketheirpredecessors.Tisnewgenerationisindependenttechnologicallysavvyandresponsivetochallengingandongoinglearningenvironments.Teyhavehighexpectationsothemselvesandoothersandarenotaraidtoquestionauthority.TeshapeoAmericansocietyhasbeguntoshiinanewdirectionandormanywhostilladoptadirectandauthoritativeleadershipstyleintrainingareexperiencingdicultiesininfuencingthisnewgenerationoSoldiers.AdaptiveLeaders1SGVictoriaReevesandSFCDSMariaT.TaylorWhatusedtobeconsideredeectivelearningtoolstenyearsagoisnotthecasetodayespeciallyinBasicCombatraining.TeadvancementsintechnologyhaverevampededucationinclassroomsacrossAmericaandhavehighlightedtheimportanceointeractivelearningenvironments.DrillSergeantswhowanttoimpactthisnewgenerationoSoldiershavetoscrapoldschoolmethodsolearningandinsteadembraceaddingalittlecreativityintotraining.Notonlyarecreativethinkingskillsamongleadersencouragedbutalsoaneedorleaderstoseekadaptingtheirleadershipstylesandtheirbehavior.Eectiveleaderstodaymustpresentamulti-dimensionalapproachtolearningandtrainingtobedeemedsuccessul.TiscouldbenotruerthanortodaysmodernDrillSergeant.ForDrillSergeantsitisveryeasytosuccumbtothesamemonotonousteachingtoolssuchasdeathbyPowerPointslidesandonedimensionalclassroominstruction.Itisinourhumannaturetowanttostickwithwhateelscomortableandtoreplicatetasksinthesamemannerthattheyweretaughttous.Tisisnottoarguethatthesetypesoteachingtoolsareineective.Teimportanttake-awaywhenitcomestotrainingisthatweshouldalwaysasktheollowingquestionhowcanweasleadersenhancetrainingtomatchtheexpectationswehaveforourfutureSoldiersTepremiertraineroBasicCombatskillsDrillSergeantsmustadoptadaptiveleadershipskillsthatpromoteacilitationolearningandchallengingtrainingopportunitiesthatcan April-July2014JacksonJournal41adequatelymeasurethecompetencyleveloyoungSoldiers.PutthetrainingandresponsibilityforlearningintotheSoldiershandsbytakingateachfacilitatementorapproachtoeducation.TisrequiresthinkingoutsidetheboxincorporatinglessonslearnedandseekingeedbackrompeersandSoldiersaliketoadvancetraining.rainingneedstobemulti-dimensionaldemandingandstimulatetheeagernesstoadvanceanindividualsknowledgebase.ByprovidingrealisticinnovativeandtoughtrainingleaderscanexpectbenchmarksandexpectationsoSoldierstoarexceedwhatwasoriginallyanticipated.Inthelastewcycleswehavebeguntotryaewnewteachingtechniquesanddierentapproachesonlearning.Onetrainingblockthatweidentiedasanopportunitytocreateadynamiclearningenvironmentwasthemedicaltrainingblock.FirstwegavetheSoldiersthesupplieswithoutteachingthemhowtoapplythebandageortourniquet.NotusingthepowerpointslidesandonlyusingtheCLSbookandYouubetoshowaewvideosweacceptedthechallengeoreachingourtraineesmorethoroughlyandinonlyoneweek.WedevelopedatrainingplanoreachothevedaysoCLSandduringthatweektherewasothertrainingscheduledsuchasweaponsemersiontacticsandranges.TedayswerebrokenupsothatwecouldconducttwotrainingeventsafertherstdayoCLS.OvermanycyclesotestingdierentwaysopresentingCLSandtheSoldiersretainingthatinormationourvedayplanisasollowsHomeworkpriortodayone-HavetheSoldiersreadLesson1-3andcompletethequestionsinthebackoeachlesson.Tiswillgivethemanideaowhattoexpect.Day1-PutoutallotheCLSsuppliesbreakuptheSoldiersintoteamsoourandmakesomeonethecasualty.Wewouldassignextremityracturesheadwoundsabdominalwoundsandamputations.AdaptveLeadersTeotherthreehadtogureoutwhatsuppliestheyneededinordertotreatthecasualty.Agreatteachingandlearningmomentoccursasthedierentgroupsexplainwhattheinjurywaswhattheycouldhavedoneandwhatothersuppliesthattheycouldhaveusedtotheentireplatoon.alkaboutthehistoryotheCLStheprogressionoCCCandassignhomeworkspecicallycompletingthequestionsattheendoChapter.Emphasizecompletingthequestionsalonebecauseothetest.Homework-Lesson4-6makesurethattherearesuppliesinthebaysortheSoldierstouse.EmergencybandagesabdominalbandagessplintscravatsandCAtourniquets.Day2-ExplainhowtousethedierentCLSsuppliestocontrolbleedingbreathingracturesburnsandtreatorshock.HavetheSoldiersbreakintogroupsotwoandworkwitheachother.FocusonacticalFieldCareandconductingaheadtotoeassessmentonthecasualty.Homework-Lessson7-10explainingthatthe9-lineMEDEVACusesbrevitycodesandradiocommunicationprocedures.Day3-Startswithdragsandcarries.Explainwhatphaseocareandwhattypeodragorcarrywouldbebestsuitedorthesituation.GointoacticalEvacuationCareandhowtocallupaninelinemedicalevacuationrequest.HavetheSoldierslloutCCCcardsontheircasualtyandcontinuetoreassessthecasualtyeveryveminutes.Homework-HavetheSoldiersrevisitLesson238andthethreephasesoCCC.Day4-Tisisthewalkphase.HavethecasualtygotoanotherlocationandcoachtheSoldiersonpatrollinginasquadormationandwhattheyaredoingduringthedierentphases.Revisitthebookinpreparationortheexam. 42JacksonJournalApril-July2014Homework-Studyorthetest.Day5-esting-akethewrittenexam.Aferthewrittenexamiscompleteitistimeorthehandsonportionothetesting.Placemannequinswithmoulagekitsalongapathwithourdierentinjuriesheadwoundamputationchestwoundandabdominalwound.PlaceSoldiersinreteamwedgesandhavethemconductapatrol.OPFORwillbeinplacewaitingtoambushthesquad.Tesquadswillthenperormcareunderreeliminatethethreatanddragthecasualtytosaety.WhilethecasualtyisbeingtreatedQRFarrivesandeveryoneinthesquadwilltreatthecasualty.OncethebandagesareinplaceandtheassessmentiscompletetheROcallsina9-lineMEDEVACrequestandtheCCCcardsarecompleted.TesquadplacesthecasualtyonalitterconductsatwopersoncarryandmovesoutinpreparationotheMEDEVAC.Tisstyleoteachingrequireslittletonoclassroomtraining.TisgenerationdoesnotrespondtoPowerPointtheylearnbyhandsonandbybeingchallenged.WecreatedaCLSbookthatissmallenoughtotintothecargopocket.TebookisacondensedversionoIS0871butstillhasalltheimportantinormationothecourse.TisbookismoreconvenienttocarryaroundandtheSoldierstakenotesandhaveallthepicturestheyneedinordertoperormallothehandsontask.Notethehighlevelopeertopeertraining1SGVictoriaReevesandSFCDSMariaT.TaylorareassignedtoEchoCompany2ndBattalion39thInfantryRegiment165thInfantryBrigade.throughhomeworkandscenariobasedtraininginwhichtheraineesaretorequiredworkthroughtheproblemwiththeinstructorsimplysupervisingandacilitatingtheactionandAARaferwards.TeInstructorcanthenseeithetraineestrulyunderstandthetaskandcanmaketheadjustmentstotheschedule.Teraineesontheotherhandnowbeartheresponsibilityolearning.CLSisimportantandshouldbetaughtinaccordancewiththeSPandPOI.Howeveritcanbedoneasconcurrenttrainingthroughoutthecycle.Itstimetochangeromasub-courseoanArmyCorrespondenceCourseProgramthatisnotlongerrelevantandteachtothenewgenerationGenerationY.acticalCombatCasualtyCarecanbetaughtinatacticalenvironmentwithouttheneedormediaandinawaySoldierswillretaintheinormationandeelcondentintheirabilitytoperormrstaid.DrillSergeantsrolesmustexpandbeyondteachersandevolveintofacilitators.DrillSergeantswhotrulymirrorthedenitionoadaptabilityunderstandtherequirementtoalwayslookorimprovementstotraining.Criticalthinkingandcreativityinlearningisemphasizedandencouraged.Greatleadersseekgrowthwithinthemandinspirechangewithinothers.Tereisonediferencethatseparatesagoodleaderromagreatleaderanditissimplythisonedictateswhattothinkwhiletheotherteacheshowtothink.Whichoneareyou Inanymomentofdecisionthebestthingyoucandoistherightthingthenextbestthingisthewrongthingandtheworstthingyoucandoisnothing.TheodoreRoosevelt 44JacksonJournalApril-July2014InGeneralOdiernosinitialthoughtswhenhebecameChieoStaotheUnitedStatesArmyhewroteTeStrengthofourNationisourArmytheStrengthofourArmyisourSoldierstheStrengthofourSoldiersisourFamilies.TisiswhatmakesusArmyStrong.Teseareverypowerulandtruthulwordsthatcannotbetakenorgranted.HereintheBasicCombatrainingBCenvironmentitisveryeasytooverlooktheFamiliesasweremainocusedontransormingcivilianvolunteersintoSoldiers.AcommonmisconceptionwithnewcadremembersandtheirFamiliesisthatFamilyReadinessGroupsFRGsareonlyordeployingunits.AlthoughIwouldnotcompareworkingintheBCenvironmentanddeployingtoacombatzoneIwouldarguethatthestrainonFamiliesisjustasgreatandofenlastsortwoyears.AtypicalDrillSergeantisontheirwaytoworkwellbeoretheirFamilyawakesandofencomeshomeafertheyaresoundasleep.IamsureineverybattalionacrossFortJacksontherearesomeamazingcompanyFRGs.IwantedtosharewhathasworkedwellorusinthehopethatsomeoneouttherewillbeabletousethisinormationtoimprovetheirFRGorgetitstarted.WhenIrsttookcommandoCharlieCompany1stBattalion61stInantryRegimentwedidnothaveaunctioningFamilyReadinessGroupFRG.DuringmyinitialcounselingwithmyFirstSergeantIsaidIwantedtotakecareoourFamiliesgettogetheratleastonceamonthandmaximizethecadrestimeathomewiththeFamilies.1SGFlippoagreedwithmeandhadlotsogreatideastomakethishappen.InAR608-1ArmyCommunityServiceitstatesAnFRGisacommandersprogramormedinaccordancewithAR60020andappendixJtoprovideactivitiesandsupportthatencouragesel-suciencyamongitsmembersbyprovidinginormationreerralassistanceandmutualsupport.WeollowthatormatbykeepingtheFamiliesinormedabouttheactivitiesotheirSoldiersandopportunitiesorthemtotakeadvantageoMWRActivitiesripsConcertsFRGEventsandlocalcommunityevents.WestrivetoarmtheFamilieswithinormationandexperiencetoenablethemtotakecareothemselveswhentheirSoldierisawayandtheyhavejustarrivedtotheunit.FinallywemaketheFamilieseelliketheyareapartosomethinglargerthanthemselves.Inthe1stBattalion61stInantryRegimentwehavebeenveryortunatetohaveabattalionthatullysupportsourFRGendeavors.Everymontheachcompanyisallocated75.00touseorFRGEventsandisomethinglargeisplannedadditionalundsmayberequestedduringthemonthlyBattalionFRGmeetings.MyrsteventwasduringacycleresetwhereweinvitedallotheFamiliestoincludehusbandswivesandchildrentoaSaturdayluncheon.WehaditcateredbyChic-Fil-Aandmywiemadedessert.Allinallwespenttwohourstogethergettingtoknowoneanotherreviewingtheupcomingcycleandtalkingaboutwhattypeoeventswewantedtodointheuture.Tiswasalsoagreattimeorustoupdateoursocialrosterandtrytogetbuyinromeveryone.Tisinitialeventreallysetthingsupandgoteveryoneonthesamepage.FRGOneCompanysApproachCaptainNicholasMilano April-July2014JacksonJournal45SincetheinitialeventwehavegottentogethereverymonthtypicallyonaSaturdayandonPhaseChangedays.NormallytheFirstSergeantandIwilltalktothespousesandgetapulseorwhattypeoluncheveryonewouldwantanditvarieseachtime.WehavedonepizzaMexicangyrosriedchickenBBQcakeandicecreametc.ypicallywebegintheFRGgettogetheratnoonwhiletheSoldiersareattheDFAC.TisletsussetupthedayroombringalltheFamiliesinandavoidthePrivatesseeingalltheoodanddrinks.Oncethetraineesreturntheyheaduptotheirclassroomorphaseexamsandpeerevaluations.Tisnormallytakestwohourswhichisthelengthoourevent.DrillSergeantswillrotatesupervisingtheirSoldiersandspendingtimewiththeirFamilies.TisworksoutwellbecauseFamiliesoendonotwanttocometothecompanyitheirspouseisnotthereandtheycannotseethem.IbelievethatthehardestworkingSoldieronFortJacksonistheDrillSergeant.TeyworkextremelylonghourssacricetheirFamilyandpersonaltimetrainingSoldiers.Temajorityothetimetheymissoutonallothethreeandourdayweekendsthattheirbattlebuddiesgetatotherinstallations.Forthisreasonwetrytodoonelargeeventeachquarterthatsomewhatrepresentstheholidaysorseasonothattimethattheymaymiss.WehadanEasterEggHuntatRedDiamondFieldaBeachBashatWestonLakeaSecretSantaChristmaspartyandachiliandcakecook-ocontest.JohnKeeganandMikeElkinsotheFortJacksonFMWRhavebeengreatinsupportinguswithequipmentbouncehousesoranythingelseweneedorourevents.JustabouteveryagencyonFortJacksonhasoeredtosupportourFRGwhenwecalledoraskedorhelp.WhenwedooureventsIwanteveryonetohaveagoodtimeseetheirspouseandbecomeriendswithotherFamilymembers.IurtherwantthenewFamilieswelcomedandtakencareoastheynavigatethelieoaBCFamily.SincemyFRGhastakenothespousesgettogetherontheirowncommunicatethroughourRoughneckFRGFacebookpageandsupporteachother.ItisgreattooverhearDrillSergeantstalkinghowtheirwivestookthekidstothegymtogetherwenttothemoviesorgottogetherorababyshower.IalsomakeitimportanttoreviewourcorecalendarandFRGexplaineventswherethecadrewillbeworkinglateorspendingthenightintheeld.Wealsodiscussbattalionbrigadeandpostlevelevents.TemostimportantthingIwanttoknowisimportantdatesandeventsoreachFamily.TingsIwanttoknowaremedicalappointmentsanniversariesbirthdaysvacationsorothersignicantevents.Aslongas1SGandIhavesometypeonoticewecanaccommodateoranyimportantFamilyevent.Wehavealsobeenortunatetohaveagreatcadrechowrotation.TespouseshavetakenituponthemselvestoprovideddinnersanddrinksduringourFXsandAdvancedRifeMarksmanshipperiods.OnceweareoutoRedPhaseIinvitetheFamiliestocomeouttotrainingandobserveromaar.TeyallknowtheycanbringamealtotheirDrillSergeantandspendsometimewiththematanyrange.ItisgreattoseeareenergizedDrillSergeantwhojustgottospend15minuteswithhiswieandkidswhileeatingaquickmealwiththem.DrillSergeantsandtheirFamilieskeepFortJacksonrunning.Weshoulddoeverythingpossibletotakecareothemandshowthemhowimportanttheyare.IdonotclaimthatwehavetheperectFRGorthatwehavesomehowcrackedthecode.WehavesomethingthatworksgreatorourFamilies.ItishardtomeasuretheeectivenessoanFRG.Wegettogetherregularlyshareinormationtakecareoeachotherandhavelotsountogether.IhopethisarticleprovidesyousomeinormationandideastoassistyouinimprovingthelivesoyourCadreandFamilies.CPTNicholasMilanoistheCommanderofCharlieCompany1stBattalion61stInfantryRegiment165thInfantryBrigade. 46JacksonJournalApril-July2014TehistoryotheUnitedStatesislledwithstoriesomilitarybattlesconfictsandall-outwar.TenationwasinactoundedasaresultotheRevolutionaryWarwheretheoriginalcoloniesthathadbeenestablishedbyGreatBritaindecidedthattheynolongerwantedtobeunderBritishruleandchosetoormtheirownnewnation.IntheearliestdaysotheU.S.themilitarywasahaphazardandpoorlyorganizedsystem.TemembersotherstU.S.militaryorceswerearmerslaborersandothercolonistswhochosetocometogethertoghttheBritishandclaimthislandastheirown.LettersromGeorgeWashingtonwritteninthisperiodshowthathebelievedtheU.S.shouldhaveitsownArmedForcesWood1917thoughitwassometimebeoretheoriginalstatesagreedthathavingtheirownindividualmilitiaorceswasnotthebestwaytodeendthenation.Muchhaschangedsincethe18thcenturyandtheU.Snowhasthemostpowerulmilitaryorceontheplanet.OneothemostimportantunctionsintheArmedForcesisthetrainingonewrecruitsandtheDrillInstructorsDrillSergeantsandothermilitarymemberswhoareresponsibleortrainingtheserecruitsmustmeetthehigheststandardsoproessionalisminordertoensurethattheU.S.ArmedForcesremainpreparedtomeetthedemandsandchallengesothe21stcentury.rainingrecruitsortheirrolesintheArmedForceshasbeenaprimaryconcernormilitarycommandersthroughouthistory.Inthe18thand19thcenturyastheU.S.wasgrowingintotheSSGJessicaBrooksDisciplineandOrderintheU.S.ArmedForcespowerulnationitwouldbecomethenationdevelopedamulti-prongedmilitarysystemwhichwouldeventuallybecomethevebrancheswehavetodaytheArmyNavyAirForceMarineCorpsandCoastGuard.BeorethesevebranchesothemilitarywereestablishedhowevertheprimarymeansbywhichtheU.S.preparedorandoughtmilitaryconfictswaswithamilitiasystemChambersAnderson1999.TeoriginalstateseachhadtheirownmilitiasastheleadersothesestateswereconcernedthatanationalArmedForcescouldgrowtobetoopowerulandcouldthreatenthesovereigntyandreedomotheindividualstates.MembershipinthesemilitiaswassometimesvoluntarywhileatothertimesmilitiaorceswereconscripteddraedintoserviceChambersAnderson.Bythe20thcenturythenationalArmedForcesweretransormingintothevebranchesweknowtodayandtherolesothestatemilitiashadbeenlargelytakenoverbythenationalArmedForces.rainingorecruitswasmoreormalandregimentedthanithadbeeninthedaysoGeorgeWashingtonwhenrecruitswerehandedgunsitheydidnothavetheirownandtoldtopreparetoghtChambersAnderson.TeU.S.ArmyandtheU.S.MarineCorpsinparticularhaddevelopedstandardizedtrainingprogramstopreparerecruitsorcombatandtheirotherrolesintheArmedForces.ItwasduringthisperiodthatthepositionsoDrillInstructorandDrillSergeantasweknowthemtodaywerebeginningtotakeshapeandTheRoleofMilitaryInstructorsintheArmyNavyAirForceandMarineCorps April-July2014JacksonJournal47DisciplineandOrdernewrecruitsallwentthroughthesameormsobasictrainingandbootcamptoensurethateachwerepreparedandeducatedinthesamemanner.ConditionsinbootcampsandbasictrainingsystemsweredicultandchallenginganditwastheroleotheDrillInstructorstoensurethateachrecruitwasmentallyandphysicallypreparedorcombatshouldtheneedarise.WhentheU.S.enteredWorldWarIIinthe1940stheU.S.militarydidnothaveenoughSoldierstoadequatelymaintainadominantpositioninthevariouscombattheatersoEuropeandthePacicIslandsChambersAnderson.ItbecamenecessarytoestablishadrafinordertogrowtheranksotheArmedForcesandwiththetensothousandsonewmembersothemilitaryitwasalsonecessarytoensurethattheywereadequatelytrainedandpreparedorwar.WhilethevariousbranchesotheArmedForceshavealwayshadtrainingprogramsandmemberswhowereresponsibleoradministeringtrainingtorecruitsitwasduringthisperiodthattherolesoDrillInstructorandDrillSergeantthatwethinkotodaywereinitiallyestablished.TetaskotrainingnewrecruitsisoneothemostimportantresponsibilitiesthatthemilitarycanbestowuponitsmembersasitisofenthistrainingthatwilldeterminewhetheraSoldierwillliveordieandwhetherheorshewillbepreparedorandcapableodeendingthenation.Withthisgreatresponsibilitytorecruitsalsocomestheresponsibilitytomaintainthehigheststandardsoproessionalism.TisresponsibilitytomaintainthehigheststandardshasbecomeevenmoresignicantinrecentdecadesaswomenhavebeenallowedtoentertheArmedForces.TeU.S.SecretaryoDeenserecentlyannouncedthatwomenwillnowbeallowedtoassumecombatpositionsintheArmedForces.TisisanotablechangeintheU.S.militaryspositionbutmanyotheconsiderationsrelatedtohavingwomenintheArmedForceshavealreadybeenaactorordecades.OneotheprimaryconcernsormilitaryleaderswherethisisconcernedhasbeenocoursethepossibilityoproblemsarisingrelatedtointeractionsbetweenmaleandemalemembersothemilitaryNelson2002.Concernsaboutraternizationsexualharassmentandevensexualassaulthaveallbeenimportantconsiderationswhereitcomestoestablishingmilitarypolicy.EveryaspectomilitaryliesuchasthetrainingonewrecruitsthehousingoSoldiersandothermembersotheArmedForcesthedecisionsrelatedtoassigningtasksandresponsibilitiestomalesandemalesandeveryotherdecisionthatmilitaryleadersmustmakeareaectedbytheinclusionoemalesintheArmedForcesSieg1997.Nowmorethaneveritisincumbentuponmilitaryleadersandthoseresponsibleortrainingrecruitstoestablishandadheretothehigheststandardsoproessionalismatalllevelsandatalltimes.ItisnotanexaggerationtosaythatDrillInstructorsholdthelivesonewrecruitsintheirhands.ASoldierorMarinewhoisnotadequatelypreparedormilitaryliemayendangerhimorherselandmayalsoputthelivesoothersatrisk.EvenduringtrainingDrillSergeantsmustassumetheutmostcareortheirrecruitsastrainingcanbeverydicultandevendangerous.DrillSergeantsmustpushtheirrecruitstotheirlimitstoensurethattheyarepreparedorreal-liecombatsituationsthatwilltesttheselimitsbutatthesametimeitisnecessaryorDrillSergeantstoensurethattheirrecruitsaresaeandthattheconditionsotheirtrainingarechallengingwithoutbeingactuallyharmulanddangerous.Inmostinstancesthisisexactlywhathappensduringtrainingasrecruitsarechallengedtopushthemselvesasarastheycan.Insomeinstanceshoweverthingscangoverywrongandwhentheydothelivesorecruitscanbeatrisk.InAprilo1956anincidentoccurredattheMarineCorpstrainingcampatParrisIslandSouthCarolinathatcostthelivesoanumberoyoungrecruits.TisincidentwasclassiedasatrainingaccidentthoughitwasclearlytheresponsibilityotheDrillInstructortoavoidsuchaccidentsandtheafermathotheincidenthadsignicantconsequencesortheMarineCorpsandorthosewhoknewandlovedtherecruitswhodiedduring 48JacksonJournalApril-July2014training.DrillInstructorMatthewMcKeonwasinchargeotrainingthenewrecruitsinPlatoon71andhewashavingsomedicultygettingsomemembersotheplatoontomaintaintheproperdisciplineandbehaviorthatwasexpectedorecruitsStevens1999.McKeonwasayoungmanatthetimeandhadonlycompletedhisDrillInstructortrainingaewmonthsearlier.Platoon71washisrstbatchorecruitssincecompletinghistrainingandhewantedtodemonstratetohissuperiorocersthathewasuptothetaskobeingaDrillInstructor.ItwasapparentnotjusttoMcKeonbutalsotomanyohisellowinstructorsthatsomeohisrecruitswerenotproperlydisciplinedandMcKeondecidedtopushthemtotheirlimitstomakeitclearthathewasinchargeandthatheexpectedthemtoallinlineStevens.OnthenightoApril81956McKeonassembledhisplatoonandtoldthemthattheyweregoingonamarchintotheswampsthatborderedpartotheParrisIslandbase.HejokedwiththerecruitsthattheyhadbetterbepreparedtoswimandthatthosewhocouldnotswimwouldprobablydrownwhilethosewhocouldswimwouldprobablybeeatenbysharksStevens.TeswampsaroundParrisIslandwereprimarilyreshwaterandbrackishwaterbuttheydideedintotheAtlanticOceananditwastruethatsharksandothersealieoccasionallymadetheirwayintothedeepestpartsotheswamp.AlthoughitwashighlyunlikelythatthemarchingrecruitswouldencounteranysharksduringtheirmarchintotheswampMcKeonswarningdidhelptoreinorcethepointthattheconditionstheywouldaceontheirexcursionwerepotentiallydangerous.TerewereinactseveralmembersotheplatoonthatwereunabletoswimthoughtherecordsandinvestigativereportsconductedafertheincidentseemedtodemonstratethatMcKeonwasunawareothiswhenhesetoutonthemarchStevens.ItisdiculttosayorsurewhetherMcKeonwouldnothavesenttherecruitsonthemarchhadheknownthatsomeothemcouldnotswimbuttheinvestigationdidatleastseemtoprovethathehadnotpurposeullysentthosewhocouldnotswimintothedeepchillywatersotheswamp.SergeantMcKeonhadonlybeenstationedatParrisIslandorashortwhilehehadcompletedhisDrillInstructortrainingatadierentMarineCorpsacilityandhadbeentranserredtoParrisIslandonlyaewweeksbeorehewasgivenhisrstplatoononewrecruits.McKeonhadgrownupinNewHampshireandhewasunamiliarwithmanyothegeographicalandclimateconditionsoSouthCarolina.McKeonwasacapableswimmerandhewascondentthathecouldleadhisrecruitsintotheswampsaely.Itwashisintentiontomarchthemintothewateruntiltheywereaboutwaist-deepandkeeptheminthewaterjustlongenoughtoensurethattheywerecoldandmiserablebeoreleadingthembackoutagainStevens.WhatMcKeondidnotknowbecausehewasunamiliarwiththeconditionsintheregionwasthatthebottomotheswampwascoveredwithoozingstickymudthatwassometimesquitedeep.Itwasentirelypossibletogetstuckinthismudandtothensinkdownintoit.BecauseitwassodarkbythetimethemenwereledintotheswampMcKeoncouldnotseemostotherecruitsastheymarched.Teonlywayinwhichhecouldcommunicatewiththemandtheonlywaytheycouldcommunicatewithhimwasbyyellingbackandorthtoeachother.BecauseitwascleartotherecruitsthatMcKeonwasunhappywiththeperormanceoseveralmembersotheplatoonmostothemchosetoremainsilentastheymarched.ItwaslaterreportedbythosewhosurvivedtheeventthatmanyothemwerequitescaredbythecircumstancesbuttheywerealsoscaredoMcKeonandmostchosenottospeakupevenasconditionsaroundthembegantogetuncomortableStevens.AferalliMcKeonwasangryenoughtopunishthemwiththismarchwhatwouldhedotothosewhocomplainedaboutitMuchowhatisknownabouttheeventsoApril81956hascomeromtheinterviewsandinvestigationsthatwereconductedaferwards.MostotheevidencecontainedintheinvestigativereportsseemstosupporttheideathatMcKeondidnotpurposeullyendangerthelivesohisrecruitsanditwassimplyamatterounortunateandunknowncircumstancesthatledtothetragedyStevens.Amongthosewhosurvivedwereseveralmembersotheplatoonwhowereunabletoswimandintheirinterviewsafertheincidenttheyalldescribedasimilarsequenceoevents.AccordingtothebulkothetestimonyMcKeonwasattherontotheplatoonleadingthemarch.AssomeotherecruitsneartheendothegroupbegantoexperiencetroublesuchasgettingstuckinandsinkingintothedeepmudintheswampMcKeonwasunawarethattheywerehavingdiculty.Itwassodarkthatsomeotherecruitswereabletosneakawayromthemainpackandmaneuverclosertotheedgeotheswampclosesttodryland.Othersitseemsbecamedisorientedinthedark April-July2014JacksonJournal49DisciplineandOrderconditionsandalsosplitromthemaingroupbutheadedawayromland.Becausethewaterwasdeeperinsomepartsandshallowerinothersitwasimpossibleortherecruitstodetermineitheyweremovingclosertoshoresimplybyjudgingthedepthothewater.SomemembersotheplatoonreportedlaterthattheythoughttheyweremovingclosertolandbecausethewaterwasgrowingshallowerwhiletheywereinactheadingdeeperintotheswampStevens.Compoundingtheproblemsthatsomeotherecruitswereexperiencingwastheactthatthetideshifedwhiletheywereintheswamp.Althoughtheyweresurroundedbygrassesreedsmudandtheotherconditionsnormallyoundinswamplandtheywereactuallyquiteclosetotheocean.Asthetidebegantogooutthewaterbegantorushromtheswampbacktotheoceancreatinghazardousundertowsthatwereworseinthedeeperpartsotheswamp.Astheundertowbegantopullatsomeotherecruitsthoseontheouteredgeothemarchingcolumnoundthemselvesslippingintomuchdeeperwater.Tesemenhadcometoapointwherethebottomotheswampdroppedromaeweettooverteneetdeep.TosetotheothersideothecolumnandthoseattherontwhohadalreadychangeddirectionastheyollowedMcKeonhadnoideathatthesedepthchangesexistedandinthedarknessitwasimpossibleorMcKeontoseewhatwashappeningattherearothecolumn.McKeonandtherecruitsthatweredirectlybehindhimwerealreadymarchingbacktowardsdrylandwhileatthesametimesomeothoserecruitsattherearothecolumnwerebecomingstuckinthemudorbeingsweptunderbytherushingcurrentotheshifingtide.Astheconditionsintheswampsuddenlygrewverydangerousseveralothemenbegantocryoutinpanicandear.ForamomentMcKeonandsomeotherecruitsneartherontothecolumnthoughttheyellingwasjustthesoundohorseplaybuttheyquicklyrealizedthattherewasaseriousproblem.ToseneartherontothecolumnincludingMcKeonturnedbacktoassisttherecruitswhowerestrugglinginthemudandwater.Tosewhocouldswimwadedintothedeeperwatertotrytopullthosewhowerestrugglingtosaetyandaewoundthemselvesbeingpulledunderbyotherswhowereincapableoswimmingorwerebeingsweptoutbytheundertow.Teworstothecircumstanceswereoverinjustminutesbutthatwasenoughtimeorseveralotherecruitstodrown.WhenMcKeonrstledtherecruitsoutintotheswamptherewereseventy-ourmeninPlatoon71.Whentheyreturnedtherewereonlysixty-eightmensixofthemdrownedinthechillymuddywaters.SergeantMcKeonwascourt-martialedortheincidentchargedormanslaughter.ManyohisellowocerstestiedonbehaloMcKeonduringhiscourt-martialinsistingthathewasrightortryingtodisciplinehistroublesomerecruitsandalsoassertingthattrainingatnightandtraininginswampswasnecessaryandproperStevens.EvensomeotherecruitswhoweremembersoPlatoon71testiedonbehaloMcKeontellingthecourtthattheyadmiredandrespectedMcKeonandthathehadintheirviewdonenothingwrong.IntheendMcKeonwasconvictedolesserchargesalthoughhespenttimeincustodyandhadhisrankreducedtoPrivateMcKeonremainedintheMarineCorpsorseveralmoreyearsbeorereceivingamedicaldischarge.WhileMarineCorpstrainingandtraininginallbranchesothemilitaryissupposedtobechallenginganddicultincidentssuchastheRibbonCreektragedyarenotcommon.Foreverystoryaboutsomethingdangerousoreventragichappeninginbasictrainingtherearemanymorethatdescribetrainingasextraordinarilychallengingbutultimatelyrewarding.InthebookOnceaMarineCollectedStoriesbyEnlistedMarineCorpsVietnamVeteranstheeditorscompileanumberotalesrecountingtheexperiencesthatMarineshadwhileundergoingtrainingandlaterservingincombat.AccordingtooneMarinenoneotheotherArmedServicesdoesrecruittrainingbetterthantheMarineCorpsLatting2005. 50JacksonJournalApril-July2014TisormerMarineexplainsthatitisthejobotheDrillInstructortotransormrawrecruitsintoMarinesandtodrillrecruitstoanexactingstandardLatting.DrillInstructorshavebothapersonalandproessionalstakeinensuringthattheirrecruitsareproperlytrainedandthattheymeettheseexactingstandards.DrillInstructorstakegreatprideintheirabilitytotakerecruitsromvariedbackgroundsandwithdierentlevelsoexperienceandabilityandbringthemuptothestandardssetorallMarines.ItisthisadherencetoandrespectorthetraditionsandstandardsotheMarineCorpsthatexempliywhatmakesagoodDrillInstructor.TisisholdstrueorDrillSergeantsintheArmyocourseaswellastheinstructorsinallbranchesotheArmedForces.AsnotedearlierDrillSergeantsinthe21stcenturynotonlyhavetocontendwiththesortsoissuesandconcernsthatallinstructorshavehadtoacethroughouthistorytheyalsomustnowcontendwiththeactthatbothmenandwomencannowserveinthemilitaryinallothesamepositionsandrolesthatwerehistoricallylimitedonlytomen.Withthesechangescomenewresponsibilitiesandconcernsthatmanyinstructorsneverhadtoacebeore.InstructorsmustensurethatthetemptationsacedbymenandwomenservinginclosequartersdonotleadtoinappropriatebehaviorandinstructorsmustalsomaintainstrictcontrolovertheirownbehaviorandnotusetheirpowerandinfuencetodemandinappropriatebehaviorromtheirsubordinatesNelson.SincethetimeswherewomenhavebeenallowedtoserveinthemilitaryinrolesthatwerehistoricallylimitedtomenonlyconditionsandcircumstancesinthevariousbranchesotheArmedForceshaveoenbroughtmenandwomenintoclosecontactwitheachother.TerehavebeenasignicantnumberoreportsosexualharassmentandevensexualassaultmadebyemalemembersothemilitaryalongwiththesereportscomeasignicantnumberocomplaintsthatmilitaryleadershiphasnotalwaysrespondedswilyoradequatelytosuchcomplaintsSiegNelson.AlongwithcomplaintsosexualharassmentormisconductbetweenrecruitsosimilarranktherehavebeenanumberocomplaintsbyemaleSoldiersMarinesandothermembersotheArmedForcesthattheirsuperiorocershavebehavedinappropriatelythisbehaviorrunsthegamutromallegationsoharassmentallthewayuptoaccusationsoassaultandrapeSiegNelson.WithsuchconcernsinminditisclearthattherulesthatestablishtheconductoDrillInstructorsDrillSergeantsandothertraininginstructorsmustbemetandollowedaccordingtothemostexactingstandards.Itistheresponsibilityotheseinstructorstoensurethattherecruitstheytrainareproperlyeducatedabouttherulesandregulationsothevariousbranchesoserviceandthattherecruitsdonotjustlearntheserulesandregulationsbuttheyadheretothemwithoutail.InatimewherebothmenandwomencanservetogetheratalllevelsofmilitaryserviceincludingcombattheabilityofDrillSergeantstoestablishdisciplineandorderhaveneverbeenmoreimportant.ItisimperativethatthemenandwomenwhoaregiventheresponsibilitytotransormnewrecruitsintomembersotheArmedForcesmeetthemostexactingstandardsotheirproessionandpassalongthesestandardsromonegenerationtothenext.ItisinthiswaythattheArmyNavyAirForceandMarinesotheUnitedStatesoAmericawillremainthemostdisciplinedpowerulandproessionalmilitaryorceintheworld.1AlvarezE.2007.ParrisIslandOncearecruitalwaysamarine.CharlestonSCHistoryPress.2ChambersJ.W.AndersonF.1999.TeOxordcompaniontoAmericanmilitaryhistory.NewYorkNYOxordUniversityPress.3LattingC.2005.OnceamarineCollectedstoriesbyenlistedMarineCorpsVietnamveterans-theirlives35yearslater.BloomingtonIndAuthorHouse.4Nelson.S.2002.ForloveocountryConrontingrapeandsexualharassmentintheU.S.military.NewYorkNYHaworthMaltreatmentandraumaPress.5SiegR.S.1997.Secretaryothearmysseniorreviewpanelreportonsexualharassment.WashingtonD.C.DianePubCo.6StevensJ.C.1999.Court-martialatParrisIslandTeRibbonCreekincident.AnnapolisMdNavalInstitutePress.7aylorB.2001.AFewGoodMemoriesalesromUsmcBootCamp.8WoodL.1917.Universalmilitarytraining.NewYorkNYP.F.CollierSon.SSGJessicaBrookisassignedtoCharlieCompany3rdBattalion13thInfantryRegiment193rdInfantryBrigade. IfnotyouthenwhoIfnotnowthenwhenHilleltheElder 52JacksonJournalApril-July2014ForthischaplainthereissomethinguniquelyspecialaboutcounselingSoldiers.Itisbothhumblingandchallengingtobeapproachedwithanyandeveryissuethatmayweighonthemindandheartotheindividual.Dicultiesorstruggleswithinrelationshipstendtotopthelistotopicsordiscussion.Overtlybiblicalquestionscomeveryinrequently.Sometimeslookingbackonemighthavewishedormorethantwocoursesoutoeightyearsocollegeandseminaryonthesubjectocounseling.Neverthelessanaverageo20-25individualswillapproachonaweeklybasistorequestadviceonuntanglingtheirsituationsormanagingtheirburdens.WhatablessingitistobepresentinthemomentandgivethemromsomeowhatGodhasgivenyou.Itisallthemoreexcitingtobeabletousetheologicalstudiesinthedialogue.Onequestionthathascomerecentlyisapersonalavoritetoattempttoanswer.HowshouldaChristianeelabouttheprospectohavingtotakeanotherslieincombatCouldthatpersonmaintainaclearconsciencebeoreGodafertakingalieinthelineodutythattheycannotreplaceTeanswercomesintheormoaewkeypassagesandanumberoimportantprinciples.HumanLifeisInherentlyValuableandMustBeProtectedWhoevershedsthebloodofmanbymanshallhisbloodbeshedforGodmademaninhisownimage.Genesis96Inthecontextthetypeokillingisothepre-meditatedandwickedsort.TebiblerecognizesvarioustypesokillingaccidentalDeut.195murderGen.45-8commandedNum.317whichhavevaryingramications.Tereisanintrinsicvalueanddignityinhumanliesuchthatthewrongultakingothatliepre-meditativelyshouldbemetwithdeathtoupholdthevalueowhatwastaken.IoneenteredanartgalleryduringatravelingexhibitotheworksoLeonardodaVincionewouldexpecttoseeaheightenedlevelosecurityaroundthoseworkscomparedwiththoseolesserknownorlocalartists.WhybecausedaVinciisrecognizedtheworldoverasamasterothehighestlevel.TerationalegiveninthispassageisthatmankindbearsthemarkotheMasterotheUniverseAndlestwegethungupintheactthatthisisanOldestamentpassagethelogicotheconditionalstatementrequiresthejusticesolongasmankindcontinuetobecreatedintheimageoGodatimelessprinciple.Tisormsthebasisorcapitalpunishment.GovernmentsAreTaskedwiththeDefenseofLifeattheCostofLifeWhenNecessaryLeteverypersonbesubjecttothegoverningauthorities.ForthereisnoauthorityexceptfromGodandthosethatexisthavebeeninstitutedbyGod.TereforewhoeverresiststheauthoritiesresistswhatGodhasappointedandthosewhoresistwillincurjudgment.Forrulersarenotaterrortogoodconductbuttobad.WouldyouhavenofearoftheonewhoisinauthorityTendowhatisgoodandyouwillreceivehisapprovalforheisGodsservantforyourgood.Butifyoudowrongbeafraidforhedoesnotbeartheswordinvain.ForheistheservantofGodanavengerwhocarriesoutGodswrathonthewrongdoer.Romans131-4TeinstitutionoGovernmentisGod-ordainedtoconstrainevilandupholdthedignityandvalueohumanlie.Teavengerdoesnotbeartheswordornothingandswordsarenotortickling.Hehasalicensetokillinordertomaintainthepeace.Asourbumperstickersremindusreedomisnotree.Tereisacostthatmustbepaid.CHCPTColtRandlesistheChaplainfor3rdBattalion34thInfantryRegiment165thInfantryBrigade.BiblicalResponsetoKillinginCombatCHCPTColtRandles FortJacksonhashadavitalroleinpreparingAmericanstoservetheircountryforover96years.Whentheinstallationwasbuiltin1917justliketodayournationwasatwar.Sincethennumerousunitshavepreparedforbattlehere-the4thInfantryDivisionthe101stAirborneDivisionandthe81stInfantryDivision.Morethan500000SoldierstrainedherebeforeghtinginWorldWarII.TheSoldierswhotrainedherebeforeusleaveuswithaproudlegacyandhaveinspiredmanytofollowintheirfootsteps.AlthoughtheArmyhaschangedtremendouslyovertheyearsweareallpartofthatlineageofbraveAmericans.Allofusshouldbeproudtobepartofthetraditionthatdenesthisgreatinstallation.Trainingisourhallmark.WithtwoBrigadesnineBattalionsand52CompaniesfocusedsolelyontrainingSoldiersinBasicCombatTrainingBCTFortJacksonisthelargestInitialMilitaryTrainingCenterintheU.S.Army.RoughlyhalfofallSoldierswhocompleteBasicCombatTrainingintheUnitedStatesArmydosoatFortJacksonSC.WearealsohometoAdvancedIndividualTrainingunitstheSoldierSupportInstitutetheDrillSergeantSchoolArmedForcesChaplainCenterandSchoolVictoryCollegeandtheNationalCenterforCredibilityAssessment.Althoughwehaveaproudtraditiononwhichtorelyandinspireuswemustneverlosesightofthefuture.Tobeeffectivewemustbewillingandreadytoacceptchange.Transformationmeansmorethanjustmodernizingourinfrastructure.Thismeansconstantlychallengingourselvesourmethodsandourmeans.Transformationisnotanewconcepthere.Ourresponsibilityasleadershingesonourabilitytocontinuallyevaluateandimprovetraining.ItisonlybyprovidingthebesttrainingthateffectivetransformationfromcivilianintoSoldiercanoccur.TraditionTrainingTranformation 54JacksonJournalApril-July2014CompanyllonewlyarrivedtraineeshavecomeandgoneandastherigorsostressandtrainingbeginstowearonthemsomebegintoallbehindtheirpeersduetomissedtrainingsubstandardperormanceandorjustnotgraspingtheconceptsoArmyValuesanditswayolie.AtthispointyouhavetomakethedecisiononwhetherthetraineeisdeservingoanotherchancetograduateandbecomeaproductiveSoldierintheUnitedStatesArmyorchapterthemandsendthemhome.Forthosewhobelieveinsecondchancestheconceptonewstartingtraineesallowsadditionaltimeorthosewhomaynothavegraspedthetrainingduringthenormalscheduledtrainingperiods.TeBasicCombatrainingBCscheduleisrigidanddoesnotalwaysallowormakeuptrainingwithinthatcompanyorbattalion.WhenallottedDrillSergeantsdotheirbesttoidentiyandretrainthosewhomightallbehind.Makeuptrainingcanbeconductedoneortwoways.Eitherbymakingupthetrainingwithasistercompanywithinthatbattalionorgoingoutsidethebattalionandconductingmissedtrainingwithanotherunit.ItsometimesbecomesmorediculttoslowdownorshiftrainingtobenetoneortwowhomissnumeroustrainingeventsespeciallywhenaBCCompanyofenllstocapacitywhichcanbeasmanyas240trainees.HowareNewstartsChosenOnceatraineeisidentiedasacandidateoranewstarttheCompanyCommandeamalongwiththetraineesDrillSergeantsweighinonthetrainingmissedandthewholeSoldierconceptothetrainee.TeyshoulddiscussthetraineespotentialtoachievetheArmystandardsthataresetorthinBC.TerealsoshouldbebenchmarksorevaluatingthetraineespaceversustheirpotentialorasuccessulcompletionoBC.ForexampleletsuseBRMQualicationandAPF2asbenchmarkstodecideonnewstartingatrainee.Iatraineeailstoqualiyontheirassignedweaponbutisdoingwellinallotherareasotrainingtheyshouldbenewstartedduetopotential.IthetraineequaliesontheirassignedweaponbutailstokeeppacewithpeersinphysicaltrainingbyailingAPF1andAPF2theCommandeamandDrillSergeantsmustlookattheirscoresanddecideitheycangetthemtothe30standardortheFitnessrainingUnitFUorthe50standardtograduateBC.TosebenchmarksalongwithevaluatingtheirpotentialareimportantbecausethelongeryouholdtheminthecompanyandnewstartthemlaterinthecycleSeeFigure1themorelikelytheyaretolosemotivationtograduate.NotEveryoneisWorthyofaNewStartAnytraineespendingUCMJwhoareundisciplinedandunmotivatedtotrainarenotgoodcandidatesoranewstart.Beinganewstartisaprivilegeandnotaright.TegoalistogivesecondchancesorthosewhodisplaythepotentialtobecomeaproductiveandproessionalSoldier.Forthosewhobelieveinsecondchancestheconceptofnewstartingtraineesallowsadditionaltimeforthosewhomaynothavegraspedthetrainingduringthenormalscheduledtrainingperiods.NewstartsPacevs.PotentialCPTDonielD.McPhailand1SGJamesL.Powell April-July2014JacksonJournal55AProessionalSoldierasdefnedinRADOCRegulation350-6isanexpertavolunteercertifedintheProessionoArmsbondedwithcomradesinasharedidentityandcultureosacrifceandservicetotheNationandtheConstitutionwhoadherestothehighestethicalstandardsandisastewardotheutureotheProession.TequestionthatshouldbeaskedisWouldIwantthistraineeinmyormationoutintheorceDotheyembraceourArmyvaluesdemonstrateteamworkanddisciplinemotivationandwillingnesstobecomeprofcientintheessentialskillsneededtograduateanddeploywiththeirfrstunitTeArmyisdependingonustoproducequalitySoldiers.IyouranswerisanythinglessthanyesthetraineeshouldbeseparatedromtheArmy.CosttoNewStartIntheArmyalmosteverythingwedoandhaveisresourcedbyAmericancitizenstaxdollars.AsSoldierswearethestewardsothosetaxdollarsandmustensuretheyarespentwisely.Itpertainstoequipmentandalsopersonnel.TereorewehavetotakeintoaccountthecostittooktorecruitandsendthetraineetoBC.TeArmylosescountlessamountsomanhoursandmoneyinvestedintraineeswhoarechapteredduetotheirinabilitiestocompleteBC.SincetheArmyhasalreadyinvestedthousandsodollarsineachrecruit22300accordingtotheUSARECwebsiteitonlymakessensetogiveasecondchancetoNewstartsCPTDonielD.McPhailand1SGJamesL.PowelaretheCommanderandFirstSergeantforAlphaCompany1stBattalion34thInfantryRegiment165thInfantryBrigade.BenchmarkstoAssesstraineesPerformanceandPotentialfordecisionofNewstartGraduationRedPhaseWhitePhaseBluePhaseWeeks1-3Weeks7-10Weeks4-6APFT1BRM10APFT2Figure1AllNewstartsChapterCandidatesidentiedandpacketsinitiatedProcessNewstartsChapterpacketsAssesTraineesTakenoteofpossibleNewstartchaptersthosetraineeswiththepotentialtomeetthesetstandardsoBCinordertorecoupthecostinvestedinthem.DoeseverytraineedeserveasecondchancetobecomeaSoldierWemustcareullyweigheveryaspectothetraineestimespentinBCwhendeterminingitheydeserveanewstart.Fromanalyzingwheretheyareinreachingthestandardtothetraineesdisciplinemotivationpotentialandperormanceincomparisonwiththeirpeersmustallbeimportantactorsindeterminingitheyareworthyoanewstart.InevaluatingthoseactorsIAWRADOCRegulation350-6Chapter4-10ajudgmentcallwillbemadetonewstartorseparatethetraineeromtheArmy.Intheendtheoverallbeneftistoeveryoneinvolved.MostSoldierswhogetnewstartedgoontocompletebasictraining.InturntheunitsoutintheorcewillreceiveSoldiersthatarereadytodeployatamomentsnotice. 56JacksonJournalApril-July2014AtaninstallationthatseesthousandsonewSoldierspassthroughitsgatesonaweeklybasisitsimportanttocontinuallyreassesswhatallowstrainerstoaccomplishFortJacksonsmission.Oneothemostimportantbutperhapsoverlookedacetsotransormingciviliansisemphasizingthevalueonegotiationintraining.UndoubtedlythatstatementraisesaeweyebrowsormakessomereadersreachortorchesandpitchorksbutletmepreacemyargumentbynotingthatthisisnotnegotiationinthesensethataDrillSergeantishagglingwithanewSoldieraboutwhetherheorsheeelslikedoingphysicaltraining.Negotiationasdefnedinsimpletermsisgettingwhatyouwantromanotherparty.ConsideringthatagoaloFortJacksonistoprovideourcountrywithaSoldierreadytoaceitschallengesitsclearwhatwewanttogetromthosewhomhavetakentheoath.TerearetwomaintenetsonegotiationthatdirectlyapplytohowwetrainSoldiersandwherewecanailinotcareul.FirstitsimportantthatwedierentiatebetweentheSoldiersandthechallengesthattheyaceastrainees.TeArmyisahumanorganization.WhileitstruethatwedependontechnologyinordertomeetobjectivesincertainmissionsthetruestrengthotheorganizationliesintheSoldier.Becauseothishumanissueshavesignifcantimpactinourpursuitosuccess.RogerFisherandWilliamUryauthorsoGettingtoYesnotethatAbasicactaboutnegotiationisthatyouaredealingnotwithabstractrepresentativesotheothersidebutwithhumanbeings.Teyhaveemotionsdeeplyheldvaluesanddierentbackgroundsandviewpointsandtheyareunpredictable.Soareyou.1NegotiatiNgwithNewSoldierS1ltdaNielwebb April-July2014JacksonJournal57OurArmyhasasomewhatuniquestrengthasanorganizationbecauseittrulyisacross-sectionotheAmericanpublic.Howeverthisdistinctioncomeswithitsownsetodifcultiesandhowweaddressthemcanquicklybecomeapointoailure.WeunderstandthatourcountrydesiresSoldiersthatarecapableoaccomplishingwhateverisaskedothembutthisonlyconsidersonesideothenegotiation.WhatdothesenewSoldierswantDianeSpeigelCEOoTeEndResultatrainingandleadershipdevelopmentcompanyhighlightedwhatmanymillennialswantastheyentertheworkplace.woothetopourresultswerecoachingandcollaboration.2InlightothisoneseeswhytheArmyplacesheavyemphasisonteamworkandthepowerotheteachcoachandmentorprocess.ManyothesenewSoldiersvalueexactlywhatthetrainersatFortJacksonaresupposedtoprovideWhentryingtoachievethemutuallybenecialoutcomesocoachingandcollaborationwecanailbynotcementingtheworkingrelationshipintrustunderstandingandrespect.3Arguablythebiggestpointoconictarisesintheperceptionothetraineeversusthatothetrainer.EventhoughaDrillSergeantknowsthatadequatesaetymeasuresareinplaceatVictoryowertheSoldiersperceptionisthatoear.TeseearswhileinconsequentialtotheDrillSergeantareeveniill-oundedsicrealearsandneedtobedealtwith.4RatherthanassessblameortheearorinerweaknessitsnecessarytoseparatetheSoldierromtheproblemandcontinuallyremindthemothemutuallybenecialoutcomethattheArmywantstoachievewiththem.TisprocessdoesntmeantheleaderisholdingtheSoldiershanditsoenassimpleasmentoringtheSoldierasheorshethinksthroughtheearsandarrivesatthemostmutuallybenecialconclusion.ItseasierasaleadertojusttelltheSoldiertotoughenuporsomeothersimilarlymeaninglessplatitude.Howeveraleaderthatswillingtolistenandteachreinorcestrustunderstandingandrespectwhilesimultaneouslypursuingthemission.SecondconsiderocusingonwhatthegreatestintrinsicmotivatorisoryourSoldiers.Generallyspeakingbasichumanneedsarethemostpowerulmotivators.Teseneedsincludesecurityeconomicwell-beingsenseobelongingrecognitionandcontroloveroneslie.5Teycanoenbeconicting.ForexampleaSoldiersdesiretoprovideorhisorheramilymaybeatoddswiththedesiretohavecontroloverhisorherlie.TemajorityoSoldierswillzeroinononeneedandusethattogetthroughBasicCombatrainingBCandAdvancedIndividualrainingAI.Teygenerallydonotrequirespecialattentionastheyareabletostayocusedonwhatmotivatesthemordrawstrength romtheirbattlebuddiesinsimilarsituations.HoweverthesmallpercentageoSoldierswhoareconictedoverhowBCandAImeettheirbasichumanneedswillinevitablyrequiremoreattentionromtrainers.TisdoesnotmeanthattheseSoldiersarenotagoodtortheArmythoughthatmaybeacaseoraew.ItmeansthattheSoldiersneedtobereocusedonhowtheirneedsarealignedintoamutualinterestdiscussedinmyrstpoint.Tisisntalwaysaneasytaskorthetraineeorthetrainer.Itrequiresthetraineetomakeanhonestassessmentowhatmatterstohimorherandthenitrequiresthetrainertoexpresstrustunderstandingandrespectwhilenegotiatingthewayahead.Terearetwohelpulguidelineswhenundertakingthisprocess.FirstencouragetheSoldiertobespecicaboutwhyheorsheshouldsucceed.Soldierscanlosesightovagueinterestswhenpresentedwithanimmediateandoverwhelmingstressor.SecondemphasizesupportortheSoldierasanindividualbutmakeitclearthatthestandardscannotbecompromised.ItseemstobeacontinualconcernthatsupportingtheemotionalaspectoSoldieringmeansneglectingstandardsasithetwoareinseparablywed.Tatcouldnotbeurtherromthetruth.FisherandUryhighlightthisTiscombinationosupportandattackmayseeminconsistent.Psychologicallyitistheinconsistencyhelpsmakeitwork.Awell-knowntheoryopsychologythetheoryocognitivedissonanceholdsthatpeopledislikeinconsistencyandwillacttoeliminateit.oovercomethisdissonancehewillbetemptedtodissociatehimselromtheprobleminordertojoinyouindoingsomethingaboutit.akeadvantageothecognitivedissonancebyemphasizingtotheSoldierthatyouwishhimorhertosucceedbutthatthestandardisnon-negotiable.TatSoldiereelsthathisorherneedsarebeingmetandmeetsthechallenge.IweasleadersencourageSoldierstoidentiywhatspecicneedorbeliemotivatesthemthemostandthennudgethemintounderstandinghowtheirinterestscanbenettheArmyteamweachievesuccessbecausethatnewSoldierwillmeettheobjective.OvertwohundredandthirtyyearsagoanothertrainerwastransormingAmericanciviliansintoSoldiers.BaronFriedrichWilhelmvonSteubenaPrussiannoblewasrecruitedortherevolutionandquicklyputtoworktraininganinexperiencedarmy.HequicklyoundthattheAmericanswereadiferenttypeoSoldierandremarkedthatYousaytoyoursoldierDothisandhedoesit.ButIamobligedtosaytotheAmericanTisiswhyyououghttodothisandthenhedoesit.acticstechnologyandenemieshavechangedsignicantlysincetheRevolutionaryWarbutBaronVonSteubenswordsstillringtruetodaybecausetheAmericanSoldierhasremainedlargelyunchanged.TewhythatBaronVonSteubenspokeoiswherethenegotiationbetweentraineeandtrainermustbothexistandthrive.WepreservethestrengthotheArmybydiferentiatingthepeopleromourproblemsandbyocusingonwhatmotivatesourSoldierstoamutuallybenecialoutcomethesuccessoourArmyandoourNation.1RogerFisherandWilliamUry.GettingtoYesNegotiatingAgreementWithoutGivingIn.pgs18-19.PenguinGroup1983.2DianeSpeigel.MaximizingMillennialsintheWorkplacepg7Kenan-FlaglerBusinessSchool20113RogerFisherandWilliamUry.GettingtoYesNegotiatingAgreementWithoutGivingIn.pg19.PenguinGroup1983.4Ibid22.5Ibid48 April-July2014JacksonJournal59ResilienceIvemissedmorethanninethousandshotsinmycareer.Ivelostalmostthreehundredgames.Twenty-sixtimesIvebeentrustedtotakethegame-winningshotandmissed.IvefailedoverandoverandoveragaininmylifeandthatiswhyIsucceedMichaelJordan 60JacksonJournalApril-July2014WhatdomostpeoplethinkowhentheyhearFortJacksonSCBasicrainingInstantlypeopleassociateFortJacksonasoneoourInstallationssconductingArmyBasicCombatTraining.UnbeknowntomanypersonnelandSoldierstherearemanyotherCompaniesUnitsandDetachmentsco-locatedonFortJackson.OnthesecondfooroStromTurmondSoldierServicesCenterisasmallocelocatedattheendoalonghallwayhousingtheunknownUnitedSatesArmyStudentDetachmentUSASD.USASDbetterknownasStudentDetachmentisthebest-keptsecretwithintheUnitedStatesArmy.StudentDetachmentisavastuniqueorganizationwithamanpowerauthorizationo7Soldiersand6civilianworkerstosupportover2200SoldiersassignedtotheDetachmentwithdutyinover310diverselocationsworldwide.WehaveSoldiersassignedinallystatesover46countriesandonsixosevencontinentstherewerenovolunteersorAntarctica.StudentDetachmentsprimarymissionistoprovideCommandControlandpersonneladministrationorallactive-dutySoldiersparticipatinginAdvanceCivilSchoolACSGreentoGoldG2GandsupporttheSoldierswhohavebeengrantedtheopportunitytorainwithIndustryprivatecommercialcompaniesWI.Commandentailsprovidingorthemoralewelareanddisciplineotheassignedstudents.TeDetachmentaccomplishesCommandorthestudentsthroughtheuseoliaisonocersandcoordinationwithArmyAdvisorsProessorsoMilitaryScienceandtheDeenseAttachOcialsatinstallationsnearthestudentsschool.StudentDetachmentwasoriginallyormedinNovember1973asapartotheDirectorateoPersonnelandCommunityActivitiessupportingallOcersandNoncommissionedOcers.InApril1981unctionalresponsibilityortheStudentDetachmentwastranserredromtheDirectorateoPersonnelandCommunityActivitiestoroopBrigadeFortBenjaminHarrisonIndiana.InOctober1993theunitwasrelocatedtoFortJacksonSCandalignedasaseparatetenantunitonFortJacksonthatsameyearitallunderthecommandandcontroloVictoryBrigadenow171stInantryBrigadeBlackhawks.TeStudentDetachmentconsistsoadetachmentHeadquartersandthreesubordinatesupportsectionsFinanceHumanResourcesandrainingarrangedtoprovideservicessimilartothoseoaBattalionorBrigadeS-1section.ItsnotunusualorStudentdetachmentstatoe-mailandtalkwithseveralhundredSoldiersinonedaywithmilitaryandcivilianDepartmentoDeensesupportstaworkingtoensurepaytravelandadministrativerequirementsaremeetwiththeutmostleveloproessionalism.TrainingwithIndustriesTWIisanopportunityoalietimeitallowsactivedutyServiceMemberstheopportunitytotrainwithsomeotheworldsleadingFortune500CompaniesintheUnitedStateswhileremainingonactivedutystatus.WIwasrstinitiatedinthe1970sinresponsetotheArmyscriticalneedorSoldierstogainskillsinindustrialpracticesandprocedures.InthebeginningSoldiersparticipatedonlyinprogramsthatsupportedthedevelopmentomaterialacquisitionandlogisticsmanagement.odaysArmyhasheardthecalling April-July2014JacksonJournal61orSoldierstoheightentheirproessionalismwhileinuniormandbetterprepareourmenandwomaninuniormorlieascivilian.WIhasvastlyexpandeditsprogramsbasetoincludetrainingprogramsthatsupportmarketingpublicaairsarticialintelligencephysicalsecurityandbanking.CurrentlyUSASDhasservicemembersworkingwithMicrosoftheNationalFootballLeagueNFLSCANAWal-MartGoogleandotherprivatesectorcompanies.OnceyouhavecompletedyourWIstudiesyouareintegratedbackintotheArmyandassignedtoautilizationtoursusingtheknowledgethatyouhavegainedtoimprovetheArmysabilitytointeractandconductbusinesswithoutsideindustries.AdvancedCivilSchoolingACSacilitatestheproessionaldevelopmentoregularArmyofcersbyprovidingthemtheopportunitytoparticipateinaullyundedgraduatedegreeprogramallwhilemaintainingtheiractivedutystatus.IntodaysArmymanyofcerpositionsrequiregraduatedegreesasaprerequisiteoradvancementanddierentassignment.TeACSprogramisdesignedtoensureofcersmeettheeducationalrequirementortheirutureplacementsintothosepositions.WhileintheprogramACSBranchpartoHRCFortKnoxKYwilloverseealltuitionpaymentstotheuniversityandUSASDisresponsibleoralladministrativeactionstoincludetheiraccountabilityandanyFinanceissuesthatmayariseduringthetouroschool.WithintheArmysACStherearethreedierentprogramsACSMastersoArtScienceACS-MAMSACSIntermediate-LevelEducationACS-ILEandACSSeniorServiceSchoolACS-SSS.TeACS-MAMSisorstudentsattendingcollegesanduniversitiestoobtaintheirmasterdegreeorcareerprogression.ACS-ILEisorSoldiersattendingProessionalMilitaryEducationPMEcoursesundedthroughACSatano-sitelocationsuchasFortBelvoirFortLeeandMonterreyCA.SoldierswillPCSromtheircurrentunittoUSASDuntilcompletionoyourprogramalreadyknowingtheirollow-onassignment.OurACS-SSSisidenticaltotheACS-ILEhoweverthisprogramisortheArmySeniorleaderswhohavebeenselectedtoparticipateinthevariousWarCollegesAirWarCollegeMaxwellAFBNavalWarCollegeRhodeIslandetc.SecretRegardlessotheACSprogramselectedtheultimategoalremainsthesameBetterequiptodaysOfcerswiththebestacademiceducationinthetimeliestandmostcosteectivemanner.GreentoGoldG2GisaprogramdesignedtoallowqualiedandinspiredyoungenlistedSoldiersanopportunitytoreturntoschoolandearnabaccalaureateorgraduatedegreewhilestrivingtobecomeacommissionedArmyOfcer.AlthoughthisprogramoersseveraldierentwaystoearnacommissionanddegreeGreentoGoldActiveDutyOptionADOSoldiersistheonlyprogramStudentDetachmentaccountsor.SoldiersselectedorADOattendacollegeuniversityotheirchoicewithanArmyROCprogramor24monthsobtainingtheirBABSdegreeandcommissioningasanofceruponcompletion.WhileattendingschoolADOswillmaintaintheircurrentmilitarypayentitlementsandallowances.TeSoldiersamilywillstillhaveaccesstomajorityoallbenetshospitalon-postdaycarestheonlythingthatwillchangeisyoureverydayouttwhowouldntwanttowearjeansaewdaysaweek.TeStudentDetachmentachievessuccessbyworkingasaeam.OurendstateisprovidingthehighestlevelocustomerservicetoassisttheSoldierinmaintainingocusontheirpendingachievementoearningaDEGREEManyotheSoldiersattendingBasicCombatrainingtodayjustmightonedaybereassignedtoUSASDthroughoneoourmanyprogramopportunities.SonowonwhenyouthinkoFortJacksonSouthCarolinathinkoUnitedStatesArmyStudentDetachmentSecretEXPOSEDCPTSindieL.HicksistheCommanderoftheU.S.ArmyStudentDetachment171stInfantryBrigade 62JacksonJournalApril-July2014heAdvancedOfcerrainingDivisionAODotheAdjutantGeneralSchoolAGSprovidesAGCaptainsandWarrantOfcerswiththeirlastAGocusedProessionalMilitaryEducationPMEtheCaptainsCareerCourseCCCandtheWarrantOfcerAdvancedCourseWOACrespectively.HowdoestheAODensurestudentsgainanunderstandingodoctrinaloundationswhilealsodevelopingskillsessentialtosuccessduringtheremainderotheircareersinthemyriadoassignmentsavailabletotheAGCorpsAODcadreprepareourHRproessionalsortheunpredictableuturethroughtheuseodiscussionbasedacilitationinordertodevelopcompetentleaderscapableocriticalthoughtandtheapplicationoHRandoperationaldoctrine.Teinstructorsexperiencesareimportanttrainingaideshoweverthemostvaluabletoolcadreleverageduringinstructionistheoperationalexperienceothestudents.Byusingstudentexperienceswithguidedacilitatedconversationstudentsareabletointernalizeandapplydoctrinalprincipleswhileidentiyingbestpracticesacrosstheorce.DrawingromtheseexperiencesallowstheAODtoprovidequalityHRproessionalscapableoservingourArmywellintotheuture.FacilitateddiscussioniskeytoboththeCCCandtheWOAC.Studentsbringawealthoknowledgeandexperienceromtheiroperationalassignmentswithnotwostudentshavingthesameexperience.Bydrawinglearnersintodiscussioninstructorsacilitatelessonslearnedintheoperationaldomainandapplytheseexperiencestodoctrinalprinciplesintheinstitutionaldomain.TroughocuseddiscussionondoctrinaltopicsstudentsareexposedtomanydierentexperiencesallwhilebeingrequiredtoengagemoredirectlyintheirPME.oalloworproductivediscussionslidedecksandlessonplansaredesignedtospurdiscussioninsteadobeingsolelyinormationalbriengs.Studentexperiencessharedduringdiscussionvalidateandreinorcetheimportanceodoctrinaloundations.AsstatedbyLGDavidPerkinsCommanderotheUSArmyCombinedArmsCenterduringhisvisittotheSoldierSupportInstituteinAugusto2013doctrineteachesyounotwhattothinkbuthowtothink.TeAGSprovidesrelevantinormationtothecurrentissuesotodaybyincorporatingcurrentMILPERsALARACsandchangestoArmyregulations.HoweveritisonlythroughthedevelopmentocriticalthinkersthatwecanaddresstheissuesthatwillaceourHRproessionalstomorrow.Asstudentsshareexperiencesitbecomesapparentthatnotwoexperiencesareexactlythesameandthattherearemultiplewaystoaccomplishthemission.Tekeyistoidentiythedoctrinalprinciplesthatguidethedierentexperiencessotheprinciplecanbeappliedinanuncertainuture.AstheArmytransitionsbacktoatrain-readystancetheseprinciplesbecomeevenmorecriticalaswepreparetoengageahybridthreatinanunknownlocation.ByincorporatinginsightandknowledgeromstudentswithdierentexperiencesthecadrecanensuretheyaredevelopingthenextgenerationoHRleaders.TeuseoacilitateddiscussiontoreinorcedoctrinalprinciplesanddevelopbestpracticesimprovesthequalityoinstitutionallearningoeredstudentsattendingAODcourses.BydrawingontheexperiencesoourstudentsrotatingoutooperationalunitsAODensuresHRproessionalsarerelevantnotonlytodaybutalsoortheArmysuturechallenges.CPTBrianHollandsworthisassignedtotheAdjutantGeneralsSchoolSoldierSupprtInstituteFortJacksonSC.AboveFromLtoRLTMaryWilcoxLTYildirimIsikTurkeyLTBenAmayaandCPTToddGibsonwatchasCPTJohnHarderCenterworksoutapracticalexerciseduringaHRlesson.AGSchoolstudentdiscussionshelpofcersbettergrasptheconceptsdiscussedinclass.TheAGSchoolAdvancedOfcerTrainingDivisionAOTDCPTBrianHollandsworth April-July2014JacksonJournal63ChallengeYourselfIn2005RozSavagebecamethefirstwomantocompetetheAtlanticRowingRacesolo.Thatsrightonewomanoneboat103daysofrowingacrossthreethousandmilesofopenocean.Hercookingstovefailedaftertwentydaysandallfourofheroarsbrokebutshemadeit.RozlaterbecamethefirstwomantorowsoloacrossthePacificOceanChade-MengTanSearchInsideYourselfHarperCollins2012 64JacksonJournalApril-July2014Humilityisauniquequalityrarelyseenandquiteoenmisunderstoodbutwhenoundcanbethedierencebetweenanaverageandgreatleader.HumilitycomesromtheLatinwordhumiliswhichliterallytranslatestomeanlow.AccordingtoWebstersDictionaryhumilityisthequalityorstateonotthinkingyouarebetterthanotherpeople.Intermsoleadershiphumilitymaybedenedbysomeonewhorecognizestheirshortcomingswithoutreservationandplacestheimportanceoothersabovetheirsel.Furtheraleaderthatishumblerealizestheydonothavealltheanswers-theyunderstandthattheyareimperectandratherthanactingtodeceiveordenytheirownweaknesstheyembraceitanduseittoleadinamoreeectivemanner.Itisaqualitythatenablessomeoneinaleadershiproletobesimultaneouslysel-condentyetsel-awareassertivebutopen-mindedknowledgeableneverthelesscurious.Itisacharacteristicthatcanbelearnedmostoeninailurebutmoreeectivelyinsuccess.Humbleleadersseekanswersbasedontheirowninternalacceptancethatsomeanswerschallengesandissuesarebeyondtheirexpertiseandcapabilities.Insteadoallowingthisaulttodisrupttheirselcondencetheyusehumilitytostrengthenitbyunderstandingthattherearesomethingstheydonotknowandreachingouttoothersisnecessary.Tisvoidinknowledgeisunderstandableduetothecomplexityoissuesandenormousresponsibilitiesleadersaceintheirpositions.Humilityteachestoseekanswerstosolvechallengesandproblemsthroughaprocessthatappliesastylepromotinginputlisteningtoothersandteamwork.Consequentlythesetypesoleadersmustopentheirmindanddecision-makingprocesstoacknowledgetheirownlimitationsandthoseootherswhileencouraginglearningacrosstheorganization.Becausetheyarehumbletheytreatotherswithdignityandcommandagreaterollowingunliketheselshleaderwhoonlyhasanexaggeratedsenseotheirabilitiesandrequiresnoexternalinput.Goodleadershipisbasedonhumilityonanidealthatleadersarenotislandsuntothemselvesbutmembersoateam.Ahumbleleadermustrecognizethatbeingaleaderregardlessothesizeotheunitisaprivilegeandnotanentitlement.Manyoushaveservedwithpoorleadersthatailtodemonstratehumilityandinitsplacedisplayanoverwhelmingamountohubrisanextremesel-condencealongwithaalseperceptionoreality.Teseleadersarenotopentoideasnordonottheyseekinputromothers.Teleaderwhoperceivestheiropinionasthemostimportantneverlistensandaccomplisheslittletobuildateamorinspirepeoplewithinanorganization.Teirlackohumilitymakesthemveryquicktorespond-actingblindlyratherthanthinking.Humilityrequiresaninnateabilitytodownplaytheirsel-importanceaswellasdisregardtheirownpublicity.Greatleadersdemonstrateaconsistentpassionocuriosityinattainingknowledgethroughacalmanddeliberatemethodoengagementwiththosetheylead.Teycanbeassertivebutpromoteconstructivedialoguewithotherswhiledemonstratingasenseoselfessservicethatostersauniversalocusobetteringtheorganizationoveranindividualsneeds.Finallyhumbleleadersrecognizethattheyarehumansubjecttoallthemistakesanderrorsasthosetheylead.Teyknowtheirownstrengthsandweaknessesaswellasthoseintheirormation.Teydonotbelievetheyarealwaysrightandreadilyrecognizewhentheyarewrong.Aleaderwithhumilitycanequallystandinrontohisherbosspeersandsubordinatesandassumeresponsibilityortheirmistakeswhileeasilywithdrawingtotherearotheunitwhentheyarebeingpraisedsothattheaccoladesaresharedamongstthoseledratherthanreservedsolelyortheleader.Iwearetotryandbecomeagreatleaderthenwemustrealizethatitcannotbedonealoneittakeshumility.Tebestleadersarenottheoneswhoboastotheirvictoriesorprowessbuttalkotheirailuresandaultsandhowtheyusedthemtolearnimportantlessonsandnallyachievesuccess.COLBryanHernandezistheCommanderofthe165thInfantryBrigadeBasicComatTrainingatFortJackson.TeHumbleLeaderTeroleofHumilityinLeadershipCOLBryanHernandezNopersoncanbeagreatleaderwithoutatouchofhumility. Lifeisnotmeasuredbythenumberofbreatheswetakebutbythemomentsthattakeourbreathaway.MayaAngelou 66JacksonJournalApril-July2014JacksonJournalArticlesNeededAgoodcompanyideaintacticsislikelytoremainconnedtoonecompanyindenitelyeventhoughitwouldbeofbenettothewholemilitaryestablishment.S.L.A.MarshallMenAgainstFireTheProblemofBattleCommand1947 April-July2014JacksonJournal67OntheEdgeTheArtofHigh-ImpactLeadershipAlisonLevineHachetteBookGroup2014OntheEdgeisanengagingleadershipmanualthatprovidesconcreteinsightsgarneredfromvariousextremeenvironmentsrangingfromMtEveresttotheSouthPole.ByreectingonthelessonslearnedfromhervariousexpeditionsauthorAlisonLevinemakesthecasethattheleadershipprinciplesthatapplyinextremeadventuresportalsoapplyintodaysextremebusinessenvironments.BoundarySpanningLeadershipChrisErnstandDonnaChrobot-MasonCenterforCreativeLeadership2011ThroughcompellingstoriespracticaltacticsandactionabletoolsyoulllearnandapplythesixboundaryspanningpracticesthatoccuratthenexusbetweengroupsBufferingReectingConnectingMobilizingWeavingTransforming.TogetherthesepracticescombinetocreatewhatauthorsErnstandChrobot-MasoncallTheNexusEffect.Boundariesexistwhatmattersmostishowyouworktobridgethesedividesandtransformyourorganizationswide-rangingtalentsandknowledgetodelivervalue.CommonSenseTrainingAWorkingPhilosophyforLeadersArthurS.CollinsDanielP.BolgerForewordbyLTGenCollinsPresidioPress1978WrittenbyLTGArthurS.AceCollinsandrstpublishedin1978CommonSenceTrainingissimplythebestbookeverwrittenonhowtotrainAmericanSoldiers.InlucidcleverprosepuncuatedbyterricanecdotesandprovocativeexamplestheGeneraldescribesthetoughrealistictrainingtechniquesthatourArmyusedtoprepareforwarintheGulfandstillusestoday.